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ParuchMD HRQoL in relation to Psych

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13 papers 0 to 25 followers Psych articles that are relevant to health and health-related quality of life. Associated with Dr John T Paruch's wellness site:
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Raghid Charara, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Hannah Kravitz, Satvinder S Dhingra, Ali H Mokdad
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness prevalence is increasing in USA. Understanding the relationship between functional status and mental health is crucial in optimizing psychiatric treatment. METHODS: We used 2000-2014 BRFSS data to examine the relationship between functional health and frequent mental distress in 51 states. RESULTS: East-South-Central US (14.88%) had the highest prevalence of frequent mental distress and West-North-Central (9.42%) the lowest...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
Richard J Maddock, Gretchen A Casazza, Dione H Fernandez, Michael I Maddock
Converging evidence demonstrates that physical activity evokes a brain state characterized by distinctive changes in brain metabolism and cortical function. Human studies have shown that physical activity leads to a generalized increase in electroencephalography power across regions and frequencies, and a global increase in brain nonoxidative metabolism of carbohydrate substrates. This nonoxidative consumption of carbohydrate has been hypothesized to include increased de novo synthesis of amino acid neurotransmitters, especially glutamate and GABA...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
John Mirowsky, Catherine E Ross
Education has a large and increasing impact on health in America. This paper examines one reason why. Education gives individuals the ability to override the default American lifestyle. The default lifestyle has three elements: displacing human energy with mechanical energy, displacing household food production with industrial food production, and displacing health maintenance with medical dependency. Too little physical activity and too much food produce imperceptibly accumulating pathologies. The medical industry looks for products and services that promise to soften the consequences but do not eliminate the underlying pathologies...
September 2015: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Nancy L Sin, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Anthony D Ong, David M Almeida
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation increases the risk of chronic diseases, but the links between emotional responses to daily events and inflammation are unknown. We examined individual differences in affective reactivity to daily stressors (i.e., changes in positive and negative affect in response to stressors) as predictors of inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 872 adults from the National Study of Daily Experiences (substudy of Midlife in the United States II) reported daily stressors and affect during telephone interviews for 8 days...
December 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Manuela Caslini, Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the association between distinct types of child abuse--sexual (CSA), physical (CPA), and emotional (CEA)--and different eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched through January 2014. Studies reporting rates of CSA, CPA, and CEA in people with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED), as compared with individuals without EDs, were included...
January 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Norrina B Allen, Sylvia Badon, Kurt J Greenlund, Mark Huffman, Yuling Hong, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to examine the association between ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) and health-related quality of life and health status indicators. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adult NHANES participants from 2001 to 2010 without CVD (N = 7115). CVH was defined according to AHA definitions with poor, intermediate and ideal levels of the seven factors (diet, BMI, physical activity, smoking, blood pressure, glucose, and cholesterol) assigned scores of 0, 1, and 2, respectively...
2015: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Antti Latvala, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein
IMPORTANCE: Low resting heart rate is a well-replicated physiological correlate of aggressive and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents, but whether low resting heart rate increases the risk of violence and other antisocial and risk-taking behaviors in adulthood has not been studied in representative samples. OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive association of resting heart rate with violent and nonviolent criminality and with fatal and nonfatal injuries owing to assaults and unintentional injuries in the population...
October 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
Kristin C Jones, Ann C Schwartz, Adriana P Hermida, David A Kahn
We describe the case of a 17-year-old male who presented with acute onset of seizures and malignant catatonia with psychosis, agitation, and hypermetabolism, who responded to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Soon after he began to respond, he was diagnosed with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis and then given immunosuppressive therapy. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is an increasingly recognized autoimmune disorder that often presents with neuropsychiatric symptoms. The mainstays for treatment have been early diagnosis, tumor work-up and removal if found, and initiation of immunosuppressive therapy...
September 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Romina Mizrahi
Environmental risk factors have been implicated in the etiology of psychotic disorders, with growing evidence showing the adverse effects of migration, social marginalization, urbanicity, childhood trauma, social defeat, and other adverse experiences on mental health in vulnerable populations. Collectively, social stress may be one mechanism that could link these environmental risk factors. The exact mechanism(s) by which social stress can affect brain function, and in particular the molecular targets involved in psychosis (such as the dopaminergic (DA) system), is (are) not fully understood...
February 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Ioana Florea, Natalya Danchenko, Melanie Brignone, Henrik Loft, Benoit Rive, Linda Abetz-Webb
PURPOSE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) has detrimental effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We describe the effect of vortioxetine on HRQoL in MDD patients by using patient-reported outcome instruments. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated in 5 short-term (6-8 weeks), randomized studies of vortioxetine (5-20 mg/d; n = 2155) versus placebo (n = 1316) in adults with MDD by using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire-Short Form, the EuroQol 5-Dimension Questionnaire (EQ-5D), and the 12-item Health Status Questionnaire in 1 study in elderly patients...
October 1, 2015: Clinical Therapeutics
Shantel L Duffy, Jim Lagopoulos, Nicole Cockayne, Simon J G Lewis, Ian B Hickie, Daniel F Hermens, Sharon L Naismith
OBJECTIVES: As life expectancy increases, the need to prevent major health disorders is clear. Depressive symptoms are common in older adults and are associated with cognitive decline and greater risk for transitioning to major depression. Oxidative stress may be implicated in the pathophysiology of major depression and can be measured in vivo using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy via the neurometabolite glutathione (GSH). Evidence suggests ω-3 fatty acid (FA) supplementation may prevent depression and directly affect GSH concentration...
October 2015: Nutrition
Ewa Dopierała, Janusz Rybakowski
Disturbances of circadian rhythms play an important role in the pathogenesis of affective illnesses, and their normalisation with methods of chronotherapy might become an important element of therapeutic treatment. Chronotherapy is based on a controlled exposure to environmental stimuli which affect biorhythms. One of the chronotherapeutic methods is sleep deprivation (SD). The article discusses the present status of SD in psychiatry, its methods and application in depression treatment. Presently the most recommended pattern is combining total sleep deprivation (TSD), sleep phase advance (SPA), pharmacotherapy, and sometimes also phototherapy...
May 2015: Psychiatria Polska
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Masatoshi Fujita, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) is high, and death is mainly attributable to cardiac events. A wide range of autonomic nervous system disturbances may be mechanisms underlying the increased cardiovascular mortality and sudden death of patients with AN. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been proven to be a reliable noninvasive method for quantitative assessment of sympathetic and parasympathetic regulation of heart rate (HR). The longer the duration of illness of AN patients, the higher the mortality rate...
2015: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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