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Inflammatory Bowel Disease: ParuchMD

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12 papers 25 to 100 followers A focus on nutrition related to Inflammatory Bowel Disease. ParuchMD
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Rashmi Sareen, Kavita Nath, Nitin Jain, K L Dhar
The present study was aimed to develop and optimize the microsponges of curcumin for colon specific drug delivery in a view to bypass the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) for enhanced therapeutic effect. Microsponges were developed by quasi emulsion solvent diffusion method using 3(2) full factorial design. Prepared microsponges were optimized in order to analyze the effects of independent variables (volume of ethanol and Eudragit L100) on the encapsulation efficiency, particle size, and drug release. The optimized formulation was subjected to in vivo study using acetic acid induced colitis model in rats...
2014: BioMed Research International
Liza Vecchi Brumatti, Annalisa Marcuzzi, Paola Maura Tricarico, Valentina Zanin, Martina Girardelli, Anna Monica Bianco
Curcumin belongs to the family of natural compounds collectively called curcuminoids and it possesses remarkable beneficial anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and neuroprotective properties. Moreover it is commonly assumed that curcumin has also been suggested as a remedy for digestive diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), a chronic immune disorder affecting the gastrointestinal tract and that can be divided in two major subgroups: Crohn's disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), depending mainly on the intestine tract affected by the inflammatory events...
2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Rebecca A Taylor, Mandy C Leonard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of curcumin in inflammatory bowel disease. DATA SOURCES: ALTMEDEX, Comprehensive Database of Natural Medicines, MEDLINE/PubMed were searched from January 1980 through May 2009 using the terms curcumin, turmeric, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Curcuma longa, Curcuma domestica, Indian saffron, inflammatory bowel disease. Data was limited to human trials. References of identified articles were reviewed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Data evaluating the use of curcumin in inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) is limited to two studies comprising data for only 99 patients...
June 2011: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
Ram Reifen, Eran Levy, Zippi Berkovich, Oren Tirosh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the protective effects of vitamin A in a rat model of colitis to elucidate a possible mechanism of action. METHODS: Male rats were fed for 21 d with either a normal diet or high vitamin A diet (5000 IU/d). On day 22, colitis was induced with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). Rats were sacrificed after 24 h and colonic tissue was removed for evaluation. RESULTS: Morphologically, in the supplemented group preservation of tissue architecture, no vasculitis or necroses were detected...
November 2015: Nutrition
Daniela Elena Serban
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and unclassified IBD, continues to cause significant morbidity. While its incidence is increasing, no clear etiology and no cure have yet been discovered. Recent findings suggest that IBD may have a multifactorial etiology, where complex interactions between genetics, epigenetics, environmental factors (including diet but also infections, antibiotics, and sanitation), and host immune system lead to abnormal immune responses and chronic inflammation...
December 2015: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Mitsuro Chiba, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Kunio Nakane, Masafumi Komatsu
Current chronic diseases are a reflection of the westernized diet that features a decreased consumption of dietary fiber. Indigestible dietary fiber is metabolized by gut bacteria, including Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, to butyrate, which has a critical role in colonic homeostasis owing to a variety of functions. Dietary fiber intake has been significantly inversely associated with the risk of chronic diseases. Crohn disease (CD) is not an exception. However, even authors who reported the inverse association between dietary fiber and a risk of CD made no recommendation of dietary fiber intake to CD patients...
2015: Permanente Journal
Laura J Dixon, Amrita Kabi, Kourtney P Nickerson, Christine McDonald
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompasses a group of disorders affecting the gastrointestinal tract characterized by acute and chronic inflammation. These are complex and multifactorial disorders that arise in part from a genetic predisposition. However, the increasing incidence of IBD in developing countries suggests that environmental factors, such as diet, are also critical components of disease susceptibility. Evidence suggests that consumption of a Western diet, enriched with saturated fat, refined carbohydrates, and food additives, is associated with increased IBD risk...
April 2015: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Ashley Charlebois, Greg Rosenfeld, Brian Bressler
Diet may be a successful part of the treatment plan for improving outcome in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aimed to systematically review all published clinical trials evaluating the effects of a regular diet on symptoms of IBD. Three medical databases were searched for clinical trials evaluating an intervention that involved dietary manipulation using a regular diet on adults with IBD whose symptoms were objectively measured before and after the intervention. The most common types of regular diet interventions that we observed in the literature fell into the following three categories: low residue/low fiber diets, exclusion diets, or other specific diets...
June 10, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Caroline Hwang, Viveca Ross, Uma Mahadevan
The evolving understanding of the role of the microbiome and environmental factors in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease makes diet an interesting and potentially powerful tool in the treatment of disease. However, at this time, evidence is limited but anecdotal reports of success abound. There is a bewildering array of new diets being tried by patients in an attempt to control diseases. This review attempts to summarize the most common diets for the treating physician.
April 2014: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Lindsey G Albenberg, Gary D Wu
The mutual relationship between the intestinal microbiota and its mammalian host is influenced by diet. Consumption of various nutrients affects the structure of the microbial community and provides substrates for microbial metabolism. The microbiota can produce small molecules that are absorbed by the host and affect many important physiological processes. Age-dependent and societal differences in the intestinal microbiota could result from differences in diet. Examples include differences in the intestinal microbiota of breastfed vs formula-fed infants or differences in microbial richness in people who consume an agrarian plant-based vs a Western diet, which is high in meat and fat...
May 2014: Gastroenterology
Aline Witaicenis, Leonardo Noboru Seito, Alexandre da Silveira Chagas, Luiz Domingues de Almeida, Ana Carolina Luchini, Patrícia Rodrigues-Orsi, Silvia Helena Cestari, Luiz Claudio Di Stasi
BACKGROUND: Coumarins, also known as benzopyrones, are plant-derived products with several pharmacological properties, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Based on the wide distribution of coumarin derivatives in plant-based foods and beverages in the human diet, our objective was to evaluate both the antioxidant and intestinal anti-inflammatory activities of six coumarin derivatives of plant origin (scopoletin, scoparone, fraxetin, 4-methyl-umbeliferone, esculin and daphnetin) to verify if potential intestinal anti-inflammatory activity was related to antioxidant properties...
February 15, 2014: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Ian B Jeffery, Paul W O'Toole
It is well established that diet influences the health of an individual and that a diet rich in plant-based foods has many advantages in relation to the health and well-being of an individual. What has been unclear until recently is the large contribution of the gut microbiota to this effect. As well as providing basic nutritional requirements, the long-term diet of an animal modifies its gut microbiota. In adults, diets that have a high proportion of fruit and vegetables and a low consumption of meat are associated with a highly diverse microbiota and are defined by a greater abundance of Prevotella compared to Bacteroides, while the reverse is associated with a diet that contains a low proportion of plant-based foods...
January 2013: Nutrients
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