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Toshihide Hashimoto, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Shyuji Inada, Kenji Shirakura, Naoki Wada, Kimihiko Takeuchi, Masatoshi Matsushita
BACKGROUND: Most people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are physically inactive. An accelerometer worn on the waist has been used to evaluate physical activity in people with chronic conditions. It is useful for evaluating moderate to vigorous activity, although it tends to underestimate light or mild activities such as housework or family duties. An accelerometer worn on the wrist (i.e., actigraph) has recently been used to capture daily physical activity in inactive individuals. The purposes of this study were to investigate physical activity measured by an actigraph in patients with RA and in healthy individuals and to investigate the association between actigraphic data and self-reported physical function...
2015: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Takahiko Sugihara, Masayoshi Harigai
Elderly rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is classified into two clinical subsets, elderly-onset RA (EORA) and younger-onset elderly RA. With the improvement of life expectancy in the general population and advent of the super-aging society, the number of patients with EORA is anticipated to increase. Both large and small joints are affected initially at onset, and individuals with early EORA have higher scores of disease activity and levels of acute-phase reactants than those with early younger-onset RA. EORA is a progressive disease similar to younger-onset RA...
February 2016: Drugs & Aging
Yi-Ming Chen, Liang-Kung Chen, Jong-Liang Lan, Der-Yuan Chen
OBJECTIVE: Geriatric syndromes (GSs), i.e. cognitive impairment, depression, fall, incontinence and malnutrition, are extensively used to highlight the unique features of common health problems in the frail elderly. Although GS is common in older RA patients, it is rarely reported earlier. We evaluate the prevalence of GS in elderly RA patients and explore the interrelationship between GS and RA. METHODS: All enrolled RA patients were categorized into elderly RA (aged > or =65 years) and younger RA (aged <65 years)...
October 2009: Rheumatology
Patrice Tremblay, Susan Gold
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative delirium (POD) is a serious surgical complication that can cause significant morbidity and mortality. It is associated with prolonged hospital stay, delayed admission to rehabilitation programs, persistent cognitive deficits, marked health-care costs, and more. The pathophysiology is multi-factorial and not completely understood, which complicates the optimal management. Non-pharmacological measures have been the mainstay of treatment, but there has been an ongoing interest in the medical literature on the prevention of post-operative delirium using medications...
September 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
Francesca Bonomini, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani
The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors associated with obesity and insulin resistance, is dramatically increasing in Western and developing countries. This disorder consists of a cluster of metabolic conditions, such as hypertriglyceridemia, hyper-low-density lipoproteins, hypo-high-density lipoproteins, insulin resistance, abnormal glucose tolerance and hypertension, that-in combination with genetic susceptibility and abdominal obesity-are risk factors for type 2 diabetes, vascular inflammation, atherosclerosis, and renal, liver and heart diseases...
March 2015: Aging and Disease
Fang-Yih Liaw, Tung-Wei Kao, Li-Wei Wu, Chung-Ching Wang, Hui-Fang Yang, Tao-Chun Peng, Yu-Shan Sun, Yaw-Wen Chang, Wei-Liang Chen
The direct relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and function disability has not been established. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between MetS and functional disability in the elderly. This retrospective observational study included 1,778 participants aged 60-84 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2002). Impairments in activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), leisure and social activities (LSA), lower extremity mobility (LEM), and general physical activities (GPA) were assessed...
March 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mark E Cleasby, Pauline M Jamieson, Philip J Atherton
Insulin resistance (IR) in skeletal muscle is a key defect mediating the link between obesity and type 2 diabetes, a disease that typically affects people in later life. Sarcopenia (age-related loss of muscle mass and quality) is a risk factor for a number of frailty-related conditions that occur in the elderly. In addition, a syndrome of 'sarcopenic obesity' (SO) is now increasingly recognised, which is common in older people and is applied to individuals that simultaneously show obesity, IR and sarcopenia...
May 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
Katrine Dragsbæk, Jesper S Neergaard, Janne M Laursen, Henrik B Hansen, Claus Christiansen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Morten A Karsdal, Susanne Brix, Kim Henriksen
The prognostic value of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is believed to vary with age. With an elderly population expecting to triple by 2060, it is important to evaluate the validity of MetS in this age group. We examined the association of MetS risk factors with later risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in elderly Caucasian women. We further investigated if stratification of individuals not defined with MetS would add predictive power in defining future disease prevalence of individuals with MetS...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Denise Baird Schwartz, Albert Barrocas, John R Wesley, Gustavo Kliger, Alessandro Pontes-Arruda, Humberto Arenas Márquez, Rosemarie Lembo James, Cheryl Monturo, Lucinda K Lysen, Angela DiTucci
Based on current scientific literature, gastrostomy tube (G-tube) placement or other long-term enteral access devices should be withheld in patients with advanced dementia or other near end-of-life conditions. In many instances healthcare providers are not optimally equipped to implement this recommendation at the bedside. Autonomy of the patient or surrogate decision maker should be respected, as should the patient's cultural, religious, social, and emotional value system. Clinical practice needs to address risks, burdens, benefits, and expected short-term and long-term outcomes in order to clarify practice changes...
