Read by QxMD icon Read

EM Airway

shared collection
45 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Terren Trott
Takashi Asai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
Bård E Heradstveit, Kjetil Sunde, Geir-Arne Sunde, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Jon-Kenneth Heltne
BACKGROUND: End tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2)) monitoring during advanced life support (ALS) using capnography, is recommended in the latest international guidelines. However, several factors might complicate capnography interpretation during ALS. How the cause of cardiac arrest, initial rhythm, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and time impact on the ETCO(2) values are not completely clear. Thus, we wanted to explore this in out-of-hospital cardiac arrested (OHCA) patients...
July 2012: Resuscitation
Lars W Andersen, Asger Granfeldt, Clifton W Callaway, Steven M Bradley, Jasmeet Soar, Jerry P Nolan, Tobias Kurth, Michael W Donnino
Importance: Tracheal intubation is common during adult in-hospital cardiac arrest, but little is known about the association between tracheal intubation and survival in this setting. Objective: To determine whether tracheal intubation during adult in-hospital cardiac arrest is associated with survival to hospital discharge. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational cohort study of adult patients who had an in-hospital cardiac arrest from January 2000 through December 2014 included in the Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation registry, a US-based multicenter registry of in-hospital cardiac arrest...
February 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
John C Sakles, G Judson Corn, Patrick Hollinger, Brittany Arcaris, Asad E Patanwala, Jarrod M Mosier
BACKGROUND: The objective was to determine the impact of a soiled airway on firstpass success when using the GlideScope video laryngoscope or the direct laryngoscope for intubation in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all patients intubated in an academic ED from July 1, 2007, to June 30, 2016. Patients ≥ 18 years of age, who underwent rapid sequence intubation by an emergency medicine resident with the GlideScope or the direct laryngoscope, were included in the analysis...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
T M Cook, J P Nolan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Anaesthesia
Eric A Bruder, Ian M Ball, Stacy Ridi, William Pickett, Corinne Hohl
BACKGROUND: The use of etomidate for emergency airway interventions in critically ill patients is very common. In one large registry trial, etomidate was the most commonly used agent for this indication. Etomidate is known to suppress adrenal gland function, but it remains unclear whether or not this adrenal gland dysfunction affects mortality. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess, in populations of critically ill patients, whether a single induction dose of etomidate for emergency airway intervention affects mortality...
January 8, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
T Visvanathan, M T Kluger, R K Webb, R N Westhorpe
BACKGROUND: Laryngospasm is usually easily detected and managed, but may present atypically and/or be precipitated by factors which are not immediately recognised. If poorly managed, it has the potential to cause morbidity and mortality such as severe hypoxaemia, pulmonary aspiration, and post-obstructive pulmonary oedema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of a previously described core algorithm "COVER ABCD-A SWIFT CHECK", supplemented by a specific sub-algorithm for laryngospasm, in the management of laryngospasm occurring in association with anaesthesia...
June 2005: Quality & Safety in Health Care
Steven M Green, Mark G Roback, Baruch Krauss
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess predictors of emergency department (ED) ketamine-associated laryngospasm using case-control techniques. METHODS: We performed a matched case-control analysis of a sample of 8282 ED ketamine sedations (including 22 occurrences of laryngospasm) assembled from 32 prior published series. We sequentially studied the association of each of 7 clinical variables with laryngospasm by assigning 4 controls to each case while matching for the remaining 6 variables...
November 2010: Pediatric Emergency Care
Achir Ahmad Al-alami, Maria Markakis Zestos, Anis Shehata Baraka
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the risk factors associated with laryngospasm and the techniques used for prevention and treatment. We also summarize the prevention and treatment modalities in organized algorithms. RECENT FINDINGS: According to recent endoscopic studies, laryngospasm is always complete, thus airway management and intravenous therapy are indicated. Parental history of children having upper respiratory infection is associated with increased risk of laryngospasm...
June 2009: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Aaron M Burnett, Benjamin J Watters, Kelly W Barringer, Kent R Griffith, Ralph J Frascone
An advanced life support emergency medical services (EMS) unit was dispatched with law enforcement to a report of a male patient with a possible overdose and psychiatric emergency. Police restrained the patient and cleared EMS into the scene. The patient was identified as having excited delirium, and ketamine was administered intramuscularly. Sedation was achieved and the patient was transported to the closest hospital. While in the emergency department, the patient developed laryngospasm and hypoxia. The airway obstruction was overcome with bag-valve-mask ventilation...
July 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
Franz E Babl, Joanne Grindlay, Michael Joseph Barrett
Nitrous oxide and oxygen mixture has become increasingly popular for the procedural sedation and analgesia of children in the emergency department. In general, nitrous oxide is regarded as a very safe agent according to large case series. We report a case of single-agent nitrous oxide sedation of a child, complicated by laryngospasm and radiographically confirmed bilateral upper lobe pulmonary opacities. Although rarely reported with parenteral sedative agents, laryngospasm and apparent aspiration has not been previously reported in isolated nitrous oxide sedation...
