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Neuropsychology

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751 papers 100 to 500 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747584/differentiation-of-neuropsychological-features-between-posterior-cortical-atrophy-and-early-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Jieying Li, Liyong Wu, Yi Tang, Aihong Zhou, Fen Wang, Yi Xing, Jianping Jia
BACKGROUND: Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by visuospatial and visuoperceptual impairment, with memory relatively preserved. Although PCA is pathologically almost identical to Alzheimer's disease (AD), they have different cognitive features. Those differences have only rarely been reported in any Chinese population. The purpose of the study is to establish neuropsychological tests that distinguish the clinical features of PCA from early onset AD (EOAD)...
May 10, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749715/altered-resting-state-hippocampal-and-caudate-functional-networks-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Xiaopeng Song, Bhaswati Roy, Daniel W Kang, Ravi S Aysola, Paul M Macey, Mary A Woo, Frisca L Yan-Go, Ronald M Harper, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Brain structural injury and metabolic deficits in the hippocampus and caudate nuclei may contribute to cognitive and emotional deficits found in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. If such contributions exist, resting-state interactions of these subcortical sites with cortical areas mediating affective symptoms and cognition should be disturbed. Our aim was to examine resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the hippocampus and caudate to other brain areas in OSA relative to control subjects, and to relate these changes to mood and neuropsychological scores...
May 10, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756802/is-subjective-memory-specific-for-memory-performance-or-general-across-cognitive-domains-findings-from-the-seattle-longitudinal-study
#3
Gizem Hülür, Sherry L Willis, Christopher Hertzog, K Warner Schaie, Denis Gerstorf
A growing body of research has examined whether people's judgments of their own memory functioning accurately reflect their memory performance at cross-section and over time. Relatively less is known about whether these judgments are specifically based on memory performance, or reflect general cognitive change. The aim of the present study was to examine longitudinal associations of subjective memory with performance in tests of episodic memory and a wide range of other cognitive tests, including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) Block Design, Comprehension, Digit Span, Digit Symbol, and Vocabulary subtests...
May 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762759/measuring-the-impact-of-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-on-neuropsychological-outcome-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-protocol-of-a-swiss-nationwide-observational-study-moca-dci-study
#4
Martin N Stienen, Christian Fung, Philippe Bijlenga, Daniel W Zumofen, Rodolfo Maduri, Thomas Robert, Martin A Seule, Serge Marbacher, Olivia Geisseler, Peter Brugger, Klemens Gutbrod, Christian Chicherio, Andreas U Monsch, Valérie Beaud, Stefania Rossi, Severin Früh, Nicole Schmid, Nicolas R Smoll, Emanuela Keller, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The exact relationship between delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and neuropsychological impairment remains unknown, as previous studies lacked a baseline examination after aneurysm occlusion but before the DCI-period. Neuropsychological evaluation of acutely ill patients is often applied in a busy intensive care unit (ICU), where distraction represents a bias to the obtained results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between DCI and neuropsychological outcome after aSAH by comparing the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) results in aSAH patients with and without DCI at 3 mo with a baseline examination before the DCI-period (part 1)...
May 11, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770912/rbans-validity-indices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Robert D Shura, Timothy W Brearly, Jared A Rowland, Sarah L Martindale, Holly M Miskey, Kevin Duff
Neuropsychology practice organizations have highlighted the need for thorough evaluation of performance validity as part of the neuropsychological assessment process. Embedded validity indices are derived from existing measures and expand the scope of validity assessment. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a brief instrument that quickly allows a clinician to assess a variety of cognitive domains. The RBANS also contains multiple embedded validity indicators. The purpose of this study was to synthesize the utility of those indicators to assess performance validity...
