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55 papers 25 to 100 followers A collection of papers that are relevant to General Practice in the UK and are accessible via a free NHS Athens login.
By Paul Leach General Practice
Kay M Crossley, Joshua J Stefanik, James Selfe, Natalie J Collins, Irene S Davis, Christopher M Powers, Jenny McConnell, Bill Vicenzino, David M Bazett-Jones, Jean-Francois Esculier, Dylan Morrissey, Michael J Callaghan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Douglas S Ross, Henry B Burch, David S Cooper, M Carol Greenlee, Peter Laurberg, Ana Luiza Maia, Scott A Rivkees, Mary Samuels, Julie Ann Sosa, Marius N Stan, Martin A Walter
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxicosis has multiple etiologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. Appropriate treatment requires an accurate diagnosis and is influenced by coexisting medical conditions and patient preference. This document describes evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that would be useful to generalist and subspecialty physicians and others providing care for patients with this condition. METHODS: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) previously cosponsored guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that were published in 2011...
October 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Hiroshi Fukui, Hidetsugu Saito, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Hirofumi Uto, Katsutoshi Obara, Isao Sakaida, Akitaka Shibuya, Masataka Seike, Sumiko Nagoshi, Makoto Segawa, Hirohito Tsubouchi, Hisataka Moriwaki, Akinobu Kato, Etsuko Hashimoto, Kojiro Michitaka, Toshikazu Murawaki, Kentaro Sugano, Mamoru Watanabe, Tooru Shimosegawa
The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology revised the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for liver cirrhosis in 2015. Eighty-three clinical questions were selected, and a literature search was performed for the clinical questions with use of the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi databases for the period between 1983 and June 2012. Manual searching of the latest important literature was added until August 2015. The guidelines were developed with use of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system...
July 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Robert L Page, Cindy L O'Bryant, Davy Cheng, Tristan J Dow, Bonnie Ky, C Michael Stein, Anne P Spencer, Robin J Trupp, JoAnn Lindenfeld
Heart failure is a common, costly, and debilitating syndrome that is associated with a highly complex drug regimen, a large number of comorbidities, and a large and often disparate number of healthcare providers. All of these factors conspire to increase the risk of heart failure exacerbation by direct myocardial toxicity, drug-drug interactions, or both. This scientific statement is designed to serve as a comprehensive and accessible source of drugs that may cause or exacerbate heart failure to assist healthcare providers in improving the quality of care for these patients...
August 9, 2016: Circulation
J K Aronson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Peter M Rothwell, Ale Algra, Zhengming Chen, Hans-Christoph Diener, Bo Norrving, Ziyah Mehta
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is recommended for secondary prevention after transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or ischaemic stroke on the basis of trials showing a 13% reduction in long-term risk of recurrent stroke. However, the risk of major stroke is very high for only the first few days after TIA and minor ischaemic stroke, and observational studies show substantially greater benefits of early medical treatment in the acute phase than do longer-term trials. We hypothesised that the short-term benefits of early aspirin have been underestimated...
July 23, 2016: Lancet
Ian D Pavord, Paul W Jones, Pierre-Régis Burgel, Klaus F Rabe
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are defined as sustained worsening of a patient's condition beyond normal day-to-day variations that is acute in onset, and that may also require a change in medication and/or hospitalization. Exacerbations have a significant and prolonged impact on health status and outcomes, and negative effects on pulmonary function. A significant proportion of exacerbations are unreported and therefore left untreated, leading to a poorer prognosis than those treated...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Eva M Lonn, Jackie Bosch, Patricio López-Jaramillo, Jun Zhu, Lisheng Liu, Prem Pais, Rafael Diaz, Denis Xavier, Karen Sliwa, Antonio Dans, Alvaro Avezum, Leopoldo S Piegas, Katalin Keltai, Matyas Keltai, Irina Chazova, Ron J G Peters, Claes Held, Khalid Yusoff, Basil S Lewis, Petr Jansky, Alexander Parkhomenko, Kamlesh Khunti, William D Toff, Christopher M Reid, John Varigos, Lawrence A Leiter, Dora I Molina, Robert McKelvie, Janice Pogue, Joanne Wilkinson, Hyejung Jung, Gilles Dagenais, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Antihypertensive therapy reduces the risk of cardiovascular events among high-risk persons and among those with a systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg or higher, but its role in persons at intermediate risk and with lower blood pressure is unclear. METHODS: In one comparison from a 2-by-2 factorial trial, we randomly assigned 12,705 participants at intermediate risk who did not have cardiovascular disease to receive either candesartan at a dose of 16 mg per day plus hydrochlorothiazide at a dose of 12...
May 26, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Marcel C Pasch
Nail involvement affects 80-90 % of patients with plaque psoriasis, and is even more prevalent in patients with psoriatic arthritis. This review is the result of a systemic approach to the literature and covers topical, intralesional, conventional systemic, and biologic systemic treatments, as well as non-pharmacological treatment options for nail psoriasis. The available evidence suggests that all anti-tumor necrosis factor-α, anti-interleukin (IL)-17, and anti-IL-12/23 antibodies which are available for plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are highly effective treatments for nail psoriasis...
