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Injury

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48 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Nico Kolokythas PhD Researcher in Strength & Conditioning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100124/compelling-overuse-injury-incidence-in-youth-multisport-athletes
#1
Abdallah Rejeb, Amanda Johnson, Roel Vaeyens, Cosmin Horobeanu, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
The present investigation was carried out to examine the incidence and pattern of injuries in adolescent multisport athletes from youth sports academy. Injury data were prospectively collected from 166 athletes during the seasons from 2009 to 2014. A total of 643 injuries were identified, 559 (87.0%) were time-loss injuries. The overall injury incidence was 5.5 (95% confidence interval CI: 5.1-6.0), the incidence of time-loss injuries was 4.8 (95% CI: 4.4-5.2), the incidence of growth conditions was 1.2 (95% CI: 1...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039181/sports-biostatistician-a-critical-member-of-all-sports-science-and-medicine-teams-for-injury-prevention
#2
REVIEW
Martí Casals, Caroline F Finch
Sports science and medicine need specialists to solve the challenges that arise with injury data. In the sports injury field, it is important to be able to optimise injury data to quantify injury occurrences, understand their aetiology and most importantly, prevent them. One of these specialty professions is that of Sports Biostatistician. The aim of this paper is to describe the emergent field of Sports Biostatistics and its relevance to injury prevention. A number of important issues regarding this profession and the science of sports injury prevention are highlighted...
December 30, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815240/persistent-effects-of-playing-football-and-associated-subconcussive-head-trauma-on-brain-structure-and-function-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
A A Tarnutzer, D Straumann, P Brugger, N Feddermann-Demont
AIM/OBJECTIVE: There is ongoing controversy about persistent neurological deficits in active and former football (soccer) players. We reviewed the literature for associations between football activities (including heading/head injuries) and decline in brain structure/function. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane-CRCT, SportDiscus, Cochrane-DSR=4 (accessed 2 August 2016). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Original studies reporting on football-related persistent effects on brain structure/function...
November 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26513389/low-back-pain-in-young-basketball-and-floorball-players
#4
Kati Pasanen, Marleena Rossi, Jari Parkkari, Pekka Kannus, Ari Heinonen, Kari Tokola, Grethe Myklebust
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain (LBP) in young female and male basketball and floorball players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Nine basketball teams and 9 floorball teams from Tampere city district, Finland. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred one young female and male players (mean age: 15.8 ± 1.9 years). ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Age, gender, sport, and family history of musculoskeletal disorders were assessed as risk factors for LBP...
September 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677917/training-load-and-fatigue-marker-associations-with-injury-and-illness-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#5
Christopher M Jones, Peter C Griffiths, Stephen D Mellalieu
BACKGROUND: Coaches, sport scientists, clinicians and medical personnel face a constant challenge to prescribe sufficient training load to produce training adaption while minimising fatigue, performance inhibition and risk of injury/illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to investigate the relationship between injury and illness and longitudinal training load and fatigue markers in sporting populations. METHODS: Systematic searches of the Web of Science and PubMed online databases to August 2015 were conducted for articles reporting relationships between training load/fatigue measures and injury/illness in athlete populations...
September 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705538/the-adolescent-athlete-a-developmental-approach-to-injury-risk
#6
Damien McKay, Carolyn Broderick, Katharine Steinbeck
With the advent of long-term athlete development programs and early sport specialization, the training of elite athletes now spans the period of adolescence. Adolescence represents a period of physical, psychosocial and cognitive development, but also a time of physical and psychological vulnerability. Changes in skeletal and physiological attributes coincide with an increased risk of sport related injury. A window of vulnerability is shaped by the properties of the musculoskeletal system, the influence of pubertal hormones and the lag time between physical and cognitive development...
