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Persistent (Chronic) Pain Management

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4 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Scott Bentley General Practitioner / GP Anaesthetist in Australia.
Mei Gao, Damoon Rejaei, Hong Liu
After nearly half a century on the market, ketamine still occupies a unique corner in the medical armamentarium of anesthesiologists or clinicians treating pain. Over the last two decades, much research has been conducted highlighting the drug's mechanisms of action, specifically those of its enantiomers. Nowadays, ketamine is also being utilized for pediatric pain control in emergency department, with its anti-hyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects being revealed in acute and chronic pain management. Recently, new insights have been gained on ketamine's potential anti-depressive and antisuicidal effects...
July 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
C Abdel Shaheed, C G Maher, K A Williams, A J McLachlan
Muscle relaxants are commonly prescribed for low back pain (LBP); however, there is limited evidence of their clinical efficacy and tolerability. This review evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of muscle relaxants in people with LBP. We searched online databases including Medline, EMBASE, CENTRAL and PsycINFO (inception to end October 2015) and performed citation tracking for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two authors independently extracted data and assessed risk of bias of randomized controlled trials of muscle relaxants...
June 22, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Holm Thieme, Nadine Morkisch, Christian Rietz, Christian Dohle, Bernhard Borgetto
UNLABELLED: Relatively new evidence suggests that movement representation techniques (ie, therapies that use the observation and/or imagination of normal pain-free movements, such as mirror therapy, motor imagery, or movement and/or action observation) might be effective in reduction of some types of limb pain. To summarize the evidence regarding the efficacy of those techniques, a systematic review with meta-analysis was performed. We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, PsychINFO, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and OT-seeker up to August 2014 and hand-searched further relevant resources for randomized controlled trials that studied the efficacy of movement representation techniques in reduction of limb pain...
February 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
M Haanpää, G Cruccu, T J Nurmikko, W T McBride, A Docu Axelarad, A Bosilkov, C Chambers, E Ernault, A K Abdulahad
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have not yet compared the efficacy of capsaicin 8% patch with current standard therapy in peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP). OBJECTIVES: Head-to-head efficacy and safety trial comparing the capsaicin patch with pregabalin in PNP. METHODS: Open-label, randomized, multicentre, non-inferiority trial. Patients with PNP, aged 18-80 years, were randomly assigned to either the capsaicin 8% patch (n = 282) or an optimised dose of oral pregabalin (n = 277), and assessed for a ≥30% mean decrease in Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) score from baseline to Week 8...
February 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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