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Outstanding Clinical Review

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450 papers 500 to 1000 followers ASE LVAD Echo Recs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533303/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-adults-and-children-with-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#1
REVIEW
Mary Ann Peberdy, Jason A Gluck, Joseph P Ornato, Christian A Bermudez, Russell E Griffin, Vigneshwar Kasirajan, Richard E Kerber, Eldrin F Lewis, Mark S Link, Corinne Miller, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Ravi Thiagarajan, Robert M Weiss, Brian O'Neil
Cardiac arrest in patients on mechanical support is a new phenomenon brought about by the increased use of this therapy in patients with end-stage heart failure. This American Heart Association scientific statement highlights the recognition and treatment of cardiovascular collapse or cardiopulmonary arrest in an adult or pediatric patient who has a ventricular assist device or total artificial heart. Specific, expert consensus recommendations are provided for the role of external chest compressions in such patients...
May 22, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24200495/perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiographic-assessment-of-the-right-heart-and-associated-structures-a-comprehensive-update-and-technical-report
#2
REVIEW
Chong O Tan, Ian Harley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25486492/diastolic-dysfunction-diagnostic-and-perioperative-management-in-cardiac-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Alina Nicoara, Madhav Swaminathan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focuses on recent findings on the role of diastolic dysfunction in the perioperative period and on recent advances in the diagnosis and perioperative management of diastolic function. RECENT FINDINGS: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is an underestimated disease with a high risk for acute decompensation in the perioperative period. It has been associated with adverse outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac or noncardiac procedures...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528026/implantation-of-a-durable-left-ventricular-assist-device-how-i-teach-it
#4
EDITORIAL
John M Stulak, Ashraf Abou El Ela, Francis D Pagani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528052/three-cases-of-aneurysmatic-coronary-fistulas-associated-with-mitral-valve-insufficiency
#5
Luca Sandrelli, Giuseppe Petrone, Giancarlo Sportelli, Mario Fabbrocini
We report three cases of coronary fistula aneurysm associated with mitral valve insufficiency. The patients were referred to our cardiovascular department because of exertional dyspnea. Echocardiography showed severe mitral valve insufficiency resulting from leaflet flail or prolapse and normal left ventricular function. In all three cases, preoperative coronary angiography showed coronary-to-pulmonary artery fistula associated with significant aneurysm of the fistulous tract. All patients underwent uneventful mitral valve repair and external ligation of the fistulas...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526155/ketorolac-oxymorphone-tapentadol-and-tramadol-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Nalini Vadivelu, Daniel Chang, Erik M Helander, Gregory J Bordelon, Alice Kai, Alan D Kaye, Dora Hsu, Daniel Bang, Inderjeet Julka
Pain remains a tremendous burden on patients and for the health care system, with uncontrolled pain being the leading cause of disability in this country. There are a variety of medications that can be used in the treatment of pain, including ketorolac, oxymorphone, tapentadol, and tramadol. Depending on the clinical situation, these drugs can be used as monotherapy or in conjunction with other types of medications in a multimodal approach. A strong appreciation of pharmacologic properties of these agents and potential side effects is warranted for clinicians...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21262575/intraoperative-assessment-of-mitral-valve-area-after-mitral-valve-repair-comparison-of-different-methods
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrew Maslow, Anthony Gemignani, Arun Singh, Feroze Mahmood, Athena Poppas
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, 3 different methods to measure the mitral valve area (MVA) after mitral valve repair (MVRep) were studied. Data obtained immediately after repair were compared with postoperative data. The objective was to determine the feasibility and correlation between intraoperative and postoperative MVA data. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: A tertiary care medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five elective adult surgical patients scheduled for MVRep...
April 2011: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24218119/echo-guided-mitral-repair
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniel H Drake, Karen G Zimmerman, Anne M Hepner, Cynthia D Nichols
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is available in the most basic healthcare environments. Mitral repair is potentially curative and, when possible, recommended over replacement. The efficacy of echo-guided repair has not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed a succinct set of precisely defined images observed to be highly concordant with intraoperative findings. These images guided intervention on 237 consecutive patients. None were lost to follow-up, and serial echocardiography was obtained on all repairs...
January 2014: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512734/mitral-valve-aneurysms-clinical-characteristics-echocardiographic-abnormalities-and-possible-mechanisms-of-formation
#9
José Luiz B Pena, Tarciso O Bomfim, Paulo R L Fortes, Charles Simão-Filho, José de Souza Andrade-Filho
AIMS: Mitral valve aneurysms (MVA) are most frequently associated with endocarditis. Echocardiography is the method of choice for diagnosis, and color flow imaging is an important, easy method to detect MVA ruptures. We aimed to study the clinical and echocardiographic findings and their relation to the mechanism of aneurysm formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed clinical and echocardiographic records of 18 patients during a 17-year period, corresponding to 0...
May 16, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510751/anaesthetic-considerations-for-hybrid-atrial-fibrillation-surgery
#10
V Umbrain, G B Chierchia, M La Meir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25226478/clinical-and-safety-outcomes-associated-with-treatment-of-acute-venous-thromboembolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Lana A Castellucci, Chris Cameron, Grégoire Le Gal, Marc A Rodger, Doug Coyle, Philip S Wells, Tammy Clifford, Esteban Gandara, George Wells, Marc Carrier
IMPORTANCE: Many anticoagulant strategies are available for the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism, yet little guidance exists regarding which drug is most effective and safe. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and compare the efficacy and safety outcomes associated with 8 anticoagulation options (unfractionated heparin [UFH], low-molecular-weight heparin [LMWH], or fondaparinux in combination with vitamin K antagonists); LMWH with dabigatran or edoxaban; rivaroxaban; apixaban; and LMWH alone) for treatment of venous thromboembolism...
