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炎症性肠病

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17 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102183/differential-diagnosis-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-imitations-and-complications
#1
REVIEW
Krisztina B Gecse, Severine Vermeire
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterised by episodes of relapse and periods of remission. However, the clinical features, such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and rectal bleeding, are not specific. Therefore, the differential diagnosis can include a broad spectrum of inflammatory or infectious diseases that mimic IBD, as well as others that might complicate existing IBD. In this Review, we provide an overview of ileocolitis of diverse causes that are relevant in the differential diagnosis of IBD. We highlight the importance of accurate patient profiling and give a practical approach to identifying factors that should trigger the search for a specific cause of intestinal inflammation...
September 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063582/endoscopy-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-position-paper-on-behalf-of-the-porto-ibd-group-of-the-espghan
#2
Salvatore Oliva, Mike Thomson, Lissy de Ridder, Javier Martín-de-Carpi, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Christian Braegger, Jorge Amil Dias, Sanja Kolacek, Erasmo Miele, Stephan Buderus, Jiri Bronsky, Harland Winter, Víctor Manuel Navas López, Amit Assa, Sonny Kf Chong, Nadeem Ahmad Afzal, Francoise Smets, Ron Shaoul, Séamus Hussey, Dan Turner, Salvatore Cucchiara
Endoscopy is a central tool for the evaluation and management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the last few decades, gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy has undergone significant technological developments including availability of pediatric-size equipment, enabling comprehensive investigation of the GI tract in children. Simultaneously, professional organization of GI experts have developed guidelines and training programs in pediatric GI endoscopy. This prompted the Porto Group on Pediatric IBD of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) to develop updated guidelines on the role of GI endoscopy in pediatric IBD (PIBD), specifically taking into considerations of recent advances in the diagnosis, disease stratification, and novel therapeutic targets in these patients...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851767/management-of-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-part-2-acute-severe-colitis-an-evidence-based-consensus-guideline-from-ecco-and-espghan
#3
Dan Turner, Frank M Ruemmele, Esther Orlanski-Meyer, Anne M Griffiths, Javier Martin de Carpi, Jiri Bronsky, Gabor Veres, Marina Aloi, Caterina Strisciuglio, Christian P Braegger, Amit Assa, Claudio Romano, Séamus Hussey, Michael Stanton, Mikko Pakarinen, Lissy de Ridder, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Nick Croft, Víctor Manuel Navas-López, David C Wilson, Sally Lawrence, Richard K Russell
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute severe colitis (ASC) is one of the few emergencies in paediatric gastroenterology. Tight monitoring and timely medical and surgical interventions may improve outcomes and minimize morbidity and mortality. We aimed to standardize daily treatment of ASC in children through detailed recommendations and practice points which are based on a systematic review of the literature and consensus of experts. METHODS: These guidelines are a joint effort of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization (ECCO) and the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851766/management-of-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-part-1-ambulatory-care-an-evidence-based-guideline-from-ecco-and-espghan
#4
Dan Turner, Frank M Ruemmele, Esther Orlanski-Meyer, Anne M Griffiths, Javier Martin de Carpi, Jiri Bronsky, Gabor Veres, Marina Aloi, Caterina Strisciuglio, Christian P Braegger, Amit Assa, Claudio Romano, Séamus Hussey, Michael Stanton, Mikko Pakarinen, Lissy de Ridder, Konstantinos Katsanos, Nick Croft, Victor Navas-López, David C Wilson, Sally Lawrence, Richard K Russell
BACKGROUND: The contemporary management of ambulatory ulcerative colitis (UC) continues to be challenging with ∼20% of children needing a colectomy within childhood years. We thus aimed to standardize daily treatment of paediatric UC and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)-unclassified through detailed recommendations and practice points. METHODS: These guidelines are a joint effort of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization (ECCO) and the Paediatric IBD Porto group of European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764567/-features-and-management-of-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
REVIEW
Jie-Yu You
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. This disease includes three main types: Crohn′s disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), and IBD-unclassified (IBD-U). IBD is frequently presented in adults, but in recent years, there is a rising incidence in pediatric populations. Very early onset IBD (VEO-IBD) is a fraction of pediatric IBD, but they have exclusive phenotypic and genetic characteristics such that they are accompanied by severe disease course and resistance to conventional therapy...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788237/diagnostic-yield-of-next-generation-sequencing-in-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-multicenter-study
#6
