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Med-Psych: ParuchMD

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67 papers 100 to 500 followers Intended to bring about awareness of the need for more attention to the connection of the mind to the body and its bidirectional influence.
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481318/arterial-stiffness-is-associated-with-depression-in-middle-aged-men-the-maastricht-study
#1
Veronica Onete, Ronald M Henry, Simone J S Sep, Annemarie Koster, Carla J van der Kallen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Nicolaas Schaper, Sebastian Köhler, Koen Reesink, Coen D A Stehouwer, Miranda T Schram
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffening may underlie the association between depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but reported data are inconsistent. We investigated the associations between aortic stiffness and major depressive disorder (MDD) and depressive symptoms, and whether these differed by sex and age. METHODS: We measured carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using applanation tonometry, and we assessed depression using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in a cohort of participants from The Maastricht Study...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547392/visceral-adipose-tissue-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
REVIEW
Kai G Kahl, Michael Deuschle, Brendon Stubbs, Ulrich Schweiger
Background Severe mental illnesses (SMIs), i.e. major depression, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, are associated with an elevated risk for the development of type-2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders. Several factors have been associated with increased cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality in SMI, including lifestyle factors (smoking, inactivity, unhealthy diet), endocrine and immunologic alterations; however, the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully uncovered. It is now well accepted that visceral adipose tissue (VAT) promotes the development of cardiometabolic disorders, at least in part by inflammatory and metabolic functions...
March 16, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764912/c-reactive-protein-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-bipolar-disorder-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Victoria S Marshe, Shamira Pira, Outi Mantere, Bert Bosche, Karl J Looper, Nathan Herrmann, Daniel J Müller, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVES: New research is revealing a strong association between inflammatory markers with bipolar disorder (BD), potentially due to the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors in BD. We aimed to synthesize the literature examining the association between the clinically most relevant inflammatory marker, C-reactive protein (CRP) and cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with BD. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and PsychInfo were systematically searched for all relevant English language articles published prior to April 2017...
October 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342730/the-association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-depression-and-mental-well-being-among-u-s-adults
#4
Rachel S Bergmans, Kristen M Malecki
Current treatment for depression is not considered effective among all cases and, thus far, nutritional protocols are minimal within depression treatment guidelines. Recently, there has been increasing interest in a possible protective and modifiable role of diet in common mental disorders, including depression, due to pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of nutrients. This study aims to investigate whether the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), designed to estimate the inflammatory potential of diet, is associated with depression and other measures of mental health...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623606/return-for-good-this-time-to-practicing-in-the-context-of-families-and-communities
#5
EDITORIAL
Frank V deGruy, Larry A Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188896/trans-fatty-acid-intake-is-related-to-emotional-affect-in-the-adventist-health-study-2
#6
Patricia A Ford, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jerry W Lee, Serena Tonstad
Trans fatty acids in Western diets increase health risks, and have been associated with the risk of depression. We hypothesized that intakes of trans fatty acids (primarily from margarines and baked goods) were inversely associated with positive affect and positively associated with negative affect in a longitudinal study. Church attendees residing in North America completed a food frequency questionnaire in 2002-6 as part of the Adventist Health Study-2. A subset in which we excluded participants with established cardiovascular disease (n=8,771) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in 2006-7...
June 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487174/an-update-on-pharmacotherapy-for-personality-disorders
#7
Marianna Mazza, Giuseppe Marano, Luigi Janiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718245/real-world-effectiveness-of-antipsychotics
#8
EDITORIAL
J Tiihonen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521153/elucidating-the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-black-and-white-adults-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nathalie Moise, Yulia Khodneva, Joshua Richman, Daichi Shimbo, Ian Kronish, Monika M Safford
BACKGROUND: Depression is a relapsing and remitting disease. Prior studies on the association between depressive symptoms and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been limited by single measurements, and few if any have examined both incident coronary heart disease and stroke in a large biracial national cohort. We aimed to assess whether time-dependent depressive symptoms conferred increased risk of incident CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2003 to 2007, 22 666 black and white participants (aged ≥45 years) without baseline CVD in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study were recruited...
August 12, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061876/habitual-physical-activity-levels-predict-treatment-outcomes-in-depressed-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mats Hallgren, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Örjan Ekblom, Matthew P Herring, Neville Owen, David Dunstan, Björg Helgadottir, Yvonne Forsell
OBJECTIVE: Exercise is an efficacious stand-alone therapy for mild-to-moderate depression, but little is known about the influence of physical activity levels on responses to depression treatment. This study aimed to prospectively assess the association between self-reported habitual physical activity levels and depression severity following a 12-week intervention. METHOD: 629 adults (75% women; aged 18-71years) with mild-to-moderate depression were recruited from primary care centres across Sweden and treated for 12weeks...
July 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311339/mental-distress-and-functional-health-in-the-united-states
#11
Raghid Charara, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Hannah Kravitz, Satvinder S Dhingra, Ali H Mokdad
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness prevalence is increasing in USA. Understanding the relationship between functional status and mental health is crucial in optimizing psychiatric treatment. METHODS: We used 2000-2014 BRFSS data to examine the relationship between functional health and frequent mental distress in 51 states. RESULTS: East-South-Central US (14.88%) had the highest prevalence of frequent mental distress and West-North-Central (9.42%) the lowest...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441851/multimorbidity-is-associated-with-anxiety-in-older-adults-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#12
Christine E Gould, Ruth O'Hara, Mary K Goldstein, Sherry A Beaudreau
OBJECTIVES: The present study determined whether the number of medical conditions was associated with increased occurrence of anxiety and whether triads of medical conditions were associated with anxiety in a nationally representative sample of older Americans. We determined whether multimorbidity findings were unique to anxiety as compared with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A sample of 4219 participants (65 years or older) completed anxiety and depression measures in the Health and Retirement Study 2006 wave...
