collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiology

shared collection
78 papers 100 to 500 followers Articles that are of interest to Cardiology Department staff at the Luton and Dunstable University Hospital
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893827/atrial-fibrillation-guideline-summary
#1
Jennifer L Frost, Doug Campos-Outcalt, David Hoelting, Michael LeFevre, Kenneth W Lin, William Vaughan, Melanie D Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855272/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tachycardiomyopathy
#2
Claire A Martin, Pier D Lambiase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813218/five-year-outcomes-after-on-pump-and-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Laurie Shroyer, Brack Hattler, Todd H Wagner, Joseph F Collins, Janet H Baltz, Jacquelyn A Quin, G Hossein Almassi, Elizabeth Kozora, Faisal Bakaeen, Joseph C Cleveland, Muath Bishawi, Frederick L Grover
BACKGROUND: Coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery may be performed either with cardiopulmonary bypass (on pump) or without cardiopulmonary bypass (off pump). We report the 5-year clinical outcomes in patients who had been included in the Veterans Affairs trial of on-pump versus off-pump CABG. METHODS: From February 2002 through June 2007, we randomly assigned 2203 patients at 18 medical centers to undergo either on-pump or off-pump CABG, with 1-year assessments completed by May 2008...
August 17, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776083/diabetic-cardiomyopathy-a-hyperglycaemia-and-insulin-resistance-induced-heart-disease
#4
REVIEW
Guanghong Jia, Adam Whaley-Connell, James R Sowers
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterised in its early stages by diastolic relaxation abnormalities and later by clinical heart failure in the absence of dyslipidaemia, hypertension and coronary artery disease. Insulin resistance, hyperinsulinaemia and hyperglycaemia are each independent risk factors for the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. The pathophysiological factors in diabetes that drive the development of cardiomyopathy include systemic metabolic disorders, inappropriate activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, subcellular component abnormalities, oxidative stress, inflammation and dysfunctional immune modulation...
August 3, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822714/cardiovascular-disease-leads-to-a-new-algorithm-for-diabetes-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Valentina Rodriguez, Matthew C Weiss, Howard Weintraub, Ira J Goldberg, Arthur Schwartzbard
Patients with diabetes mellitus have increased rates of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and heart failure (HF). This increase occurs despite optimal lipid-lowering therapies. We reviewed clinical trials of diabetes treatments and their effects on circulating plasma lipoproteins and CVD. Several earlier studies failed to demonstrate clear CVD benefit from diabetes therapies. In addition, triglyceride-reducing agents did not reduce overall CVD in large clinical trials although these trials were not conducted in cohorts selected as hypertriglyceridemic...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536154/gastric-bypass-surgery-produces-a-durable-reduction-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-reduces-the-long-term-risks-of-congestive-heart-failure
#6
Peter N Benotti, G Craig Wood, David J Carey, Vishal C Mehra, Tooraj Mirshahi, Michelle R Lent, Anthony T Petrick, Christopher Still, Glenn S Gerhard, Annemarie G Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its association with reduced life expectancy are well established, with cardiovascular disease as one of the major causes of fatality. Metabolic surgery is a powerful intervention for severe obesity, resulting in improvement in comorbid diseases and in cardiovascular risk factors. This study investigates the relationship between metabolic surgery and long-term cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) patients was tightly matched by age, body mass index, sex, Framingham Risk Score, smoking history, use of antihypertension medication, diabetes mellitus status, and calendar year with a concurrent cohort of nonoperated control patients...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455343/2017-acc-aha-hfsa-focused-update-of-the-2013-accf-aha-guideline-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-the-heart-failure-society-of-america
#7
REVIEW
Clyde W Yancy, Mariell Jessup, Biykem Bozkurt, Javed Butler, Donald E Casey, Monica M Colvin, Mark H Drazner, Gerasimos S Filippatos, Gregg C Fonarow, Michael M Givertz, Steven M Hollenberg, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Frederick A Masoudi, Patrick E McBride, Pamela N Peterson, Lynne Warner Stevenson, Cheryl Westlake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452408/psychological-interventions-for-coronary-heart-disease
#8
REVIEW
Suzanne H Richards, Lindsey Anderson, Caroline E Jenkinson, Ben Whalley, Karen Rees, Philippa Davies, Paul Bennett, Zulian Liu, Robert West, David R Thompson, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of death globally, although mortality rates are falling. Psychological symptoms are prevalent for people with CHD, and many psychological treatments are offered following cardiac events or procedures with the aim of improving health and outcomes. This is an update of a Cochrane systematic review previously published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of psychological interventions (alone or with cardiac rehabilitation) compared with usual care (including cardiac rehabilitation where available) for people with CHD on total mortality and cardiac mortality; cardiac morbidity; and participant-reported psychological outcomes of levels of depression, anxiety, and stress; and to explore potential study-level predictors of the effectiveness of psychological interventions in this population...
