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Pediatric sepsis

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84 papers 100 to 500 followers Papers relating to pediatric sepsis severe sepsis and septic shock. Thanks for following!!
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149822/a-profile-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-patients-with-sepsis-in-an-intensive-care-unit-setting
#1
Kartik Ganesh, R N Sharma, Jaicob Varghese, M G K Pillai
CONTEXT: Metabolic acidosis is frequently found in patients with severe sepsis. An understanding of types of acidosis in sepsis and their evolution over the course of treatment may give us insight into the behavior of acid-base balance in these patients. AIMS: To describe at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission and over the first 5 days the composition of metabolic acidosis in patients with sepsis and to evaluate and compare acidosis patterns in survivors and nonsurvivors...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998289/effects-of-low-doses-of-esmolol-on-cardiac-and-vascular-function-in-experimental-septic-shock
#2
Chaojie Wei, Huguette Louis, Margaux Schmitt, Eliane Albuisson, Sophie Orlowski, Bruno Levy, Antoine Kimmoun
BACKGROUND: Administration of a selective β1-blocker, such as esmolol, in human septic shock has demonstrated cardiovascular protective effects related to heart rate reduction. Certain experimental data also indicate that esmolol exerts systemic anti-inflammatory and beneficial effects on vascular tone. Thus, the present study aimed to determine whether a non-chronotropic dose of esmolol maintains its protective cardiovascular and anti-inflammatory effects in experimental septic shock...
December 21, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673385/double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-dopamine-and-epinephrine-in-pediatric-fluid-refractory-hypotensive-septic-shock
#3
Karthik Narayanan Ramaswamy, Sunit Singhi, Muralidharan Jayashree, Arun Bansal, Karthi Nallasamy
OBJECTIVE: We compared efficacy of dopamine and epinephrine as first-line vasoactive therapy in achieving resolution of shock in fluid-refractory hypotensive cold septic shock. DESIGN: Double-blind, pilot, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Pediatric emergency and ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive children 3 months to 12 years old, with fluid-refractory hypotensive septic shock, were enrolled between July 2013 and December 2014...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107024/the-host-response-in-sepsis-patients-developing-intensive-care-unit-acquired-secondary-infections
#4
Lonneke A van Vught, Maryse A Wiewel, Arie J Hoogendijk, Jos F Frencken, Brendon P Scicluna, Peter M C Klein Klouwenberg, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Rene Lutter, Janneke Horn, Marcus J Schultz, Marc M J Bonten, Olaf L Cremer, Tom van der Poll
RATIONALE: Sepsis can be complicated by secondary infections. We explored the possibility that sepsis patients developing a secondary infection while in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) display sustained inflammatory, vascular and procoagulant responses. OBJECTIVE: To compare systemic proinflammatory host responses in patients with sepsis who acquire a new infection with those who do not. METHODS: Consecutive sepsis patients with a length of ICU stay >48 hours were prospectively analyzed for the development of ICU-acquired infections...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107266/early-fluid-overload-prolongs-mechanical-ventilation-in-children-with-viral-lower-respiratory-tract-disease
#5
Sarah A Ingelse, Hanke M G Wiegers, Job C Calis, Job B van Woensel, Reinout A Bem
OBJECTIVES: Viral-lower respiratory tract disease is common in young children worldwide and is associated with high morbidity. Acute respiratory failure due to viral-lower respiratory tract disease necessitates PICU admission for mechanical ventilation. In critically ill patients in PICU settings, early fluid overload is common and associated with adverse outcomes such as prolonged mechanical ventilation and increased mortality. It is unclear, however, if this also applies to young children with viral-lower respiratory tract disease induced acute respiratory failure...
