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387 papers 100 to 500 followers
By César Gerardo Martínez Hernández General and Nuclear Cardiologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571635/%C3%AE-blockers-and-mortality-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-without-heart-failure-or-ventricular-dysfunction
#1
Tatendashe B Dondo, Marlous Hall, Robert M West, Tomas Jernberg, Bertil Lindahl, Hector Bueno, Nicolas Danchin, John E Deanfield, Harry Hemingway, Keith A A Fox, Adam D Timmis, Chris P Gale
BACKGROUND: For acute myocardial infarction (AMI) without heart failure (HF), it is unclear if β-blockers are associated with reduced mortality. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the association between β-blocker use and mortality in patients with AMI without HF or left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). METHODS: This cohort study used national English and Welsh registry data from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project...
June 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571011/defibrillator-implantation-in-patients-with-nonischemic-systolic-heart-failure
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lars Køber, Jens J Thune, Jens C Nielsen, Jens Haarbo, Lars Videbæk, Eva Korup, Gunnar Jensen, Per Hildebrandt, Flemming H Steffensen, Niels E Bruun, Hans Eiskjær, Axel Brandes, Anna M Thøgersen, Finn Gustafsson, Kenneth Egstrup, Regitze Videbæk, Christian Hassager, Jesper H Svendsen, Dan E Høfsten, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Steen Pehrson
BACKGROUND: The benefit of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients with symptomatic systolic heart failure caused by coronary artery disease has been well documented. However, the evidence for a benefit of prophylactic ICDs in patients with systolic heart failure that is not due to coronary artery disease has been based primarily on subgroup analyses. The management of heart failure has improved since the landmark ICD trials, and many patients now receive cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)...
September 29, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107561/beta-blockers-for-hypertension
#3
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Hazel A Bradley, Jimmy Volmink, Bongani M Mayosi, Lionel H Opie
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers refer to a mixed group of drugs with diverse pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. They have shown long-term beneficial effects on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) when used in people with heart failure or acute myocardial infarction. Beta-blockers were thought to have similar beneficial effects when used as first-line therapy for hypertension. However, the benefit of beta-blockers as first-line therapy for hypertension without compelling indications is controversial...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501304/speculations-on-salt-and-the-genesis-of-arterial-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Jens Titze, Friedrich C Luft
Blood pressure salt sensitivity and salt resistance are mechanistically imperfectly explained. A prescient systems medicine approach by Guyton and colleagues-more than 50 years ago-suggested how salt intake might influence blood pressure. They proposed that a high-salt diet engenders sodium accumulation, volume expansion, cardiac output adjustments, and then autoregulation for flow maintenance. The autoregulation in all vascular beds increases systemic vascular resistance, causing the kidneys to excrete more salt and water, thus reducing systems to normal and minimizing any changes in blood pressure...
June 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533303/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-adults-and-children-with-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#5
REVIEW
Mary Ann Peberdy, Jason A Gluck, Joseph P Ornato, Christian A Bermudez, Russell E Griffin, Vigneshwar Kasirajan, Richard E Kerber, Eldrin F Lewis, Mark S Link, Corinne Miller, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Ravi Thiagarajan, Robert M Weiss, Brian O'Neil
Cardiac arrest in patients on mechanical support is a new phenomenon brought about by the increased use of this therapy in patients with end-stage heart failure. This American Heart Association scientific statement highlights the recognition and treatment of cardiovascular collapse or cardiopulmonary arrest in an adult or pediatric patient who has a ventricular assist device or total artificial heart. Specific, expert consensus recommendations are provided for the role of external chest compressions in such patients...
