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Membrane curvature

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16 papers 0 to 25 followers Publications related to membrane curvature, mainly induced by proteins
John Lowengrub, Jun Allard, Sebastian Aland
The formation of membrane vesicles from a larger membrane that occurs during endocytosis and other cell processes are typically orchestrated by curvature-inducing molecules attached to the membrane. Recent reports demonstrate that vesicles can form de novo in a few milliseconds. Membrane dynamics at these scales are strongly influenced by hydrodynamic interactions. To study this problem, we develop new diffuse interface models for the dynamics of inextensible vesicles in a viscous fluid with stiff, curvature-inducing molecules...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Computational Physics
Jaime B Hutchison, Aruni P K K Karunanayake Mudiyanselage, Robert M Weis, Anthony D Dinsmore
The binding affinity of a curvature-sensing protein domain (N-BAR) is measured as a function of applied osmotic stress while the membrane curvature is nearly constant. Varying the osmotic stress allows us to control membrane tension, which provides a probe of the mechanism of binding. We study the N-BAR domain of the Drosophila amphiphysin and monitor its binding on 50 nm-radius vesicles composed of 90 mol% DOPC and 10 mol% PIP. We find that the bound fraction of N-BAR is enhanced by a factor of approximately 6...
February 28, 2016: Soft Matter
Francesca Collu, Enrico Spiga, Christian D Lorenz, Franca Fraternali
Membrane fusion is critical to eukaryotic cellular function and crucial to the entry of enveloped viruses such as influenza and human immunodeficiency virus. Influenza viral entry in the host cell is mediated by a 20-23 amino acid long sequence, called the fusion peptide (FP). Recently, possible structures for the fusion peptide (ranging from an inverted V shaped α-helical structure to an α-helical hairpin, or to a complete α-helix) and their implication in the membrane fusion initiation have been proposed...
2015: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Troy W Lowry, Hanaa Hariri, Plengchart Prommapan, Aubrey Kusi-Appiah, Nicholas Vafai, Ewa A Bienkiewicz, David H Van Winkle, Scott M Stagg, Steven Lenhert
The dynamic self-organization of lipids in biological systems is a highly regulated process that enables the compartmentalization of living systems at micro- and nanoscopic scales. Consequently, quantitative methods for assaying the kinetics of supramolecular remodeling such as vesicle formation from planar lipid bilayers or multilayers are needed to understand cellular self-organization. Here, a new nanotechnology-based method for quantitative measurements of lipid-protein interactions is presented and its suitability for quantifying the membrane binding, inflation, and budding activity of the membrane-remodeling protein Sar1 is demonstrated...
January 27, 2016: Small
John McCullough, Amy K Clippinger, Nathaniel Talledge, Michael L Skowyra, Marissa G Saunders, Teresa V Naismith, Leremy A Colf, Pavel Afonine, Christopher Arthur, Wesley I Sundquist, Phyllis I Hanson, Adam Frost
The endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) proteins mediate fundamental membrane remodeling events that require stabilizing negative membrane curvature. These include endosomal intralumenal vesicle formation, HIV budding, nuclear envelope closure, and cytokinetic abscission. ESCRT-III subunits perform key roles in these processes by changing conformation and polymerizing into membrane-remodeling filaments. Here, we report the 4 angstrom resolution cryogenic electron microscopy reconstruction of a one-start, double-stranded helical copolymer composed of two different human ESCRT-III subunits, charged multivesicular body protein 1B (CHMP1B) and increased sodium tolerance 1 (IST1)...
December 18, 2015: Science
Yifei Qi, Xi Cheng, Jumin Lee, Josh V Vermaas, Taras V Pogorelov, Emad Tajkhorshid, Soohyung Park, Jeffery B Klauda, Wonpil Im
Slow diffusion of the lipids in conventional all-atom simulations of membrane systems makes it difficult to sample large rearrangements of lipids and protein-lipid interactions. Recently, Tajkhorshid and co-workers developed the highly mobile membrane-mimetic (HMMM) model with accelerated lipid motion by replacing the lipid tails with small organic molecules. The HMMM model provides accelerated lipid diffusion by one to two orders of magnitude, and is particularly useful in studying membrane-protein associations...
November 17, 2015: Biophysical Journal
Daria Bonazzi, Armin Haupt, Hirokazu Tanimoto, Delphine Delacour, Delphine Salort, Nicolas Minc
Intracellular structures and organelles such as the nucleus, the centrosome, or the mitotic spindle typically scale their size to cell size [1]. Similarly, cortical polarity domains built around the active form of conserved Rho-GTPases, such as Cdc42p, exhibit widths that may range over two orders of magnitudes in cells with different sizes and shapes [2-6]. The establishment of such domains typically involves positive feedback loops based on reaction-diffusion and/or actin-mediated vesicle transport [3, 7, 8]...
October 19, 2015: Current Biology: CB
Thapakorn Tree-Udom, Jiraporn Seemork, Kazuki Shigyou, Tsutomu Hamada, Naunpun Sangphech, Tanapat Palaga, Numpon Insin, Porntip Pan-In, Supason Wanichwecharungruang
Although computer simulation and cell culture experiments have shown that elongated spherical particles can be taken up into cells more efficiently than spherical particles, experimental investigation on effects of these different shapes over the particle-membrane association has never been reported. Therefore, whether the higher cellular uptake of an elongated spherical particles is a result of a better particle-membrane association as suggested by some calculation works or a consequence of its influence on other cellular trans-membrane components involved in particle translocation process, cannot be concluded...
