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Radiograph decision support in peds ortho

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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Shital N Parikh, Albert d'Heurle, Emily A Eismann, Roger Cornwall
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons frequently use intraoperative fluoroscopy to aid in the real-time decision-making process during fracture treatment. Radiologists routinely interpret and report on these fluoroscopic images. The goal of this combined retrospective and prospective study was to assess the value of this practice of having radiologists interpret intraoperative fluoroscopy for pediatric fracture treatment. METHODS: In 500 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent fracture treatment in the operating room during a 1-year period, the following 4 parameters were retrospectively reviewed: (1) time between completion of procedure and availability of radiologist's report, (2) discrepancies between the surgeon-dictated operative report and the radiologist's report on the fluoroscopic images, (3) recommendations or unexpected findings in the radiologist's report, and (4) charges and reimbursement for the radiologist to report on the fluoroscopic images...
April 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Kinga Szuper, Ádám Tibor Schlégl, Eleonóra Leidecker, Csaba Vermes, Szabolcs Somoskeöy, Péter Than
BACKGROUND: The anatomy and biomechanics of the pelvis and lower limbs play a key role in the development of orthopaedic disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish normal reference standards for the measurement of gender-specific pelvic and femoral parameters in children and adolescents with the EOS 2-D/3-D system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EOS 2-D images of 508 individuals (ages 4-16 years) were obtained as part of routine diagnostics...
March 2015: Pediatric Radiology
S Huffaker, B E Earp, P E Blazar
The value of post-operative radiographs following stabilization of Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) type A distal radius fractures with volar locking plates is unclear. We examined the value of post-operative radiographs of type A fractures treated with volar locking plates. A retrospective review was performed on all AO type A distal radius fractures treated with volar locking plates between 2007 and 2010 at two institutions. A total of 158 patients receiving 446 sets of post-operative radiographs were included...
October 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Michael J Alaia, Omar Khatib, Mehul Shah, Joseph A Bosco, Laith M Jazrawi, Eric J Strauss
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether screening radiographs as part of the initial workup of knee pain impacts clinical decision-making in a sports medicine practice. METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by the attending orthopaedic surgeon following the initial office visit for 499 consecutive patients presenting to the sports medicine centre with a chief complaint of knee pain. The questionnaire documented patient age, duration of symptoms, location of knee pain, associated mechanical symptoms, history of trauma within the past 2 weeks, positive findings on plain radiographs, whether magnetic resonance imaging was ordered, and whether plain radiographs impacted the management decisions for the patient...
August 2015: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Chen Bochang, Kalman Katz, Daniel Weigl, Yang Jie, Wang Zhigang, Elhanan Bar-On
INTRODUCTION: A prospective pooled case series was used to assess the value of frequent radiographic examinations during treatment of closed forearm fractures in children from major university pediatric medical centers in Israel and China. METHODS: The sample consisted of 202 consecutive children (mean age 7 years; range 3-12 years) with closed forearm fractures treated nonoperatively. Children with open, growth-plate fractures or fractures associated with dislocation of the nearby joint (i...
June 2008: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
K B Ferguson, J McGlynn, P Jenkins, N J Madeley, C S Kumar, L Rymaszewski
BACKGROUND: Fifth metatarsal fractures are common, and the outcome with conservative treatment is generally very satisfactory. Operative treatment is only used for selected injuries, particularly stress fractures. Traditionally these patients are routinely reviewed at a fracture clinic, mainly due to the perceived risk of non-union with a Jones' fracture. In 2011 we introduced a standardised protocol to promote weight bearing as pain allowed with an elasticated support or a removable boot...
August 2015: Injury
Mara S Karamitopoulos, Ellen Dean, Aaron G Littleton, Richard Kruse
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the necessity of early postoperative radiographs after pinning of supracondylar humerus fractures by determining both the percentage of patients who displayed change in fracture fixation and whether these changes affected their outcome. METHODS: A series of 643 consecutive patients who underwent operative management of Gartland type II and III fractures at our institution between January 2002 and December 2010 were reviewed...
October 2012: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Claire Blumenthal, Jill Curran, Edward C Benzel, Rachel Potter, Subu N Magge, J Frederick Harrington, Jean-Valery Coumans, Zoher Ghogawala
OBJECT: It is not known whether adding fusion to lumbar decompression is necessary for all patients undergoing surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with symptomatic stenosis. Determining specific radiographic traits that might predict delayed instability following decompression surgery might guide clinical decision making regarding the utility of up-front fusion in patients with degenerative Grade I spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Patients with Grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (3-14 mm) with symptomatic stenosis were prospectively enrolled from a single site between May 2002 and September 2009 and treated with decompressive laminectomy without fusion...
April 2013: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
S Konan, F Rayan, F S Haddad
The radiological evaluation of the anterolateral femoral head is an essential tool for the assessment of the cam type of femoroacetabular impingement. CT, MRI and frog lateral plain radiographs have all been suggested as imaging options for this type of lesion. The alpha angle is accepted as a reliable indicator of the cam type of impingement and may also be used as an assessment for the successful operative correction of the cam lesion. We studied the alpha angles of 32 consecutive patients with femoroacetabular impingement...
January 2010: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
Dominic Maggio, Tamir T Ailon, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Regis W Haid, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Eric Klineberg, Justin K Scheer, Shay Bess, Paul M Arnold, Jens Chapman, Michael G Fehlings, Christopher Ames
OBJECT The associations among global spinal alignment, patient-reported disability, and surgical outcomes have increasingly gained attention. The assessment of global spinal alignment requires standing long-cassette anteroposterior and lateral radiographs; however, spine surgeons routinely rely only on short-segment imaging when evaluating seemingly isolated lumbar pathology. This may prohibit adequate surgical planning and may predispose surgeons to not recognize associated pathology in the thoracic spine and sagittal spinopelvic malalignment...
