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EM Ultrasound

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34 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Terren Trott terren.trott@gmail.com
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693280/emergency-department-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-out-of-hospital-and-in-ed-cardiac-arrest
#1
Romolo Gaspari, Anthony Weekes, Srikar Adhikari, Vicki E Noble, Jason T Nomura, Daniel Theodoro, Michael Woo, Paul Atkinson, David Blehar, Samuel M Brown, Terrell Caffery, Emily Douglass, Jacqueline Fraser, Christine Haines, Samuel Lam, Michael Lanspa, Margaret Lewis, Otto Liebmann, Alexander Limkakeng, Fernando Lopez, Elke Platz, Michelle Mendoza, Hal Minnigan, Christopher Moore, Joseph Novik, Louise Rang, Will Scruggs, Christopher Raio
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound has been suggested to improve outcomes from advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), but no large studies have explored how it should be incorporated into ACLS. Our aim was to determine whether cardiac activity on ultrasound during ACLS is associated with improved survival. METHODS: We conducted a non-randomized, prospective, protocol-driven observational study at 20 hospitals across United States and Canada. Patients presenting with out-of-hospital arrest or in-ED arrest with pulseless electrical activity or asystole were included...
December 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16032611/does-the-presence-or-absence-of-sonographically-identified-cardiac-activity-predict-resuscitation-outcomes-of-cardiac-arrest-patients
#2
MULTICENTER STUDY
Philip Salen, Larry Melniker, Carolyn Chooljian, John S Rose, Janet Alteveer, James Reed, Michael Heller
This study evaluated the ability of cardiac sonography performed by emergency physicians to predict resuscitation outcomes of cardiac arrest patients. A convenience sample of cardiac arrest patients prospectively underwent bedside cardiac sonography at 4 emergency medicine residency-affiliated EDs as part of the Sonography Outcomes Assessment Program. Cardiac arrest patients in pulseless electrical activity (PEA) and asystole underwent transthoracic cardiac ultrasound B-mode examinations during their resuscitations to assess for the presence or absence of cardiac kinetic activity...
July 2005: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793505/emergency-physician-performed-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-in-the-evaluation-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#3
James Daley, John Grotberg, Joseph Pare, Amanda Medoro, Rachel Liu, Michael Kennedy Hall, Andrew Taylor, Christopher L Moore
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to describe the diagnostic characteristics tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) for pulmonary embolism (PE) and to optimize the measurement cutoff of TAPSE for the diagnosis of PE. Secondary objectives included assessment of interrater reliability and the quantitative visual estimation of TAPSE. METHODS: This is a prospective observational cohort study involving a convenience sample of patients at an urban academic emergency department...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592289/echocardiography-as-a-guide-for-fluid-management
#4
REVIEW
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis, Julien Maizel, Michel Slama
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients at risk for organ failure, the administration of intravenous fluids has equal chances of resulting in benefit or harm. While the intent of intravenous fluid is to increase cardiac output and oxygen delivery, unwelcome results in those patients who do not increase their cardiac output are tissue edema, hypoxemia, and excess mortality. Here we briefly review bedside methods to assess fluid responsiveness, focusing upon the strengths and pitfalls of echocardiography in spontaneously breathing mechanically ventilated patients as a means to guide fluid management...
September 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543137/echocardiography-in-shock-management
#5
REVIEW
Anthony S McLean
Echocardiography is pivotal in the diagnosis and management of the shocked patient. Important characteristics in the setting of shock are that it is non-invasive and can be rapidly applied.In the acute situation a basic study often yields immediate results allowing for the initiation of therapy, while a follow-up advanced study brings the advantage of further refining the diagnosis and providing an in-depth hemodynamic assessment. Competency in basic critical care echocardiography is now regarded as a mandatory part of critical care training with clear guidelines available...
August 20, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306263/high-sensitivity-troponin-and-right-ventricular-function-in-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#6
Gustavo Daquarti, Nicolás March Vecchio, Cecilia Soledad Mitrione, Juan Furmento, María Clara Ametrano, María Paz Dominguez Pace, Juan Pablo Costabel
INTRODUCTION: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has proved to be an important predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is one of the parameters that have been validated as predictor of outcomes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance (sensitivity and specificity) of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) to predict RV dysfunction defined as TAPSE <16 mm. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis of 40 patients prospectively included...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24412192/prognostic-value-of-echocardiography-in-normotensive-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#7
Piotr Pruszczyk, Sylwia Goliszek, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Maciej Kostrubiec, Michał Ciurzyński, Katarzyna Kurnicka, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch, Piotr Palczewski, Anna Wyzgal
OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of echocardiographic indices of right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) for prediction of pulmonary embolism-related 30-day mortality or need for rescue thrombolysis in initially normotensive patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). BACKGROUND: There is no generally accepted echocardiographic definition of RVD used for prognosis in APE. METHODS: We studied the prognostic value of a set of echocardiographic parameters in 411 consecutive patients (234 women, age 64 ± 18 years) with APE hemodynamically stable at admission...