November 4, 2015: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuuki Sugiura, Keisuke Ikeda, Minoru Nakano
Aggregation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) protein and the formation of toxic aggregates are the possible pathogenic pathways in Alzheimer's disease. Accumulating evidence suggests that lipid membranes play key roles in protein aggregation, although the intermolecular forces that drive the interactions between Aβ-(1-40) and the membranes vary in different membrane systems. Here, we observed that a high positive curvature of lipid vesicles with diameters of ∼30 nm enhanced the association of Aβ with anionic phosphatidylglycerol membranes in the liquid-crystalline phase and with zwitterionic phosphatidylcholine membranes in the gel phase...
October 27, 2015: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yevhen K Cherniavskyi, Christophe Ramseyer, Semen O Yesylevskyy
Interaction of fullerenes with asymmetric and curved DOPC/DOPS bicelles is studied by means of coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. The effects caused by asymmetric lipid composition of the membrane leaflets and the curvature of the membrane are analyzed. It is shown that the aggregates of fullerenes prefer to penetrate into the membrane in the regions of the moderately positive mean curvature. Upon penetration into the hydrophobic core of the membrane fullerenes avoid the regions of the extreme positive or the negative curvature...
January 7, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Amir Houshang Bahrami, Reinhard Lipowsky, Thomas R Weikl
Cellular internalization of nanoparticles requires the full wrapping of the nanoparticles by the cell membrane. This wrapping process can occur spontaneously if the adhesive interactions between the nanoparticles and the membranes are sufficiently strong to compensate for the cost of membrane bending. In this article, we show that the membrane curvature prior to wrapping plays a key role for the wrapping process, besides the size and shape of the nanoparticles that have been investigated in recent years. For membrane segments that initially bulge away from nanoparticles by having a mean curvature of the same sign as the mean curvature of the particle surface, we find strongly stable partially wrapped states that can prevent full wrapping...
January 14, 2016: Soft Matter
Michael G Hanna, Ioanna Mela, Lei Wang, Robert M Henderson, Edwin R Chapman, J Michael Edwardson, Anjon Audhya
The majority of biosynthetic secretory proteins initiate their journey through the endomembrane system from specific subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum. At these locations, coated transport carriers are generated, with the Sar1 GTPase playing a critical role in membrane bending, recruitment of coat components, and nascent vesicle formation. How these events are appropriately coordinated remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that Sar1 acts as the curvature-sensing component of the COPII coat complex and highlight the ability of Sar1 to bind more avidly to membranes of high curvature...
January 15, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
H Strahl, S Ronneau, B Solana González, D Klutsch, C Schaffner-Barbero, L W Hamoen
The intricate structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells depends on the ability to target proteins to specific cellular locations. In most cases, we have a poor understanding of the underlying mechanisms. A typical example is the assembly of bacterial chemoreceptors at cell poles. Here we show that the classical chemoreceptor TlpA of Bacillus subtilis does not localize according to the consensus stochastic nucleation mechanism but accumulates at strongly curved membrane areas generated during cell division...
2015: Nature Communications
Amit Kumar, Deniz Baycin-Hizal, Yue Zhang, Michael A Bowen, Michael J Betenbaugh
Protein secretion and vesicular trafficking in mammalian cells rely on several key lipids including sphingolipids, phospholipids, and neutral lipids crucial to protein processing and other intracellular events. Proteins interact with these lipids to alter the shape of lipid bilayer, thereby playing a pivotal role in cellular sorting. Although some efforts have elucidated the role of these components, extensive studies are needed to further decipher the protein-lipid interactions along with the effect of membrane curvature and rafts in sorting of proteins...
December 2015: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Christine M Doucet, Nina Esmery, Maud de Saint-Jean, Bruno Antonny
Membrane curvature is involved in numerous biological pathways like vesicle trafficking, endocytosis or nuclear pore complex assembly. In addition to its topological role, membrane curvature is sensed by specific proteins, enabling the coordination of biological processes in space and time. Amongst membrane curvature sensors are the ALPS (Amphipathic Lipid Packing Sensors). ALPS motifs are short peptides with peculiar amphipathic properties. They are found in proteins targeted to distinct curved membranes, mostly in the early secretory pathway...
2015: PloS One
Harvey T McMahon, Emmanuel Boucrot
Membrane curvature is an important parameter in defining the morphology of cells, organelles and local membrane subdomains. Transport intermediates have simpler shapes, being either spheres or tubules. The generation and maintenance of curvature is of central importance for maintaining trafficking and cellular functions. It is possible that local shapes in complex membranes could help to define local subregions. In this Cell Science at a Glance article and accompanying poster, we summarize how generating, sensing and maintaining high local membrane curvature is an active process that is mediated and controlled by specialized proteins using general mechanisms: (i) changes in lipid composition and asymmetry, (ii) partitioning of shaped transmembrane domains of integral membrane proteins or protein or domain crowding, (iii) reversible insertion of hydrophobic protein motifs, (iv) nanoscopic scaffolding by oligomerized hydrophilic protein domains and, finally, (v) macroscopic scaffolding by the cytoskeleton with forces generated by polymerization and by molecular motors...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Cell Science
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