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Eustachian Tube Dysfunction

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54 papers 100 to 500 followers
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmad Abdel-Fattah Nofal, Alaa Omar Khazbak, Ahmad Ebrahim El Sayed, Mohammad Ramadan Hassan
Introduction Otitis media with effusion (OME) continues to be an important pediatric clinical problem, and more studies are needed to decide the proper treatment for it. Objective To assess the efficacy of nasal steroids in the management of OME by comparing its results with that of oral steroid and that of nasal saline spray as placebo. Methods This study was carried on 60 patients with OME who were divided into three groups: in group 1, 20 patients received mometasone furoate spray, one puff in each nostril daily, for 3 months; in group 2, 20 patients received oral prednisolone, 5 mg three times per day for the first 3 weeks; in group 3, 20 patients received nasal saline spray, one puff in each nostril daily for 3 months...
October 2015: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Richard J Harvey, John C Goddard, Sarah K Wise, Rodney J Schlosser
OBJECTIVE: Assess paranasal sinus distribution of topical solutions following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) using various delivery devices. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental prospective study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten cadaver sinus systems were irrigated with Gastroview before surgery, after ESS, and after medial maxillectomy. Delivery was via pressurized spray (NasaMist), neti pot (NasaFlo), and squeeze bottle (Sinus Rinse). Scans were performed before and after each delivery with a portable CT machine (Xoran xCAT), and blinded assessments were made for distribution to individual sinuses...
July 2008: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Li-Xing Man, Zachary Farhood, Amber Luong, Samer Fakhri, Robert M Feldman, Philip R Orlander, Martin J Citardi
BACKGROUND: Intranasal corticosteroid irrigations, especially budesonide, are used increasingly in the management of chronic rhinosinusitis. In post-endoscopic sinus surgery patients, irrigations may offer improved delivery at higher doses to the paranasal sinuses than intranasal spray preparations. Fluticasone propionate may have higher potency and lower systemic bioavailability than budesonide, but there is little data on its effects as an intranasal irrigation on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis or on ocular findings...
December 2013: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Kai Zhao, John R Craig, Noam A Cohen, Nithin D Adappa, Sammy Khalili, James N Palmer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Topical sinus irrigations play a critical role in the management of sinonasal disease, and the improvement in irrigant penetration into the sinuses postoperatively greatly contributes to the success of endoscopic sinus surgery. Prior investigations on postoperative sinus irrigations have been mostly limited to cadaver studies, which are labor intensive and do not capture the full dynamics of the flows. A pilot study was conducted to investigate the impact of surgery on sinus irrigation through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations...
March 2016: Laryngoscope
Richard J Harvey, Nick Debnath, Aviva Srubiski, Ben Bleier, Rodney J Schlosser
OBJECTIVE: Topical treatment options in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are growing with our increased understanding of the inflammatory process. Additives to irrigation devices have become popular. Additives such as menthol provide little more than sensory feedback. However, glucocorticosteroids and antibiotics represent powerful pharmaceutical agents for which we have little knowledge regarding patient exposure and absorption. There is little data on fluid retained after nasal irrigation...
December 2009: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
P-L Bastier, A Lechot, L Bordenave, M Durand, L de Gabory
Nasal irrigation plays a non-negligible role in the treatment of numerous sinonasal pathologies and postoperative care. There is, however, a wide variety of protocols. The present review of the evidence-based literature sought objective arguments for optimization and efficacy. It emerged that large-volume low-pressure nasal douche optimizes the distribution and cleansing power of the irrigation solution in the nasal cavity. Ionic composition and pH also influence mucociliary clearance and epithelium trophicity...
November 2015: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Shari Van Roeyen, Paul Van de Heyning, Vincent Van Rompaey
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Obstructive eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction is a common condition associated with various otologic symptoms. The current lack of a diagnostic gold standard makes diagnosis and evaluation at follow-up difficult. The aim of the study was to determine the value and discriminative power of the seven-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) in patients with obstructive ET dysfunction and patulous ET. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic test study...
November 2015: Laryngoscope
Edward D McCoul, Vijay K Anand
BACKGROUND: Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is a common condition without an effective, accepted treatment. Balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty (BDET) has been recently proposed for the management of ETD. Previous studies of Eustachian tube function and treatment have not included a validated assessment of patient symptoms. We report for the first time the outcomes of BDET using a validated disease-specific symptom score, the 7-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7)...
May 2012: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Neil S Sachanandani, Jay F Piccirillo, Maggie A Kramper, Stanley E Thawley, Anna Vlahiotis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether nasal administration of budesonide in adults with chronic rhinosinusitis for 30 days suppresses adrenal function and to assess its clinical efficacy. DESIGN: An open-label prospective study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: We assessed adrenal function in 9 patients using the cosyntropin test before and after budesonide therapy. INTERVENTION: Budesonide respule therapy...
March 2009: Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
A Parikh, G K Scadding, Y Darby, R C Baker
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a recalcitrant inflammatory process which has a marked detrimental impact on quality of life. At the present there is no cure for this condition, measures are taken to stop progression, and provide symptomatic relief. Topical corticosteroids are commonly prescribed in the management of CRS, but few trials show effectiveness in clinical settings. We set up a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to study the effectiveness of a topical corticosteroid agent--fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (FPANS) in patients with CRS...
