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Plant-based Nutrition ParuchMD

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71 papers 100 to 500 followers The most extensive and complete collection of plant-based nutritional articles by one of the United States most forward-thinking, holistic, preventative physicians, John T Paruch, M.D. Search, \"ParuchMD\", for other articles focused on prevention and wellness. Check out additional resources at:
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Nasira Burkholder-Cooley, Sujatha Rajaram, Ella Haddad, Gary E Fraser, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Evidence suggests a relationship between polyphenol intake and health benefits. Polyphenol intake among a large US cohort with diverse dietary practices ranging from meatless to omnivorous diets has not been previously evaluated. The primary aim of this study was to compare polyphenol intakes of several vegetarian and non-vegetarian dietary patterns and to assess phenolic intake by food source. To characterise dietary intake, a FFQ was administered to 77 441 participants of the Adventist Health Study-2. Dietary patterns were defined based on the absence of animal food consumption as vegan, lacto-ovo-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian and non-vegetarian...
June 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Vasanti S Malik, Yanping Li, Deirdre K Tobias, An Pan, Frank B Hu
Dietary proteins are important modulators of glucose metabolism. However, few longitudinal studies have evaluated the associations between intake of protein and protein type and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We investigated the associations between total, animal, and vegetable protein and incident T2D in 72,992 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2008), 92,088 women from Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2009) and 40,722 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2008). During 4,146,216 person-years of follow-up, we documented 15,580 cases of T2D...
April 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
L A Bazzano, A M Thompson, M T Tees, C H Nguyen, D M Winham
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies evaluating the effect of legume consumption on cholesterol have focused on soybeans, however non-soy legumes, such as a variety of beans, peas, and some seeds, are commonly consumed in Western countries. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of non-soy legume consumption on blood lipids. METHODS AND RESULTS: Studies were retrieved by searching MEDLINE (from January 1966 through July 2009), EMBASE (from January 1980 to July 2009), and the Cochrane Collaboration's Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials using the following terms as medical subject headings and keywords: fabaceae not soybeans not isoflavones and diet or dietary fiber and cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia or triglycerides or cardiovascular diseases...
February 2011: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Peter Zahradka, Brenda Wright, Wendy Weighell, Heather Blewett, Alanna Baldwin, Karmin O, Randolph P Guzman, Carla G Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) results from a decrease in blood flow to the limbs due to the presence of atherosclerotic plaque. It has been reported that isoflavones isolated from soybeans reduce arterial stiffness, a component of atherosclerotic disease. This study examined the effect of consuming whole legumes (non-soy) on arterial function in humans with PAD. METHODS: Twenty-six individuals with PAD consumed ½ cup/day cooked legumes (beans, peas, lentils, chickpeas) daily for 8 weeks...
October 2013: Atherosclerosis
John Mirowsky, Catherine E Ross
Education has a large and increasing impact on health in America. This paper examines one reason why. Education gives individuals the ability to override the default American lifestyle. The default lifestyle has three elements: displacing human energy with mechanical energy, displacing household food production with industrial food production, and displacing health maintenance with medical dependency. Too little physical activity and too much food produce imperceptibly accumulating pathologies. The medical industry looks for products and services that promise to soften the consequences but do not eliminate the underlying pathologies...
September 2015: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Shahpour Khangholi, Fadzilah Adibah Abdul Majid, Najat Jabbar Ahmed Berwary, Farediah Ahmad, Ramlan Bin Abd Aziz
Glycation, the non-enzymatic binding of glucose to free amino groups of an amino acid, yields irreversible heterogeneous compounds known as advanced glycation end products. Those products play a significant role in diabetic complications. In the present article we briefly discuss the contribution of advanced glycation end products to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, such as atherosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and wound healing. Then we mention the various mechanisms by which polyphenols inhibit the formation of advanced glycation end products...
January 2016: Planta Medica
Lee J Wylie, James Kelly, Stephen J Bailey, Jamie R Blackwell, Philip F Skiba, Paul G Winyard, Asker E Jeukendrup, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones
Dietary supplementation with beetroot juice (BR), containing approximately 5-8 mmol inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)), increases plasma nitrite concentration ([NO2(-)]), reduces blood pressure, and may positively influence the physiological responses to exercise. However, the dose-response relationship between the volume of BR ingested and the physiological effects invoked has not been investigated. In a balanced crossover design, 10 healthy men ingested 70, 140, or 280 ml concentrated BR (containing 4.2, 8.4, and 16...
