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EM Procedures

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By Terren Trott
Janghyuck Moon, Sung Uk Cho, Jin Woong Lee, Seung Ryu, Yong Chul Cho, Won Joon Jeong, Hong Joon Ahn, Ki Hyuk Joo
INTRODUCTION: To reduce the time required for suture closure for central venous catheterization, a new procedure was developed using a continuous suture technique. The present study was conducted to investigate the usefulness of this method. METHOD: The study was conducted with 90 volunteers among the doctors in the university hospital. Preliminary training (using video) on the two fixation methods was given to the participants prior to the experiment. After applying the central vein of the pig skin, a suture up to the butterfly seal was prepared, and the participant was allowed to fix the suture using the classic method and the new method...
July 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Andrew Appelboam, Adam Reuben, Clifford Mann, James Gagg, Paul Ewings, Andrew Barton, Trudie Lobban, Mark Dayer, Jane Vickery, Jonathan Benger
BACKGROUND: The Valsalva manoeuvre is an internationally recommended treatment for supraventricular tachycardia, but cardioversion is rare in practice (5-20%), necessitating the use of other treatments including adenosine, which patients often find unpleasant. We assessed whether a postural modification to the Valsalva manoeuvre could improve its effectiveness. METHODS: We did a randomised controlled, parallel-group trial at emergency departments in England. We randomly allocated adults presenting with supraventricular tachycardia (excluding atrial fibrillation and flutter) in a 1:1 ratio to undergo a modified Valsalva manoeuvre (done semi-recumbent with supine repositioning and passive leg raise immediately after the Valsalva strain), or a standard semi-recumbent Valsalva manoeuvre...
October 31, 2015: Lancet
Alen Protic, Igor Barkovic, Aldo Ivancic, Ozren Kricka, Marta Zuvic-Butorac, Alan Sustic
BACKGROUND: Chest tube malfunction, after the tube thoracostomy, is often the result of an inappropriate chest tube tip position. The aim of this study was to analyse the precision of chest tube placement using the targeted wire guide technique (TWG technique) with curve dilator and to compare it to the classical surgical technique (CS technique). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical study 80 patients with an indication for thoracic drainage, due to pneumothorax or pleural effusion were included...
November 2015: Injury
Won Young Kim, Jong Hun Jun, Jin Won Huh, Sang Bum Hong, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of arterial blood pressure (ABP) monitoring is crucial in treating septic shock patients. Clinically significant differences in central to peripheral ABP could develop into sepsis during vasopressor therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between radial (peripheral) and femoral (central) ABP in septic shock patients receiving high-dose norepinephrine (NE) therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective observational study comparing simultaneous intra-arterial measurements of radial and femoral ABP was performed at a university-affiliated, tertiary referral center between October 2008 and March 2009...
December 2013: Shock
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