November 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232242/diaphragm-contractility-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#7
Masafumi Terada, Kyle B Kosik, Ryan S McCann, Phillip A Gribble
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Previous investigations have identified impaired trunk and postural stability in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). The diaphragm muscle contributes to trunk and postural stability by modulating the intra-abdominal pressure. A potential mechanism that could help to explain trunk and postural stability deficits may be related to altered diaphragm function due to supraspinal sensorimotor changes with CAI. The purpose of this study was to examine the diaphragm contractility in individuals with CAI and healthy controls...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254261/overuse-injuries-of-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-throwing-athlete
#8
Breann K Tisano, A Reed Estes
In the hypercompetitive environment of year round youth baseball, arm pain is commonplace. Although much research has been done about injuries in the overhead throwing athlete, the emphasis has been on the more elite levels, where athletes have reached full development. The anatomy of the skeletally immature athlete, including open physeal plates and increased tissue laxity, raises unique issues in the presentation and treatment of repetitive throwing injuries of the elbow and shoulder. With a focus on "little leaguers," this discussion evaluates five of the most common elbow and shoulder injuries-Little Leaguer's elbow, ulnar collateral ligament sprain or tear, osteochondritis dissecans/Panner's disease, Little Leaguer's shoulder, and multidirectional instability...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254260/hip-strength-in-patients-with-quadriceps-strength-deficits-after-acl-reconstruction
#9
David R Bell, Stephanie M Trigsted, Eric G Post, Courtney E Walden
PURPOSE: Quadriceps strength deficits persist for years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and patients with these deficits often shift torque demands away from the knee extensors to the hip during functional tasks. However, it is not clear how quadriceps strength deficits may affect hip strength. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate differences in lower extremity strength in individuals with ACL reconstruction with differing levels of quadriceps strength asymmetry...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215935/likelihood-of-acl-graft-rupture-not-meeting-six-clinical-discharge-criteria-before-return-to-sport-is-associated-with-a-four-times-greater-risk-of-rupture
#10
Polyvios Kyritsis, Roald Bahr, Philippe Landreau, Riadh Miladi, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: The decision as to whether or not an athlete is ready to return to sport (RTS) after ACL reconstruction is difficult as the commonly used RTS criteria have not been validated. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a set of objective discharge criteria, including muscle strength and functional tests, are associated with risk of ACL graft rupture after RTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 158 male professional athletes who underwent an ACL reconstruction and returned to their previous professional level of sport were included...
August 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166288/sports-related-workload-and-injury-risk-simply-knowing-the-risks-will-not-prevent-injuries
#11
Michael K Drew, Jill Cook, Caroline F Finch
Training loads contribute to sports injury risk but their mitigation has rarely been considered in a sports injury prevention framework. A key concept behind monitoring training loads for injury prevention is to screen for those at increased risk of injury so that workloads can be adjusted to minimise these risks. This review describes how advances in management of workload can be applied as a preventive measure. Primary prevention involves screening for preparticipation load risk factors, such as low training loads, prior to a training period or competition...
May 10, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162233/simple-decision-rules-can-reduce-reinjury-risk-by-84-after-acl-reconstruction-the-delaware-oslo-acl-cohort-study
#12
Hege Grindem, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Håvard Moksnes, Lars Engebretsen, May Arna Risberg
BACKGROUND: Knee reinjury after ACL reconstruction is common and increases the risk of osteoarthritis. There is sparse evidence to guide return to sport (RTS) decisions in this population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between knee reinjury after ACL reconstruction and (1) return to level I sports, (2) timing of RTS and (3) knee function prior to return. METHODS: 106 patients who participated in pivoting sports participated in this prospective 2-year cohort study...