June 2014: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174371/can-ocular-ultrasonography-be-used-to-assess%C3%A2-intracranial%C3%A2-pressure
#8
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, John Bailitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25176151/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-dyspnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Al Deeb, Skye Barbic, Robin Featherstone, Jerrald Dankoff, David Barbic
OBJECTIVES: Acute dyspnea is a common presenting complaint to the emergency department (ED), and point-of-care (POC) lung ultrasound (US) has shown promise as a diagnostic tool in this setting. The primary objective of this systematic review was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of US using B-lines in diagnosing acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE) in patients presenting to the ED with acute dyspnea. METHODS: A systematic review protocol adhering to Cochrane Handbook guidelines was created to guide the search and analysis, and we searched the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
August 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20138397/a-prospective-evaluation-of-emergency-department-bedside-ultrasonography-for-the-detection-of-acute-cholecystitis
#10
Shane M Summers, William Scruggs, Michael D Menchine, Shadi Lahham, Craig Anderson, Omar Amr, Shahram Lotfipour, Seric S Cusick, J Christian Fox
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess the diagnostic accuracy of emergency physician-performed bedside ultrasonography and radiology ultrasonography for the detection of cholecystitis, as determined by surgical pathology. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study on a convenience sample of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with suspected cholecystitis from May 2006 to February 2008. Bedside gallbladder ultrasonography was performed by emergency medicine residents and attending physicians at an academic institution...
August 2010: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944107/bedside-sonographic-measurement-of-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-as-a-predictor-of-intracranial-pressure-in-ed
#11
Erdal Komut, Nalan Kozacı, Bedriye Müge Sönmez, Fevzi Yılmaz, Seval Komut, Zeliha Nilgün Yıldırım, İnan Beydilli, Cihat Yel
BACKGROUND: Ocular ultrasonography of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) to determine intracranial pressure (ICP) has become favorable in recent years. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of ONSD measurement in determining the ICP increase due to nontraumatic events in the emergency department. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with suspected nontraumatic intracranial event were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were divided equally into 2 groups including 50 patients as group I with pathology on cranial computed tomography (CT) and group II with normal cranial CT...
June 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910112/diagnosing-acute-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer L Martindale, Abel Wakai, Sean P Collins, Phillip D Levy, Deborah Diercks, Brian C Hiestand, Gregory J Fermann, Ian deSouza, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is one of the most common diagnoses assigned to emergency department (ED) patients who are hospitalized. Despite its high prevalence in the emergency setting, the diagnosis of AHF in ED patients with undifferentiated dyspnea can be challenging. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the operating characteristics of diagnostic elements available to the emergency physician for diagnosing AHF...
March 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20800865/fast-scan-is-it-worth-doing-in-hemodynamically-stable-blunt-trauma-patients
#13
Bala Natarajan, Prateek K Gupta, Samuel Cemaj, Megan Sorensen, Georgios I Hatzoudis, Robert Armour Forse
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, focused assessment with sonography for trauma increasingly has become the initial diagnostic modality of choice in trauma patients. It is still questionable, however, whether its use results in the underdiagnosis of intra-abdominal injury. It also remains doubtful whether a positive focused assessment with sonography for trauma affects clinical decision making in hemodynamically stable blunt trauma patients as evidenced through abdominal computerized tomography use...
October 2010: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26258320/fast-ultrasound-examination-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-after-resuscitative-thoracotomy-a-prospective-evaluation
#14
Kenji Inaba, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Scott Zakaluzny, Stuart Swadron, Thomas Mailhot, Dina Seif, Pedro Teixeira, Emre Sivrikoz, Crystal Ives, Galinos Barmparas, Nikolaos Koronakis, Demetrios Demetriades
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the ability of Focused Assessment Using Sonography for Trauma (FAST) to discriminate between survivors and nonsurvivors undergoing resuscitative thoracotomy (RT). BACKGROUND: RT is a high-risk, low-salvage procedure performed in arresting trauma patients with poorly defined indications. METHODS: Patients undergoing RT from 10/2010 to 05/2014 were prospectively enrolled. A FAST examination including parasternal/subxiphoid cardiac views was performed before or concurrent with RT...