August 1, 2013: Journal of Applied Physiology
Monica L Bertoia, Kenneth J Mukamal, Leah E Cahill, Tao Hou, David S Ludwig, Dariush Mozaffarian, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Eric B Rimm
BACKGROUND: Current dietary guidelines recommend eating a variety of fruits and vegetables. However, based on nutrient composition, some particular fruits and vegetables may be more or less beneficial for maintaining or achieving a healthy weight. We hypothesized that greater consumption of fruits and vegetables with a higher fiber content or lower glycemic load would be more strongly associated with a healthy weight. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We examined the association between change in intake of specific fruits and vegetables and change in weight in three large, prospective cohorts of 133,468 United States men and women...
September 2015: PLoS Medicine
Seong Yeong Kim
Shinseoncho and kale were made into green vegetable juices by building block [shinsenocho branch (SB), shinsenocho leaf (SL), kale branch (KB), and kale leaf (KL)]. Fluctuations in their phenolic contents and antioxidant capacities were analyzed during refrigerated storage at 4°C for 28 days. Total polyphenolic contents of leaf parts showed a decreasing tendency after 4 days (SL) or 7 days (KL), whereas branch parts showed fluctuating values during the entire storage period. The 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging capacity was rapidly decreased in SB and in SL at 28 days (P<0...
September 2015: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Mostafa I Waly, Zahir Al-Attabi, Nejib Guizani
The present study was conducted to assess the status of vitamin C among healthy young adults in relation to serum antioxidant parameters [glutathione (GSH), thiols, and total antioxidant capacity, (TAC)], and oxidative stress markers [malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitrites plus nitrates (NN)]. A prospective study included 200 young adults, and their dietary intake was assessed by using food diaries. Fasting plasma vitamin C, serum levels of GSH, thiols, TAC, MDA, and NN were measured using biochemical assays. It was observed that 38% of the enrolled subjects, n=76, had an adequate dietary intake of vitamin C (ADI group)...
September 2015: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Matthew A Davis, Julie P W Bynum, Brenda E Sirovich
IMPORTANCE: Fruit consumption is believed to have beneficial health effects, and some claim, "An apple a day keeps the doctor away." OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between eating an apple a day and keeping the doctor away. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized US adult population. A total of 8728 adults 18 years and older from the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey completed a 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire and reported that the quantity of food they ate was reflective of their usual daily diet...
May 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Walter A Kukull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2012: Neurology
Rahman Shiri, Kobra Falah-Hassani
BACKGROUND: The role of smoking in sciatica is unknown. This study aimed to estimate the effect of smoking on lumbar radicular pain and clinically verified sciatica. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate databases from 1964 through March 2015. We used a random-effects meta-analysis, assessed heterogeneity and publication bias, and performed sensitivity analyses with regard to study design, methodological quality of included studies, and publication bias...
January 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Sai Manasa Jandhyala, Rupjyoti Talukdar, Chivkula Subramanyam, Harish Vuyyuru, Mitnala Sasikala, D Nageshwar Reddy
Relation between the gut microbiota and human health is being increasingly recognised. It is now well established that a healthy gut flora is largely responsible for overall health of the host. The normal human gut microbiota comprises of two major phyla, namely Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. Though the gut microbiota in an infant appears haphazard, it starts resembling the adult flora by the age of 3 years. Nevertheless, there exist temporal and spatial variations in the microbial distribution from esophagus to the rectum all along the individual's life span...