Fabienne Charbit-Henrion, Marianna Parlato, Sylvain Hanein, Rémi Duclaux-Loras, Jan Nowak, Bernadette Begue, Sabine Rakotobe, Julie Bruneau, Cécile Fourrage, Olivier Alibeu, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat, Eva Lévy, Marie-Claude Stolzenberg, Fabienne Mazerolles, Sylvain Latour, Christelle Lenoir, Alain Fischer, Capucine Picard, Marina Aloi, Jorge Amil Dias, Mongi Ben Hariz, Anne Bourrier, Christian Breuer, Anne Breton, Jiri Bronski, Stephan Buderus, Mara Cananzi, Stéphanie Coopman, Clara Crémilleux, Alain Dabadie, Clémentine Dumant-Forest, Odul Egritas Gurkan, Alexandre Fabre, Aude Fischer, Marta German Diaz, Yago Gonzalez-Lama, Olivier Goulet, Graziella Guariso, Neslihan Gurcan, Matjaz Homan, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Eric Jeziorski, Evi Karanika, Alain Lachaux, Peter Lewindon, Rosa Lima, Fernando Magro, Janos Major, Georgia Malamut, Emmanuel Mas, Istvan Mattyus, Luisa M Mearin, Jan Melek, Victor Manuel Navas-Lopez, Anders Paerregaard, Cecile Pelatan, Bénédicte Pigneur, Isabel Pinto Pais, Julie Rebeuh, Claudio Romano, Nadia Siala, Caterina Strisciuglio, Michela Tempia-Caliera, Patrick Tounian, Dan Turner, Vaidotas Urbonas, Stéphanie Willot, Frank M Ruemmele, Nadine Cerf-Bensussan
Background and Aims: An expanding number of monogenic defects have been identified as causative of severe forms of very early-onset inflammatory bowel diseases (VEO-IBD). The present study aimed at defining how next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods can be used to improve identification of known molecular diagnosis and adapt treatment. Methods: 207 children were recruited in 45 Paediatric centres through an international collaborative network (ESPGHAN GENIUS working group) with a clinical presentation of severe VEO-IBD (n=185) or an anamnesis suggestive of a monogenic disorder (n=22)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383303/higher-morbidity-of-monogenic-inflammatory-bowel-disease-compared-to-the-adolescent-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Kwang Yeon Kim, Eun Joo Lee, Ju Whi Kim, Jin Soo Moon, Ju Young Jang, Hye Ran Yang, Jae Sung Ko
Purpose: Monogenic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients do not respond to conventional therapy and are associated with a higher morbidity. We summarized the clinical characteristics of monogenic IBD patients and compared their clinical outcomes to that of non-monogenic IBD patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all children <18 years old who were diagnosed with IBD between 2005 and 2016. A total of 230 children were enrolled. Monogenic IBD was defined as a presentation age less than 6 years old with confirmation of a genetic disorder...
January 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644354/development-and-function-of-immune-cells-in-an-adolescent-patient-with-a-deficiency-in-the-interleukin-10-receptor
#8
Sharon Veenbergen, Marieke A van Leeuwen, Gertjan J Driessen, Rogier Kersseboom, Lilian F de Ruiter, Rolien H C Raatgeep, Dicky J Lindenbergh-Kortleve, Ytje Simons-Oosterhuis, Katharina Biermann, Dicky J J Halley, Lissy de Ridder, Johanna C Escher, Janneke N Samsom
OBJECTIVE: Monogenic defects in the interleukin-10 (IL-10) pathway are extremely rare and cause infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like pathology. Understanding how immune responses are dysregulated in monogenic IBD-like diseases can provide valuable insight in "classical" IBD pathogenesis. Here, we studied long-term immune cell development and function in an adolescent IL-10 receptor (IL10RA)-deficient patient who presented in infancy with severe colitis and fistulizing perianal disease and is currently treated with immune suppressants...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609775/vancomycin-in-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-dysbiosis-fight-fire-with-fire
#9
EDITORIAL
Luc Biedermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564649/oral-vancomycin-and-gentamicin-for-treatment-of-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
Raffi Lev-Tzion, Oren Ledder, Eyal Shteyer, Michelle Li Nien Tan, Holm H Uhlig, Dan Turner
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is complex and involves the contribution of genetic and environmental factors. Many patients with very early onset IBD are difficult to treat. The current antibiotic medication that targets gram-negative and anaerobic bacteria provides only moderate efficacy in subsets of patients with IBD. METHODS: We report a case series of 5 children with a mean age of 1.6 years (range 6 months to 2.7 years) during IBD onset, who were previously refractory to standard treatments and who received oral vancomycin with or without gentamicin...
2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302973/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterisation-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-presenting-before-the-age-of-2-years
#11
Jochen Kammermeier, Robert Dziubak, Matilde Pescarin, Suzanne Drury, Heather Godwin, Kate Reeve, Sibongile Chadokufa, Bonita Huggett, Sara Sider, Chela James, Nikki Acton, Elena Cernat, Marco Gasparetto, Gabi Noble-Jamieson, Fevronia Kiparissi, Mamoun Elawad, Phil L Beales, Neil J Sebire, Kimberly Gilmour, Holm H Uhlig, Chiara Bacchelli, Neil Shah
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] presenting in early childhood is extremely rare. More recently, progress has been made to identify children with monogenic forms of IBD predominantly presenting very early in life. In this study, we describe the heterogeneous phenotypes and genotypes of patients with IBD presenting before the age of 2 years and establish phenotypic features associated with underlying monogenicity. METHODS: Phenotype data of 62 children with disease onset before the age of 2 years presenting over the past 20 years were reviewed...
