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Allergy (peanut)

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5 papers 25 to 100 followers
Katrina J Allen, Jennifer J Koplin, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Lyle C Gurrin, Melissa Wake, Peter Vuillermin, Pamela Martin, Melanie Matheson, Adrian Lowe, Marnie Robinson, Dean Tey, Nicholas J Osborne, Thanh Dang, Hern-Tze Tina Tan, Leone Thiele, Deborah Anderson, Helen Czech, Jeeva Sanjeevan, Giovanni Zurzolo, Terence Dwyer, Mimi L K Tang, David Hill, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence has shown that pediatric food allergy is more prevalent in regions further from the equator, suggesting that vitamin D insufficiency may play a role in this disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of vitamin D status in infantile food allergy. METHODS: A population sample of 5276 one-year-old infants underwent skin prick testing to peanut, egg, sesame, and cow's milk or shrimp. All those with a detectable wheal and a random sample of participants with negative skin prick test results attended a hospital-based food challenge clinic...
April 2013: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
J Andrew Bird, Maria Crain, Pooja Varshney
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of food allergy panel testing among patients referred to a pediatric food allergy center. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all new patients seen between September 2011 and December 2012 by 1 provider in a tertiary referral pediatric food allergy center. A cost analysis was performed to calculate the estimated cost of evaluation for patients who have received a food allergy panel. RESULTS: Of 797 new patient encounters, 284 (35%) patients had received a food allergy panel...
January 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Giorgio Longo, Irene Berti, A Wesley Burks, Baruch Krauss, Egidio Barbi
Food allergy is a serious health issue affecting roughly 4% of children, with a substantial effect on quality of life. Prognosis is good for the most frequent allergens with almost all children outgrowing their allergy. However, the long-term implications for disease burden are substantial for children with persistent allergies (eg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish) and for those with high concentrations of milk, egg, and wheat IgE. Antigen avoidance has been the time-honoured approach both for prevention and treatment...
November 16, 2013: Lancet
A Muraro, I Agache, A Clark, A Sheikh, G Roberts, C A Akdis, L M Borrego, J Higgs, J O'B Hourihane, P Jorgensen, A Mazon, D Parmigiani, M Said, S Schnadt, H van Os-Medendorp, B J Vlieg-Boerstra, M Wickman
The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Guidelines, managing patients with food allergy (FA) in the community, intend to provide guidance to reduce the risk of accidental allergic reactions to foods in the community. This document is intended to meet the needs of early-childhood and school settings as well as providers of non-prepackaged food (e.g., restaurants, bakeries, takeaway, deli counters, and fast-food outlets) and targets the audience of individuals with FA, their families, patient organizations, the general public, policymakers, and allergists...
August 2014: Allergy
Katherine Anagnostou, Sabita Islam, Yvonne King, Loraine Foley, Laura Pasea, Simon Bond, Chris Palmer, John Deighton, Pamela Ewan, Andrew Clark
BACKGROUND: Small studies suggest peanut oral immunotherapy (OIT) might be effective in the treatment of peanut allergy. We aimed to establish the efficacy of OIT for the desensitisation of children with allergy to peanuts. METHODS: We did a randomised controlled crossover trial to compare the efficacy of active OIT (using characterised peanut flour; protein doses of 2-800 mg/day) with control (peanut avoidance, the present standard of care) at the NIHR/Wellcome Trust Cambridge Clinical Research Facility (Cambridge, UK)...
April 12, 2014: Lancet
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