July 31, 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Eric J Sarkissian, Wudbhav N Sankar, Xiaowei Zhu, Chia H Wu, John M Flynn
BACKGROUND: Concerns about radiation exposure have created a controversy over long-term radiographic follow-up of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in infants who achieve normal clinical and ultrasonographic examinations. The purpose of this study was to assess the importance of continued radiographic monitoring by contrasting the incidence of residual radiographic dysplasia to the risks of radiation exposure. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of infants with idiopathic DDH presenting to our institution over 4 years...
September 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Christophe Vidal, Brice Ilharreborde, Steffen Queinnec, Keyvan Mazda
BACKGROUND: One of the main goals of scoliosis surgery is to obtain a balanced fused spine. Although preoperative planning remains essential, intraoperative posteroanterior radiographs are the only available tool during the procedure to verify shoulder and coronal spinal balance and, if necessary, adjust the construct. The aim of this study was to quantify the direct influence of intraoperative radiographs on the surgical procedure itself during correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Sumeet Garg, Emily Kipper, Jaren LaGreca, Patrick Carry, Mark Erickson
BACKGROUND: Radiographs are routinely obtained at postoperative visits during the first year after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The goal of this study was to determine how often radiographic findings change postoperative care. METHODS: A total of 227 consecutive patients aged 10 to 21 years who underwent surgery for IS at our institution from 2004 to 2010 were identified. Charts were reviewed to determine the frequency of the following clinical symptoms during the first year after surgery: pain greater than expected, implant prominence, and sensory/motor disturbance...
January 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Lee S Segal, Carla Plantikow, Randon Hall, Kristina Wilson, M Wade Shrader
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction survey scores are increasingly being tied to incentive compensation, impact how we practice medicine, influence decisions on where patients seek care, and in the future may be required for accreditation. The goal of this study is to compare the results of an internal distribution of patient satisfaction surveys at the point of care to responses received by mail in a hospital-based, high-volume pediatric orthopaedic practice. METHODS: A pediatric outpatient survey is used at our institution to evaluate patient satisfaction...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
C M Bone, G H Hsieh
This study set out to determine whether cumulative radiograph exposure of children significantly increases their risk of radiation-induced carcinogenesis or hereditary defects. Records of children treated for idiopathic scoliosis, hip dysplasia, or leg-length discrepancy between 1980 and 1993 at the Shriners Hospital in Spokane, WA, were retrospectively reviewed. Total radiation and organ dose exposures were calculated using information from individual radiology reports. Surgically treated idiopathic scoliosis patients had the largest total radiation skin entrance and organ dose exposures...
March 2000: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ashley J Tisosky, Matthew M Werger, Thomas G McPartland, John A Bowe
PURPOSE: Pediatric forearm fractures are common and usually heal uneventfully. The purpose of this study was to review the refracture rate and to identify trends and risk factors that may lead to a refracture. METHODS: Using current procedure terminology code and subsequent chart review we retrospectively identified 2590 patients who sustained forearm fractures over the past 10 years (2000 to 2010) and were treated at a single, large pediatric orthopaedic practice...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Katie Kinch, Donald M Campbell, James G B Maclean, Heather S Read, Simon L Barker, James E Robb, Mark S Gaston
BACKGROUND: Migration percentage (MP) is an accepted method of assessing lateral displacement of the femoral head in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Difficulty in positioning of patients for pelvic radiography remains a concern for the reliability of the MP. METHODS: This 2-part quantitative study examined 100 anteroposterior pelvic radiographs for children with CP. Fifty were from a region that had a positioning protocol for hip surveillance of children with CP and 50 images were from a region without...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Yong Seuk Lee, Beom Koo Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, Hong Gi Park, Deuk-Soo Jun, Do Hyun Moon
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the foot rotational effects on local and whole leg alignment and (2) to confirm the correlation between local and whole leg alignment. The hypotheses of this study were that (1) the alignment would become varus if the rotation of the foot changes from internal to external rotation, and (2) there would be some correlation between local and whole leg radiographs, and local knee radiographs could then be used indirectly for the assessment of whole leg alignment in patients with bilateral medial compartment knee osteoarthritis...
November 2013: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Rey N Ramirez, Deirdre D Ryan, Joan Williams, Tishya A L Wren, David Ibrahim, Jennifer M Weiss, Robert M Kay, Nina Lightdale-Miric, David L Skaggs
BACKGROUND: The radiocapitellar line (RCL) is a routinely referenced radiographic measurement for evaluating injury of the pediatric elbow, such as a Monteggia fracture. It is most commonly described as a line drawn along the radius that should intercept the center of the capitellum in a normal elbow. However, the RCL has not been rigorously defined or validated in young children. METHODS: The RCL was drawn out on the anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of 116 normal pediatric elbows by 3 examiners...
December 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ramesh S Iyer, Mahesh M Thapa, Paritosh C Khanna, Felix S Chew
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric elbow trauma is challenging because of the complex nature of the growing skeleton. The objectives of this article are to review the anatomy and radiographic landmarks and to discuss common acute and chronic injuries sustained. CONCLUSION: Radiographic evaluation of elbow trauma in the acute setting requires a firm understanding of developmental anatomy, radiographic landmarks, and the common injury patterns. Both radiography and MRI are vital tools for diagnosing chronic elbow overuse injuries in adolescent athletes...
May 2012: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
2015-09-03 02:36:48
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