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Outstanding Clinical Review

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204 papers 100 to 500 followers
By César Gerardo Martínez Hernández General and Nuclear Cardiologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282107/thoracic-ultrasound-for-pleural-effusion-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-narrative-review-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#1
REVIEW
E Brogi, L Gargani, E Bignami, F Barbariol, A Marra, F Forfori, L Vetrugno
Pleural effusion (PLEFF), mostly caused by volume overload, congestive heart failure, and pleuropulmonary infection, is a common condition in critical care patients. Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) helps clinicians not only to visualize pleural effusion, but also to distinguish between the different types. Furthermore, TUS is essential during thoracentesis and chest tube drainage as it increases safety and decreases life-threatening complications. It is crucial not only during needle or tube drainage insertion, but also to monitor the volume of the drained PLEFF...
December 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272515/update-on-colchicine-2017
#2
Anastasia Slobodnick, Binita Shah, Svetlana Krasnokutsky, Michael H Pillinger
Colchicine is an ancient medication that is currently approved for the treatment of gout and FMF. However, colchicine has a wide range of anti-inflammatory activities, and studies indicate that it may be beneficial in a variety of other conditions. This paper reviews the evidence for the well-established use of colchicine in gout, as well as several other rheumatic diseases. In addition, we highlight the potential benefit of colchicine in cardiac disease, including coronary artery disease in patients both with and without gout...
January 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167102/coffee-consumption-and-health-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-multiple-health-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Robin Poole, Oliver J Kennedy, Paul Roderick, Jonathan A Fallowfield, Peter C Hayes, Julie Parkes
Objectives To evaluate the existing evidence for associations between coffee consumption and multiple health outcomes.Design Umbrella review of the evidence across meta-analyses of observational and interventional studies of coffee consumption and any health outcome.Data sources PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and screening of references.Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Meta-analyses of both observational and interventional studies that examined the associations between coffee consumption and any health outcome in any adult population in all countries and all settings...
November 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199388/efficacy-and-safety-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-patients-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#4
REVIEW
Waleed Alhazzani, Fayez Alshamsi, Emilie Belley-Cote, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Mustafa Alquraini, Anders Perner, Morten Hylander Møller, Mette Krag, Saleh Almenawer, Bram Rochwerg, Joanna Dionne, Roman Jaeschke, Mohammed Alshahrani, Adam Deane, Dan Perri, Lehana Thebane, Awad Al-Omari, Simon Finfer, Deborah Cook, Gordon Guyatt
PURPOSE: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is commonly prescribed in the intensive care unit. However, data from systematic reviews and conventional meta-analyses are limited by imprecision and restricted to direct comparisons. We conducted a network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to examine the safety and efficacy of drugs available for SUP in critically ill patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials through April 2017 for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), and sucralfate for SUP in critically ill patients...
December 4, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222386/15-diabetes-advocacy-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes-2018
#5
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) "Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes" includes ADA's current clinical practice recommendations and is intended to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals and guidelines, and tools to evaluate quality of care. Members of the ADA Professional Practice Committee, a multidisciplinary expert committee, are responsible for updating the Standards of Care annually, or more frequently as warranted. For a detailed description of ADA standards, statements, and reports, as well as the evidence-grading system for ADA's clinical practice recommendations, please refer to the Standards of Care Introduction Readers who wish to comment on the Standards of Care are invited to do so at professional...
January 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222379/8-pharmacologic-approaches-to-glycemic-treatment-standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes-2018
#6
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) "Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes" includes ADA's current clinical practice recommendations and is intended to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals and guidelines, and tools to evaluate quality of care. Members of the ADA Professional Practice Committee, a multidisciplinary expert committee, are responsible for updating the Standards of Care annually, or more frequently as warranted. For a detailed description of ADA standards, statements, and reports, as well as the evidence-grading system for ADA's clinical practice recommendations, please refer to the Standards of Care Introduction Readers who wish to comment on the Standards of Care are invited to do so at professional...
January 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379800/body-weight-fluctuations-and-outcomes-in-coronary-disease
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sripal Bangalore, Rana Fayyad, Rachel Laskey, David A DeMicco, Franz H Messerli, David D Waters
BACKGROUND: Body-weight fluctuation is a risk factor for death and coronary events in patients without cardiovascular disease. It is not known whether variability in body weight affects outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: We determined intraindividual fluctuations in body weight from baseline weight and follow-up visits and performed a post hoc analysis of the Treating to New Targets trial, which involved assessment of the efficacy and safety of lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels with atorvastatin...
