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Acute pain management

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11 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Scott Bentley Rural GP Anaesthetist. I work in Aeromedical Retrieval and Primary Health Care for the Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS) of Australia (Queensland Section)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780595/preventive-effect-of-a-vapocoolant-spray-on-propofol-induced-pain-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#1
Young Eun Moon, Michael Y Lee, Dong Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: Propofol causes injection pain. Although lidocaine pre-treatment via venous occlusion is known to be the most effective way, it still has some inconvenience. We implemented this study to compare the effect of a vapocoolant spray with lidocaine pre-treatment. METHODS: Participants (n = 90) were randomized to one of three groups. Group V: after placebo injection and tourniquet, the vapocoolant spray was applied; group L: after lidocaine injection and tourniquet, the placebo spray was applied; group C: after placebo injection and tourniquet, the placebo spray was applied...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366351/when-to-pick-the-nose-out-of-hospital-and-emergency-department-intranasal-administration-of-medications
#2
REVIEW
Megan A Rech, Brian Barbas, Whitney Chaney, Elizabeth Greenhalgh, Charles Turck
The intranasal route for medication administration is increasingly popular in the emergency department and out-of-hospital setting because such administration is simple and fast, and can be used for patients without intravenous access and in situations in which obtaining an intravenous line is difficult or time intensive (eg, for patients who are seizing or combative). Several small studies (mostly pediatric) have shown midazolam to be effective for procedural sedation, anxiolysis, and seizures. Intranasal fentanyl demonstrates both safety and efficacy for the management of acute pain...
August 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341939/the-basic-pharmacology-of-opioids-informs-the-opioid-discourse-about-misuse-and-abuse-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Jo Ann LeQuang, Garrett K Berger, Robert B Raffa
Morphine and other opioids are widely used to manage moderate to severe acute pain syndromes, such as pain associated with trauma or postoperative pain, and they have been used to manage chronic pain, even chronic nonmalignant pain. However, recent years have seen a renewed recognition of the potential for overuse, misuse, and abuse of opioids. Therefore, prescribing opioids is challenging for healthcare providers in that clinical effectiveness must be balanced against negative outcomes-with the possibility that neither are achieved perfectly...
June 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829367/intranasal-ketamine-for-acute-traumatic-pain-in-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial-of-efficacy-and-safety
#4
Shachar Shimonovich, Roy Gigi, Amir Shapira, Tal Sarig-Meth, Danielle Nadav, Mattan Rozenek, Debra West, Pinchas Halpern
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been well studied for its efficacy as an analgesic agent. However, intranasal (IN) administration of ketamine has only recently been studied in the emergency setting. The objective of this study was to elucidate the efficacy and adverse effects of a sub-dissociative dose of IN Ketamine compared to IV and IM morphine. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, prospective, parallel clinical trial of efficacy and safety of IN ketamine compared to IV and IM morphine for analgesia in the emergency department (ED)...
November 9, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684457/parecoxib-sodium-reduces-the-need-for-opioids-after-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xiuze Li, Mengjun Zhou, Qing Xia, Juan Li
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pain is a common phenomenon after pediatric tonsillectomy. This prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of intravenous parecoxib sodium in children undergoing tonsillectomy. METHODS: Sixty children (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III, aged three to seven years, and scheduled to undergo elective tonsillectomy under general anesthesia) were randomly allocated into one of two groups to receive intravenous parecoxib sodium 1 mg·kg(-1) (Group P, n = 30) or the same volume of saline (Group S, n = 30) just after induction of general anesthesia...
March 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760797/the-effects-of-music-on-pain-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Jin Hyung Lee
BACKGROUND: Numerous meta-analyses have been conducted on the topic of music and pain, with the latest comprehensive study published in 2006. Since that time, more than 70 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been published, necessitating a new and comprehensive review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine published RCT studies investigating the effect of music on pain. METHODS: The present study included RCTs published between 1995 and 2014...
2016: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25102238/nonopioid-analgesics-for-postoperative-pain-management
#7
REVIEW
Esther Pogatzki-Zahn, Chandani Chandrasena, Stephan A Schug
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postoperative pain remains poorly treated in many patients. One reason is the inadequate use of nonopioid analgesics. This review examines the most recent findings on nonopioid analgesics and how these translate into clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Commonly used nonopioid analgesics are paracetamol, NSAIDs and metamizol (dipyrone). For paracetamol, the efficacy is obviously inferior to NSAIDs and the risk of adverse events might have been underestimated in the past...
October 2014: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619509/remifentanil-for-labor-analgesia-a-comprehensive-review
#8
REVIEW
Yayoi Ohashi, Leyla Baghirzada, Hiroyuki Sumikura, Mrinalini Balki
Japan has seen significant developments in obstetric anesthesia in recent years, including the establishment of the Japanese Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology. However, labor pain, which is one of the most important issues in obstetric practice, is still not treated aggressively. The rate of epidural administration for labor analgesia is very low in Japan as compared to other developed countries. Remifentanil has been used for labor analgesia, as part of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery, as well as for various fetal procedures around the world...
December 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018176/ketamine-use-in-current-clinical-practice
#9
REVIEW
Mei Gao, Damoon Rejaei, Hong Liu
After nearly half a century on the market, ketamine still occupies a unique corner in the medical armamentarium of anesthesiologists or clinicians treating pain. Over the last two decades, much research has been conducted highlighting the drug's mechanisms of action, specifically those of its enantiomers. Nowadays, ketamine is also being utilized for pediatric pain control in emergency department, with its anti-hyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects being revealed in acute and chronic pain management. Recently, new insights have been gained on ketamine's potential anti-depressive and antisuicidal effects...
July 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329976/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-muscle-relaxants-for-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
C Abdel Shaheed, C G Maher, K A Williams, A J McLachlan
Muscle relaxants are commonly prescribed for low back pain (LBP); however, there is limited evidence of their clinical efficacy and tolerability. This review evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of muscle relaxants in people with LBP. We searched online databases including Medline, EMBASE, CENTRAL and PsycINFO (inception to end October 2015) and performed citation tracking for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two authors independently extracted data and assessed risk of bias of randomized controlled trials of muscle relaxants...
February 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26352921/simple-psychological-interventions-for-reducing-pain-from-common-needle-procedures-in-adults-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-quasi-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Katelynn E Boerner, Kathryn A Birnie, Christine T Chambers, Anna Taddio, C Meghan McMurtry, Melanie Noel, Vibhuti Shah, Rebecca Pillai Riddell
BACKGROUND: This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of simple psychological interventions for managing pain and fear in adults undergoing vaccination or related common needle procedures (ie, venipuncture/venous cannulation). DESIGN/METHODS: Databases were searched to identify relevant randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials. Self-reported pain and fear were prioritized as critically important outcomes. Data were combined using standardized mean difference (SMD) or relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
October 2015: Clinical Journal of Pain
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