May 22, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549103/coronary-artery-disease-physiology-and-prognosis
#6
Thomas J Ford, David Corcoran, Colin Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439398/a-practical-approach-to-the-pharmacological-management-of-hypertension-in-older-people
#7
REVIEW
Nikesh Parekh, Amy Page, Khalid Ali, Kevin Davies, Chakravarthi Rajkumar
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in adults over the age of 65. The first part of this paper is an overview, summarizing the current guidelines on the pharmacological management of hypertension in older adults in Europe and the USA, and evidence from key trials that contributed to the guidelines. In the second part of the paper, we will discuss the major challenges of managing hypertension in the context of multimorbidity, including frailty, orthostatic hypotension (OH), falls and cognitive impairment that are associated with ageing...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446982/management-of-chest-trauma
#8
REVIEW
Corinna Ludwig, Aris Koryllos
Trauma is the leading cause of death worldwide. Approximately 2/3 of the patients have a chest trauma with varying severity from a simple rib fracture to penetrating injury of the heart or tracheobronchial disruption. Blunt chest trauma is most common with 90% incidence, of which less than 10% require surgical intervention of any kind. Mortality is second highest after head injury, which underlines the importance of initial management. Many of these deaths can be prevented by prompt diagnosis and treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320439/mechanical-ventilation-in-obese-icu-patients-from-intubation-to-extubation
#9
REVIEW
Audrey De Jong, Gerald Chanques, Samir Jaber
This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2017. Other selected articles can be found online at http://ccforum.com/series/annualupdate2017 . Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901 .
March 21, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461007/2017-acc-aha-hfsa-focused-update-of-the-2013-accf-aha-guideline-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-the-heart-failure-society-of-america
#10
Clyde W Yancy, Mariell Jessup, Biykem Bozkurt, Javed Butler, Donald E Casey, Monica M Colvin, Mark H Drazner, Gerasimos S Filippatos, Gregg C Fonarow, Michael M Givertz, Steven M Hollenberg, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Frederick A Masoudi, Patrick E McBride, Pamela N Peterson, Lynne Warner Stevenson, Cheryl Westlake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475773/proceedings-from-the-2nd-european-clinical-consensus-conference-for-device-based-therapies-for-hypertension-state-of-the-art-and-considerations-for-the-future
#11
Felix Mahfoud, Roland E Schmieder, Michel Azizi, Atul Pathak, Horst Sievert, Costas Tsioufis, Thomas Zeller, Stefan Bertog, Peter J Blankestijn, Michael Böhm, Michel Burnier, Gilles Chatellier, Isabelle Durand Zaleski, Sebastian Ewen, Guido Grassi, Michael Joner, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Melvin D Lobo, Chaim Lotan, Thomas Felix Lüscher, Gianfranco Parati, Patrick Rossignol, Luis Ruilope, Faisal Sharif, Evert van Leeuwen, Massimo Volpe, Stephan Windecker, Adam Witkowski, William Wijns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460139/atrial-fibrillation-as-a-risk-factor-for-cognitive-decline-and-dementia
#12
Archana Singh-Manoux, Aurore Fayosse, Séverine Sabia, Marianne Canonico, Martin Bobak, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimäki, Aline Dugravot
Aims: To assess whether AF is a risk factor for cognitive dysfunction we used prospective data on AF, repeat cognitive scores, and dementia incidence in adults followed over 45 to 85 years. Methods and results: Data are drawn from the Whitehall II study, N = 10 308 at study recruitment in 1985. A battery of cognitive tests was administered four times (1997-2013) to 7428 participants (414 cases of AF), aged 45-69 years in 1997. Compared with AF-free participants, those with longer exposure to AF (5, 10, or 15 years) experienced faster cognitive decline after adjustment for sociodemographic, behavioural, and chronic diseases (P for trend = 0...
April 29, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446515/role-of-biomarkers-for-the-prevention-assessment-and-management-of-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
Sheryl L Chow, Alan S Maisel, Inder Anand, Biykem Bozkurt, Rudolf A de Boer, G Michael Felker, Gregg C Fonarow, Barry Greenberg, James L Januzzi, Michael S Kiernan, Peter P Liu, Thomas J Wang, Clyde W Yancy, Michael R Zile
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Natriuretic peptides have led the way as a diagnostic and prognostic tool for the diagnosis and management of heart failure (HF). More recent evidence suggests that natriuretic peptides along with the next generation of biomarkers may provide added value to medical management, which could potentially lower risk of mortality and readmissions. The purpose of this scientific statement is to summarize the existing literature and to provide guidance for the utility of currently available biomarkers...
