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Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE): ParuchMD

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45 papers 25 to 100 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Birgit Kleim, Julia Wysokowsky, Nuria Schmid, Erich Seifritz, Björn Rasch
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate sleep's effect in the immediate aftermath of experiencing an analog trauma in the laboratory on reducing intrusive emotional memory formation. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy women were exposed to an experimental laboratory trauma. They viewed a neutral and a trauma film in the laboratory and were randomly allocated to either a group that slept following film viewing or a group that remained awake. Sleep was recorded with electroencephalogram in a subgroup of participants in the sleep group...
December 1, 2016: Sleep
Andrea Danese, Jessie R Baldwin
Childhood trauma is a key risk factor for psychopathology. However, little is known about how childhood exposure to traumatic stress is translated into biological risk for psychopathology. Observational human studies and experimental animal models suggest that childhood exposure to traumatic stress can trigger an enduring systemic inflammatory response not unlike the bodily response to physical injury. In turn, these hidden wounds of childhood trauma can affect brain development, key behavioral domains (e.g...
August 17, 2016: Annual Review of Psychology
Brian A Lynch, Amenah Agunwamba, Patrick M Wilson, Seema Kumar, Robert M Jacobson, Sean Phelan, Valeria Cristiani, Chun Fan, Lila J Finney Rutten
While exposure to adverse family experiences (AFEs), subset of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), has been associated with childhood obesity, less is known about the impact of exposures to each type of AFE. Using 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health data, we evaluated associations between exposure to individual AFEs and overweight/obesity status in children 10years or older, adjusting for socio-demographic factors. Caregivers reported their child's height, weight, and exposure to nine AFEs; body mass index (BMI) was classified by Center for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) guidelines...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
Hanne Klæboe Greger, Arne Kristian Myhre, Stian Lydersen, Thomas Jozefiak
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is an important risk factor for mental and physical health problems. Adolescents living in residential youth care (RYC) have experienced a high rate of childhood maltreatment and are a high-risk group for psychiatric disorders. Quality of life (QoL) is a subjective, multidimensional concept that goes beyond medical diagnoses. There is a lack of research regarding the associations between childhood maltreatment and QoL. In the present study, we compare self-reported QoL between adolescents in RYC in Norway with and without maltreatment histories, and adolescents from the general population...
May 10, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Monica Beltran, Abena Nyamekye Brown-Elhillali, April Rose Held, Patrice Carlotta Ryce, Mirian Ebere Ofonedu, Daniel William Hoover, Kaitlin Mary Ensor, Harolyn Millicent Edith Belcher
BACKGROUND: Children who experience abuse and neglect and are exposed to adverse life events are at risk of developing emotional and behavioral problems. They may display variable internalizing and externalizing symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and aggression. Yoga may be able to regulate body-brain pathways that cause stress following traumatic experiences, thereby reducing adverse mental and physical sequelae. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this preliminary study is to examine changes in functioning following meetings of a yoga-based psychotherapy group (YBPG) for boys with a history of interpersonal trauma exposure...
January 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Kirsti Akkermann, Kadri Kaasik, Evelyn Kiive, Niklas Nordquist, Lars Oreland, Jaanus Harro
Adverse life events have been shown to predict weight fluctuations and dietary restraint, as well as eating disorders during adolescence or early adulthood. Since the s-allele carriers of the 5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) are biologically more reactive to stress related stimuli, we aimed to explore whether the eating disturbances are predicted by environmental stressors and moderated by the 5-HTTLPR genotype. The sample was based on the younger cohort of the Estonian Children Personality, Behaviour and Health Study and included those participating in its second and third wave...
January 2012: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Hilary Lapsley, Alison Pattie, John M Starr, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: This research report presents findings on 'start in life' from a qualitative study of 90-year-olds from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921. The study aimed to contextualise the LBC1921 cohort in time and place, describe cohort members' experiences of family and schooling and stimulate further inquiry into the relationships between 'start in life' and risk and resilience factors relating to longevity and healthy ageing. Scottish education and family life in the early 1930s are briefly described...
April 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Xavier Benarous, Marie Raffin, Nicolas Bodeau, Dirk Dhossche, David Cohen, Angèle Consoli
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and the clinical correlates of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among 158 inpatient youths with two types of severe psychiatric disorders. ACEs were retrospectively collected with the ACEs scale and the List of Threatening Experiences Questionnaire in 77 patients hospitalized for a catatonic syndrome (average age 15.2 years) and 81 for a manic or mixed episode (average age 15.7 years). ACEs were frequent in youths suffering from bipolar disorder type I (BD-I) (58 %) and from catatonia (57 %), with around one quarter exposed to severe abuse (i...
March 22, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Yok-Fong Paat, Christine Markham
Using data from the International Dating Violence Study, this study examined the roles of early socialization, family social structure, and relationship dynamics factors on physical aggression in dating among U.S. college students in emerging adulthood. The interaction effects between these three domains of interest (early socialization, family social structure, and relationship dynamics) were explored to understand the underlying mechanisms that influenced victimization and perpetration in dating. In general, we found that family and relational variables associated with dating victimization and perpetration were fairly similar...
March 27, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Zuzana Kasanova, Dennis Hernaus, Thomas Vaessen, Thérèse van Amelsvoort, Oliver Winz, Alexander Heinzel, Jens Pruessner, Felix M Mottaghy, Dina Collip, Inez Myin-Germeys
Early life stress may have a lasting impact on the developmental programming of the dopamine (DA) system implicated in psychosis. Early adversity could promote resilience by calibrating the prefrontal stress-regulatory dopaminergic neurotransmission to improve the individual's fit with the predicted stressful environment. Aberrant reactivity to such match between proximal and distal environments may, however, enhance psychosis disease risk. We explored the combined effects of childhood adversity and adult stress by exposing 12 unmedicated individuals with a diagnosis of non-affective psychotic disorder (NAPD) and 12 healthy controls (HC) to psychosocial stress during an [18F]fallypride positron emission tomography...