May 16, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771179/neuropsychological-performance-patterns-of-adult-adhd-subtypes
#6
Amy LeRoy, Claudia Jacova, Caedy Young
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological performance patterns associated with adult ADHD subtypes are unknown. The aim of the current systematic review was to identify and synthesize available literature regarding neuropsychological performance associated with adult ADHD subtypes. METHOD: Searches were completed using the databases PsycINFO and PubMed for studies published before March 2017 addressing adult ADHD subtypes and neuropsychological performance. Data characterizing the neuropsychological tests utilized in each study were obtained and sorted into eight domains...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771710/cognitive-decline-after-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#7
Charles H Brown, Julia Probert, Ryan Healy, Michelle Parish, Yohei Nomura, Atsushi Yamaguchi, Jing Tian, Kenton Zehr, Kaushik Mandal, Vidyulata Kamath, Karin J Neufeld, Charles W Hogue
BACKGROUND: Delirium is common after cardiac surgery and has been associated with morbidity, mortality, and cognitive decline. However, there are conflicting reports on the magnitude, trajectory, and domains of cognitive change that might be affected. The authors hypothesized that patients with delirium would experience greater cognitive decline at 1 month and 1 yr after cardiac surgery compared to those without delirium. METHODS: Patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and/or valve surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were eligible for this cohort study...
May 16, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769251/systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-resective-surgery-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#8
Puneet Jain, George Tomlinson, Carter Snead, Beate Sander, Elysa Widjaja
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) versus selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) on seizure-free outcome in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, using both direct and indirect evidence from the literature. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched for original research articles and systematic reviews comparing ATL versus SAH, and ATL or SAH versus medical management (MM). The outcome was seizure freedom at 12 months of follow-up or longer...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766386/cognitive-assessment-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-italian-consensus
#9
Maria Pia Amato, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Monica Falautano, Angelo Ghezzi, Benedetta Goretti, Francesco Patti, Alice Riccardi, Flavia Mattioli
The aim of this consensus paper was to define the state of the art on cognitive assessment of persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), with the purpose of providing recommendations for the Italian centers involved in MS management. While there are no formal guidelines published regarding the assessment of cognitive function in MS, on the basis of an expert opinion meeting, held in Milan (Italy) on July 4, 2016, we report the recommendations of a panel of Italian experts including MS neurologists and neuropsychologists for the assessment and follow-up of cognitive function in adult MS subjects...
May 15, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738857/the-effect-of-tumour-neovasculature-on-fmri-bold-activation
#10
Layla Gould, Chelsea Ekstrand, Daryl R Fourney, Marla J S Mickleborough, Tasha Ellchuk, Ron Borowsky
We report a 40-year-old patient with a large, WHO grade III oligodendroglioma in the left parietal lobe. Presurgical planning included fMRI localization of language, motor, and somatosensory processing. The fMRI results for the motor and somatosensory tasks revealed activation in peri-lesional regions near the surgical resection, as well as deactivation in the tumour for the sensory task, suggesting that there is decreased autoregulation in the region due to the glioma. The fMRI results showed left hemisphere dominance for language, as well as activation in peri-lesional regions for all three speech tasks (i...
May 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718075/neuropsychology-in-the-integrated-ms-care-setting
#11
Frederick W Foley, Jeffrey G Portnoy
The goal of this paper is to describe the role of the neuropsychologist in a Multiple Sclerosis clinic setting. A brief overview of the pathophysiology and neuropsychological deficits in MS is presented. Practical details regarding relations with the neurology team, and the neuropsychologist's focus on assessment are described. Recommendations regarding necessary training and skills, as well as typical clinical practice routines are described. The neuropsychologist's communication with internal and external providers and family members in order to assist implementation of recommendations is described...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718076/clinical-neuropsychology-in-integrated-rehabilitation-care-teams
#12
Doug Johnson-Greene
Neuropsychologists have been an integral part of rehabilitation-oriented integrated care teams for some time and they provide care that is complimentary to other specialties, such as rehabilitation psychologists. Neuropsychologists are more likely than other specialties to offer objective cognitive data that includes consideration of emotional and behavioral features when assessing patients who have known or suspected brain injury or illness. Objective cognitive data is then often used for treatment and discharge planning as well as anticipating safety issues and impairment of functional skills...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718078/neuropsychology-in-a-memory-disorder-clinic
#13
Robert A Ruchinskas, C Munro Cullum
The rationale for and factors related to embedding a neuropsychologist in the midst of a neurology-based memory disorder clinic are discussed. Common conditions encountered are briefly reviewed, along with an evaluation aimed at assisting with differential diagnosis. Advice for neuropsychologists is offered in terms of creating and refining a working model in a neurology clinic and strategies to improve communication and effectiveness are presented.