November 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Peter J Zed, Riyad B Abu-Laban, David W Harrison
OBJECTIVES: To describe and analyze the intubating conditions and hemodynamic effects of etomidate in patients undergoing rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the emergency department. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective observational study of all patients who received etomidate for induction of RSI over a 42-month period in a large tertiary care teaching hospital. Intubating conditions were determined by the emergency physician for both sedation and paralysis and for technical difficulty using a five-point Likert scale...
April 2006: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
C Morris, A Perris, J Klein, P Mahoney
In rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia in the emergency setting in shocked or hypotensive patients (e.g. ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, polytrauma or septic shock), prior resuscitation is often suboptimal and comorbidities (particularly cardiovascular) may be extensive. The induction agents with the most favourable pharmacological properties conferring haemodynamic stability appear to be ketamine and etomidate. However, etomidate has been withdrawn from use in some countries and impairs steroidogenesis...
May 2009: Anaesthesia
Alan C Heffner, Douglas Swords, Jeffrey A Kline, Alan E Jones
OBJECTIVE: Arterial hypotension is a recognized complication of emergency intubation, but the consequence of this event is poorly described. Our aim was to identify the incidence of postintubation hypotension (PIH) after emergency intubation and to determine its association with inhospital mortality. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of tracheal intubations performed in a large, urban emergency department over a 1-year period. Patients were included if they were older than 17 years and had no systolic blood pressure measurements less than 90 mm Hg for 30 consecutive minutes before intubation...
August 2012: Journal of Critical Care
Donald E G Griesdale
Etomidate is an intravenous induction agent that is associated with hemodynamic stability during intubation. The agent is therefore attractive for use in critically ill patients who have a high risk of hemodynamic instability during this procedure. However, etomidate causes adrenal suppression, which itself has been associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. The ongoing debate surrounding use of etomidate is thus centered on the immediate favorable hemodynamic profile versus the long-term risks of adrenal insufficiency, particularly in patients who have severe sepsis or septic shock...
December 27, 2012: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Asad E Patanwala, Brian L Erstad, Denise J Roe, John C Sakles
OBJECTIVE: To compare succinylcholine and rocuronium regarding mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who are intubated in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in an academic ED in the United States. Adult patients with TBI who underwent rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the ED with rocuronium or succinylcholine between October 2010 and October 2014 were included. The main outcome of interest was in-hospital mortality...
January 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Mohammad El-Orbany, Lois A Connolly
The changing opinion regarding some of the traditional components of rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSII) creates wide practice variations that impede attempts to establish a standard RSII protocol. There is controversy regarding the choice of induction drug, the dose, and the method of administration. Whereas some prefer the traditional rapid injection of a predetermined dose, others use the titration to loss of consciousness technique. The timing of neuromuscular blocking drug (NMBD) administration is different in both techniques...
May 1, 2010: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Patricia Jabre, Xavier Combes, Frederic Lapostolle, Mohamed Dhaouadi, Agnes Ricard-Hibon, Benoit Vivien, Lionel Bertrand, Alexandra Beltramini, Pascale Gamand, Stephane Albizzati, Deborah Perdrizet, Gaelle Lebail, Charlotte Chollet-Xemard, Virginie Maxime, Christian Brun-Buisson, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Pierre-Edouard Bollaert, Bruno Megarbane, Jean-Damien Ricard, Nadia Anguel, Eric Vicaut, Frederic Adnet
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients often require emergency intubation. The use of etomidate as the sedative agent in this context has been challenged because it might cause a reversible adrenal insufficiency, potentially associated with increased in-hospital morbidity. We compared early and 28-day morbidity after a single dose of etomidate or ketamine used for emergency endotracheal intubation of critically ill patients. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, single-blind trial, 655 patients who needed sedation for emergency intubation were prospectively enrolled from 12 emergency medical services or emergency departments and 65 intensive care units in France...
July 25, 2009: Lancet
Joseph E Tonna, Peter M C DeBlieux
BACKGROUND: Many emergency physicians gain familiarity with the laryngeal anatomy only during the brief view achieved during rapid sequence induction and intubation. Awake laryngoscopy in the emergency department (ED) is an important and clinically underutilized procedure. DISCUSSION: Providing benefit to the emergency physician through a slow, controlled, and deliberate examination of the airway, awake laryngoscopy facilitates confidence in the high-risk airway and eases the evolution to intubation, should it be required...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Cameron P Upchurch, Carlos G Grijalva, Stephan Russ, Sean P Collins, Matthew W Semler, Todd W Rice, Dandan Liu, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Kevin High, Tyler W Barrett, Candace D McNaughton, Wesley H Self
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Induction doses of etomidate during rapid sequence intubation cause transient adrenal dysfunction, but its clinical significance on trauma patients is uncertain. Ketamine has emerged as an alternative for rapid sequence intubation induction. Among adult trauma patients intubated in the emergency department, we compare clinical outcomes among those induced with etomidate and ketamine. METHODS: The study entailed a retrospective evaluation of a 4-year (January 2011 to December 2014) period spanning an institutional protocol switch from etomidate to ketamine as the standard induction agent for adult trauma patients undergoing rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department of an academic Level I trauma center...
January 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
2016-12-27 19:26:25
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"