April 6, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020969/updates-on-cardiovascular-outcome-trials-in-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Oliver Schnell, Lars Rydén, Eberhard Standl, Antonio Ceriello
In 2008 the Food and Drug Administration introduced a guidance for industry that requires the investigation of cardiovascular outcomes of glucose-lowering medications. Since then, an increasing number of cardiovascular outcome trials have been completed in diabetes patients with high cardiovascular risk for members of the SGLT-2 and DPP4 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonist classes. The trials confirmed cardiovascular safety for all tested anti-hyperglycaemic drugs and, in addition empagliflozin, semaglutide and liraglutide could even reduce cardiovascular risk...
October 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186485/indications-and-practical-approach-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-acute-heart-failure
#9
Josep Masip, W Frank Peacock, Susanna Price, Louise Cullen, F Javier Martin-Sanchez, Petar Seferovic, Alan S Maisel, Oscar Miro, Gerasimos Filippatos, Christiaan Vrints, Michael Christ, Martin Cowie, Elke Platz, John McMurray, Salvatore DiSomma, Uwe Zeymer, Hector Bueno, Chris P Gale, Maddalena Lettino, Mucio Tavares, Frank Ruschitzka, Alexandre Mebazaa, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Christian Mueller
In acute heart failure (AHF) syndromes significant respiratory failure (RF) is essentially seen in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPE) or cardiogenic shock (CS). Non-invasive ventilation (NIV), the application of positive intrathoracic pressure through an interface, has shown to be useful in the treatment of moderate to severe RF in several scenarios. There are two main modalities of NIV: continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) with positive end expiratory pressure...
November 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158679/treatment-of-pulmonary-hypertension-with-left-heart-disease-a-concise-review
#10
REVIEW
Anish Desai, Shilpa A Desouza
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥ 25 mmHg, as determined by right heart catheterization. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can no longer be considered an orphan disease given the increase in awareness and availability of new drugs. PH carries with it a dismal prognosis and leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Symptoms can range from dyspnea, fatigue and chest pain to right ventricular failure and death. PH is divided into five groups by the World Health Organization (WHO), based on etiology...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146535/2017-acc-aha-aapa-abc-acpm-ags-apha-ash-aspc-nma-pcna-guideline-for-the-prevention-detection-evaluation-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#11
Paul K Whelton, Robert M Carey, Wilbert S Aronow, Donald E Casey, Karen J Collins, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb, Sondra M DePalma, Samuel Gidding, Kenneth A Jamerson, Daniel W Jones, Eric J MacLaughlin, Paul Muntner, Bruce Ovbiagele, Sidney C Smith, Crystal C Spencer, Randall S Stafford, Sandra J Taler, Randal J Thomas, Kim A Williams, Jeff D Williamson, Jackson T Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122851/guidelines-on-the-management-of-abnormal-liver-blood-tests
#12
Philip N Newsome, Rob Cramb, Suzanne M Davison, John F Dillon, Mark Foulerton, Edmund M Godfrey, Richard Hall, Ulrike Harrower, Mark Hudson, Andrew Langford, Anne Mackie, Robert Mitchell-Thain, Karen Sennett, Nicholas C Sheron, Julia Verne, Martine Walmsley, Andrew Yeoman
These updated guidelines on the management of abnormal liver blood tests have been commissioned by the Clinical Services and Standards Committee (CSSC) of the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) under the auspices of the liver section of the BSG. The original guidelines, which this document supersedes, were written in 2000 and have undergone extensive revision by members of the Guidelines Development Group (GDG). The GDG comprises representatives from patient/carer groups (British Liver Trust, Liver4life, PBC Foundation and PSC Support), elected members of the BSG liver section (including representatives from Scotland and Wales), British Association for the Study of the Liver (BASL), Specialist Advisory Committee in Clinical Biochemistry/Royal College of Pathology and Association for Clinical Biochemistry, British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN), Public Health England (implementation and screening), Royal College of General Practice, British Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiologists (BSGAR) and Society of Acute Medicine...