December 2014: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Marcel Arcand
OBJECTIVE: To answer frequently asked questions about management of end-stage pneumonia, poor nutritional intake, and dehydration in advanced dementia. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: Ovid MEDLINE was searched for relevant articles published until February 2015. No level I studies were identified; most articles provided level III evidence. The symptom management suggestions are partially based on recent participation in a Delphi procedure to develop a guideline for optimal symptom relief for patients with pneumonia and dementia...
April 2015: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Patrizia D'Amelio, Giovanni Carlo Isaia
Osteoporosis is now recognized as an important public health problem in elderly men as fragility fractures are complicated by increased morbidity, mortality, and social costs. This review comprises an overview of recent findings in pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of male osteoporosis, with particular regard to the old population.
2015: International Journal of Endocrinology
Faryal Mirza, Ernesto Canalis
Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by decreased mass and compromised bone strength predisposing to an increased risk of fractures. Although idiopathic osteoporosis is the most common form of osteoporosis, secondary factors may contribute to the bone loss and increased fracture risk in patients presenting with fragility fractures or osteoporosis. Several medical conditions and medications significantly increase the risk for bone loss and skeletal fragility. This review focuses on some of the common causes of osteoporosis, addressing the underlying mechanisms, diagnostic approach and treatment of low bone mass in the presence of these conditions...
September 2015: European Journal of Endocrinology
J C Binns, P Isaacson
Ischaemic colitis due to non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia is a disease of the elderly which commonly involves the left side of the colon; selective splenic flexure involvement is said to be especially common. In an attempt to explain these features postmortem angiograms were performed on the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries of 37 postmortem subjects. A distinct age-related tortuosity of the long colic arteries was noted which could account for the increasing incidence of ischaemic colitis with age...
May 1978: Gut
J M Kärkkäinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
David B Wilson, Kian Mostafavi, Timothy E Craven, Juan Ayerdi, Matthew S Edwards, Kimberley J Hansen
BACKGROUND: To examine prospectively the relationship between stenosis or occlusion of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries and symptoms of chronic intestinal ischemia in free-living elderly patients in the United States. METHODS: As part of an ancillary study to the Cardiovascular Health Study, participants in the Forsyth County (North Carolina) cohort underwent visceral duplex ultrasonography of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries. Critical mesenteric artery stenosis (MAS) or occlusion was defined by Doppler flow ultrasound-derived criteria...
October 23, 2006: Archives of Internal Medicine
Robert L Maher, Joseph Hanlon, Emily R Hajjar
INTRODUCTION: Polypharmacy, defined as the use of multiple drugs or more than are medically necessary, is a growing concern for older adults. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched from January 1, 1986 to June 30, 2013) to identify relevant articles in people aged > 65 years. AREAS COVERED: We present information about: i) prevalence of polypharmacy and unnecessary medication use; ii) negative consequences of polypharmacy; and iii) interventions to improve polypharmacy...
January 2014: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Junqiang Yan, Qizhi Fu, Liniu Cheng, Mingming Zhai, Wenjuan Wu, Lina Huang, Ganqin Du
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common age‑related neurodegenerative diseases, which results from a number of environmental and inherited factors. PD is characterized by the slow progressive degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra. The nigrostriatal DA neurons are particularly vulnerable to inflammatory attack. Neuroinflammation is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of age‑related neurodegenerative disorders, such as PD, and as such anti‑inflammatory agents are becoming a novel therapeutic focus...
November 2014: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zdenek Zadak, Radomir Hyspler, Alena Ticha, Jiri Vlcek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition and polypharmacy increase with age and polymorbidity and their relationship is based on a number of mechanisms. The occurrence of malnutrition in both in-patients and out-patients and its dependence on polymorbidity and age are well known, but the interrelation of polypharmacy and malnutrition has been far less investigated. The countries with the highest occurrence of polypharmacy in Europe include the Czech Republic and Finland, whereas the lowest prevalence of polypharmacy is found in Norway and the Netherlands...
January 2013: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Andrew Clegg, Sally Barber, John Young, Steve Iliffe, Anne Forster
BACKGROUND: frailty is a state of vulnerability to stressor events. There is uncertainty about the beneficial effects of exercise interventions for older people with frailty. The Home-based Older People's Exercise (HOPE) programme is a 12-week-exercise intervention for older people with frailty designed to improve mobility and function. METHODS: we tested feasibility of the HOPE programme in a two arm, assessor blind pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT). Eligibility criteria included living at home and receiving case manager care, being housebound or attending day centres in Bradford, UK...
September 2014: Age and Ageing
Matteo Cesari, Bruno Vellas, Fang-Chi Hsu, Anne B Newman, Hani Doss, Abby C King, Todd M Manini, Timothy Church, Thomas M Gill, Michael E Miller, Marco Pahor
BACKGROUND: The frailty syndrome is as a well-established condition of risk for disability. Aim of the study is to explore whether a physical activity (PA) intervention can reduce prevalence and severity of frailty in a community-dwelling elders at risk of disability. METHODS: Exploratory analyses from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders pilot, a randomized controlled trial enrolling 424 community-dwelling persons (mean age=76.8 years) with sedentary lifestyle and at risk of mobility disability...
February 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
2016-06-26 15:45:35
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