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3 papers 25 to 100 followers
John C Mavropoulos, Timothy S Wang
Patients treated with ipilimumab or targeted inhibitors of the RAF-MEK-ERK pathway (vemurafenib, dabrafenib, and trametinib) for advanced cutaneous melanoma often experience drug-related skin toxicities denoted as dermatologic adverse events (DAEs). Although rarely life-threatening, DAEs may emerge dramatically and potentially compromise oncologic therapy if not managed in a timely and effective manner. Early recognition of DAEs is critical to providing optimal skin care and prompt consultation with a dermatologist should be obtained when a diagnosis is unclear...
June 2014: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
G Ralph Corey, Samantha Good, Hai Jiang, Greg Moeck, Matthew Wikler, Sinikka Green, Paul Manos, Richard Keech, Rajesh Singh, Barry Heller, Natalia Bubnova, William O'Riordan
BACKGROUND: Oritavancin is a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic with rapid bactericidal activity against gram-positive bacteria. Its concentration-dependent activity and long half-life allow for single-dose treatment. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind trial, adults with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) received either a single intravenous 1200-mg dose of oritavancin or 7-10 days of twice-daily vancomycin. Three efficacy endpoints were tested for noninferiority: (1) primary composite endpoint at 48-72 hours (cessation of spreading or reduction in lesion size, absence of fever, and no rescue antibiotic); (2) investigator-assessed clinical cure 7-14 days after end of treatment; and (3) ≥20% reduction in lesion area at 48-72 hours...
January 15, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Jennifer I Karr, Tycho J Speaker, Gerald B Kasting
N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) is popular insect repellent which is considered safe and effective, yet is subject to considerable skin absorption. Skin absorption decreases effective repellency since less DEET is available for evaporation. We have investigated the extent to which DEET skin absorption can be reduced and evaporation sustained through encapsulation. DEET permeation through human skin in vitro was measured for an ethanolic solution standard and for two novel topical controlled-release formulations in which the DEET active material was temporarily sequestered within a permeable, charged-film microcapsule...
June 28, 2012: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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