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Tom Fivez, Dorian Kerklaan, Dieter Mesotten, Sascha Verbruggen, Pieter J Wouters, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Yves Debaveye, Dirk Vlasselaers, Lars Desmet, Michael P Casaer, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Jan Hanot, Ari Joffe, Dick Tibboel, Koen Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have questioned the benefit of early parenteral nutrition in adults. The effect of early parenteral nutrition on clinical outcomes in critically ill children is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving 1440 critically ill children to investigate whether withholding parenteral nutrition for 1 week (i.e., providing late parenteral nutrition) in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) is clinically superior to providing early parenteral nutrition...
March 24, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Alice Walz, Veena Goel, Juliann Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Pediatrics in Review
Rie Olsen, Gorm Greisen, Morten Schrøder, Jesper Brok
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a major morbidity and cause of mortality in preterm neonates. Probiotics seem to have a beneficial role in preventing NEC, which is confirmed in meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We therefore aimed to review and confirm the efficacy of probiotics in preterm neonates obtained in observational studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of prophylactic probiotics in preterm infants. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed searching PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library) and www...
2016: Neonatology
Mohammed Abdul Moety Al-Biltagi, Ahmed Abd ElBasset Abo-Elezz, Maher Ahmed Abd-Elhafez, Maaly Mohamed Mabrouk, Ghada Abudelmomen Suliman
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the benefits of supplementing enteral feeding with omega-3 fatty acids in children with mild to moderate sepsis and its effects on acute-phase reactants and interleukin 6 (IL-6) level. METHODS: The study was a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study from January 2012 to June 2014, which included 2 groups of children with mild to moderate sepsis tolerating enteral feeding. Group A included 60 children supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids, whereas group B included 60 children who received enteral feeding without omega-3 supplementation...
December 23, 2015: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Michela Vergine, Roberto Copetti, Giacomo Brusa, Luigi Cattarossi
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising technique for the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory diseases. Preliminary data has shown a good sensitivity and specificity of LUS in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, and negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of LUS for RDS and TTN, using an external reader blinded to the clinical condition...
2014: Neonatology
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