April 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446515/role-of-biomarkers-for-the-prevention-assessment-and-management-of-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Sheryl L Chow, Alan S Maisel, Inder Anand, Biykem Bozkurt, Rudolf A de Boer, G Michael Felker, Gregg C Fonarow, Barry Greenberg, James L Januzzi, Michael S Kiernan, Peter P Liu, Thomas J Wang, Clyde W Yancy, Michael R Zile
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Natriuretic peptides have led the way as a diagnostic and prognostic tool for the diagnosis and management of heart failure (HF). More recent evidence suggests that natriuretic peptides along with the next generation of biomarkers may provide added value to medical management, which could potentially lower risk of mortality and readmissions. The purpose of this scientific statement is to summarize the existing literature and to provide guidance for the utility of currently available biomarkers...
May 30, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396380/permanent-leadless-cardiac-pacemaker-therapy-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Fleur V Y Tjong, Vivek Y Reddy
A new technology, leadless pacemaker therapy, was recently introduced clinically to address lead- and pocket-related complications in conventional transvenous pacemaker therapy. These leadless devices are self-contained right ventricular single-chamber pacemakers implanted by using a femoral percutaneous approach. In this review of available clinical data on leadless pacemakers, early results with leadless devices are compared with historical results with conventional single-chamber pacing. Both presently manufactured leadless pacemakers show similar complications, which are mostly related to the implant procedure: cardiac perforation, device dislocation, and femoral vascular access site complications...
April 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359519/pulmonary-hypertension-in-heart-failure-pathophysiology-pathobiology-and-emerging%C3%A2-clinical%C3%A2-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Marco Guazzi, Robert Naeije
Pulmonary hypertension is a common hemodynamic complication of heart failure. Interest in left-sided pulmonary hypertension has increased remarkably in recent years because its development and consequences for the right heart are now seen as mainstay abnormalities that begin in the early stages of the disease and bear unfavorable prognostic insights. However, some knowledge gaps limit our ability to influence this complex condition. Accordingly, attention is now focused on: 1) establishing a definitive consensus for a hemodynamic definition, perhaps incorporating exercise and fluid challenge; 2) implementing the limited data available on the pathobiology of lung capillaries and small arteries; 3) developing standard methods for assessing right ventricular function and, hopefully, its coupling to pulmonary circulation; and 4) searching for effective therapies that may benefit lung vessels and the remodeled right ventricle...
April 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302287/non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-valvular-heart-disease
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giulia Renda, Fabrizio Ricci, Robert P Giugliano, Raffaele De Caterina
BACKGROUND: Valvular heart disease (VHD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) often coexist. Phase III trials comparing non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) with warfarin excluded patients with moderate/severe mitral stenosis or mechanical heart valves, but variably included patients with other VHD and valve surgeries. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine relative safety and efficacy of NOACs in patients with VHD. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of the 4 phase III AF trials of the currently available NOACs versus warfarin in patients with coexisting VHD to assess pooled estimates of relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for stroke/systemic embolic events (SSEE), major bleeding, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), and all-cause death...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298458/2017-aha-acc-focused-update-of-the-2014-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
Rick A Nishimura, Catherine M Otto, Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello, John P Erwin, Lee A Fleisher, Hani Jneid, Michael J Mack, Christopher J McLeod, Patrick T O'Gara, Vera H Rigolin, Thoralf M Sundt, Annemarie Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286222/2017-acc-aha-hrs-guideline-for%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-evaluation-and-management-of%C3%A2-patients-with-syncope-executive%C3%A2-summary-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-the-heart-rhythm-society
#14
Win-Kuang Shen, Robert S Sheldon, David G Benditt, Mitchell I Cohen, Daniel E Forman, Zachary D Goldberger, Blair P Grubb, Mohamed H Hamdan, Andrew D Krahn, Mark S Link, Brian Olshansky, Satish R Raj, Roopinder Kaur Sandhu, Dan Sorajja, Benjamin C Sun, Clyde W Yancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209227/advances-in-the-genetics-of-congenital-heart%C3%A2-disease-a-clinician-s-guide
#15
REVIEW
