collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outstanding Clinical Review

shared collection
594 papers 500 to 1000 followers Topics related to cardiac anesthesia & critical care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217253/update-on-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices-for-anesthesiologists
#1
REVIEW
Brett Cronin, Michael K Essandoh
With the advent of "wireless" endocardial pacing, the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator, and leadless pacemakers comes an added layer of complexity to the perioperative management of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED). Since no formal recommendations currently exist for these new CIED technologies, preoperative identification of these devices, understanding their functionality, and developing an individualized perioperative management plan are imperative for the anesthesiologist...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206477/acute-eosinophilic-pneumonia-causes-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Federica De Giacomi, Robert Vassallo, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia is an uncommon acute respiratory illness of varying severity that includes presentation as acute respiratory distress syndrome with fatal outcome. Acute eosinophilic pneumonia may be idiopathic but identifiable causes include smoking and other inhalational exposures, medications and infections. The pathogenesis of acute eosinophilic pneumonia is poorly understood but likely varies depending on the underlying cause. Airway epithelial injury, endothelial injury and release of interleukin-33 are early events that subsequently promote eosinophil recruitment to the lung; eosinophilic infiltration and degranulation appear to mediate subsequent lung inflammation and associated clinical manifestations...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203195/2017-acc-expert-consensus-decision-pathway-on-management-of-bleeding-in-patients-on-oral-anticoagulants-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-task-force-on-expert-consensus-decision-pathways
#3
Gordon F Tomaselli, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Adam Cuker, Paul P Dobesh, John U Doherty, John W Eikelboom, Roberta Florido, William Hucker, Roxana Mehran, Steven R Messé, Charles V Pollack, Fatima Rodriguez, Ravindra Sarode, Deborah Siegal, Barbara S Wiggins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200065/cardiac-arrest-in-the-operating-room-part-2-special-situations-in-the-perioperative-period
#4
Matthew D McEvoy, Karl-Christian Thies, Sharon Einav, Kurt Ruetzler, Vivek K Moitra, Mark E Nunnally, Arna Banerjee, Guy Weinberg, Andrea Gabrielli, Gerald A Maccioli, Gregory Dobson, Michael F O'Connor
As noted in part 1 of this series, periprocedural cardiac arrest (PPCA) can differ greatly in etiology and treatment from what is described by the American Heart Association advanced cardiac life support algorithms, which were largely developed for use in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and in-hospital cardiac arrest outside of the perioperative space. Specifically, there are several life-threatening causes of PPCA of which the management should be within the skill set of all anesthesiologists. However, previous research has demonstrated that continued review and training in the management of these scenarios is greatly needed and is also associated with improved delivery of care and outcomes during PPCA...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200070/perioperative-management-of-the-patient-with-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-for-noncardiac-surgery
#5
Mabel Chung
The pandemic of heart failure and the limited options for treatment of end-stage disease have resulted in an increase in the utilization of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). Improvements in device technology and patient survival have led to an expanding population of patients requiring noncardiac surgery while on LVAD therapy, thus leading to a growing need for familiarity with the physiology of these patients. This review describes the functional mechanics of the most prevalent continuous-flow LVAD, the HeartMate II, and focuses on perioperative anesthetic concerns...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200009/antifibrinolytic-therapy-and-perioperative-considerations
#6
Jerrold H Levy, Andreas Koster, Quintin J Quinones, Truman J Milling, Nigel S Key
Fibrinolysis is a physiologic component of hemostasis that functions to limit clot formation. However, after trauma or surgery, excessive fibrinolysis may contribute to coagulopathy, bleeding, and inflammatory responses. Antifibrinolytic agents are increasingly used to reduce bleeding, allogeneic blood administration, and adverse clinical outcomes. Tranexamic acid is the agent most extensively studied and used in most countries. This review will explore the role of fibrinolysis as a pathologic mechanism, review the different pharmacologic agents used to inhibit fibrinolysis, and focus on the role of tranexamic acid as a therapeutic agent to reduce bleeding in patients after surgery and trauma...
