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Cold abd flu

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12 papers 0 to 25 followers
Janet E McElhaney, Vinti Goel, Benjamin Toane, Johnathan Hooten, Jacqueline J Shan
BACKGROUND: COLD-fX (CVT-E002), a proprietary extract of the roots of North American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium), rich in poly-furanosyl-pyranosyl-saccharides, has been found efficacious in the prevention of respiratory infections in institutionalized seniors and healthy adults. OBJECTIVE: We examined the efficacy of COLD-fX in the prevention of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in community dwelling seniors. DESIGN: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial...
March 2006: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Chidi N Obasi, Roger Brown, Tola Ewers, Shari Barlow, Michele Gassman, Aleksandra Zgierska, Christopher L Coe, Bruce Barrett
PURPOSE: To examine whether apparent advantages following training in meditation over exercise can be attributed to specific symptoms, functional impairments, or quality-of-life indicators assessed by the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey (WURSS-24). METHODS: Results from the randomized controlled trial "Meditation or Exercise for Preventing Acute Respiratory Illness" showed mean global severity and total days of illness were worse in control (358, 8·9) compared with exercise (248, 5·1) or meditation (144, 5·0)...
November 2013: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Meri P Nantz, Cheryl A Rowe, Catherine E Muller, Rebecca A Creasy, Joy M Stanilka, Susan S Percival
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Earlier studies show that dietary bioactive compounds can modify proliferation of γδ-T cells. Garlic contains numerous compounds that have this potential and, in addition, has been shown to influence NK cell function. Our primary aim was to demonstrate that aged garlic extract could modify these immune cells. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel intervention study recruited 120 healthy subjects (60 per group) to determine the effect of aged garlic extract supplementation (2...
June 2012: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mark A Moyad, Larry E Robinson, Edward T Zawada, Julie Kittelsrud, Ding-Geng Chen, Stuart G Reeves, Susan Weaver
BACKGROUND: The common cold has a profound impact on employee attendance and productivity. Seasonal influenza is responsible for approximately 200,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths per year in the United States alone. Over-the-counter medication efficacy has been questioned, and seasonal vaccination compliance issues abound. Our previously reported randomized trial of an oral fermentation product found an adjuvant benefit for vaccinated individuals in terms of a significantly reduced incidence and duration of cold and flu-like symptoms...
February 2010: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Bobbi Langkamp-Henken, Cassie C Rowe, Amanda L Ford, Mary C Christman, Carmelo Nieves, Lauren Khouri, Gretchen J Specht, Stephanie-Anne Girard, Samuel J Spaiser, Wendy J Dahl
Acute psychological stress is positively associated with a cold/flu. The present randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effect of three potentially probiotic bacteria on the proportion of healthy days over a 6-week period in academically stressed undergraduate students (n 581) who received Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, Bifidobacterium longum ssp. infantis R0033, Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071 or placebo. On each day, participants recorded the intensity (scale: 0 = not experiencing to 3 = very intense) for nine cold/flu symptoms, and a sum of symptom intensity >6 was designated as a day of cold/flu...
February 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
Jennifer Krebs Seida, Tamara Durec, Stefan Kuhle
BACKGROUND: Standardized ginseng extract has become the best-selling cold and flu remedy in Canada, yet much controversy regarding the efficacy of ginseng in preventing common colds remains. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ginseng preparations for the prevention of common colds in healthy adults. METHODS: Comprehensive bibliographic database, trial registry and grey literature searches were conducted up to December 2007. Randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials comparing North American (Panax quinquefolius) or Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) root extract to placebo or no treatment in healthy adults were included...
2011: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Brian K McFarlin, Katie C Carpenter, Tiffany Davidson, Meredith A McFarlin
Strenuous exercise, such as running a marathon, is known to suppress mucosal immunity for up to 24 hr, which can increase the risk of developing an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and reduced performance capacity (Allgrove JE, Geneen L, Latif S, Gleeson M. Influence of a fed or fasted state on the s-IgA response to prolonged cycling in active men and women. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2009;19(3):209-221; Barrett B, Locken K, Maberry R, Schwamman J, Brown R, Bobula J, Stauffacher EA. The Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey (WURSS): a new research instrument for assessing the common cold...
September 2013: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Christine Hughes, Yalda Davoodi-Semiromi, James C Colee, Tyler Culpepper, Wendy J Dahl, Volker Mai, Mary C Christman, Bobbi Langkamp-Henken
BACKGROUND: Acute psychological stress induced by academic exams is associated with dysregulated gastrointestinal and immune function. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether supplementation with galactooligosaccharides reduced gastrointestinal dysfunction and the percentage of days with cold or flu in academically stressed undergraduate students. DESIGN: In a randomized, double-blind study, subjects (n = 427) received 0, 2.5, or 5.0 g galactooligosaccharides for 8 wk around the time of fall final exams...
June 2011: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mark A Moyad
H1N1, seasonal flu, and upper respiratory infection over-the-counter (OTC) prevention recommendations seem daunting, but in reality, only several diverse lifestyle changes, supplements, and prescriptions have adequate evidence that should be discussed with patients. In addition, numerous other recommendations contain little to no evidence. For example, most heart-healthy behavioral changes, such as reducing visceral adipose tissue, simultaneously improve immune health, and this needs to be emphasized. Ethyl alcohol hand gel and plain soap and water should be encouraged, and antimicrobial soaps should be discouraged...
November 2009: Urologic Nursing
Mario Roxas, Julie Jurenka
The common cold is the leading cause of doctor visits in the United States and annually results in 189 million lost school days. In the course of one year the U.S. population contracts approximately 1 billion colds. Influenza infection is still a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, accounting for 20-25 million doctor visits and 36,000 deaths per year in the United States. Conventional therapies for colds and flu focus primarily on temporary symptom relief and include over-the-counter antipyretics, anti-inflammatories, and decongestants...
March 2007: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
Stephanie Roll, Marc Nocon, Stefan N Willich
Dietary supplements have been suggested in the prevention of the common cold, but previous investigations have been inconsistent. The present study was designed to determine the preventive effect of a dietary supplement from fruits and vegetables on common cold symptoms. In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, healthcare professionals (mainly nursing staff aged 18-65 years) from a university hospital in Berlin, Germany, were randomised to four capsules of dietary supplement (Juice Plus+®) or matching placebo daily for 8 months, including a 2-month run-in period...
January 2011: British Journal of Nutrition
Ron Eccles
The common cold and influenza (flu) are the most common syndromes of infection in human beings. These diseases are diagnosed on symptomatology, and treatments are mainly symptomatic, yet our understanding of the mechanisms that generate the familiar symptoms is poor compared with the amount of knowledge available on the molecular biology of the viruses involved. New knowledge of the effects of cytokines in human beings now helps to explain some of the symptoms of colds and flu that were previously in the realm of folklore rather than medicine-eg, fever, anorexia, malaise, chilliness, headache, and muscle aches and pains...
November 2005: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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