September 17, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411107/pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-left-heart-disease
#12
REVIEW
Emmanuelle Berthelot, Minh Tam Bailly, Safwane El Hatimi, Ingrid Robard, Hatem Rezgui, Amir Bouchachi, David Montani, Olivier Sitbon, Denis Chemla, Patrick Assayag
Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease, also known as group 2 pulmonary hypertension according to the European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society classification, is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. In patients with left heart disease, the development of pulmonary hypertension favours right heart dysfunction, which has a major impact on disease severity and outcome. Over the past few years, this condition has been considered more frequently. However, epidemiological studies of group 2 pulmonary hypertension are less exhaustive than studies of other causes of pulmonary hypertension...
April 11, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325798/management-of-inpatient-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes-in-older-adults
#13
Guillermo E Umpierrez, Francisco J Pasquel
Adults aged 65 years and older are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and their number is expected to double to 89 million between 2010 and 2050. The prevalence of diabetes in hospitalized adults aged 65-75 years and over 80 years of age has been estimated to be 20% and 40%, respectively. Similar to general populations, the presence of hyperglycemia and diabetes in elderly patients is associated with increased risk of hospital complications, longer length of stay, and increased mortality compared with subjects with normoglycemia...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486864/practical-use-of-lactate-levels-in-the-intensive-care
#14
Eva E Vink, Jan Bakker
Hyperlactatemia is a strong predictor of mortality in diverse populations of critically ill patients. In this article, we will give an overview of how lactate is used in the intensive care unit. We describe the use of lactate as a predictor of outcome, as a marker to initiate therapy and to monitor adequacy of initiated treatments.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489640/little-black-boxes-noncardiac-implantable-electronic-medical-devices-and-their-anesthetic-and-surgical-implications
#15
Una Srejic, Paul Larson, Philip E Bickler
Implanted electronic medical devices. or stimulators such as pacemakers and nerve stimulators have grown enormously in diversity and complexity over recent decades. The function and potential interaction of these devices with the perioperative environment is of increasing concern for anesthesiologists and surgeons. Because of the innate electromagnetic environment of the hospital (operating room, gastrointestinal procedure suite, and imaging suite), implanted device malfunction, reprogramming, or destruction may occur and cause physical harm (including nerve injury, blindness, deafness, burn, stroke, paralysis, or coma) to the patient...
May 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483150/de-novo-aortic-regurgitation-after-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#16
REVIEW
Hrvoje Gasparovic, Tomislav Kopjar, Diyar Saeed, Maja Cikes, Lucija Svetina, Mate Petricevic, Daniel Lovric, Davor Milicic, Bojan Biocina
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVAD) play an important role in the management of patients with advanced heart failure. De novo aortic regurgitation after cf-LVAD implantation may adversely impact device performance. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library for articles reporting on the incidence and predictors of de novo aortic regurgitation among cf-LVAD recipients. Eight studies totaling 548 patients were identified in the meta-analysis. The pooled incidence of de novo AR across the analyzed studies was 37%...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477781/expert-review-on-the-prognostic-role-of-echocardiography-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
REVIEW
Maria Prastaro, Elisabetta Pirozzi, Nicola Gaibazzi, Stefania Paolillo, Ciro Santoro, Gianluigi Savarese, Maria Angela Losi, Giovanni Esposito, Pasquale Perrone Filardi, Bruno Trimarco, Maurizio Galderisi
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, placing a major economic and resource burden on public health systems. During hospitalization, all AMI patients should be evaluated with transthoracic echocardiography, a noninvasive, low-cost, and easily available bedside imaging tool that allows the detection of myocardial walls involved in the ischemic process, damage extent, functional consequences, and mechanical complications. Moreover, and more importantly, transthoracic echocardiography can provide information on short- and long-term outcomes after AMI...
May 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446982/management-of-chest-trauma
#18
REVIEW
Corinna Ludwig, Aris Koryllos
Trauma is the leading cause of death worldwide. Approximately 2/3 of the patients have a chest trauma with varying severity from a simple rib fracture to penetrating injury of the heart or tracheobronchial disruption. Blunt chest trauma is most common with 90% incidence, of which less than 10% require surgical intervention of any kind. Mortality is second highest after head injury, which underlines the importance of initial management. Many of these deaths can be prevented by prompt diagnosis and treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473039/approach-to-the-patient-with-hematochezia
#19
REVIEW
Thomas G Cotter, Niamh S Buckley, Conor G Loftus
The evaluation of the patient with hematochezia can be complex because of the broad differential diagnosis and the number of management strategies available. In this article, a simplified approach to the history and physical examination is presented, with management illustrated in a case-oriented manner.
May 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473139/tricuspid-valve-dysfunction-following-pacemaker-or-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation
#20
REVIEW
James D Chang, Warren J Manning, Elisa Ebrille, Peter J Zimetbaum
The potential for cardiac implantable electronic device leads to interfere with tricuspid valve (TV) function has gained increasing recognition as having hemodynamic and clinical consequences associated with incremental morbidity and death. The diagnosis and treatment of lead-related (as distinct from functional) tricuspid regurgitation pose unique challenges. Because of pitfalls in routine diagnostic imaging, a high level of clinical suspicion must be maintained to avoid overlooking the possibility that worsening heart failure is a consequence of mechanical interference with TV leaflet mobility or coaptation and is amenable to lead extraction or valve repair or replacement...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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