August 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Amanda M Fretts, Jack L Follis, Jennifer A Nettleton, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Julius S Ngwa, Mary K Wojczynski, Ioanna Panagiota Kalafati, Tibor V Varga, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Denise K Houston, Jari Lahti, Ulrika Ericson, Edith H van den Hooven, Vera Mikkilä, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Dariush Mozaffarian, Kenneth Rice, Frida Renström, Kari E North, Nicola M McKeown, Mary F Feitosa, Stavroula Kanoni, Caren E Smith, Melissa E Garcia, Anna-Maija Tiainen, Emily Sonestedt, Ani Manichaikul, Frank J A van Rooij, Maria Dimitriou, Olli Raitakari, James S Pankow, Luc Djoussé, Michael A Province, Frank B Hu, Chao-Qiang Lai, Margaux F Keller, Mia-Maria Perälä, Jerome I Rotter, Albert Hofman, Misa Graff, Mika Kähönen, Kenneth Mukamal, Ingegerd Johansson, Jose M Ordovas, Yongmei Liu, Satu Männistö, André G Uitterlinden, Panos Deloukas, Ilkka Seppälä, Bruce M Psaty, L Adrienne Cupples, Ingrid B Borecki, Paul W Franks, Donna K Arnett, Mike A Nalls, Johan G Eriksson, Marju Orho-Melander, Oscar H Franco, Terho Lehtimäki, George V Dedoussis, James B Meigs, David S Siscovick
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that meat intake is associated with diabetes-related phenotypes. However, whether the associations of meat intake and glucose and insulin homeostasis are modified by genes related to glucose and insulin is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations of meat intake and the interaction of meat with genotype on fasting glucose and insulin concentrations in Caucasians free of diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Fourteen studies that are part of the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology consortium participated in the analysis...
November 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Craig S Charron, Harry D Dawson, George P Albaugh, Patrick M Solverson, Bryan T Vinyard, Gloria I Solano-Aguilar, Aleksey Molokin, Janet A Novotny
BACKGROUND: Preclinical and epidemiologic studies suggest that garlic intake is inversely associated with the progression of cancer and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We designed a study to probe the mechanisms of garlic action in humans. METHODS: We conducted a randomized crossover feeding trial in which 17 volunteers consumed a garlic-containing meal (100 g white bread, 15 g butter, and 5 g raw, crushed garlic) or a garlic-free control meal (100 g white bread and 15 g butter) after 10 d of consuming a controlled, garlic-free diet...
November 2015: Journal of Nutrition
Nancy Champe Peters, Isobel R Contento, Fredi Kronenberg, Marci Coleton
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of dietary adherence or change in eating patterns, and demographic, psychosocial and study characteristics associated with adherence, in the Comparing Healthy Options in Cooking and Eating (CHOICE) Study. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial where women were randomized to one of three eating patterns: (i) Whole Foods, plant-based, macrobiotic-style (n 22); and Moderate Fat with (ii), and without (iii), 10 g of ground flaxseed added daily, which were combined (n 49)...
December 2014: Public Health Nutrition
Sun Young Lee, Yoo-Sun Kim, Ji Ye Lim, Namsoo Chang, Myung-Hee Kang, Se-Young Oh, He-Jin Lee, Hyesook Kim, Yuri Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The traditional Korean diet is plant-based and rich in antioxidants. Previous studies have investigated the potential health benefits of individual nutrients of Korean foods. However, the cumulative effects of a Korean diet on inflammation remain poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of a plant-based Korean diet. MATERIALS/METHODS: Using data from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 75 individual plant food items were selected which represent over 1% of the total diet intake of the Korean diet...
June 2014: Nutrition Research and Practice
Elizabeth Dean, Rasmus Gormsen Hansen
Low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress underlie chronic osteoarthritis. Although best-practice guidelines for osteoarthritis emphasize self-management including weight control and exercise, the role of lifestyle behavior change to address chronic low-grade inflammation has not been a focus of first-line management. This paper synthesizes the literature that supports the idea in which the Western diet and inactivity are proinflammatory, whereas a plant-based diet and activity are anti-inflammatory, and that low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress underlying osteoarthritis often coexist with lifestyle-related risk factors and conditions...
2012: Arthritis
Joanne Frattaroli, Gerdi Weidner, Terri A Merritt-Worden, Steven Frenda, Dean Ornish
Cardiovascular symptom relief is a major indicator for revascularization procedures. To examine the effects of intensive lifestyle modification on symptom relief, we investigated changes in angina pectoris, coronary risk factors, quality of life, and lifestyle behaviors in patients with stable coronary artery disease enrolled in the multisite cardiac lifestyle intervention program, an ongoing health insurance-covered lifestyle intervention conducted at 22 sites in the united states. Patients with coronary artery disease (nonsmokers; 757 men, 395 women; mean age 61 years) were asked to make changes in diet (10% calories from fat, plant based), engage in moderate exercise (3 hours/week), and practice stress management (1 hour/day)...
April 1, 2008: American Journal of Cardiology
2015-10-04 16:23:36
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