January 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350736/comprehensive-mutation-screening-for-10-genes-in-chinese-patients-suffering-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
Yuan Xiao, Xin-Qiong Wang, Yi Yu, Yan Guo, Xu Xu, Ling Gong, Tong Zhou, Xiao-Qin Li, Chun-Di Xu
AIM: To perform sequencing analysis in patients with very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) to determine the genetic basis for VEO-IBD in Chinese pediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 13 Chinese pediatric patients with VEO-IBD were diagnosed from May 2012 and August 2014. The relevant clinical characteristics of these patients were analyzed. Then DNA in the peripheral blood from patients was extracted. Next generation sequencing (NGS) based on an Illumina-Miseq platform was used to analyze the exons in the coding regions of 10 candidate genes: IL-10, IL-10RA, IL-10RB, NOD2, FUT2, IL23R, GPR35, GPR65, TNFSF15, and ADAM30...
June 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347721/protein-malnutrition-during-juvenile-age-increases-ileal-and-colonic-permeability-in-rats
#13
Johana Eyzaguirre-Velásquez, Loreto Olavarría-Ramírez, Camila González-Arancibia, Camila Díaz-Merino, Raúl Ariz, Silvana López, Waldo Quiroz, Caroll J Beltrán, Javier A Bravo, Marcela Julio-Pieper
Protein malnutrition can lead to morphological and functional changes in jejunum and ileum, affecting permeability to luminal contents. Regarding the large intestine, data are scarce, especially at juvenile age. We investigated whether low-protein (LP) diet could modify ileal and colonic permeability and epithelial morphology in young rats. Isocaloric diets containing 26% (control diet) or 4% protein were given to male rats between postnatal days 40 and 60. LP-diet animals failed to gain weight and displayed decreased plasma zinc levels (a marker of micronutrient deficiency)...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247160/pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-specificity-of-very-early-onset
#14
Teresa Capriati, Sabrina Cardile, Bronislava Papadatou, Claudio Romano, Daniela Knafelz, Fiammetta Bracci, Antonella Diamanti
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has increased over the last 50 years. It is now recognized that several genetic defects can express an IBD-like phenotype at very early onset (<6 years). AREAS COVERED: The aim of this review was to update knowledge concerning the specificity of IBD at onset <6 years, which can include conventional/standard IBD as well as monogenic IBD-like diseases. Expert commentary: We found that females are less prone than males to develop monogenic disorders, which have X-linked heritability in several cases...
September 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551317/practical-use-of-infliximab-concentration-monitoring-in-pediatric-crohn-disease
#15
Phillip Minar, Shehzad A Saeed, Mahrukh Afreen, Mi-Ok Kim, Lee A Denson
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) that guides infliximab (IFX) intensification strategies has been shown to improve IFX efficacy. We conducted a review to evaluate the utility of TDM in the assessment and subsequent management of IFX loss of response in our pediatric population with Crohn disease (CD). METHODS: Single-center retrospective study of patients with CD receiving IFX that had TDM from December 2009 to September 2013. We defined subtherapeutic trough as a drug level below the detection limit of the Prometheus enzyme-linked immunoabsorbant assay and Anser reference values (1...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25194001/targeted-gene-panel-sequencing-in-children-with-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-evaluation-and-prospective-analysis
#16
Jochen Kammermeier, Suzanne Drury, Chela T James, Robert Dziubak, Louise Ocaka, Mamoun Elawad, Philip Beales, Nicholas Lench, Holm H Uhlig, Chiara Bacchelli, Neil Shah
BACKGROUND: Multiple monogenetic conditions with partially overlapping phenotypes can present with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like intestinal inflammation. With novel genotype-specific therapies emerging, establishing a molecular diagnosis is becoming increasingly important. DESIGN: We have introduced targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology as a prospective screening tool in children with very early onset IBD (VEOIBD). We evaluated the coverage of 40 VEOIBD genes in two separate cohorts undergoing targeted gene panel sequencing (TGPS) (n=25) and whole exome sequencing (WES) (n=20)...
November 2014: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26159695/vitamin-d-receptor-pathway-is-required-for-probiotic-protection-in-colitis
#17
Shaoping Wu, Sonia Yoon, Yong-Guo Zhang, Rong Lu, Yinglin Xia, Jiandi Wan, Elaine O Petrof, Erika C Claud, Di Chen, Jun Sun
Low expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and dysfunction of vitamin D/VDR signaling are reported in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); therefore, restoration of VDR function to control inflammation in IBD is desirable. Probiotics have been used in the treatment of IBD. However, the role of probiotics in the modulation of VDR signaling to effectively reduce inflammation is unknown. We identified a novel role of probiotics in activating VDR activity, thus inhibiting inflammation, using cell models and VDR knockout mice...
September 1, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
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