December 4, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198633/intraoperative-echocardiographic-assessment-of-prosthetic-valves-a-practical-approach
#7
REVIEW
Faraz Mahmood, Robina Matyal, Feroze Mahmood, Richard D Sheu, Ruby Feng, Kamal R Khabbaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189274/lung-isolation-in-the-patient-with-a-difficult-airway
#8
Stephen R Collins, Brian J Titus, Javier H Campos, Randal S Blank
One-lung ventilation is routinely used to facilitate exposure for thoracic surgical procedures and can be achieved via several lung isolation techniques. The optimal method for lung isolation depends on a number of factors that include (1) the indication for lung isolation, (2) anatomic features of the upper and lower airway, (3) availability of equipment and devices, and (4) the anesthesiologist's proficiency and preferences. Though double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs) are most commonly utilized to achieve lung isolation, the use of endobronchial blockers offer advantages in patients with challenging airway anatomy...
November 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189276/perioperative-noninvasive-blood-pressure-monitoring
#9
Kai Kuck, Philip D Baker
The most commonly monitored variable for perioperative hemodynamic management is blood pressure. Several indirect noninvasive blood pressure monitoring techniques have been developed over the last century, including intermittent techniques such as auscultation (Riva-Rocci and Korotkoff) and oscillometry (Marey) and continuous techniques. With the introduction of automated noninvasive blood pressure devices in the 1970s, the oscillometric technique quickly became and remains the standard for automated, intermittent blood pressure measurement...
November 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178667/comprehensive-review-of-post-organ-transplant-hematologic-cancers
#10
Vikas R Dharnidharka
A higher risk for a variety of cancers is among the major complications of post-transplant immunosuppression. In this part of a continuing series on cancers post-transplant, this review focuses on the hematologic cancers after solid organ transplant. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs), which comprise the great majority of hematologic cancers, represent a spectrum of conditions that include, but are not limited to, the Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus is a key pathogenic driver in many PTLD cases, through known and unknown mechanisms...
November 25, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173673/ventricular-arrhythmias
#11
REVIEW
William F Dresen, John D Ferguson
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is the most common form of wide complex tachycardia and is associated with a high mortality rate. Electrocardiographic analysis remains paramount in diagnosis and helps to direct therapy. Antiarrhythmic agents, although effective in reducing arrhythmia burden, have never demonstrated a mortality benefit. The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator aids not only in the acute termination of ventricular arrhythmia, but provides a wealth of information for the long-term management of patients with VT...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173674/evolving-electrocardiographic-indications-for-emergent-reperfusion
#12
REVIEW
Michael J Lipinski, Amal Mattu, William J Brady
Chest pain or other symptoms concerning for acute coronary syndrome continues to remain a major reason for presentation to the emergency department. However, there is significant heterogeneity in the spectrum of risk severity of these patients. The electrocardiogram (ECG) remains a critically valuable tool in the physician's arsenal to diagnose patients and help with risk stratification. There are multiple high-risk ECG findings that are suggestive of adverse outcome and may benefit from rapid transfer for coronary angiography...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173671/acute-myopericardial-syndromes
#13
REVIEW
Ali Farzad, Jeffrey M Schussler
Acute myopericardial syndromes are common but can be challenging to manage and potentially have life-threatening complications. Careful clinical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram interpretation, and application of diagnostic criteria are needed to make an accurate diagnosis, exclude concomitant disease, and properly treat patients. Therapy for acute pericarditis should be guided per the underlying cause. For the most common causes, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs or aspirin with the addition of colchicine remains the mainstay of therapy...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173681/cardiogenic-shock
#14
REVIEW
Semhar Z Tewelde, Stanley S Liu, Michael E Winters
Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a physiologic state in which cardiac pump function is inadequate to perfuse the tissues. If CS is not rapidly recognized and treated, tissue hypoperfusion can quickly lead to organ dysfunction and patient death. Evaluation of patients with suspected CS should include an electrocardiogram, chest radiograph, laboratory studies, and bedside echocardiogram. Initial resuscitation is directed toward restoring cardiac output and tissue perfusion. Mechanical circulatory support is indicated for patients with CS who do not respond to pharmacologic therapy...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173682/acute-dyspnea-and-decompensated-heart-failure
#15
REVIEW
Peter S Pang, Sean P Collins, Mihai Gheorghiade, Javed Butler
The majority of patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF) initially present to the emergency department (ED). Correct diagnosis followed by prompt treatment ensures optimal outcomes. Paradoxically, identification of high risk is not the unmet need, given nearly all ED AHF patients are hospitalized; rather, it is identification of low-risk. Currently, no risk-stratification instrument can be universally recommended to safely discharge ED patients. With the exception of diagnosis, management recommendations are largely expert opinion, informed by existing evidence and tradition...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173683/evolving-strategies-in-cardiac-arrest-management
#16
REVIEW
Bram J Geller, Benjamin S Abella
Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in the United States, with a hospital discharge rate of approximately 10%. International resuscitation guidelines offer standardized cardiac arrest management approaches, but beyond the guidelines, are promising innovations to improve resuscitative care. Although clinical data do not yet support the routine use of mechanical chest compressions, corticosteroids, thrombolytics, and adjunctive ventilation devices during arrest, these therapies may have an important role in select patients...
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173684/multidisciplinary-management-of-the-post-cardiac-arrest-patient
#17
REVIEW
Ryan D Madder, Joshua C Reynolds
Cardiac arrest afflicts more than 300,000 persons annually in North America alone. Improving outcomes after cardiac arrest requires an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to postresuscitation intensive care and subsequent recovery. This article reviews components of injury within the post-cardiac arrest syndrome, the salient features of brain-oriented intensive care, best practices in neurologic prognostication, and a rational approach to emergency revascularization and hemodynamic support.
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175085/ventilator-management-and-respiratory-care-after-cardiac-arrest-oxygenation-ventilation-infection-and-injury
#18
REVIEW
Nicholas J Johnson, David J Carlbom, David F Gaieski
Return of spontaneous circulation after cardiac arrest results in a systemic inflammatory state called the post-cardiac arrest syndrome, characterized by oxidative stress, coagulopathy, neuronal injury, and organ dysfunction. Perturbations in oxygenation and ventilation may exacerbate secondary injury after cardiac arrest, and have been shown to be associated with poor outcome. Further, patients who suffer cardiac arrest are at risk for a number of other pulmonary complications. Up to 70% of patients experience early infection after cardiac arrest, and the respiratory tract is the most common source...
November 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175086/re-examining-permissive-hypercapnia-in-ards-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Tavish Barnes, Vasileios Zochios, Ken Parhar
Lung protective ventilation has become the cornerstone of management in patients with ARDS. A subset of patients are unable to tolerate lung protective ventilation without significant carbon dioxide elevation. In these patients permissive hypercapnia is used. Although thought to be benign, it is becoming increasingly evident that elevated carbon dioxide levels have significant physiological effects. In this narrative review, we highlight clinically relevant end organ effects in both animal models and clinical studies...
November 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176375/vitamin-c-in-sepsis
#20
Sven-Olaf Kuhn, Konrad Meissner, Lena M Mayes, Karsten Bartels
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This narrative review summarizes recent insights into the role of vitamin C in sepsis. RECENT FINDINGS: Septic shock remains a major source of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Although many nutritional supplements have previously been tested unsuccessfully, vitamins are still being explored as a therapeutic option in septic patients. In particular, vitamin C-containing regimens as adjunctive therapy in sepsis have received much attention...
November 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
label_collection
label_collection
5137
1
2
2017-11-29 09:47:17
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"