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Med-Psych: ParuchMD

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62 papers 25 to 100 followers Intended to bring about awareness of the need for more attention to the connection of the mind to the body and its bidirectional influence.
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188896/trans-fatty-acid-intake-is-related-to-emotional-affect-in-the-adventist-health-study-2
#1
Patricia A Ford, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jerry W Lee, Serena Tonstad
Trans fatty acids in Western diets increase health risks, and have been associated with the risk of depression. We hypothesized that intakes of trans fatty acids (primarily from margarines and baked goods) were inversely associated with positive affect and positively associated with negative affect in a longitudinal study. Church attendees residing in North America completed a food frequency questionnaire in 2002-6 as part of the Adventist Health Study-2. A subset in which we excluded participants with established cardiovascular disease (n=8,771) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in 2006-7...
June 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487174/an-update-on-pharmacotherapy-for-personality-disorders
#2
Marianna Mazza, Giuseppe Marano, Luigi Janiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718245/real-world-effectiveness-of-antipsychotics
#3
EDITORIAL
J Tiihonen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521153/elucidating-the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-black-and-white-adults-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#4
Nathalie Moise, Yulia Khodneva, Joshua Richman, Daichi Shimbo, Ian Kronish, Monika M Safford
BACKGROUND: Depression is a relapsing and remitting disease. Prior studies on the association between depressive symptoms and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been limited by single measurements, and few if any have examined both incident coronary heart disease and stroke in a large biracial national cohort. We aimed to assess whether time-dependent depressive symptoms conferred increased risk of incident CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2003 to 2007, 22 666 black and white participants (aged ≥45 years) without baseline CVD in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study were recruited...
August 12, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061876/habitual-physical-activity-levels-predict-treatment-outcomes-in-depressed-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Mats Hallgren, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Örjan Ekblom, Matthew P Herring, Neville Owen, David Dunstan, Björg Helgadottir, Yvonne Forsell
OBJECTIVE: Exercise is an efficacious stand-alone therapy for mild-to-moderate depression, but little is known about the influence of physical activity levels on responses to depression treatment. This study aimed to prospectively assess the association between self-reported habitual physical activity levels and depression severity following a 12-week intervention. METHOD: 629 adults (75% women; aged 18-71years) with mild-to-moderate depression were recruited from primary care centres across Sweden and treated for 12weeks...
July 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311339/mental-distress-and-functional-health-in-the-united-states
#6
Raghid Charara, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Hannah Kravitz, Satvinder S Dhingra, Ali H Mokdad
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness prevalence is increasing in USA. Understanding the relationship between functional status and mental health is crucial in optimizing psychiatric treatment. METHODS: We used 2000-2014 BRFSS data to examine the relationship between functional health and frequent mental distress in 51 states. RESULTS: East-South-Central US (14.88%) had the highest prevalence of frequent mental distress and West-North-Central (9.42%) the lowest...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441851/multimorbidity-is-associated-with-anxiety-in-older-adults-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#7
Christine E Gould, Ruth O'Hara, Mary K Goldstein, Sherry A Beaudreau
OBJECTIVES: The present study determined whether the number of medical conditions was associated with increased occurrence of anxiety and whether triads of medical conditions were associated with anxiety in a nationally representative sample of older Americans. We determined whether multimorbidity findings were unique to anxiety as compared with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A sample of 4219 participants (65 years or older) completed anxiety and depression measures in the Health and Retirement Study 2006 wave...
October 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338997/diabetes-and-depression-care-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Heather F de Vries McClintock, Kathleen B Boyle, Kathryn Rooney, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: We examined the comparative effectiveness of an integrated intervention for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and depression by employing patient prioritized planning (PPP) to incorporate patients' financial, social, and emotional needs versus an integrated intervention alone. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot trial randomly assigned 78 patients prescribed pharmacotherapy for T2DM in primary care to an integrated intervention for T2DM and depression employing PPP to incorporate patients' financial, social, and emotional needs (enhanced intervention) versus an integrated intervention alone (basic intervention)...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264220/treatment-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-rationale-and-design-of-the-understanding-the-benefits-of-exercise-and-escitalopram-in-anxious-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-unwind-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
James A Blumenthal, Bryan J Feger, Patrick J Smith, Lana L Watkins, Wei Jiang, Jonathan Davidson, Benson M Hoffman, Megan Ashworth, Stephanie K Mabe, Michael A Babyak, William E Kraus, Alan Hinderliter, Andrew Sherwood
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is highly prevalent among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), and there is growing evidence that high levels of anxiety are associated with worse prognosis. However, few studies have evaluated the efficacy of treating anxiety in CHD patients for reducing symptoms and improving clinical outcomes. Exercise and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been shown to be effective in treating patients with depression, but have not been studied in cardiac patients with high anxiety...
June 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333480/effects-of-10-000-steps-a-day-on-physical-and-mental-health-in-overweight-participants-in-a-community-setting-a-preliminary-study
#10
Kornanong Yuenyongchaiwat
BACKGROUND: Being overweight is associated not only with physical health problems, but also with risk of mental health problems. Increased physical activity (PA) has been recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular disease; however, little is known about the effect of walking on physical and mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a pedometer-based PA intervention on physical and mental health states. METHOD: Thirty-five overweight participants with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg•m-2 were selected and assigned to a 12-week pedometer-based walking program (10,000 steps•d-1)...
