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Cardiology

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55 papers 25 to 100 followers Articles that are of interest to Cardiology Department staff at the Luton and Dunstable University Hospital
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057254/hiv-and-nonischemic-heart-disease
#1
REVIEW
Pravin Manga, Keir McCutcheon, Nqoba Tsabedze, Ahmed Vachiat, Don Zachariah
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated heart disease encompasses a broad spectrum of diseases. HIV infection may involve the pericardium, myocardium, coronary arteries, pulmonary vasculature, and valves, as well as the systemic vasculature. Access to combination antiretroviral therapy, as well as health resources, has had a significant influence on the prevalence and severity of the effects on each cardiac structure. Investigations over the recent past have improved our understanding of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of HIV-associated cardiovascular disease...
January 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005501/imaging-of-heart-disease-in-women
#2
Tina D Tailor, Gregory A Kicska, Jill E Jacobs, Miguel H Pampaloni, Diana E Litmanovich, Gautham P Reddy
Ischemic heart disease is the number one cause of death of women in the United States, accounting for over a quarter of a million annual female deaths. Evidence within the last several decades supports sex-specific differences in the prevalence, symptoms, and prognosis of ischemic heart disease between men and women. Despite women having a lower burden of obstructive coronary artery disease compared with men, the prevalence of angina and mortality from ischemic heart disease is higher for women than men. In addition to ischemic heart disease, certain nonischemic conditions may also have sex-specific differences in clinical presentation and occurrence...
January 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011759/-end-stage-heart-failure-therapy-potential-lessons-from-congenital-heart-disease-from-pulmonary-artery-banding-and-interatrial-communication-to-parallel-circulation
#3
REVIEW
Dietmar Schranz, Hakan Akintuerk, Norbert F Voelkel
The final therapy of 'end-stage heart failure' is orthotopic heart, lung or heart-lung transplantation. However, these options are not available for many patients worldwide. Therefore, novel therapeutical strategies are needed. Based on pathophysiological insights regarding (1) the long-term impact of an obstructive pulmonary outflow tract in neonates with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, (2) the importance of a restrictive versus a non-restrictive atrial septum in neonates born with a borderline left ventricle and (3) the significance of both, a patent foramen ovale and/or open ductus arteriosus for survival of newborns with persistent pulmonary hypertension, the current review introduces some therapeutical strategies that may be applicable to selected patients with heart failure...
December 23, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766049/management-of-venous-thromboembolism-an-update
#4
REVIEW
Siavash Piran, Sam Schulman
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which constitutes pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, is a common disorder associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Landmark trials have shown that direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are as effective as conventional anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in prevention of VTE recurrence and associated with less bleeding. This has paved the way for the recently published guidelines to change their recommendations in favor of DOACs in acute and long-term treatment of VTE in patients without cancer...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806987/assessment-and-classification-of-patients-with-myocardial-injury-and-infarction-in-clinical-practice
#5
REVIEW
Andrew R Chapman, Philip D Adamson, Nicholas L Mills
Myocardial injury is common in patients without acute coronary syndrome, and international guidelines recommend patients with myocardial infarction are classified by aetiology. The universal definition differentiates patients with myocardial infarction due to plaque rupture (type 1) from those due to myocardial oxygen supply-demand imbalance (type 2) secondary to other acute illnesses. Patients with myocardial necrosis, but no symptoms or signs of myocardial ischaemia, are classified as acute or chronic myocardial injury...
January 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742825/atrial-fibrillation-and-chronic-kidney-disease-struggling-through-thick-and-thin
#6
REVIEW
Simardeep Gill, Min Jun, Pietro Ravani
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation and the risk of stroke display an age-related increase in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Evidence from large randomized controlled trials conducted in the general population supports the use of anticoagulation to reduce the risk of stroke in the setting of non-valvular atrial fibrillation. However, data in the non-dialysis-dependent and dialysis-dependent CKD populations are limited largely to observational studies, which demonstrate conflicting results regarding the risk-benefit profile of anticoagulation...
