collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypertension

shared collection
55 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26469555/arm-circumference-influences-blood-pressure-even-when-applying-the-correct-cuff-size-is-a-further-correction-needed
#1
LETTER
Jeremy P Loenneke, Paul D Loprinzi, Takashi Abe, Robert S Thiebaud, Kirsten M Allen, J Grant Mouser, Michael G Bemben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077860/impact-of-cuff-positioning-on-blood-pressure-measurement-accuracy-may-a-specially-designed-cuff-make-a-difference
#2
Grzegorz Bilo, Oscar Sala, Carlotta Perego, Andrea Faini, Lan Gao, Anna Głuszewska, Juan Eugenio Ochoa, Dario Pellegrini, Laura Maria Lonati, Gianfranco Parati
During blood pressure (BP) measurement, the recommended positioning of the cuff bladder center is directly above the brachial artery. We investigated the relevance of incorrect cuff positioning during (1) auscultatory measurement with an appropriate or improperly small cuff and (2) oscillometric measurement with a wide-range cuff designed to guarantee accurate measurements regardless of position. In subjects with wide BP and arm circumference ranges, (1) auscultatory BP was repeatedly measured with a properly positioned cuff (reference) and, simultaneously, with an identical cuff placed on the other arm in either a correct or an incorrect position (test)...
June 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993451/time-course-of-change-in-blood-pressure-from-sodium-reduction-and-the-dash-diet
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stephen P Juraschek, Mark Woodward, Frank M Sacks, Vincent J Carey, Edgar R Miller, Lawrence J Appel
Both sodium reduction and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet lower blood pressure (BP); however, the patterns of their effects on BP over time are unknown. In the DASH-Sodium trial, adults with pre-/stage 1 hypertension, not using antihypertensive medications, were randomly assigned to either a typical American diet (control) or DASH. Within their assigned diet, participants randomly ate each of 3 sodium levels (50, 100, and 150 mmol/d, at 2100 kcal) over 4-week periods. BP was measured weekly for 12 weeks; 412 participants enrolled (57% women; 57% black; mean age, 48 years; mean systolic BP [SBP]/diastolic BP [DBP], 135/86 mm Hg)...
November 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038203/effect-of-cpap-weight-loss-or-cpap-plus-weight-loss-on-central-hemodynamics-and-arterial-stiffness
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Snigdha Jain, Indira Gurubhagavatula, Raymond Townsend, Samuel T Kuna, Karen Teff, Thomas A Wadden, Jesse Chittams, Alexandra L Hanlon, Greg Maislin, Hassam Saif, Preston Broderick, Zeshan Ahmad, Allan I Pack, Julio A Chirinos
Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea tend to coexist. Little is known about the effects of obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, or their treatment on central aortic pressures and large artery stiffness. We randomized 139 adults with obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m2 ) and moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea to (1) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy (n=45), (2) weight loss (WL) therapy (n=48), or (3) combined CPAP and WL (n=46) for 24 weeks. We assessed the effect of these interventions on central pressures and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (a measure of large artery stiffness), measured with arterial tonometry...
December 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203628/predicting-out-of-office-blood-pressure-in-the-clinic-for-the-diagnosis-of-hypertension-in-primary-care-an-economic-evaluation
#5
Mark Monahan, Sue Jowett, Kate Lovibond, Paramjit Gill, Marshall Godwin, Sheila Greenfield, Janet Hanley, F D Richard Hobbs, Una Martin, Jonathan Mant, Brian McKinstry, Bryan Williams, James P Sheppard, Richard J McManus
Clinical guidelines in the United States and United Kingdom recommend that individuals with suspected hypertension should have ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring to confirm the diagnosis. This approach reduces misdiagnosis because of white coat hypertension but will not identify people with masked hypertension who may benefit from treatment. The Predicting Out-of-Office Blood Pressure (PROOF-BP) algorithm predicts masked and white coat hypertension based on patient characteristics and clinic BP, improving the accuracy of diagnosis while limiting subsequent ambulatory BP monitoring...
