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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630894/better-with-ultrasound-paracentesis
#1
REVIEW
Scott J Millington, Seth Koenig
Paracentesis is a commonly performed procedure and generally considered to be low risk. Despite its overall favorable safety profile, use of ultrasound has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of complications, especially in higher risk patients. Many individual ultrasound techniques have been described in the literature, each with the goal of making paracentesis safer. This article presents a systematic approach for incorporating many of these tools into bedside practice and includes a series of illustrative figures and narrated video presentations to demonstrate the techniques described...
April 7, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361252/basic-and-advanced-echocardiographic-evaluation-of-myocardial-dysfunction-in-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#2
REVIEW
S Vallabhajosyula, S Pruthi, S Shah, B M Wiley, S V Mankad, J C Jentzer
Sepsis continues to be a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the intensive care unit. Cardiovascular dysfunction in sepsis is associated with worse short- and long-term outcomes. Sepsis-related myocardial dysfunction is noted in 20%-65% of these patients and manifests as isolated or combined left or right ventricular systolic or diastolic dysfunction. Echocardiography is the most commonly used modality for the diagnosis of sepsis-related myocardial dysfunction. With the increasing use of ultrasonography in the intensive care unit, there is a renewed interest in sepsis-related myocardial dysfunction...
January 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030715/point-of-care-transcranial-doppler-by-intensivists
#3
REVIEW
Vincent Issac Lau, Robert Thomas Arntfield
In the unconscious patient, there is a diagnostic void between the neurologic physical exam, and more invasive, costly and potentially harmful investigations. Transcranial color-coded sonography and two-dimensional transcranial Doppler imaging of the brain have the potential to be a middle ground to bridge this gap for certain diagnoses. With the increasing availability of point-of-care ultrasound devices, coupled with the need for rapid diagnosis of deteriorating neurologic patients, intensivists may be trained to perform point-of-care transcranial Doppler at the bedside...
October 13, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202259/bedside-lung-ultrasound-in-the-care-of-the-critically-ill
#4
Máté Rudas, Sam Orde, Marek Nalos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and review the utility of bedside lung ultrasound in acute care. SUMMARY: Lung ultrasound is a useful point-of-care investigation in acute care, especially in patients with dyspnoea or haemodynamic instability. Although normal lung parenchyma is not accessible to ultrasound, distinctive artefacts arising from parietal and visceral pleura indirectly imply the presence of normal lung. As aeration of lung tissue reduces with disease process, visual assessment of several pathologic entities by ultrasound becomes possible...
December 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149863/pearls-and-pitfalls-in-comprehensive-critical-care-echocardiography
#5
REVIEW
Sam Orde, Michel Slama, Andrew Hilton, Konstantin Yastrebov, Anthony McLean
Critical care echocardiography is developing rapidly with an increasing number of specialists now performing comprehensive studies using Doppler and other advanced techniques. However, this imaging can be challenging, interpretation is far from simple in the complex critically ill patient and mistakes can be easy to make. We aim to address clinically relevant areas where potential errors may occur and suggest methods to hopefully improve accuracy of imaging and interpretation.
November 17, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282107/thoracic-ultrasound-for-pleural-effusion-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-narrative-review-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#6
REVIEW
E Brogi, L Gargani, E Bignami, F Barbariol, A Marra, F Forfori, L Vetrugno
Pleural effusion (PLEFF), mostly caused by volume overload, congestive heart failure, and pleuropulmonary infection, is a common condition in critical care patients. Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) helps clinicians not only to visualize pleural effusion, but also to distinguish between the different types. Furthermore, TUS is essential during thoracentesis and chest tube drainage as it increases safety and decreases life-threatening complications. It is crucial not only during needle or tube drainage insertion, but also to monitor the volume of the drained PLEFF...
December 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590257/critical-care-ultrasonography-in-circulatory-shock
#7
REVIEW
Geert Koster, Iwan C C van der Horst
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective was to define the role of ultrasound in the diagnosis and the management of circulatory shock by critical appraisal of the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Assessment of any patient's hemodynamic profile based on clinical examination can be sufficient in several cases, but many times unclarities remain. Arterial catheters and central venous lines are commonly used in critically ill patients for practical reasons, and offer an opportunity for advanced hemodynamic monitoring...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844205/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement-a-structured-review-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#8
REVIEW
Bernd Saugel, Thomas W L Scheeren, Jean-Louis Teboul
The use of ultrasound (US) has been proposed to reduce the number of complications and to increase the safety and quality of central venous catheter (CVC) placement. In this review, we describe the rationale for the use of US during CVC placement, the basic principles of this technique, and the current evidence and existing guidelines for its use. In addition, we recommend a structured approach for US-guided central venous access for clinical practice. Static and real-time US can be used to visualize the anatomy and patency of the target vein in a short-axis and a long-axis view...