June 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234607/the-american-psychiatric-association-practice-guidelines-for-the-psychiatric-evaluation-of-adults
#11
Joel J Silverman, Marc Galanter, Maga Jackson-Triche, Douglas G Jacobs, James W Lomax, Michelle B Riba, Lowell D Tong, Katherine E Watkins, Laura J Fochtmann, Richard S Rhoads, Joel Yager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24376275/evidence-based-guideline-assessment-and-management-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-individuals-with-ms-report-of-the-guideline-development-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#12
Sarah L Minden, Anthony Feinstein, Rosalind C Kalb, Deborah Miller, David C Mohr, Scott B Patten, Christopher Bever, Randolph B Schiffer, Gary S Gronseth, Pushpa Narayanaswami
OBJECTIVE: To make evidence-based recommendations for screening, diagnosing, and treating psychiatric disorders in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We reviewed the literature (1950 to August 2011) and evaluated the available evidence. RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Clinicians may consider using the Center for Neurologic Study Emotional Lability Scale to screen for pseudobulbar affect (Level C). Clinicians may consider the Beck Depression Inventory and a 2-question tool to screen for depressive disorders and the General Health Questionnaire to screen for broadly defined emotional disturbances (Level C)...
January 14, 2014: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16194794/sleep-disturbance-in-anxiety-disorders
#13
REVIEW
George N Papadimitriou, Paul Linkowski
Many patients suffering from the majority of anxiety disorders complain about their sleep by reporting difficulties in initiating and maintaining it. Polysomnographic studies have shown that, in comparison to normal subjects, the sleep of patients with panic disorder is characterized by longer sleep latency, increased time awake and reduced sleep efficiency. Sleep architecture is normal and there are no significant changes in REM sleep measures. Nocturnal panic attacks are non-REM-related events and occur without an obvious trigger in 18-45% of panic disorder patients...
August 2005: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121401/the-integration-of-care-for-mental-health-substance-abuse-and-other-behavioral-health-conditions-into-primary-care-executive-summary-of-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#14
Ryan A Crowley, Neil Kirschner
Behavioral health care includes care for patients around mental health and substance abuse conditions, health behavior change, life stresses and crises, and stress-related physical symptoms. Mental and substance use disorders alone are estimated to surpass all physical diseases as a major cause of worldwide disability by 2020. The literature recognizes the importance of the health care system effectively addressing behavioral health conditions. Recently, there has been a call for the use of the primary care delivery platform and the related patient-centered medical home model to effectively address these conditions...
August 18, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22201278/does-the-perception-that-stress-affects-health-matter-the-association-with-health-and-mortality
#15
Abiola Keller, Kristin Litzelman, Lauren E Wisk, Torsheika Maddox, Erika Rose Cheng, Paul D Creswell, Whitney P Witt
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the relationship among the amount of stress, the perception that stress affects health, and health and mortality outcomes in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: Data from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2006. Separate logistic regression models were used to examine the factors associated with current health status and psychological distress...
September 2012: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9129268/exercise-immunology-practical-applications
#16
REVIEW
D C Nieman
During the last 95 years, 629 papers (60% in the 1990s) dealing specifically with exercise and immunology have been published. Major findings of practical importance in terms of public health and athletic endeavor include: (a) In response to acute exercise (the most frequently studied area of exercise immunology), a rapid interchange of immune cells between peripheral lymphoid tissues and the circulation occurs. The response depends on many factors, including the intensity, duration, and mode of exercise, concentrations of hormones and cytokines, change in body temperature, blood flow, hydration status, and body position...
March 1997: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12165677/moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-risk-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Charles E Matthews, Ira S Ockene, Patty S Freedson, Milagros C Rosal, Philip A Merriam, James R Hebert
PURPOSE: A "J"-shaped model has been proposed to describe the relationship between physical activity and risk of upper-respiratory tract infection (URTI). However, little epidemiologic evidence is available to support the contention that moderately active individuals are at lowest risk of URTI. This investigation examined differences in URTI risk between physically inactive and moderately active adults. METHODS: Observational study of 547 healthy adults (49% women) aged 20-70 yr reported URTI events at 90-d intervals over 12-month of follow-up (5 evaluations)...
August 2002: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052007/long-term-follow-up-of-mental-health-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associations-with-motor-skills-in-young-adults-born-preterm-with-very-low-birth-weight
#18
Ingrid Marie Husby, Kaia Mølbach-Thellefsen Stray, Alexander Olsen, Stian Lydersen, Marit Sæbø Indredavik, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes, Kari Anne I Evensen
BACKGROUND: Being born with very low birth weight (VLBW: ≤ 1,500 g) is related to long-term disability and neurodevelopmental problems, possibly affecting mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, studies in young adulthood yield mixed findings. The aim of this study was to examine mental health and HRQoL at 23 years, including changes from 20 to 23 years and associations with motor skills in VLBW young adults compared with controls. METHODS: In a geographically based follow-up study, 35 VLBW and 37 term-born young adults were assessed at 23 years by using Achenbach Adult Self-Report (ASR), Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and various motor tests...
April 7, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079917/health-related-quality-of-life-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients-with-implantable-defibrillators
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Peter Magnusson, Stellan Mörner, Fredrik Gadler, Jan Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is largely unknown. The aim was to assess HRQL, including comparisons between groups, using the questionnaire SF-36, and compare it to a Swedish age- and sex-matched population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Validated data on adult HCM patients with ICDs were used. The SF-36 response rate was 82.5 % and 245 patients (mean age 55...
April 14, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137435/the-long-term-psychiatric-sequelae-of-severe-injury-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#20
Meaghan L O'Donnell, Nathan Alkemade, Mark C Creamer, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant, David Forbes
OBJECTIVE: The impact of mental health on disease burden associated with injury represents a major public health issue, yet almost no information is available on the associated long-term mental health outcomes. The primary aim of this study was to assess the psychiatric outcomes 6 years after a severe injury and their subsequent impact on long-term disability. The secondary aim was to investigate the relationship between a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and long-term psychiatric disorder and its impact on disability...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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