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Uric acid

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Christian Mende
UNLABELLED: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global health problem, and new and effective strategies are needed for the management of this condition. Recently, there has been renewed interest in the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and CKD, and several recent trials have demonstrated a possible link between SUA and the development and/or progression of CKD in patients with and without diabetes. The identification of key urate transporters such as urate transporter 1 and glucose transporter 9 has provided not only insights into the pathophysiology of hyperuricemia, but also possible links to other processes, such as glucose homeostasis...
December 2015: Advances in Therapy
Gerald Levy, T Craig Cheetham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Tuhina Neogi, Tim L Th A Jansen, Nicola Dalbeth, Jaap Fransen, H Ralph Schumacher, Dianne Berendsen, Melanie Brown, Hyon Choi, N Lawrence Edwards, Hein J E M Janssens, Frédéric Lioté, Raymond P Naden, George Nuki, Alexis Ogdie, Fernando Perez-Ruiz, Kenneth Saag, Jasvinder A Singh, John S Sundy, Anne-Kathrin Tausche, Janitzia Vaquez-Mellado, Steven A Yarows, William J Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Existing criteria for the classification of gout have suboptimal sensitivity and/or specificity, and were developed at a time when advanced imaging was not available. The current effort was undertaken to develop new classification criteria for gout. METHODS: An international group of investigators, supported by the American College of Rheumatology and the European League Against Rheumatism, conducted a systematic review of the literature on advanced imaging of gout, a diagnostic study in which the presence of monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals in synovial fluid or tophus was the gold standard, a ranking exercise of paper patient cases, and a multi-criterion decision analysis exercise...
October 2015: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Michelle C Odden, Abdul-Razak Amadu, Ellen Smit, Lowell Lo, Carmen A Peralta
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hyperuricemia often coexist, and both conditions are increasing in prevalence in the United States. However, their shared role in cardiovascular risk remains highly debated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1988 to 2002 (n = 10,956); data were linked to mortality data from the National Death Index through December 31, 2006...
October 2014: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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