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F Köckerling, R Bittner, D Jacob, C Schug-Pass, C Laurenz, D Adolf, T Keller, B Stechemesser
INTRODUCTION: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in inguinal hernia repair is a controversial issue. Accepted randomized controlled trials or registry data with specific analysis of endoscopic repaired patients do not exist. PATIENT AND METHODS: The data presented in this study compared the prospectively collected data from the Herniamed Registry on all patients who had undergone unilateral, bilateral or recurrent repair of inguinal hernias using either endoscopic or open techniques between September 1, 2009, and March 5, 2014...
December 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
Hakan Kulacoglu
Inguinal hernia repair is a clean surgical procedure and surgical site infection (SSI) rate is generally below 2%. Antibiotic prophylaxis is not routinely recommended, but it may be a good choice for institutions with high rates of wound infection (>5%). Typical prophylaxis is the intravenous application of first or second-generation cephalosporins before the skin incision. However, SSI rate remains more than 2% in many centers in spite of intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis. Even a 1% SSI rate may be unacceptable for the surgeons who specifically deal with hernia surgery...
2014: Frontiers in Surgery
Muhammad Ali Naqvi, Adnan Mehraj, Raja Ejaz, Amer Mian
BACKGROUND: Elective cholecystectomy for symptomatic gall stone disease carries low risk of postoperative infective complications. Yet the routine use of prophylactic antibiotic is in vogue in many centres. The aim of this study was to find out the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing postoperative infective complications in low risk elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. METHOD: Randomised controlled trial was carried out in our hospital from 1st Nov 2009 to 15th Oct 2011...
January 2013: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Bakhtiar Ullah, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Sarfaraz Ahmed, Tousif Pasha
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is the commonest type of external hernias. Lichtenstein mesh repair is the most favoured technique of inguinal hernia repair nowadays. It is tension free repair of weakened inguinal wall using polypropylene mesh. The present study was conducted to determine the efficacy of single dose antibiotic with placebo on patients undergoing inguinal hernia mesh repair. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial was carried out in the Department of General Surgery, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from January to December 2011...
January 2013: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Sakchai Ruangsin, Supparerk Laohawiriyakamol, Somkiat Sunpaweravong, Somrit Mahattanobon
BACKGROUND: A prophylactic antibiotic is recommended in open cholecystectomy surgeries, but in laparoscopic cholecystectomies such prophylaxis is controversial. Recent reviews have not found conclusive evidence that routine prophylaxis, especially in low risk patients, is effective. This clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of cefazolin in reducing surgical site infection SSI in laparoscopic cholecystectomies in a sample not screened for high or low risk patients. METHODS: A randomized double-blind controlled trial was conducted in a single university hospital...
April 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
H E Graham, A Vasireddy, D Nehra
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgeons in Great Britain and Ireland were surveyed to assess their use of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This followed a Cochrane review that found no evidence to support the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in routine cases. METHODS: Data were collected on routine use of antibiotics in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and how that was influenced by factors such as bile spillage, patient co-morbidities and surgeons' experience...
July 2014: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Rachel L Berger, Linda T Li, Stephanie C Hicks, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Repair of primary ventral hernias (PVH) such as umbilical hernias is a common surgical procedure. There is a paucity of risk-adjusted data comparing suture versus mesh repair of these hernias. We compared preperitoneal polypropylene (PP) repair versus suture repair for elective umbilical hernia repair. METHODS: A retrospective review of all elective open PVH repairs at a single institution from 2000-2010 was performed. Only patients with suture or PP repair of umbilical hernias were included...
December 2014: Journal of Surgical Research
Qiang Lu, Shu-Qin Xie, Si-Yuan Chen, Li-Ju Chen, Qian Qin
BACKGROUND: Although the procedure requires a small surgical incision and a short duration, incision infection rate is very low in thyroidectomy; however, doctors still have misgivings about infection events. AIM: We retrospectively analyzed the prevention of incision infection without perioperative use of antibacterial medications following thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1166 patients of thyroidectomy were not administered perioperative antibiotics...
2014: BioMed Research International
Takero Mazaki, Kazunari Mado, Hideki Masuda, Motomi Shiono, Noahiro Tochikura, Morio Kaburagi
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of surgical-site infection (SSI) after open tension-free inguinal hernia repair remains controversial. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Patients who underwent elective open mesh-plug hernia repair were eligible for randomization. In the antibiotic prophylaxis group, 1.0 g cefazolin was intravenously administrated 30 minutes before the incision. In the placebo group, an equal volume of sterile saline was administered...
April 2014: American Journal of Surgery
Qian Qin, Hong Li, Li-Bin Wang, Ai-Hui Li, Li-Ju Chen, Qiang Lu
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the outcome of thyroidectomy without the use of prophylactic antibiotics. This study was held from January 2005 to May 2012 in a teaching hospital in Dongguan, China. METHODS: A total of 1,030 thyroidectomy patients were retrospectively reviewed and basic data were recorded, including age, sex, peri-operative antibiotic use, type of thyroid surgery done, and post-operative complications. Either an open approach or an endoscopic approach was performed according to the doctor's or patient's preference following a strict aseptic technique...
April 2014: World Journal of Surgery
O Ioannidis, G Paraskevas, I Varnalidis, M Ntoumpara, L Tsigkriki, S Gatzos, Sg Malakozis, D Papapostolou, A Papadopoulou, A Makrantonakis, N Makrantonakis
BACKGROUND: Mesh repair of the anterior abdominal wall hernias is a popular technique and commonly accepted among the majority of surgeons. The technique used most frequently today is the free tension technique. It is uncertain whether antibiotic prophylaxis is necessary to prevent post operative wound infection, especially when a foreign body like a polypropylene mesh is used. METHODS: We have studied retrospectively the patients who received surgical treatment in our department for anterior abdominal wall hernia during the period of January 1995 -December 2004...