October 14, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681577/update-on-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-a-guide-to-the-guidelines
#7
REVIEW
Srijita Sen-Chowdhry, Daniel Jacoby, James C Moon, William J McKenna
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiovascular disorder, affecting 1 in 500 individuals worldwide. Existing epidemiological studies might have underestimated the prevalence of HCM, however, owing to limited inclusion of individuals with early, incomplete phenotypic expression. Clinical manifestations of HCM include diastolic dysfunction, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, ischaemia, atrial fibrillation, abnormal vascular responses and, in 5% of patients, progression to a 'burnt-out' phase characterized by systolic impairment...
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560278/rhythm-control-in-atrial-fibrillation
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan P Piccini, Laurent Fauchier
Many patients with atrial fibrillation have substantial symptoms despite ventricular rate control and require restoration of sinus rhythm to improve their quality of life. Acute restoration (ie, cardioversion) and maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation are referred to as rhythm control. The decision to pursue rhythm control is based on symptoms, the type of atrial fibrillation (paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent), patient comorbidities, general health status, and anticoagulation status...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543137/echocardiography-in-shock-management
#9
REVIEW
Anthony S McLean
Echocardiography is pivotal in the diagnosis and management of the shocked patient. Important characteristics in the setting of shock are that it is non-invasive and can be rapidly applied.In the acute situation a basic study often yields immediate results allowing for the initiation of therapy, while a follow-up advanced study brings the advantage of further refining the diagnosis and providing an in-depth hemodynamic assessment. Competency in basic critical care echocardiography is now regarded as a mandatory part of critical care training with clear guidelines available...
August 20, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746454/lifestyle-interventions-to-improve-exercise-tolerance-in-obese-older-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#10
EDITORIAL
Nanette K Wenger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312908/type-2-diabetes-and-incidence-of-a-wide-range-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-cohort-study-in-1%C3%A2-9-million-people
#11
Anoop Dinesh Shah, Claudia Langenberg, Eleni Rapsomaniki, Spiros Denaxas, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Chris P Gale, John Deanfield, Liam Smeeth, Adam Timmis, Harry Hemingway
BACKGROUND: The contemporary associations of type 2 diabetes with a wide range of incident cardiovascular diseases have not been compared. Previous studies have focussed on myocardial infarction and stroke, and these conditions are the usual outcomes chosen in clinical trials in type 2 diabetes, but other diseases such as heart failure and angina are also major causes of morbidity in diabetes. We aimed to study associations between type 2 diabetes and 12 initial manifestations of cardiovascular disease...
February 26, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242089/predicting-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-the-finrisk-calculator
#12
REVIEW
Erkki Vartiainen, Tiina Laatikainen, Markku Peltonen, Pekka Puska
The FINRISK risk calculator predicts 10-year risk for coronary heart disease, stroke incidence, and their combination. The model is based on 10-year cohort follow-up from 3 different cohorts in 1982, 1987, and 1992 from a random population sample in 3 areas in Finland. Coronary heart disease, stroke, and their combination are predicted by smoking, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, diabetes, and family history. The Internet-based calculator is commonly used in Finland in health services to assess the need for hypertension and hypercholesterolemia treatment and is used also in patients' counseling...
June 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208050/2016-acc-aha-hfsa-focused-update-on-new-pharmacological-therapy-for-heart-failure-an-update-of-the-2013-accf-aha-guideline-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#13
Clyde W Yancy, Mariell Jessup, Biykem Bozkurt, Javed Butler, Donald E Casey, Monica M Colvin, Mark H Drazner, Gerasimos Filippatos, Gregg C Fonarow, Michael M Givertz, Steven M Hollenberg, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Frederick A Masoudi, Patrick E McBride, Pamela N Peterson, Lynne Warner Stevenson, Cheryl Westlake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206819/2016-esc-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-heart-failure-the-task-force-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-heart-failure-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-developed-with-the-special-contribution-of-the
#14
Piotr Ponikowski, Adriaan A Voors, Stefan D Anker, Héctor Bueno, John G F Cleland, Andrew J S Coats, Volkmar Falk, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Ewa A Jankowska, Mariell Jessup, Cecilia Linde, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, John T Parissis, Burkert Pieske, Jillian P Riley, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Luis M Ruilope, Frank Ruschitzka, Frans H Rutten, Peter van der Meer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26811316/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-women-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
REVIEW
Laxmi S Mehta, Theresa M Beckie, Holli A DeVon, Cindy L Grines, Harlan M Krumholz, Michelle N Johnson, Kathryn J Lindley, Viola Vaccarino, Tracy Y Wang, Karol E Watson, Nanette K Wenger
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in American women. Since 1984, the annual cardiovascular disease mortality rate has remained greater for women than men; however, over the last decade, there have been marked reductions in cardiovascular disease mortality in women. The dramatic decline in mortality rates for women is attributed partly to an increase in awareness, a greater focus on women and cardiovascular disease risk, and the increased application of evidence-based treatments for established coronary heart disease...