March 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099222/a-users-guide-to-the-2016-surviving-sepsis-guidelines
#6
R Phillip Dellinger, Christa A Schorr, Mitchell M Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098591/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#7
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuck Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012." DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
March 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749512/2016-update-for-the-rogers-textbook-of-pediatric-intensive-care-recognition-and-initial-management-of-shock
#8
Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss, Niranjan Kissoon
OBJECTIVE: To review important articles in the field of pediatric shock and pediatric septic shock published subsequent to the Fifth Edition of the Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. DATA SOURCES: The U.S. National Library of Medicine PubMed (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed) was searched for combination of the term "pediatric" and the following terms: "sepsis, septic shock, shock, antibiotics, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and steroid." The abstract lists generated by these searches were screened for potential inclusion...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908329/pediatric-sepsis
#9
REVIEW
Melanie K Prusakowski, Audrey P Chen
Pediatric sepsis is distinct from adult sepsis in its definitions, clinical presentations, and management. Recognition of pediatric sepsis is complicated by the various pediatric-specific comorbidities that contribute to its mortality and the age- and development-specific vital sign and clinical parameters that obscure its recognition. This article outlines the clinical presentation and management of sepsis in neonates, infants, and children, and highlights some key populations who require specialized care.
February 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983000/pediatric-sepsis
#10
Brittany Mathias, Juan C Mira, Shawn D Larson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sepsis is the leading cause of pediatric death worldwide. In the United States alone, there are 72 000 children hospitalized for sepsis annually with a reported mortality rate of 25% and an economic cost estimated to be $4.8 billion. However, it is only recently that the definition and management of pediatric sepsis has been recognized as being distinct from adult sepsis. RECENT FINDINGS: The definition of pediatric sepsis is currently in a state of evolution, and there is a large disconnect between the clinical and research definitions of sepsis which impacts the application of research findings into clinical practice...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081478/probiotics-in-critically-ill-children
#11
REVIEW
Sunit C Singhi, Suresh Kumar
Gut microflora contribute greatly to immune and nutritive functions and act as a physical barrier against pathogenic organisms across the gut mucosa. Critical illness disrupts the balance between host and gut microflora, facilitating colonization, overgrowth, and translocation of pathogens and microbial products across intestinal mucosal barrier and causing systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis. Commonly used probiotics, which have been developed from organisms that form gut microbiota, singly or in combination, can restore gut microflora and offer the benefits similar to those offered by normal gut flora, namely immune enhancement, improved barrier function of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and prevention of bacterial translocation...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124566/comparison-of-pediatric-severe-sepsis-managed-in-u-s-and-european-icus
#12
John S Giuliano, Barry P Markovitz, Joe Brierley, Richard Levin, Gary Williams, Lucy Chai See Lum, Tavey Dorofaeff, Pablo Cruces, Jenny L Bush, Luke Keele, Vinay M Nadkarni, Neal J Thomas, Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric severe sepsis remains a significant global health problem without new therapies despite many multicenter clinical trials. We compared children managed with severe sepsis in European and U.S. PICUs to identify geographic variation, which may improve the design of future international studies. DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Sepsis PRevalence, OUtcomes, and Therapies study. Data about PICU characteristics, patient demographics, therapies, and outcomes were compared...
June 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206274/shock-index-values-and-trends-in-pediatric-sepsis-predictors-or-therapeutic-targets-a-retrospective-observational-study
#13
Samiran Ray, Mirjana Cvetkovic, Joe Brierley, Daniel H Lutman, Nazima Pathan, Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, David P Inwald, Mark J Peters
BACKGROUND: Shock index (SI) (heart rate [HR]/systolic blood pressure [SBP]) has been used to predict outcome in both adult and pediatric sepsis within the intensive care unit (ICU). We aimed to evaluate the utility of SI before pediatric ICU (PICU) admission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of children referred to a pediatric intensive care transport service (PICTS) between 2005 and 2011. The predictive value of SI, HR, and blood pressure at three prespecified time points (at referral to PICTS, at PICTS arrival at the referring hospital, and at PICU admission) and changes in SI between the time points were evaluated...
September 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230550/nutritional-support-for-critically-ill-children
#14
REVIEW
Ari Joffe, Natalie Anton, Laurance Lequier, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Tjosvold, Bodil Larsen, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. This is an update of a review that was originally published in 2009. . OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the impact of enteral and parenteral nutrition given in the first week of illness on clinically important outcomes in critically ill children...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454387/the-epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-childhood
#15
Daniela Carla de Souza, Eliane Roseli Barreira, Lucília Santana Faria
BACKGROUND: Sepsis, or systemic inflammatory response to infection, is a major childhood disease and a common cause of death in children. Despite its importance, a global perspective on the epidemiology and mortality of pediatric sepsis across the world is still lacking. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the medical articles published in Medline from 2005 to 2015. RESULTS: Studies suggest that there has been a rise in the number of pediatric sepsis cases along the last two decades, which may relate to the increased survival of preterm and low birth-weight infants and children with severe chronic conditions...