2016: PloS One
Laura E Miller-Graff, Åsa Källström Cater, Kathryn H Howell, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study was to examine the direct relationship between diverse types of childhood victimization and physical health problems in early adulthood, controlling for other common factors that contribute to physical health problems, including psychopathology and health risk behaviors. The associations between types of victimization (e.g., physical assault) and specific health problems (e.g., pain) were also examined. METHODS: 2500 Swedish young adults reported on their exposure to victimization in childhood and their current mental and physical health as adults...
October 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Ariane Marie-Mitchell, Karen R Studer, Thomas G O'Connor
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the perspectives of low-income, minority primary caregivers to inform the design of pediatric interventions to prevent mental health problems. METHOD: The authors conducted a follow-up study of female primary caretakers of children ages 4-5 years old in an urban northeastern pediatric practice, including 5 mothers of children with low Child Adverse Childhood Experiences (C-ACE) scores and 13 mothers of children with high C-ACE scores...
June 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Galit Ben-Amitay, Nir Kimchi, Leo Wolmer, Paz Toren
Sexual abuse has physiological and emotional implications. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the neurobiological sequels of childhood sexual trauma by monitoring physiological variables among sexually abused girls and women compared to controls. We assessed posttrauma and traumatic life events of 35 females sexually abused in their childhood (age range 7-51 years) and 25 control females (age range 7-54 years). Electroencephalography, frontalis electromyography, electrodermal activity, and heart rate parameters were recorded while watching sets of pictures representing neutral and trauma-suggestive stimuli...
2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Nancy L Sin, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Anthony D Ong, David M Almeida
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation increases the risk of chronic diseases, but the links between emotional responses to daily events and inflammation are unknown. We examined individual differences in affective reactivity to daily stressors (i.e., changes in positive and negative affect in response to stressors) as predictors of inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 872 adults from the National Study of Daily Experiences (substudy of Midlife in the United States II) reported daily stressors and affect during telephone interviews for 8 days...
December 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Manuela Caslini, Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the association between distinct types of child abuse--sexual (CSA), physical (CPA), and emotional (CEA)--and different eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched through January 2014. Studies reporting rates of CSA, CPA, and CEA in people with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED), as compared with individuals without EDs, were included...
January 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Lewina O Lee, Carolyn M Aldwin, Laura D Kubzansky, Edith Chen, Daniel K Mroczek, Joyce M Wang, Avron Spiro
Although early adversity has been linked to worse mental and physical health in adulthood, few studies have investigated the pathways through which positive and negative dimensions of early experiences can jointly influence psychological well-being in later life. This study examined: (a) profiles of early experiences across multiple domains, (b) the relations of these profiles to hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in later life, and (c) whether midlife social support mediated these relations. We first conducted latent class analysis of early experiences using data from 1,076 men in the VA Normative Aging Study who completed the Childhood Experiences Scale (age: M = 69, SD = 7)...
December 2015: Psychology and Aging
L Alameda, C Ferrari, P S Baumann, M Gholam-Rezaee, K Q Do, P Conus
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests a relationship between exposure to trauma during childhood and functional impairments in psychotic patients. However, the impact of age at the time of exposure has been understudied in early psychosis (EP) patients. METHOD: Two hundred and twenty-five patients aged 18-35 years were assessed at baseline and after 2, 6, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months of treatment. Patients exposed to sexual and/or physical abuse (SPA) were classified according to age at the time of first exposure (Early SPA: before age 11 years; Late SPA: between ages 12 and 15 years) and then compared to patients who were not exposed to such trauma (Non-SPA)...
October 2015: Psychological Medicine
Jia Jia Liu, Fenglan Lou, Catharina Lavebratt, Yvonne Forsell
BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) plays a role in social behavior, through receptor AVPR1A. The promoter polymorphism AVPR1A RS3 has been associated with human social behaviors, and with acute response to stress. Here, the relationships between AVPR1A RS3, early-life stressors, and social interaction in adulthood were explored. METHODS: Adult individuals from a Swedish population-based cohort (n = 1871) were assessed for self-reported availability of social integration and social attachment and for experience of childhood adversities...
2015: PloS One
A M Lomanowska, M Boivin, C Hertzman, A S Fleming
The developing brains of young children are highly sensitive to input from their social environment. Nurturing social experience during this time promotes the acquisition of social and cognitive skills and emotional competencies. However, many young children are confronted with obstacles to healthy development, including poverty, inappropriate care, and violence, and their enhanced sensitivity to the social environment means that they are highly susceptible to these adverse childhood experiences. One source of social adversity in early life can stem from parenting that is harsh, inconsistent, non-sensitive or hostile...
February 7, 2017: Neuroscience
Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Melissa T Merrick
Understanding the link between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and sexual victimization (SV) in adulthood may provide important information about the level of risk for adult SV and sexual re-victimization among childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors. In the present paper, we explore the relationship between ACEs, including CSA, and SV in adulthood. Data from the CDC-Kaiser ACE Study were used to examine the effect of experiences of early adversity on adult SV. Adult HMO members (n=7,272) undergoing a routine health exam provided detailed information about ACEs that occurred at age 18 or younger and their experiences of SV in adulthood...
January 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
2015-09-26 15:37:41
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