April 2016: Drugs
Nora D Volkow, A Thomas McLellan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Salim Yusuf, Eva Lonn, Prem Pais, Jackie Bosch, Patricio López-Jaramillo, Jun Zhu, Denis Xavier, Alvaro Avezum, Lawrence A Leiter, Leopoldo S Piegas, Alexander Parkhomenko, Matyas Keltai, Katalin Keltai, Karen Sliwa, Irina Chazova, Ron J G Peters, Claes Held, Khalid Yusoff, Basil S Lewis, Petr Jansky, Kamlesh Khunti, William D Toff, Christopher M Reid, John Varigos, Jose L Accini, Robert McKelvie, Janice Pogue, Hyejung Jung, Lisheng Liu, Rafael Diaz, Antonio Dans, Gilles Dagenais
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood pressure and elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Lowering both should reduce the risk of cardiovascular events substantially. METHODS: In a trial with 2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned 12,705 participants at intermediate risk who did not have cardiovascular disease to rosuvastatin (10 mg per day) or placebo and to candesartan (16 mg per day) plus hydrochlorothiazide (12...
May 26, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Keith McIntosh, David E Reed, Theresa Schneider, Frances Dang, Ammar H Keshteli, Giada De Palma, Karen Madsen, Premysl Bercik, Stephen Vanner
OBJECTIVE: To gain mechanistic insights, we compared effects of low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) and high FODMAP diets on symptoms, the metabolome and the microbiome of patients with IBS. DESIGN: We performed a controlled, single blind study of patients with IBS (Rome III criteria) randomised to a low (n=20) or high (n=20) FODMAP diet for 3 weeks. Symptoms were assessed using the IBS symptom severity scoring (IBS-SSS)...
March 14, 2016: Gut
Luis Rodríguez Padial, Gonzalo Barón-Esquivias, Antonio Hernández Madrid, Domingo Marzal Martín, Vicente Pallarés-Carratalá, Alejandro de la Sierra
UNLABELLED: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Coronary artery diseases, atrial fibrillation or hypertensive heart disease, are among the most important cardiovascular disorders. Hypertension represents a significant risk factor for cardiovascular mortality; thus, control of high blood pressure has become a priority to prevent major complications. Although the choice of drugs for treating hypertension remains controversial, extensive clinical evidences point to calcium channel blockers as first-line agents...
June 2016: Cardiology and Therapy
Akio Nakashima, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Yokoo, Mitsuyoshi Urashima
Approximately 30%-50% of people are recognized to have low levels of vitamin D, and insufficiency and deficiency of vitamin D are recognized as global health problems worldwide. Although the presence of hypovitamin D increases the risk of rickets and fractures, low vitamin D levels are also associated with hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. In addition, diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are also related to vitamin D levels. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to onset and progression of DM...
March 10, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
Nicholas A Bedard, Andrew J Pugely, Jacob M Elkins, Kyle R Duchman, Robert W Westermann, Steve S Liu, Yubo Gao, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Infection after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can result in disastrous consequences. Previous research regarding injections and risk of TKA infection have produced conflicting results and in general have been limited by small cohort size. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if intraarticular injection before TKA increases the risk of postoperative infection and to identify if time between injection and TKA affect the risk of TKA infection...
March 12, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Chittaranjan Andrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Mattias Brunström, Bo Carlberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of antihypertensive treatment on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity in people with diabetes mellitus, at different blood pressure levels. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, and BIOSIS were searched using highly sensitive search strategies. When data required according to the protocol were missing but trials were potentially eligible, we contacted researchers, pharmaceutical companies, and authorities...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
S Vincent Rajkumar, Shaji Kumar
The diagnosis and treatment of multiple myeloma has changed dramatically in the past decade. The disease definition has been updated to include highly specific biomarkers in addition to established markers of end-organ damage. The staging system has been revised to combine both measures of tumor burden and disease biology. Advances in therapy have resulted in a marked improvement in overall survival. New drugs introduced in the past few years include carfilzomib, pomalidomide, panobinostat, ixazomib, elotuzumab, and daratumumab...
January 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Sandip Chaugai, Wen Yeng Meng, Amir Ali Sepehry
BACKGROUND: Impact of atrial fibrillation on clinical outcomes is well recognized, and application of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockers for the prevention of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a theoretically appealing concept. However, clinical trials have yielded inconsistent results. METHODS: A pooled study of 26 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of RAAS blockers on AF prophylaxis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 28 reports from 26 randomized controlled trials enrolled 165 387 patients, with an overall 24% reduction in the incidence of AF (odds ratio [OR]: 0...
July 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Chen Chi, Chenhui Tai, Bin Bai, Shikai Yu, Marianna Karamanou, Jiguang Wang, Athanase Protogerou, Jacques Blacher, Michel E Safar, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
The authors aimed to investigate the superiority of angiotensin system blockade (angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]) plus a calcium channel blocker (CCB) (A+C) over other combination therapies in antihypertensive treatment. A meta-analysis in 20,451 hypertensive patients from eight randomized controlled trials was conducted to compare the A+C treatment with other combination therapies in terms of blood pressure (BP) reduction, clinical outcomes, and adverse events...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
2016-03-21 18:15:12
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