January 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455114/protocolized-treatment-is-associated-with-decreased-organ-dysfunction-in-pediatric-severe-sepsis
#16
Fran Balamuth, Scott L Weiss, Julie C Fitzgerald, Katie Hayes, Sierra Centkowski, Marianne Chilutti, Robert W Grundmeier, Jane Lavelle, Elizabeth R Alpern
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment with a protocolized sepsis guideline in the emergency department was associated with a lower burden of organ dysfunction by hospital day 2 compared to nonprotocolized usual care in pediatric patients with severe sepsis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital from January 1, 2012, to March 31, 2014. SUBJECTS: Patients older than 56 days old and younger than 18 years old with international consensus defined severe sepsis and who required PICU admission within 24 hours of emergency department arrival were included...
September 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871665/mitochondrial-function-in-sepsis
#17
REVIEW
Nishkantha Arulkumaran, Clifford S Deutschman, Michael R Pinsky, Brian Zuckerbraun, Paul T Schumacker, Hernando Gomez, Alonso Gomez, Patrick Murray, John A Kellum
Mitochondria are an essential part of the cellular infrastructure, being the primary site for high-energy adenosine triphosphate production through oxidative phosphorylation. Clearly, in severe systemic inflammatory states, like sepsis, cellular metabolism is usually altered, and end organ dysfunction is not only common, but also predictive of long-term morbidity and mortality. Clearly, interest is mitochondrial function both as a target for intracellular injury and response to extrinsic stress have been a major focus of basic science and clinical research into the pathophysiology of acute illness...
March 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26903338/the-third-international-consensus-definitions-for-sepsis-and-septic-shock-sepsis-3
#18
Mervyn Singer, Clifford S Deutschman, Christopher Warren Seymour, Manu Shankar-Hari, Djillali Annane, Michael Bauer, Rinaldo Bellomo, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig M Coopersmith, Richard S Hotchkiss, Mitchell M Levy, John C Marshall, Greg S Martin, Steven M Opal, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Tom van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, Derek C Angus
IMPORTANCE: Definitions of sepsis and septic shock were last revised in 2001. Considerable advances have since been made into the pathobiology (changes in organ function, morphology, cell biology, biochemistry, immunology, and circulation), management, and epidemiology of sepsis, suggesting the need for reexamination. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and, as needed, update definitions for sepsis and septic shock. PROCESS: A task force (n = 19) with expertise in sepsis pathobiology, clinical trials, and epidemiology was convened by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine...
February 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837956/infectious-etiologies-and-patient-outcomes-in-pediatric-septic-shock
#19
Stefanie G Ames, Jennifer K Workman, Jared A Olson, E Kent Korgenski, Susan Masotti, Elizabeth D Knackstedt, Susan L Bratton, Gitte Y Larsen
Background: Septic shock remains an important cause of death and disability in children. Optimal care requires early recognition and treatment. Methods: We evaluated a retrospective cohort of children (age <19) treated in our emergency department (ED) for septic shock during 2008-2012 to investigate the association between timing of antibiotic therapy and outcomes. The exposures were (1) receipt of empiric antibiotics in ≤1 hour and (2) receipt of appropriate antibiotics in ≤1 hour...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26729809/a-common-genetic-variant-in-tlr1-enhances-human-neutrophil-priming-and-impacts-length-of-intensive-care-stay-in-pediatric-sepsis
#20
Laura C Whitmore, Jessica S Hook, Amanda R Philiph, Brieanna M Hilkin, Xinyu Bing, Chul Ahn, Hector R Wong, Polly J Ferguson, Jessica G Moreland
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) achieve an intermediate or primed state of activation following stimulation with certain agonists. Primed PMN have enhanced responsiveness to subsequent stimuli, which can be beneficial in eliminating microbes but may cause host tissue damage in certain disease contexts, including sepsis. As PMN priming by TLR4 agonists is well described, we hypothesized that ligation of TLR2/1 or TLR2/6 would prime PMN. Surprisingly, PMN from only a subset of donors were primed in response to the TLR2/1 agonist, Pam3CSK4, although PMN from all donors were primed by the TLR2/6 agonist, FSL-1...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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