Gillian M Blue, Edwin P Kirk, Eleni Giannoulatou, Gary F Sholler, Sally L Dunwoodie, Richard P Harvey, David S Winlaw
Our understanding of the genetics of congenital heart disease (CHD) is rapidly expanding; however, many questions, particularly those relating to sporadic forms of disease, remain unanswered. Massively parallel sequencing technology has made significant contributions to the field, both from a diagnostic perspective for patients and, importantly, also from the perspective of disease mechanism. The importance of de novo variation in sporadic disease is a recent highlight, and the genetic link between heart and brain development has been established...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007958/a-multicenter-observational-study-of-incretin-based-drugs-and-heart-failure
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kristian B Filion, Laurent Azoulay, Robert W Platt, Matthew Dahl, Colin R Dormuth, Kristin K Clemens, Nianping Hu, J Michael Paterson, Laura Targownik, Tanvir C Turin, Jacob A Udell, Pierre Ernst
BACKGROUND: There is concern that antidiabetic incretin-based drugs, including dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogues, can increase the risk of heart failure. Ongoing clinical trials may not have large enough samples to effectively address this issue. METHODS: We applied a common protocol in the analysis of multiple cohorts of patients with diabetes. We used health care data from four Canadian provinces, the United States, and the United Kingdom...
March 24, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179372/graphics-and-statistics-for-cardiology-clinical-prediction-rules
#17
REVIEW
Mark Woodward, Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe, Sanne Ae Peters
Graphs and tables are indispensable aids to quantitative research. When developing a clinical prediction rule that is based on a cardiovascular risk score, there are many visual displays that can assist in developing the underlying statistical model, testing the assumptions made in this model, evaluating and presenting the resultant score. All too often, researchers in this field follow formulaic recipes without exploring the issues of model selection and data presentation in a meaningful and thoughtful way...
April 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153111/mode-of-death-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#18
REVIEW
Muthiah Vaduganathan, Ravi B Patel, Alexander Michel, Sanjiv J Shah, Michele Senni, Mihai Gheorghiade, Javed Butler
Little is known about specific modes of death in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Herein, the authors critically appraise the current state of data and offer potential future directions. They conducted a systematic review of 1,608 published HFpEF papers from January 1, 1985, to December 31, 2015, which yielded 8 randomized clinical trials and 24 epidemiological studies with mode-of-death data. Noncardiovascular modes of death represent an important competing risk in HFpEF...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104075/challenges-in-infective-endocarditis
#19
REVIEW
Thomas J Cahill, Larry M Baddour, Gilbert Habib, Bruno Hoen, Erwan Salaun, Gosta B Pettersson, Hans Joachim Schäfers, Bernard D Prendergast
Infective endocarditis is defined by a focus of infection within the heart and is a feared disease across the field of cardiology. It is frequently acquired in the health care setting, and more than one-half of cases now occur in patients without known heart disease. Despite optimal care, mortality approaches 30% at 1 year. The challenges posed by infective endocarditis are significant. It is heterogeneous in etiology, clinical manifestations, and course. Staphylococcus aureus, which has become the predominant causative organism in the developed world, leads to an aggressive form of the disease, often in vulnerable or elderly patient populations...
January 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154164/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-insulin-resistance-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-among-blacks-without-diabetes-mellitus-the-jackson-heart-study
#20
Valery S Effoe, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Justin B Echouffo Tcheugui, Haiying Chen, Joshua J Joseph, Rita R Kalyani, Ronny A Bell, Wen-Chih H Wu, Ramon Casanova, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the association between insulin resistance (IR) and cardiovascular disease in blacks have not been conclusive, especially for coronary heart disease (CHD). The McAuley index and homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) perform differently in predicting cardiovascular disease. We investigated this association in the Jackson Heart Study, a large longitudinal cohort of blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: IR was estimated for 3565 participants without diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease at baseline using the McAuley index and HOMA-IR, and their associations with incident CHD and stroke (composite outcome) were compared...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
label_collection
label_collection
5747
1
2
2017-02-08 08:28:58
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"