November 2013: Chirurgia
Jingwen Wang, Gang Ji, Zhifu Yang, Miaomiao Xi, Yin Wu, Peixi Zhao, Lei Wang, Wenhan Yu, Aidong Wen
OBJECTIVE: Infection is one of possible complications after prosthetic material hernia repair surgery. Antibiotic prophylaxis is applied routinely in China, but its effect is still controversial. The present study aims to offer direct clinical evidence on prevention of infection after tension-free inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: A total of 1,200 cases with primary inguinal hernia treated in 6 hospitals in Shaanxi Province were enrolled in this study. They were randomly divided into three groups (n = 400 per group): placebo control group, Cefazolin group and Levofloxacin group after tensionfree inguinal hernia repair using polypropylene mesh...
December 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Takero Mazaki, Kazunari Mado, Hideki Masuda, Motomi Shiono
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) after open tension-free hernia repair remains controversial. In light of additional data, the aim of this study was to determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis reduces SSI after hernia repair. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic prophylaxis and the subsequent incidence of SSI after inguinal or femoral hernia repair...
November 2013: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
F Yanni, P Mekhail, G Morris-Stiff
INTRODUCTION: It has been demonstrated previously that the identification of bactibilia during cholecystectomy is associated with the presence of one or more risk factors: acute cholecystitis, common duct stones, emergency surgery, intraoperative findings and age >70 years. Current evidence-based guidance on antibiotic prophylaxis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is based on elective procedures and does not take into account these factors. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a selective antibiotic prophylaxis policy limited to high risk patients undergoing LC with the development of port site infections as the primary endpoint...
July 2013: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
A M Aiken, J B Haddow, N R A Symons, S Kaptanis, A C Katz-Summercorn, D Debnath, H Dent, S Tayeh, V Kung, S Clark, J Gahir, S Dindyal, S Farag, A Lazaridis, C P Bretherton, S Williams, A Currie, H West, J Davies, S Arora, A Kheraj, B M Stubbs, N Yassin, S Mallappa, G Garrett, S Hislop, A Bhangu, Y Abbey, I Al-Shoek, U Ahmad, G Sharp, A Memarzadeh, A Patel, F Ali, H Kaderbhai, C H Knowles
PURPOSE: Evidence regarding whether or not antibiotic prophylaxis is beneficial in preventing post-operative surgical site infection in adult inguinal hernia repair is conflicting. A recent Cochrane review based on 17 randomised trials did not reach a conclusion on this subject. This study aimed to describe the current practice and determine whether clinical equipoise is prevalent. METHODS: Surgeons in training were recruited to administer the Survey of Hernia Antibiotic Prophylaxis usE survey to consultant-level general surgeons in London and the south-east of England on their practices and beliefs regarding antibiotic prophylaxis in adult elective inguinal hernia repair...
October 2013: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
J Kpolugbo, O Uhumwangho, G Obasikene, U Alili
BACKGROUND: Edo North, which is a known goiter belt in Nigeria, is within the catchment area of this hospital. Although thyroid disease is prevalent in the communities, the fear and cost of surgery have been limiting factors for sufferers who should otherwise seek expert care. AIM: To review all thyroid surgeries at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, to determine pathological diagnosis of goiters, and to evaluate the outcome and necessity or otherwise of antibiotic therapy and routine cross-matching of blood...
October 2012: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ivan Gentile, Lodovico Rosato, Nicola Avenia, Mario Testini, Michele D'Ajello, Antonio Antonino, Maurizio De Palma
Thyroid surgery is a clean procedure and therefore antibiotic prophylaxis is not routinely recommended by most international guidelines. However, antibiotics are often used in clinical practice. We enrolled 2926 patients who performed a thyroid surgical operation between the years 2009 and 2011 in the 38 centers of endocrine surgery that joined the UEC--Italian Endocrine Surgery Units Association. Antibiotic prophylaxis was used in 1132 interventions (38.7%). In case of antibiotic prophylaxis, cephalosporins or aminopenicillins ± beta lactamase inhibitors were employed...
January 2014: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ahmed Mohamed Abdelaziz Hassan, Magid Mahmoud Nasr, Hosam Eldien Hamdy, Mohamed Abbas, Mohammed Saied Hedaya, Magdy Mohamed Elsebae
This prospective study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of single-dose Ceftazidime as a prophylactic antibiotic to prevent surgical site infections in low-risk patients undergoing LC. Two hundred patients included in the study were randomly divided into two groups (100 each): G1: patients received intravenous Ceftazidime within 60 minutes prior to surgery and G2: received intravenous placebo (10 ml isotonic sodium chloride 0.9% solution). All patients were invited for examination 10, 20 and 30 days post-operatively and any post-operative complications were recorded and managed...
April 2012: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Yuan Yin, Turun Song, Banghua Liao, Qian Luo, Zongguang Zhou
The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in hernia repair is still under debate. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing open mesh repair of inguinal hernia with respect to incidence of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). A literature search was conducted in databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and meta-analysis were conducted according to the recommendations by Cochrane collaboration...
March 2012: American Surgeon
Francisco Javier Sanchez-Manuel, Javier Lozano-García, Juan Luis Seco-Gil
BACKGROUND: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis for hernia repair is currently a controversial issue given the disparity among study results in this area. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to clarify the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in reducing postoperative wound infection rates in elective open inguinal hernia repair. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group specialized register, by crossing the terms herni* and inguinal or groin and the terms antimicr* or antibiot* , as free text and MeSH terms...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
2015-08-28 14:18:35
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