February 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203631/hyperuricemia-does-it-matter-for-the-progression-from-prehypertension-to-hypertension
#6
EDITORIAL
Yi-Bang Cheng, Yan Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229742/adrenal-vein-sampling-is-the-preferred-method-to-select-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism-for-adrenalectomy-pro-side-of-the-argument
#7
Gian Paolo Rossi, John W Funder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463627/spironolactone-versus-clonidine-as-a-fourth-drug-therapy-for-resistant-hypertension-the-rehot-randomized-study-resistant-hypertension-optimal-treatment
#8
Eduardo M Krieger, Luciano F Drager, Dante M A Giorgi, Alexandre C Pereira, José Augusto Soares Barreto-Filho, Armando R Nogueira, José Geraldo Mill, Paulo A Lotufo, Celso Amodeo, Marcelo C Batista, Luiz C Bodanese, Antônio C C Carvalho, Iran Castro, Hilton Chaves, Eduardo A S Costa, Gilson S Feitosa, Roberto J S Franco, Flávio D Fuchs, Armênio C Guimarães, Paulo C Jardim, Carlos A Machado, Maria E Magalhães, Décio Mion, Raimundo M Nascimento, Fernando Nobre, Antônio C Nóbrega, Antônio L P Ribeiro, Carlos R Rodrigues-Sobrinho, Antônio F Sanjuliani, Maria do Carmo B Teixeira, Jose E Krieger
The aim of this study is to compare spironolactone versus clonidine as the fourth drug in patients with resistant hypertension in a multicenter, randomized trial. Medical therapy adherence was checked by pill counting. Patients with resistant hypertension (no office and ambulatory blood pressure [BP] monitoring control, despite treatment with 3 drugs, including a diuretic, for 12 weeks) were randomized to an additional 12-week treatment with spironolactone (12.5-50 mg QD) or clonidine (0.1-0.3 mg BID). The primary end point was BP control during office (<140/90 mm Hg) and 24-h ambulatory (<130/80 mm Hg) BP monitoring...
April 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442548/mechanisms-of-altered-renal-sodium-handling-in-age-related-hypertension
#9
Alissa A Frame, Richard David Wainford
The prevalence of hypertension rises with age to approximately two out of three adults over the age of 60 in the United States. Although the mechanisms underlying age-related hypertension are incompletely understood, sodium homeostasis is critical to the long-term regulation of blood pressure and there is strong evidence that aging is associated with alterations in renal sodium handling. This mini-review focuses on recent advancements in our understanding of the vascular, neurohumoral, and renal mechanisms that influence sodium homeostasis and promote age-related hypertension...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003189/involvement-of-enac-in-the-development-of-salt-sensitive-hypertension
#10
REVIEW
Tengis S Pavlov, Alexander Staruschenko
Salt-sensitive hypertension is associated with renal and vascular dysfunctions, which lead to impaired fluid excretion, increased cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance. It is commonly accepted that increased renal sodium handling and plasma volume expansion are necessary factors for the development of salt-induced hypertension. The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is a trimeric ion channel expressed in the distal nephron that plays a critical role in the regulation of sodium reabsorption in both normal and pathological conditions...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24721652/epithelial-sodium-channel-enac-and-the-control-of-blood-pressure
#11
REVIEW
Bernard C Rossier
The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) constitutes the rate-limiting step for sodium reabsorption in epithelial cells that line the distal part of the renal tubule, the distal colon, the duct of several exocrine glands, and the lung. The activity of this channel is regulated by aldosterone and hormones involved in the maintenance of sodium balance, blood volume and blood pressure. In this review, we discuss recent advances in our understanding of ENaC function and regulation relevant to the control of sodium balance and blood pressure...
April 2014: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710092/a-missense-mutation-in-the-extracellular-domain-of-%C3%AE-enac-causes-liddle-syndrome
#12
Mahdi Salih, Ivan Gautschi, Miguel X van Bemmelen, Michael Di Benedetto, Alice S Brooks, Dorien Lugtenberg, Laurent Schild, Ewout J Hoorn
Liddle syndrome is an autosomal dominant form of hypokalemic hypertension due to mutations in the β - or γ -subunit of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). Here, we describe a family with Liddle syndrome due to a mutation in α ENaC. The proband was referred because of resistant hypokalemic hypertension, suppressed renin and aldosterone, and no mutations in the genes encoding β - or γ ENaC. Exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous, nonconservative T>C single-nucleotide mutation in α ENaC that substituted Cys479 with Arg (C479R)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947569/intensive-versus-standard-blood-pressure-control-in-sprint-eligible-participants-of-accord-bp
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Leo F Buckley, Dave L Dixon, George F Wohlford, Dayanjan S Wijesinghe, William L Baker, Benjamin W Van Tassell
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the effect of intensive blood pressure (BP) control on cardiovascular outcomes in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a post hoc, multivariate, subgroup analysis of ACCORD-BP (Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Blood Pressure) participants. Participants were eligible for the analysis if they were in the standard glucose control arm of ACCORD-BP and also had the additional CVD risk factors required for SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial) eligibility...
December 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051347/bp-measurement-in-clinical-practice-time-to-sprint-to-guideline-recommended-protocols
#14
Paul E Drawz, Joachim H Ix
Hypertension is the leading chronic disease risk factor in the world and is especially important in patients with CKD, nearly 90% of whom have hypertension. Recently, in the Systolic BP Intervention Trial (SPRINT), intensive lowering of clinic systolic BP to a target <120 mm Hg, compared with a standard BP target of <140 mm Hg, reduced risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. However, because BP was measured unobserved using an automated device, some investigators have questioned the ability to translate SPRINT results into routine clinical practice, in which measurement of BP is typically less standardized...