June 2001: Rhinology
S Cengel, M U Akyol
OBJECTIVES: Topical steroid treatment can be a powerful alternative to surgery in controlling adenoid hypertrophy and otitis media with effusion (OME). METHODS: A prospective, controlled, randomized, clinical study in an academic tertiary care center. A total of 122 children (3-15-year-old) on the waiting list for an adenoidectomy and/or ventilation tube placement were enrolled into the study and control groups. The study group (67 patients with adenoid hypertrophy, 34 of them with otitis media with effusion) received intranasal mometasone furoate monohydrate 100 mcg/day, and the control group (55 patients with adenoid hypertrophy, 29 of them with otitis media with effusion) was followed up without any treatment...
April 2006: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
G G Browning, S Gatehouse
The UK National Study of Hearing set out to ascertain the prevalence of hearing impairments of various magnitudes, the prevalence of ear disease and the associated risk factors, and to estimate the percentage of individuals requiring some form of management. A stratified sample of 2708 British adults, aged 18-80 years, was chosen from a sample of 48,313 adults, randomly selected from the electoral roll, for a full otological and audiological assessment. This paper deals primarily with the middle ear results...
August 1992: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
R J Salib, S Talpallikar, S Uppal, S B Nair
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of two commonly used nasal douching products, low-volume high-pressure Sterimar™ and high-volume low-pressure Sinus Rinse™ following functional endoscopic sinus surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomised single-blinded study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one patients, undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with and without polyps, were recruited for the study...
August 2013: Clinical Otolaryngology
W J Doyle
In most infants and children with chronic otitis media with effusion, an inability to dilate the Eustachian tube actively has been documented. This functional tubal obstruction has been suggested to underlie the development of the disease. To test this possibility a variety of models using the Rhesus monkey were developed. The normal tubal dilatory system was impaired, resulting in sterile otitis media with effusion. The duration and nature of the disease was shown to be dependent on the severity and duration of the impairment in tubal function...
1984: Acta Oto-laryngologica. Supplementum
John W Seibert, Christopher J Danner
Eustachian tube dysfunction has been linked to causing middle ear pathology. One of the sequelae seen is tympanic membrane retraction. Concern occurs when this physiological state becomes chronic, leading to adhesive otitis media followed by debris collection and fulminate cholesteatoma. This chapter explores the role the eustachian tube plays in regulating middle ear and mastoid aeration, the causes of eustachian tube dysfunction, and the treatment of this disorder.
December 2006: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Joaquim Mullol, Andrés Obando, Laura Pujols, Isam Alobid
Chronic rhinosinusitis, including nasal polyps, is an inflammatory disease of the nose and sinuses. The medical treatment, mainly topical intranasal and oral corticosteroids, constitutes its first line of therapy. Long-term treatment with corticosteroid nasal spray reduces inflammation and nasal polyp size, and improves nasal symptoms such as nasal blockage, rhinorrea, and the loss of smell. Corticosteroid intranasal drops may be used when intranasal spray fails to demonstrate efficacy. Short courses of oral steroids are recommended in severe chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps or when a rapid symptomatic improvement is needed...
November 2009: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Selahattin Tugrul, Remzi Dogan, Erol Senturk, Sabri Baki Eren, Aysenur Meric, Orhan Ozturan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare 2 methods of nasal irrigation after septoplasty. The combined use of low-pressure, high-volume nasal saline (LPHVNS) irrigation, together with fluticasone propionate (FP) (LPHVNS+FP), was compared with high-pressure, low-volume nasal saline (HPLVNS) irrigation during the early postoperative period following septoplasty. METHODS: Seventy-three patients undergoing septoplasty for nasal obstruction were recruited for the study...
July 2015: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
M E Smith, J R Tysome
BACKGROUND: Eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction is a common but poorly understood cause of patient symptoms, and an important aetiological factor in the development of middle ear pathology. Despite this, there are no specific tests of ET function in widespread clinical use and no identified 'gold standard' with which to diagnose the disease. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to review the literature to identify currently available tests of ET function and, where possible, report on their accuracy...
August 2015: Clinical Otolaryngology
Nicolas Gürtler, Alexander Husner, Honegger Flurin
OBJECTIVE: To assess Eustachian tube balloon dilation in the treatment of Eustachian tube dysfunction by objective analysis, especially tubomanometry. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing Eustachian tube balloon dilation for treatment of Eustachian tube dysfunction. INTERVENTION: Eustachian tube balloon dilation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjective improvement, otomicroscopic findings, tympanogram, air-bone gap in pure-tone audiogram, R-value in tubomanometry at three pressure measurements (30, 40, and 50 mbar) and the Eustachian Tube Score (ETS)...
March 2015: Otology & Neurotology
Stefanie Schröder, Martin Lehmann, Odile Sauzet, Jörg Ebmeyer, Holger Sudhoff
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to introduce a new tool for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) and as a follow-up tool for eustachian tube therapy using objective and subjective elements. STUDY DESIGN: Combined, prospective, retrospective clinical study at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Physical examination, history, tympanometry, audiometry, and tubomanometry as well as the seven-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (EDTQ-7) were included as diagnostic tests...
March 2015: Laryngoscope
2015-08-21 16:48:05
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