April 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
April 25, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336790/prioritizing-functional-capacity-as-a-principal-end-point-for-therapies-oriented-to-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
REVIEW
Daniel E Forman, Ross Arena, Rebecca Boxer, Mary A Dolansky, Janice J Eng, Jerome L Fleg, Mark Haykowsky, Arshad Jahangir, Leonard A Kaminsky, Dalane W Kitzman, Eldrin F Lewis, Jonathan Myers, Gordon R Reeves, Win-Kuang Shen
Adults are living longer, and cardiovascular disease is endemic in the growing population of older adults who are surviving into old age. Functional capacity is a key metric in this population, both for the perspective it provides on aggregate health and as a vital goal of care. Whereas cardiorespiratory function has long been applied by cardiologists as a measure of function that depended primarily on cardiac physiology, multiple other factors also contribute, usually with increasing bearing as age advances...
April 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285457/group-a-streptococcus-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-epidemiology-and-clinical-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Liesl J Zühlke, Andrea Beaton, Mark E Engel, Christopher T Hugo-Hamman, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Judith M Katzenellenbogen, Ntobeko Ntusi, Anna P Ralph, Anita Saxena, Pierre R Smeesters, David Watkins, Peter Zilla, Jonathan Carapetis
Early recognition of group A streptococcal pharyngitis and appropriate management with benzathine penicillin using local clinical prediction rules together with validated rapi-strep testing when available should be incorporated in primary health care. A directed approach to the differential diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever now includes the concept of low-risk versus medium-to-high risk populations. Initiation of secondary prophylaxis and the establishment of early medium to long-term care plans is a key aspect of the management of ARF...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351969/heartbeat-afterload-is-high-not-low-in-chronic-mitral-regurgitation
#17
Catherine M Otto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289069/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-fish-oil-supplementation-and-the-prevention-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
REVIEW
David S Siscovick, Thomas A Barringer, Amanda M Fretts, Jason H Y Wu, Alice H Lichtenstein, Rebecca B Costello, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Terry A Jacobson, Mary B Engler, Heather M Alger, Lawrence J Appel, Dariush Mozaffarian
Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the effects of supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, commonly called fish oils) on the occurrence of clinical cardiovascular diseases. Although the effects of supplementation for the primary prevention of clinical cardiovascular events in the general population have not been examined, RCTs have assessed the role of supplementation in secondary prevention among patients with diabetes mellitus and prediabetes, patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease, and those with prevalent coronary heart disease...
April 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302288/valvular-heart-disease-patients-on-edoxaban-or-warfarin-in-the-engage%C3%A2-af-timi-48-trial
#19
Raffaele De Caterina, Giulia Renda, Anthony P Carnicelli, Francesco Nordio, Marco Trevisan, Michele F Mercuri, Christian T Ruff, Elliott M Antman, Eugene Braunwald, Robert P Giugliano
BACKGROUND: The use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) instead of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and coexisting valvular heart disease (VHD) is of substantial interest. OBJECTIVES: This study explored outcomes in patients with AF with and without VHD in the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 (Effective Anticoagulation with factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 48) trial, comparing edoxaban with warfarin...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286221/2017-acc-aha-hrs-guideline-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-patients-with-syncope-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-the-heart-rhythm-society
#20
Win-Kuang Shen, Robert S Sheldon, David G Benditt, Mitchell I Cohen, Daniel E Forman, Zachary D Goldberger, Blair P Grubb, Mohamed H Hamdan, Andrew D Krahn, Mark S Link, Brian Olshansky, Satish R Raj, Roopinder Kaur Sandhu, Dan Sorajja, Benjamin C Sun, Clyde W Yancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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