February 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665708/orthostatic-changes-in-systolic-blood-pressure-among-sprint-participants-at-baseline
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Raymond R Townsend, Tara I Chang, Debbie L Cohen, William C Cushman, Gregory W Evans, Stephen P Glasser, William E Haley, Christine Olney, Suzanne Oparil, Rita Del Pinto, Roberto Pisoni, Addison A Taylor, Kausik Umanath, Jackson T Wright, Joseph Yeboah
Orthostatic changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP) impact cardiovascular outcomes. In this study, we aimed to determine the pattern of orthostatic systolic pressure changes in participants enrolled in the SBP Intervention Trial (SPRINT) at their baseline visit before randomization and sought to understand clinical factors predictive of these changes. Of the 9323 participants enrolled in SPRINT, 8662 had complete data for these analyses. The SBP after 1 minute of standing was subtracted from the mean value of the three preceding seated SBP values...
November 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162340/effects-of-intensive-blood-pressure-treatment-on-acute-kidney-injury-events-in-the-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-sprint
#16
Michael V Rocco, Kaycee M Sink, Laura C Lovato, Dawn F Wolfgram, Thomas B Wiegmann, Barry M Wall, Kausik Umanath, Frederic Rahbari-Oskoui, Anna C Porter, Roberto Pisoni, Cora E Lewis, Julia B Lewis, James P Lash, Lois A Katz, Amret T Hawfield, William E Haley, Barry I Freedman, Jamie P Dwyer, Paul E Drawz, Mirela Dobre, Alfred K Cheung, Ruth C Campbell, Udayan Bhatt, Srinivasan Beddhu, Paul L Kimmel, David M Reboussin, Glenn M Chertow
BACKGROUND: Treating to a lower blood pressure (BP) may increase acute kidney injury (AKI) events. STUDY DESIGN: Data for AKI resulting in or during hospitalization or emergency department visits were collected as part of the serious adverse events reporting process of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 9,361 participants 50 years or older with 1 or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
March 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606731/cognitive-function-and-kidney-disease-baseline-data-from-the-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-sprint
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel E Weiner, Sarah A Gaussoin, John Nord, Alexander P Auchus, Gordon J Chelune, Michel Chonchol, Laura Coker, William E Haley, Anthony A Killeen, Paul L Kimmel, Alan J Lerner, Suzanne Oparil, Mohammad G Saklayen, Yelena M Slinin, Clinton B Wright, Jeff D Williamson, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is common and is associated with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cognitive function, although the nature of this relationship remains uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort using baseline data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants in SPRINT, a randomized clinical trial of blood pressure targets in older community-dwelling adults with cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, or high cardiovascular disease risk and without diabetes or known stroke, who underwent detailed neurocognitive testing in the cognition substudy, SPRINT-Memory and Cognition in Decreased Hypertension (SPRINT-MIND)...
September 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512184/effect-of-intensive-blood-pressure-lowering-on-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-patients-with-hypertension-sprint-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elsayed Z Soliman, Walter T Ambrosius, William C Cushman, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Jeffrey T Bates, Javier A Neyra, Thaddeus Y Carson, Leonardo Tamariz, Lama Ghazi, Monique E Cho, Brian P Shapiro, Jiang He, Lawrence J Fine, Cora E Lewis
BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown whether intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering beyond that recommended would lead to more lowering of the risk of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension and whether reducing the risk of LVH explains the reported cardiovascular disease (CVD) benefits of intensive BP lowering in this population. METHODS: This analysis included 8164 participants (mean age, 67.9 years; 35.3% women; 31.2% blacks) with hypertension but no diabetes mellitus from the SPRINT trial (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial): 4086 randomly assigned to intensive BP lowering (target SBP <120 mm Hg) and 4078 assigned to standard BP lowering (target SBP <140 mm Hg)...
August 1, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380817/sex-specific-differences-in-hypertension-and-associated-cardiovascular-disease
#19
REVIEW
Katrina M Mirabito Colafella, Kate M Denton
Although intrinsic mechanisms that regulate arterial blood pressure (BP) are similar in men and women, marked variations exist at the molecular, cellular and tissue levels. These physiological disparities between the sexes likely contribute to differences in disease onset, susceptibility, prevalence and treatment responses. Key systems that are important in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD), including the sympathetic nervous system, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the immune system, are differentially activated in males and females...
March 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24893089/resistant-hypertension-a-review-of-diagnosis-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Wanpen Vongpatanasin
Resistant hypertension-uncontrolled hypertension with 3 or more antihypertensive agents-is increasingly common in clinical practice. Clinicians should exclude pseudoresistant hypertension, which results from nonadherence to medications or from elevated blood pressure related to the white coat syndrome. In patients with truly resistant hypertension, thiazide diuretics, particularly chlorthalidone, should be considered as one of the initial agents. The other 2 agents should include calcium channel blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for cardiovascular protection...
June 4, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
label_collection
label_collection
5745
1
2
2018-01-17 05:26:13
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"