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Grant S Lipman, Louis J Sharp, Mark Christensen, Caleb Phillips, Alexandra DiTullio, Andrew Dalton, Pearlly Ng, Jennifer Shangkuan, Katherine Shea, Brian J Krabak
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether paper tape prevents foot blisters in multistage ultramarathon runners. DESIGN: Multisite prospective randomized trial. SETTING: The 2014 250-km (155-mile) 6-stage RacingThePlanet ultramarathons in Jordan, Gobi, Madagascar, and Atacama Deserts. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-eight participants were enrolled: 19 (15%) from the Jordan, 35 (27%) from Gobi, 21 (16%) from Madagascar, and 53 (41%) from the Atacama Desert...
September 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
David C Nieman, Kevin A Zwetsloot, Mary Pat Meaney, Dominic D Lomiwes, Suzanne M Hurst, Roger D Hurst
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to correlate post-exercise muscle glycogen levels with changes in plasma cytokine, and muscle mRNA cytokine expression and protein content. METHODS: Twenty-four male runners (age 36.5 ± 1.8 years, VO2max 60.0 ± 1.5 mL⋅kg(-1) ⋅ min(-1)) ran twice (separated by 4 weeks) on treadmills to exhaustion at 70% VO2max (average time and distance of 2.24 ± 0.09 h and 24.9 ± 1.1 km). Muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis and blood samples were collected before and after each run, with IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 measured in muscle (mRNA and protein) and plasma...
2015: Frontiers in Nutrition
B M Nigg, J Baltich, S Hoerzer, H Enders
In the past 100 years, running shoes experienced dramatic changes. The question then arises whether or not running shoes (or sport shoes in general) influence the frequency of running injuries at all. This paper addresses five aspects related to running injuries and shoe selection, including (1) the changes in running injuries over the past 40 years, (2) the relationship between sport shoes, sport inserts and running injuries, (3) previously researched mechanisms of injury related to footwear and two new paradigms for injury prevention including (4) the 'preferred movement path' and (5) the 'comfort filter'...
October 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Patrick Martineau, Maxime Gaudreault, Xuan Pham
Distance running is among the fastest growing sports, with record registration to marathons worldwide. It is estimated that more than half of recreational runners will experience injuries related to the practice of their sport. Three-phase bone scintigraphy is a very sensitive tool to identify sports injury, allowing imaging of hyperemia, stress reaction, enthesopathy and fractures, often before abnormalities can be detected on conventional anatomical modalities. In this article, we review the most common running related injuries and their imaging findings on bone scintigraphy with SPECT-CT...
2015: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Alexandre Dias Lopes, Luiz Carlos Hespanhol Júnior, Simon S Yeung, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries occur frequently in runners and despite many studies about running injuries conducted over the past decades it is not clear in the literature what are the main running-related musculoskeletal injuries (RRMIs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to systematically review studies on the incidence and prevalence of the main specific RRMIs. METHODS: An electronic database search was conducted using EMBASE (1947 to October 2011), MEDLINE (1966 to October 2011), SPORTDiscus(1975 to October 2011), the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (LILACS) [1982 to October 2011] and the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) [1998 to October 2011] with no limits of date or language of publication...
October 1, 2012: Sports Medicine
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