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018860/higher-anterior-knee-laxity-influences-the-landing-biomechanics-displayed-by-pubescent-girls
#13
Catherine Y Wild, Bridget J Munro, Julie R Steele
Despite an increase in anterior knee laxity (AKL) during the adolescent growth spurt in girls, it is unknown whether landing biomechanics are affected by this change. This study investigated whether pubescent girls with higher AKL displayed differences in their lower limb strength or landing biomechanics when performing a horizontal leap movement compared to girls with lower AKL. Forty-six pubescent girls (10-13 years) were tested at the time of their peak height velocity (PHV). Passive AKL was quantified and used to classify participants into higher (HAKL; peak displacement > 4 mm) and lower (LAKL; peak displacement < 3 mm) AKL groups (n = 15/group)...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098886/sports-injury-and-illness-epidemiology-during-the-2014-youth-olympic-games-united-states-olympic-team-surveillance
#14
Dustin Nabhan, Taylor Walden, Jenna Street, Heather Linden, Bill Moreau
BACKGROUND: To describe injury and illness incidence from the US Youth Olympic Team during the 2014 Youth Olympic Games (YOG). METHODS: Electronic health records of Team USA athletes registered for the YOG were reviewed for patient encounters during the 2014 YOG. Medical encounters were defined as all medical services provided by a healthcare provider including evaluation, treatment and prophylactic services. All medical conditions were categorised by IOC Injury and Illness reporting criteria...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095747/why-screening-tests-to-predict-injury-do-not-work-and-probably-never-will%C3%A2-a-critical-review
#15
REVIEW
Roald Bahr
This paper addresses if and how a periodic health examination to screen for risk factors for injury can be used to mitigate injury risk. The key question asked is whether it is possible to use screening tests to identify who is at risk for a sports injury-in order to address the deficit through a targeted intervention programme. The paper demonstrates that to validate a screening test to predict and prevent sports injuries, at least 3 steps are needed. First, a strong relationship needs to be demonstrated in prospective studies between a marker from a screening test and injury risk (step 1)...
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889817/musculoskeletal-injury-in-professional-dancers-prevalence-and-associated-factors-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#16
Craig L Jacobs, J David Cassidy, Pierre Côté, Eleanor Boyle, Eva Ramel, Carlo Ammendolia, Jan Hartvigsen, Isabella Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with injury in professional ballet and modern dancers, and assess if dancers are reporting their injuries and explore reasons for not reporting injuries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Participants were recruited from nine professional ballet and modern dance companies in Canada, Denmark, Israel, and Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Professional ballet and modern dancers...
February 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25157036/os-trigonum-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Marie-Lyne Nault, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli
Os trigonum syndrome is the result of an overuse injury of the posterior ankle caused by repetitive plantar flexion stress. It is predominantly seen in ballet dancers and soccer players and is primarily a clinical diagnosis of exacerbated posterior ankle pain while dancing on pointe or demi-pointe or while doing push-off maneuvers. Symptoms may improve with rest or activity modification. Imaging studies, including a lateral radiographic view of the ankle in maximal plantar flexion, will typically reveal the os trigonum between the posterior tibial lip and calcaneus...
September 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836593/reliability-of-accelerometry-to-assess-impact-loads-of-jumping-and-landing-tasks
#18
Chantal Simons, Elizabeth J Bradshaw
Overuse injuries, resulting from repetitive subacute impact loading, are a problem in high-performance sports. Monitoring of impact loading may aid in the prevention of these injuries. The current study aimed to establish the intra-day and inter-day reliability of a tri-axial accelerometer to assess impact loading during jumping and landing tasks. Twelve participants wore an accelerometer on their upper and lower back. They performed a continuous hopping task as well as drop landings and rebound jumps from three drop heights (37...
2016: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24100287/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-interventions-to-prevent-sports-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Jeppe Bo Lauersen, Ditte Marie Bertelsen, Lars Bo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important in both prevention and treatment of many common diseases, but sports injuries can pose serious problems. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether physical activity exercises can reduce sports injuries and perform stratified analyses of strength training, stretching, proprioception and combinations of these, and provide separate acute and overuse injury estimates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and SPORTDiscus were searched and yielded 3462 results...
June 2014: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26423706/monitoring-the-athlete-training-response-subjective-self-reported-measures-trump-commonly-used-objective-measures-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Anna E Saw, Luana C Main, Paul B Gastin
BACKGROUND: Monitoring athlete well-being is essential to guide training and to detect any progression towards negative health outcomes and associated poor performance. Objective (performance, physiological, biochemical) and subjective measures are all options for athlete monitoring. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed objective and subjective measures of athlete well-being. Objective measures, including those taken at rest (eg, blood markers, heart rate) and during exercise (eg, oxygen consumption, heart rate response), were compared against subjective measures (eg, mood, perceived stress)...
March 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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