October 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338997/diabetes-and-depression-care-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Heather F de Vries McClintock, Kathleen B Boyle, Kathryn Rooney, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: We examined the comparative effectiveness of an integrated intervention for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and depression by employing patient prioritized planning (PPP) to incorporate patients' financial, social, and emotional needs versus an integrated intervention alone. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot trial randomly assigned 78 patients prescribed pharmacotherapy for T2DM in primary care to an integrated intervention for T2DM and depression employing PPP to incorporate patients' financial, social, and emotional needs (enhanced intervention) versus an integrated intervention alone (basic intervention)...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264220/treatment-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-rationale-and-design-of-the-understanding-the-benefits-of-exercise-and-escitalopram-in-anxious-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-unwind-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
James A Blumenthal, Bryan J Feger, Patrick J Smith, Lana L Watkins, Wei Jiang, Jonathan Davidson, Benson M Hoffman, Megan Ashworth, Stephanie K Mabe, Michael A Babyak, William E Kraus, Alan Hinderliter, Andrew Sherwood
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is highly prevalent among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), and there is growing evidence that high levels of anxiety are associated with worse prognosis. However, few studies have evaluated the efficacy of treating anxiety in CHD patients for reducing symptoms and improving clinical outcomes. Exercise and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been shown to be effective in treating patients with depression, but have not been studied in cardiac patients with high anxiety...
June 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333480/effects-of-10-000-steps-a-day-on-physical-and-mental-health-in-overweight-participants-in-a-community-setting-a-preliminary-study
#15
Kornanong Yuenyongchaiwat
BACKGROUND: Being overweight is associated not only with physical health problems, but also with risk of mental health problems. Increased physical activity (PA) has been recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular disease; however, little is known about the effect of walking on physical and mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a pedometer-based PA intervention on physical and mental health states. METHOD: Thirty-five overweight participants with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg•m-2 were selected and assigned to a 12-week pedometer-based walking program (10,000 steps•d-1)...
June 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234607/the-american-psychiatric-association-practice-guidelines-for-the-psychiatric-evaluation-of-adults
#16
Joel J Silverman, Marc Galanter, Maga Jackson-Triche, Douglas G Jacobs, James W Lomax, Michelle B Riba, Lowell D Tong, Katherine E Watkins, Laura J Fochtmann, Richard S Rhoads, Joel Yager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24376275/evidence-based-guideline-assessment-and-management-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-individuals-with-ms-report-of-the-guideline-development-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#17
Sarah L Minden, Anthony Feinstein, Rosalind C Kalb, Deborah Miller, David C Mohr, Scott B Patten, Christopher Bever, Randolph B Schiffer, Gary S Gronseth, Pushpa Narayanaswami
OBJECTIVE: To make evidence-based recommendations for screening, diagnosing, and treating psychiatric disorders in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We reviewed the literature (1950 to August 2011) and evaluated the available evidence. RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Clinicians may consider using the Center for Neurologic Study Emotional Lability Scale to screen for pseudobulbar affect (Level C). Clinicians may consider the Beck Depression Inventory and a 2-question tool to screen for depressive disorders and the General Health Questionnaire to screen for broadly defined emotional disturbances (Level C)...
January 14, 2014: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16194794/sleep-disturbance-in-anxiety-disorders
#18
REVIEW
George N Papadimitriou, Paul Linkowski
Many patients suffering from the majority of anxiety disorders complain about their sleep by reporting difficulties in initiating and maintaining it. Polysomnographic studies have shown that, in comparison to normal subjects, the sleep of patients with panic disorder is characterized by longer sleep latency, increased time awake and reduced sleep efficiency. Sleep architecture is normal and there are no significant changes in REM sleep measures. Nocturnal panic attacks are non-REM-related events and occur without an obvious trigger in 18-45% of panic disorder patients...
August 2005: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121401/the-integration-of-care-for-mental-health-substance-abuse-and-other-behavioral-health-conditions-into-primary-care-executive-summary-of-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#19
Ryan A Crowley, Neil Kirschner
Behavioral health care includes care for patients around mental health and substance abuse conditions, health behavior change, life stresses and crises, and stress-related physical symptoms. Mental and substance use disorders alone are estimated to surpass all physical diseases as a major cause of worldwide disability by 2020. The literature recognizes the importance of the health care system effectively addressing behavioral health conditions. Recently, there has been a call for the use of the primary care delivery platform and the related patient-centered medical home model to effectively address these conditions...
August 18, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22201278/does-the-perception-that-stress-affects-health-matter-the-association-with-health-and-mortality
#20
Abiola Keller, Kristin Litzelman, Lauren E Wisk, Torsheika Maddox, Erika Rose Cheng, Paul D Creswell, Whitney P Witt
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the relationship among the amount of stress, the perception that stress affects health, and health and mortality outcomes in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: Data from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2006. Separate logistic regression models were used to examine the factors associated with current health status and psychological distress...
September 2012: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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