August 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411248/state-of-the-art-thoracic-ultrasound-intervention-and-therapeutics
#9
REVIEW
John P Corcoran, Rachid Tazi-Mezalek, Fabien Maldonado, Lonny B Yarmus, Jouke T Annema, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Victoria St Noble, Najib M Rahman
The use of thoracic ultrasound outside the radiology department and in everyday clinical practice is becoming increasingly common, having been incorporated into standards of care for many specialties. For the majority of practitioners, their experience of, and exposure to, thoracic ultrasound will be in its use as an adjunct to pleural and thoracic interventions, owing to the widely recognised benefits for patient safety and risk reduction. However, as clinicians become increasingly familiar with the capabilities of thoracic ultrasound, new directions for its use are being sought which might enhance practice and patient care...
September 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694197/feasibility-safety-and-utility-of-advanced-critical-care-transesophageal-echocardiography-performed-by-pulmonary-critical-care-fellows-in-a-medical-icu
#10
Yunuen Aguilera Garcia, Luis Quintero, Karan Singh, Viera Lakticova, AnnaMaria Iakovou, Seth J Koenig, Mangala Narasimhan, Paul H Mayo
BACKGROUND: Competence in advanced critical care transesophageal echocardiography allows the intensivist to diagnose and manage cardiopulmonary failure when transthoracic echocardiography is not sufficient to answer the clinical question. This report describes the feasibility, safety, and utility of transesophageal echocardiography performed by pulmonary and critical care fellows in a medical ICU in critically ill patients who were mechanically ventilated. METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study of advanced transesophageal echocardiography was performed in patients who were mechanically ventilated...
October 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650414/combined-thoracic-ultrasound-assessment-during-a-successful-weaning-trial-predicts-postextubation-distress
#11
Stein Silva, Dalinda Ait Aissa, Pierre Cocquet, Lucille Hoarau, Jean Ruiz, Fabrice Ferre, David Rousset, Michel Mora, Arnaud Mari, Olivier Fourcade, Béatrice Riu, Samir Jaber, Bénoît Bataille
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that isolated sonographic assessment of the respiratory, cardiac, or neuromuscular functions in mechanically ventilated patients may assist in identifying patients at risk of postextubation distress. The aim of the present study was to prospectively investigate the value of an integrated thoracic ultrasound evaluation, encompassing bedside respiratory, cardiac, and diaphragm sonographic data in predicting postextubation distress. METHODS: Longitudinal ultrasound data from 136 patients who were extubated after passing a trial of pressure support ventilation were measured immediately after the start and at the end of this trial...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345480/ultrasound-in-the-management-of-pleural-disease
#12
REVIEW
Rachel M Mercer, Ioannis Psallidas, Najib M Rahman
Pleural disease encompasses a large range of conditions, is a common presentation to the acute medical take and often requires comprehensive investigation and treatment. Ultrasound is well recognised as a useful investigative tool in pleural disease especially in the field of pleural effusion, pleural thickening and interventional procedures. Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) has gained widespread use by physicians as evidence has shown a reduced rate of complications when performing pleural procedures with ultrasound guidance...
