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Beavioral health

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28 papers 500 to 1000 followers
By Christopher Cook, BA,CADC, SAP Addiction professional. LPC, CADC, CRNP- student, Interventionist, project manager, owner, Director, eval/refer for SUDs/Eating D/o's
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864753/bipolar-disorder-and-addictions-the-elephant-in-the-room
#1
EDITORIAL
Paul R A Stokes, Nicola J Kalk, Allan H Young
Addictions are highly prevalent in bipolar disorder and greatly affect clinical outcomes. In this editorial, we review the evidence that addictions are a key challenge in bipolar disorder, examine putative neurobiological mechanisms, and reflect on the limited clinical trial evidence base with suggestions for treatment strategies and further developments.
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838328/backing-into-the-future-pharmacological-approaches-to-the-management-of-resistant-depression
#2
P J Cowen
Pragmatic studies indicate that a substantial number of depressed patients do not remit with current first-line antidepressant treatments and after two failed treatment steps the chance of remission with subsequent therapies is around 15%. This paper focuses on current evidence for pharmacological treatments in resistant depression as well as possible future developments. For patients who have failed to respond to two antidepressant trials, augmentation with atypical antipsychotic drugs, specifically quetiapine and aripiprazole, has the best evidence for efficacy, though older treatments such as lithium and triiodothyronine still have utility...
November 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439098/uncoupling-dapk1-from-nmda-receptor-glun2b-subunit-exerts-rapid-antidepressant-like-effects
#3
S-X Li, Y Han, L-Z Xu, K Yuan, R-X Zhang, C-Y Sun, D-F Xu, M Yuan, J-H Deng, S-Q Meng, X-J Gao, Q Wen, L-J Liu, W-L Zhu, Y-X Xue, M Zhao, J Shi, L Lu
Several preclinical studies have reported the rapid antidepressant effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists, although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) couples GluN2B subunits at extrasynaptic sites to regulate NMDAR channel conductance. In the present study, we found that chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) induced extracellular glutamate accumulation, accompanied by an increase in the DAPK1-NMDAR interaction, the high expression of DAPK1 and phosphorylated GluN2B at Ser1303, a decrease in phosphorylated DAPK1 at Ser308 and synaptic protein deficits in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406363/insurance-receipt-and-readiness-for-opportunities-under-the-affordable-care-act-a-national-survey-of-treatment-providers-for-substance-use-disorders
#4
Lydia Aletraris, Mary Bond Edmond, Paul M Roman
This study measures the readiness of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment to use opportunities under the Affordable Care Act by examining Medicaid and private insurance acceptance between 2011 and 2013, as well as center characteristics associated with acceptance. Data for this study were from a random sample of SUD treatment centers in the United States. Interviews were conducted on site and face to face, with administrative and clinical directors. We employed logistic regression analyses to examine Medicaid acceptance and private insurance acceptance...
April 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481178/psilocybin-assisted-therapy-a-review-of-a-novel-treatment-for-psychiatric-disorders
#5
Kelan Thomas, Benjamin Malcolm, Dan Lastra
Recent research suggests that functional connectivity changes may be involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Hyperconnectivity in the default mode network has been associated with psychopathology, but psychedelic serotonin agonists like psilocybin may profoundly disrupt these dysfunctional neural network circuits and provide a novel treatment for psychiatric disorders. We have reviewed the current literature to investigate the efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted therapy for the treatment of psychiatric disorders...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293623/patients-experience-of-winter-depression-and-light-room-treatment
#6
Cecilia Rastad, Lennart Wetterberg, Cathrin Martin
Background. There is a need for more knowledge on the effects of light room treatment in patients with seasonal affective disorder and to explore patients' subjective experience of the disease and the treatment. Methods. This was a descriptive and explorative study applying qualitative content analysis. A purposeful sample of 18 psychiatric outpatients with a major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern and a pretreatment score ≥12 on the 9-item Montgomery-Åsberg Depression self-rating scale was included (10 women and 8 men, aged 24-65 years)...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630999/common-mental-disorders-among-occupational-groups-contributions-of-the-latent-class-model
#7
Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Fernando Martins Carvalho, Tânia Maria de Araújo
Background. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) is widely used for evaluating common mental disorders. However, few studies have evaluated the SRQ-20 measurements performance in occupational groups. This study aimed to describe manifestation patterns of common mental disorders symptoms among workers populations, by using latent class analysis. Methods. Data derived from 9,959 Brazilian workers, obtained from four cross-sectional studies that used similar methodology, among groups of informal workers, teachers, healthcare workers, and urban workers...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21893093/the-pharmacological-importance-of-agmatine-in-the-brain
#8
REVIEW
Tayfun I Uzbay
Agmatine is a polyamine that is produced via decarboxylation of l-arginine by the enzyme arginine decarboxylase. It binds to various receptors and has been accepted as a novel neurotransmitter in brain. In experimental studies, agmatine exhibited anticonvulsant, antinociceptive, anxiolytic and antidepressant-like actions. Furthermore, it has some beneficial effects on cerebral ischemia models in animals. Agmatine interacts with the mechanisms of withdrawal syndromes for several addictive agents. It also modulates some processes involved in learning and memory...