January 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110887/managing-peripheral-facial-palsy
#13
REVIEW
Aris Garro, Lise E Nigrovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114008/2017-american-heart-association-focused-update-on-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-an-update-to-the-american-heart-association-guidelines-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care
#14
REVIEW
Monica E Kleinman, Zachary D Goldberger, Thomas Rea, Robert A Swor, Bentley J Bobrow, Erin E Brennan, Mark Terry, Robin Hemphill, Raúl J Gazmuri, Mary Fran Hazinski, Andrew H Travers
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a lifesaving technique for victims of sudden cardiac arrest. Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains a critical factor in determining outcomes. The American Heart Association recommendations for adult basic life support incorporate the most recently published evidence and serve as the basis for education and training for laypeople and healthcare providers who perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
January 2, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114010/2017-international-consensus-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-emergency-cardiovascular-care-science-with-treatment-recommendations-summary
#15
REVIEW
Theresa M Olasveengen, Allan R de Caen, Mary E Mancini, Ian K Maconochie, Richard Aickin, Dianne L Atkins, Robert A Berg, Robert M Bingham, Steven C Brooks, Maaret Castrén, Sung Phil Chung, Julie Considine, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Raffo Escalante, Raúl J Gazmuri, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Tetsuo Hatanaka, Rudolph W Koster, Peter J Kudenchuk, Eddy Lang, Swee Han Lim, Bo Løfgren, Peter A Meaney, William H Montgomery, Peter T Morley, Laurie J Morrison, Kevin J Nation, Kee-Chong Ng, Vinay M Nadkarni, Chika Nishiyama, Gabrielle Nuthall, Gene Yong-Kwang Ong, Gavin D Perkins, Amelia G Reis, Giuseppe Ristagno, Tetsuya Sakamoto, Michael R Sayre, Stephen M Schexnayder, Alfredo F Sierra, Eunice M Singletary, Naoki Shimizu, Michael A Smyth, David Stanton, Janice A Tijssen, Andrew Travers, Christian Vaillancourt, Patrick Van de Voorde, Mary Fran Hazinski, Jerry P Nolan
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has initiated a near-continuous review of cardiopulmonary resuscitation science that replaces the previous 5-year cyclic batch-and-queue approach process. This is the first of an annual series of International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations summary articles that will include the cardiopulmonary resuscitation science reviewed by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation in the previous year...
December 5, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043071/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-peptic-ulcer-bleeding
#16
REVIEW
Ian Beales
Acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage due to peptic ulcer bleeding remains an important cause of emergency presentation and hospital admission. Despite advances in many aspects of management, peptic ulcer bleeding is still associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Comprehensive international guidelines have been published, but advances as well as controversies continue to evolve. Important recent advances include the evidence supporting a more restrictive transfusion strategy aiming for a target haemoglobin of 70-90 g/l...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050566/how-low-to-go-with-glucose-cholesterol-%C3%A2-and-blood-pressure-in-primary%C3%A2-prevention-of-cvd
#17
REVIEW
Kimberly N Hong, Valentin Fuster, Robert S Rosenson, Clive Rosendorff, Deepak L Bhatt
Diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension are modifiable risk factors that predict cardiovascular disease events. The effect of these risk factors on incident cardiovascular disease increases with progressively higher levels of glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood pressure. The thresholds for initiating treatment of these modifiable risk factors and the optimal goals of risk factor modification are a focus of primary prevention research. Although an aggressive approach is appealing, adverse events may occur, and potential physiological barriers may exist...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029296/the-british-society-for-rheumatology-guideline-for-the-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-adults-executive-summary
#18
Caroline Gordon, Maame-Boatemaa Amissah-Arthur, Mary Gayed, Sue Brown, Ian N Bruce, David D'Cruz, Benjamin Empson, Bridget Griffiths, David Jayne, Munther Khamashta, Liz Lightstone, Peter Norton, Yvonne Norton, Karen Schreiber, David Isenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056206/clinical-policy-emergency-department-management-of-patients-needing-reperfusion-therapy-for-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#19
REVIEW
Susan B Promes, Jonathan M Glauser, Michael D Smith, Sam S Torbati, Michael D Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053792/2017-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-infectious-diarrhea
#20
Andi L Shane, Rajal K Mody, John A Crump, Phillip I Tarr, Theodore S Steiner, Karen Kotloff, Joanne M Langley, Christine Wanke, Cirle Alcantara Warren, Allen C Cheng, Joseph Cantey, Larry K Pickering
These guidelines are intended for use by healthcare professionals who care for children and adults with suspected or confirmed infectious diarrhea. They are not intended to replace physician judgement regarding specific patients or clinical or public health situations. This document does not provide detailed recommendations on infection prevention and control aspects related to infectious diarrhea.
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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