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cardiovascular risk

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Denise Rosso Tenório Wanderley Rocha, André Rocha Jorge, Valeria Bender Braulio, Alberto Krayyem Arbex, Aline Marcadenti
INTRODUCTION: Waist circumference does not distinguish subcutaneous from visceral adipose tissue, which is highly associated with impaired cardiometabolic profile and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Because of the complexity of the assessment of visceral fat with imaging techniques, easy-to-apply and low-cost anthropometric measures have been proposed. The aim of the study was to show a possible association between Lipid Accumulation Product Index (LAP Index), Deep-abdominal adiposity tissue Index (DAAT) and Visceral Adiposity Index (VAI) with metabolic profile and adipokines in obese subjects with and without T2DM, and to compare the results with the use of waist circumference isolated...
2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
Lingling Fang, Fangjian Guo, Lihua Zhou, Richard Stahl, Jayleen Grams
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Regional deposition of adipose tissue and adipocyte morphology may contribute to increased risk for insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to compare adipocyte cell size and size distribution from multiple fat depots and to determine the association with type 2 diabetes mellitus, anthropomorphic data, and subjects' metabolic profile. METHODS: Clinical data and adipose tissue from subcutaneous fat, omentum, and mesentery were collected from 30 subjects with morbid obesity...
October 2015: Adipocyte
Caitlin J Smith, Kelli K Ryckman
Metabolic syndrome is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Metabolic syndrome is characterized by the presence of a variety of metabolic disturbances including obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and elevated fasting blood sugar. Although the risk for metabolic syndrome has largely been attributed to adult lifestyle factors such as poor nutrition, lack of exercise, and smoking, there is now strong evidence suggesting that predisposition to the development of metabolic syndrome begins in utero...
2015: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
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