March 1, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663216/mean-hba1c-and-mortality-in-diabetic-individuals-with-heart-failure-a-population-cohort-study
#16
Douglas H J Elder, Jagdeep S S Singh, Daniel Levin, Louise A Donnelly, Anna-Maria Choy, Jacob George, Allan D Struthers, Alex S F Doney, Chim C Lang
AIMS: Controversy exists regarding the importance of glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic heart failure (CHF) based on conflicting reports using single baseline glycosyated haemoglobin (HbA1c ). Using the time-weighted mean of serial HbA1c measurements has been found to be a better predictor of diabetic complications as it reflects the glycaemic burden for that individual over time. We therefore sought to confirm this in a large cohort of patients with T2DM and incident CHF...
January 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797035/a-review-of-national-guidelines-for-management-of-copd-in-europe
#17
REVIEW
Marc Miravitlles, Claus Vogelmeier, Nicolas Roche, David Halpin, João Cardoso, Alexander G Chuchalin, Hannu Kankaanranta, Thomas Sandström, Paweł Śliwiński, Jaromir Zatloukal, Francesco Blasi
The quality of care can be improved by the development and implementation of evidence-based treatment guidelines. Different national guidelines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exist in Europe and relevant differences may exist among them.This was an evaluation of COPD treatment guidelines published in Europe and Russia in the past 7 years. Each guideline was reviewed in detail and information about the most important aspects of patient diagnosis, risk stratification and pharmacotherapy was extracted following a standardised process...
February 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26768210/the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-towards-optimal-treatment-of-stemi-and-non-stemi
#18
EDITORIAL
Thomas F Lüscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702612/pharmacist-intervention-in-the-prevention-of-heart-failure-for-high-risk-elderly-patients-in-the-community
#19
Vivian W Lee, Libby M Choi, Winki J Wong, Ho Wing Chung, Carman K Ng, Franco W Cheng
BACKGROUND: Heart failure has become one of the major causes of hospitalization worldwide. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia are the major causes of heart failure. In order to effectively prevent heart failure, blood pressure, blood glucose and cholesterol levels shall be closely monitored and controlled as well as medication adherence. This study aimed to investigate the role of pharmacist intervention in prevention of heart failure in high risk elderly patients in the community of Hong Kong...
2015: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26386538/alcohol-consumption-and-cardiovascular-disease-cancer-injury-admission-to-hospital-and-mortality-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Andrew Smyth, Koon K Teo, Sumathy Rangarajan, Martin O'Donnell, Xiaohe Zhang, Punam Rana, Darryl P Leong, Gilles Dagenais, Pamela Seron, Annika Rosengren, Aletta E Schutte, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Ayetkin Oguz, Jephat Chifamba, Rafael Diaz, Scott Lear, Alvaro Avezum, Rajesh Kumar, Viswanathan Mohan, Andrzej Szuba, Li Wei, Wang Yang, Bo Jian, Martin McKee, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is proposed to be the third most important modifiable risk factor for death and disability. However, alcohol consumption has been associated with both benefits and harms, and previous studies were mostly done in high-income countries. We investigated associations between alcohol consumption and outcomes in a prospective cohort of countries at different economic levels in five continents. METHODS: We included information from 12 countries participating in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study, a prospective cohort study of individuals aged 35-70 years...
November 14, 2015: Lancet
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