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By Zhang Jingyu Lecturer
Akshay Bareja, Shubham Patel, Conrad P Hodgkinson, Alan Payne, Victor J Dzau
The development of biased agonist drugs is widely recognized to be important for the treatment of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease. While GPCR biased agonism has been heavily characterized there is a distinct lack of information with respect to RTK biased agonism both in the identification of biased agonists as well as their attendant mechanisms. One such RTK, the Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R) plays an important role in a range of biological and disease processes. The micropeptide LL37 has been described as a biased agonist of the IGF1R...
June 2018: Cellular Signalling
Loredana Frasca, Roberto Lande
Defensins and cathelicidins are anti-microbial peptides (AMPs) that act as natural antibiotics and are part of the innate immune defence in many species. We consider human defensins and LL37, the only human member of the cathelicidin family. In particular, we refer to the human alpha-defensins called human neutrophil peptides (HNP1 through 4), which are produced by neutrophils, HD5 and HD6, mainly expressed in Paneth cells of intestine, the human beta-defensins HBD1, HBD2 and HBD3, synthesized by epithelial cells and LL37, which is located in granulocytes, but is also produced by epithelial cells of the skin, lungs, and gut...
August 2012: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
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