April 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244009/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-the-use-of-ultrasound-versus-radiology-in-diagnosing-of-pneumonia
#13
REVIEW
Saeed Ali Alzahrani, Majid Abdulatief Al-Salamah, Wedad Hussain Al-Madani, Mahmoud A Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Physicians are increasingly using point of care lung ultrasound (LUS) for diagnosing pneumonia, especially in critical situations as it represents relatively easy and immediately available tool. They also used it in many associated pathological conditions such as consolidation, pleural effusion, and interstitial syndrome with some reports of more accuracy than chest X-ray. This systematic review and meta-analysis are aimed to estimate the pooled diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound for the diagnosis of pneumonia versus the standard chest radiological imaging...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212836/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-evaluation-of-acute-dyspnea-in-the-ed
#14
Maurizio Zanobetti, Margherita Scorpiniti, Chiara Gigli, Peiman Nazerian, Simone Vanni, Francesca Innocenti, Valerio T Stefanone, Caterina Savinelli, Alessandro Coppa, Sofia Bigiarini, Francesca Caldi, Irene Tassinari, Alberto Conti, Stefano Grifoni, Riccardo Pini
BACKGROUND: Acute dyspnea is a common symptom in the ED. The standard approach to dyspnea often relies on radiologic and laboratory results, causing excessive delay before adequate therapy is started. Use of an integrated point-of-care ultrasonography (PoCUS) approach can shorten the time needed to formulate a diagnosis, while maintaining an acceptable safety profile. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients presenting with dyspnea and admitted after ED evaluation were prospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123616/simplified-point-of-care-ultrasound-protocol-to-confirm-central-venous-catheter-placement-a-prospective-study
#15
Sean P Wilson, Samer Assaf, Shadi Lahham, Mohammad Subeh, Alan Chiem, Craig Anderson, Samantha Shwe, Ryan Nguyen, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: The current standard for confirmation of correct supra-diaphragmatic central venous catheter (CVC) placement is with plain film chest radiography (CXR). We hypothesized that a simple point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) protocol could effectively confirm placement and reduce time to confirmation. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled a convenience sample of patients in the emergency department and intensive care unit who required CVC placement. Correct positioning was considered if turbulent flow was visualized in the right atrium on sub-xiphoid, parasternal or apical cardiac ultrasound after injecting 5 cc of sterile, non-agitated, normal saline through the CVC...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922877/diagnostic-accuracy-of-central-venous-catheter-confirmation-by-bedside-ultrasound-versus-chest-radiography-in-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Enyo A Ablordeppey, Anne M Drewry, Alexander B Beyer, Daniel L Theodoro, Susan A Fowler, Brian M Fuller, Christopher R Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the accuracy of bedside ultrasound for confirmation of central venous catheter position and exclusion of pneumothorax compared with chest radiography. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, reference lists, conference proceedings and ClinicalTrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: Articles and abstracts describing the diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound compared with chest radiography for confirmation of central venous catheters in sufficient detail to reconstruct 2 × 2 contingency tables were reviewed...
April 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867558/effectiveness-of-lung-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Yang Xia, Yinghua Ying, Shaobin Wang, Wen Li, Huahao Shen
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is usually presented as a forgotten killer, and an early diagnosis could largely improve the prognostic outcomes. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has been universally applied in evaluating multiple pulmonary diseases including pneumonia. However, the diagnosis accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adults is still uncertain. Hence, we performed a systematic review of the current literature to assess the diagnosis accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adults. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched for clinical trials that assessed the detection accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adult patients...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825617/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-primary-care-physicians-and-general-internists
#18
REVIEW
Anjali Bhagra, David M Tierney, Hiroshi Sekiguchi, Nilam J Soni
Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is a safe and rapidly evolving diagnostic modality that is now utilized by health care professionals from nearly all specialties. Technological advances have improved the portability of equipment, enabling ultrasound imaging to be executed at the bedside and thereby allowing internists to make timely diagnoses and perform ultrasound-guided procedures. We reviewed the literature on the POCUS applications most relevant to the practice of internal medicine. The use of POCUS can immediately narrow differential diagnoses by building on the clinical information revealed by the traditional physical examination and refining clinical decision making for further management...
December 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833681/pilot-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-at-harvard-medical-school-early-experience
#19
Joshua S Rempell, Fidencio Saldana, Donald DiSalvo, Navin Kumar, Michael B Stone, Wilma Chan, Jennifer Luz, Vicki E Noble, Andrew Liteplo, Heidi Kimberly, Minna J Kohler
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is expanding across all medical specialties. As the benefits of US technology are becoming apparent, efforts to integrate US into pre-clinical medical education are growing. Our objective was to describe our process of integrating POCUS as an educational tool into the medical school curriculum and how such efforts are perceived by students. METHODS: This was a pilot study to introduce ultrasonography into the Harvard Medical School curriculum to first- and second-year medical students...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818332/accuracy-of-lung-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ana M Llamas-Álvarez, Eva M Tenza-Lozano, Jaime Latour-Pérez
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that lung ultrasonography could be useful for diagnosing pneumonia; moreover, it has a more favorable safety profile and lower cost than chest radiography and CT. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of bedside lung ultrasonography for diagnosing pneumonia in adults through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, DARE, HTA Database, Google Scholar, LILACS, ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: Chest
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