January 2012: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748784/testosterone-and-aggression-more-than-just-biology
#9
Emil F Coccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748788/reward-mechanisms-across-aggressive-and-addictive-forms-of-externalizing-psychopathology
#10
Noah C Venables
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760026/amygdala-guided-neurofeedback-for-major-depression
#11
Leanne M Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293192/indole-alkaloids-from-plants-as-potential-leads-for-antidepressant-drugs-a-mini-review
#12
Hazrulrizawati A Hamid, Aizi N M Ramli, Mashitah M Yusoff
Depression is the most common illness observed in the elderly, adults, and children. Antidepressants prescribed are usually synthetic drugs and these can sometimes cause a wide range of unpleasant side effects. Current research is focussed on natural products from plants as they are a rich source of potent new drug leads. Besides Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort), the plants studied include Passiflora incarnata L. (passion flower), Mitragyna speciosa (kratom), Piper methysticum G. Forst (kava) and Valeriana officinalis L...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388917/influence-of-diet-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-implications-for-human-health
#13
REVIEW
Rasnik K Singh, Hsin-Wen Chang, Di Yan, Kristina M Lee, Derya Ucmak, Kirsten Wong, Michael Abrouk, Benjamin Farahnik, Mio Nakamura, Tian Hao Zhu, Tina Bhutani, Wilson Liao
Recent studies have suggested that the intestinal microbiome plays an important role in modulating risk of several chronic diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. At the same time, it is now understood that diet plays a significant role in shaping the microbiome, with experiments showing that dietary alterations can induce large, temporary microbial shifts within 24 h. Given this association, there may be significant therapeutic utility in altering microbial composition through diet...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322281/identification-of-a-novel-fast-acting-gabaergic-antidepressant
#14
K M J McMurray, M J Ramaker, A M Barkley-Levenson, P S Sidhu, P K Elkin, M K Reddy, M L Guthrie, J M Cook, V H Rawal, L A Arnold, S C Dulawa, A A Palmer
Current pharmacotherapies for depression exhibit slow onset, side effects and limited efficacy. Therefore, identification of novel fast-onset antidepressants is desirable. GLO1 is a ubiquitous cellular enzyme responsible for the detoxification of the glycolytic byproduct methylglyoxal (MG). We have previously shown that MG is a competitive partial agonist at GABA-A receptors. We examined the effects of genetic and pharmacological inhibition of GLO1 in two antidepressant assay models: the tail suspension test (TST) and the forced swim test (FST)...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301765/controversies-in-narcissism
#15
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, W Keith Campbell
There has been a surge in interest in and research on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). Despite or because of this increased attention, there are several areas of substantial debate that surround the construct, including descriptions of grandiose and vulnerable dimensions or variants, questions regarding the existence of a consensual description, central versus peripheral features of narcissism, distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism, possible etiological factors, the role of self-esteem in narcissism, where narcissism should be studied, how it can be assessed, and its representation in diagnostic nosologies...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479134/cognitive-affective-dimensions-of-female-orgasm-the-role-of-automatic-thoughts-and-affect-during-sexual-activity
#16
Inês M Tavares, Ellen T M Laan, Pedro J Nobre
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-affective factors contribute to female sexual dysfunctions, defined as clinically significant difficulties in the ability to respond sexually or to experience sexual pleasure. Automatic thoughts and affect presented during sexual activity are acknowledged as maintenance factors for these difficulties. However, there is a lack of studies on the influence of these cognitive-affective dimensions regarding female orgasm. AIM: To assess the role of automatic thoughts and affect during sexual activity in predicting female orgasm occurrence and to investigate the mediator role of these variables in the relation between sexual activity and orgasm occurrence...
June 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885350/frequency-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-of-opioid-or-methamphetamine-dependent-patients
#17
Noushin Parvaresh, Shahrzad Mazhari, Maryam Nazari-Noghabi
BACKGROUND: Addiction is one of the main problems of human societies, which is more common in developing countries. In addition, it causes to personal and social problems and family problem. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children 5-15 years old of opioid or methamphetamine dependence patients. METHODS: For this study, three groups including: (1) children of parents addicted to opium, (2) children of parents addicted to methamphetamine, and (3) control group were examined...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438745/management-of-chronic-pain-using-complementary-and-integrative-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Lucy Chen, Andreas Michalsen
Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) encompasses both Western-style medicine and complementary health approaches as a new combined approach to treat a variety of clinical conditions. Chronic pain is the leading indication for use of CIM, and about 33% of adults and 12% of children in the US have used it in this context. Although advances have been made in treatments for chronic pain, it remains inadequately controlled for many people. Adverse effects and complications of analgesic drugs, such as addiction, kidney failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding, also limit their use...
April 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25706219/treatment-of-personality-disorder
#19
Anthony W Bateman, John Gunderson, Roger Mulder
The evidence base for the effective treatment of personality disorders is insufficient. Most of the existing evidence on personality disorder is for the treatment of borderline personality disorder, but even this is limited by the small sample sizes and short follow-up in clinical trials, the wide range of core outcome measures used by studies, and poor control of coexisting psychopathology. Psychological or psychosocial intervention is recommended as the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder and pharmacotherapy is only advised as an adjunctive treatment...
February 21, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21320390/evidence-based-pharmacotherapy-for-personality-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Luis H Ripoll, Joseph Triebwasser, Larry J Siever
Patients with personality disorders are prescribed psychotropic medications with greater frequency than almost any other diagnostic group. Prescribing practices in these populations are often based on anecdotal evidence rather than rigorous data. Although evidence-based psychotherapy remains an integral part of treatment, Axis II psychopathology is increasingly conceptualized according to neurobiological substrates that correspond to specific psychopharmacological strategies. We summarize the best available evidence regarding medication treatment of personality disordered patients and provide optimal strategies for evidence-based practice...
October 2011: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
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