September 2015: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26575653/bedside-ultrasound-reduces-diagnostic-uncertainty-and-guides-resuscitation-in-patients-with-undifferentiated-hypotension
#15
Hamid Shokoohi, Keith S Boniface, Ali Pourmand, Yiju T Liu, Danielle L Davison, Katrina D Hawkins, Rasha E Buhumaid, Mohammad Salimian, Kabir Yadav
OBJECTIVES: Utilization of ultrasound in the evaluation of patients with undifferentiated hypotension has been proposed in several protocols. We sought to assess the impact of an ultrasound hypotension protocol on physicians' diagnostic certainty, diagnostic ability, and treatment and resource utilization. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency department in a single, academic tertiary care hospital. SUBJECTS: A convenience sample of patients with a systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg after an initial fluid resuscitation, who lacked an obvious source of hypotension...
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20864215/compression-ultrasonography-of-the-lower-extremity-with-portable-vascular-ultrasonography-can-accurately-detect-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Jonathan G Crisp, Luis M Lovato, Timothy B Jang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Compression ultrasonography of the lower extremity is an established method of detecting proximal lower extremity deep venous thrombosis when performed by a certified operator in a vascular laboratory. Our objective is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of bedside 2-point compression ultrasonography performed in the emergency department (ED) with portable vascular ultrasonography for the detection of proximal lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. We did this by directly comparing emergency physician-performed ultrasonography to lower extremity duplex ultrasonography performed by the Department of Radiology...
December 2010: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22078967/the-effect-of-vessel-depth-diameter-and-location-on-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-longevity
#17
J Matthew Fields, Anthony J Dean, Raleigh W Todman, Arthur K Au, Kenton L Anderson, Bon S Ku, Jesse M Pines, Nova L Panebianco
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous catheters (USGPIVs) have been observed to have poor durability. The current study sets out to determine whether vessel characteristics (depth, diameter, and location) predict USGPIV longevity. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed on a prospectively gathered database of patients who underwent USGPIV placement in an urban, tertiary care emergency department. All patients in the database had a 20-gauge, 48-mm-long catheter placed under ultrasound guidance...
September 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23133747/bedside-ultrasound-in-resuscitation-and-the-rapid-ultrasound-in-shock-protocol
#18
Dina Seif, Phillips Perera, Thomas Mailhot, David Riley, Diku Mandavia
Assessment of hemodynamic status in a shock state remains a challenging issue in Emergency Medicine and Critical Care. As the use of invasive hemodynamic monitoring declines, bedside-focused ultrasound has become a valuable tool in the evaluation and management of patients in shock. No longer a means to simply evaluate organ anatomy, ultrasound has expanded to become a rapid and noninvasive method for the assessment of patient physiology. Clinicians caring for critical patients should strongly consider integrating ultrasound into their resuscitation pathways...
2012: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1590612/emergency-department-echocardiography-improves-outcome-in-penetrating-cardiac-injury
#19
D Plummer, D Brunette, R Asinger, E Ruiz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of immediate two-dimensional echocardiography on the time to diagnosis, survival rate, and neurologic outcome of patients with penetrating cardiac injury. DESIGN: A ten-year retrospective review. SETTING: Regional trauma center serving a population base of 1.25 million with 85,000 visits yearly. TYPE OF PARTICIPANTS: All patients presenting to the emergency department with penetrating cardiac injury...
June 1992: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21684668/tracheal-rapid-ultrasound-exam-t-r-u-e-for-confirming-endotracheal-tube-placement-during-emergency-intubation
#20
Hao-Chang Chou, Wen-Pin Tseng, Chih-Hung Wang, Matthew Huei-Ming Ma, Hsiu-Po Wang, Pei-Chuan Huang, Shyh-Shyong Sim, Yen-Chen Liao, Shey-Yin Chen, Chiung-Yuan Hsu, Zui-Shen Yen, Wei-Tien Chang, Chien-Hua Huang, Wan-Ching Lien, Shyr-Chyr Chen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and timeliness of using tracheal ultrasound to examine endotracheal tube placement during emergency intubation. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study, conducted at the emergency department of a national university teaching hospital. Patients received emergency intubation because of impending respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, or severe trauma. The tracheal rapid ultrasound exam (T.R...
October 2011: Resuscitation
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