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718079/the-integrated-care-team-approach-of-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-va-geriatric-primary-care
#14
Donna Rasin-Waters, Valerie Abel, Lisa K Kearney, Antonette Zeiss
Historically, integrated mental and behavioral healthcare in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) commenced with initiatives in geriatrics. Innovation and system-wide expansion has occurred over decades and culminated in a unified vision for training and practice in the VA medical home model: Patient Aligned Care Team or PACT approach. In one VA hospital, the integration of neuropsychological services in geriatric primary care is pivotal and increases access for patients, as well as contributing to timely and effective care on an interprofessional team...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718080/the-role-of-a-neuropsychologist-on-a-movement-disorders-deep-brain-stimulation-team
#15
Cynthia S Kubu
The term movement disorders is misleading in the implication that the symptoms are limited to motor problems. Most movement disorders include a variety of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive symptoms that require neuropsychological expertise. The goal of this paper is to provide a rationale and practical roadmap for neuropsychologists' involvement in a Movement Disorders team with a specific focus on pre-operative deep brain stimulation (DBS) evaluations. Pragmatic recommendations regarding requisite skills, clinical practice, recommendations, communication, and benefits are outlined...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718081/neuropsychological-practice-in-the-oncology-setting
#16
Kyle R Noll, Mariana E Bradshaw, Jennie Rexer, Jeffrey S Wefel
Oncology has experienced positive shifts in survival curves for many cancers largely due to the development of earlier diagnostics and better therapeutics. This has increased the visibility and need for survivorship services, including clinical neuropsychology. Patients with cancer frequently experience cognitive dysfunction related to the presence of cancer itself and treatment neurotoxicity. These cognitive difficulties can profoundly impact patient functioning and autonomy with accompanying declines in quality of life...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718082/integration-of-neuropsychological-services-in-a-va-hiv-primary-care-clinic
#17
Moira C Dux, Terry Lee-Wilk
The Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) is the largest health care provider for individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with >28,000 Veterans with HIV/AIDS enrolled in care. Advances in medical treatment have improved the life-limiting effects of the disease, though many chronic symptoms persist. Comprehensive care is critical to manage the diverse constellation of symptoms. However, many patients face challenges to receiving optimal care due to limited resources, mistrust of health care providers, and/or co-occurring medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718083/neuropsychology-within-a-tertiary-care-epilepsy-center
#18
Chris E Morrison, William S MacAllister, William B Barr
Epilepsy is a prevalent condition characterized by variations in its clinical presentation, etiology, and amenability to treatment. Through history, neuropsychologists have played a significant role in performing research studies on changes in language, memory, and executive functioning in patients with epilepsy, including those undergoing surgical treatment for medically refractory seizures. These studies provided a foundation for establishing neuropsychologists as critical members of interdisciplinary clinical teams specializing in evaluation and treatment of epilepsy...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718084/integration-of-neuropsychology-in-primary-care
#19
Margaret Lanca
The field of neuropsychology is making inroads in primary care as the importance of cognition in physical health is increasingly acknowledged. With neuropsychology primary care integration, patients receive a range of cognitive assessments (e.g., screens, brief neuropsychological assessments, treatment recommendations through provider-to-neuropsychologist consultations) based on a stepped model of care which can more efficiently diagnose cognitive disorders/problems and assist with treatment. Two case studies are described to illuminate this process...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706146/neuropsychological-profiles-and-trajectories-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Jean K Ho, Daniel A Nation
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the independent and synergistic effects of amyloid beta (Aβ1-42) and phosphorylated tau (Ptau) pathologies on neuropsychological profiles and trajectories in cognitively normal older adults. METHODS: Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative participants identified as cognitively normal at baseline underwent longitudinal assessment (N=518; 0, 12, 24, 36 months), baseline lumbar puncture and follow-up cognitive exams...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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