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Renal Biopsy

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51 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
Charles D Varnell, Hillarey K Stone, Jeffrey A Welge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kidney biopsy is an essential tool for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with kidney disease; however, because of its invasive nature, bleeding complications may arise. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a meta-analysis of prospective or retrospective observational studies and randomized, controlled trials in pediatric patients undergoing native or transplant kidney biopsy in an inpatient or outpatient setting in MEDLINE-indexed studies from January 1998 to November 1, 2017 to determine the proportion of patients who develop hematoma, need blood transfusion, or need an additional intervention due to a complication after kidney biopsy...
December 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Qian Li, Xueying Lin, Xi Zhang, Anthony E Samir, Ronald S Arellano
PURPOSE: To evaluate imaging-related hemorrhagic risk factors for ultrasound (US)-guided native kidney biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of adult patients who underwent US-guided native kidney biopsy at a single center between January 2006 and March 2016 and identified 37 of 551 patients (6.72%) with postbiopsy bleeding complications, including 11 major complications (2.00%; n = 11) and 26 minor complications (4.72%; n = 26). Ten patients with major complications and 20 with minor complications were matched with 20 control subjects each by propensity score matching based on age, needle size, number of cores, blood pressure, partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, platelet count, and estimated glomerular filtration rate...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Maja Mizdrak, Katarina Vukojević, Natalija Filipović, Vesna Čapkun, Benjamin Benzon, Merica Glavina Durdov
BACKGROUND: In glomerular injury dendrin translocates from the slit diaphragm to the podocyte nucleus, inducing apoptosis. We analyzed dendrin expression in IgA glomerulonephritis and Henoch Schönlein purpura (IgAN/HSP) versus in podocytopathies minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), and compared it to pathohistological findings and renal function at the time of biopsy and the last follow-up. METHODS: Twenty males and 13 females with median of age 35 years (min-max: 3-76) who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy and had diagnosis of glomerular disease (GD) were included in this retrospective study...
November 20, 2018: Diagnostic Pathology
Helen P Cathro, Steven S Shen, Luan D Truong
The value of histochemical analysis in the diagnosis of medical renal diseases has long been known, and its use continues currently. Depending on the particular disorder in question, a variety of "special" stains may be applied to renal biopsies. These include the periodic acid-Schiff, Masson trichrome, Jones, von Kossa, Verhoeff-van Gieson, Congo Red, and toluidine blue methods, among others. This review considers the application of such techniques in the assessment of vascular, glomerular, and tubulointerstitial lesions of the kidney...
October 16, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Dustin Carpenter, S Ali Husain, Corey Brennan, Ibrahim Batal, Isaac E Hall, Dominick Santoriello, Raphael Rosen, R John Crew, Eric Campenot, Geoffrey K Dube, Jai Radhakrishnan, M Barry Stokes, P Rodrigo Sandoval, Vivette D'Agati, David J Cohen, Lloyd E Ratner, Glen Markowitz, Sumit Mohan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Biopsies taken at deceased donor kidney procurement continue to be cited as a leading reason for discard; however, the reproducibility and prognostic capability of these biopsies are controversial. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We compiled a retrospective, single-institution, continuous cohort of deceased donor kidney transplants performed from 2006 to 2009. Procurement biopsy information-percentage of glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy, and vascular disease-was obtained from the national transplant database...
October 25, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
A H Schuster, N Reimann
The demand for image-guided renal biopsy has increased due to the better detection of renal lesions; however, despite modern imaging techniques many small renal tumors cannot be classified as benign because they cannot be differentiated from renal cell carcinoma. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT)-guided kidney biopsy is a safe and accurate method in the diagnostics of renal lesions and can be helpful in the selection of new ablative and pharmaceutical forms of treatment and avoid unnecessary operations...
October 2018: Der Radiologe
Stephen M Korbet, Casey N Gashti, Joni K Evans, William L Whittier
Background: Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) of native kidneys (NKs) to better understand and treat acute kidney injury (AKI) is being advocated, but little is known about the risk of complications. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of PRB of NKs in 955 adults from 1991 to 2015 at an academic medical center with real-time ultrasound and automated biopsy needles. Patients undergoing PRB for evaluation of AKI ( n = 160) were compared with 795 patients biopsied for other reasons (not-AKI) for postbiopsy complications [need for transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs), an interventional radiologic or surgical procedure, readmission or death]...
October 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
Serena M Bagnasco
As rapid progress in science and biotechnology is affecting the practice of renal medicine, increasingly precise diagnostic assessment is needed to select the most effective therapeutic approach for individual patients. The kidney biopsy remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of renal disease, but the field of renal pathology is evolving, classification of renal parenchyma lesions and histopathological diagnostic criteria are undergoing more validation and updates, and new technologies and assays are sought to improve efficiency and accuracy of the diagnostic process...
October 3, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Amanda Cunningham, Hallgrimur Benediktsson, Daniel A Muruve, Ainslie M Hildebrand, Pietro Ravani
Background: Kidney biopsy is considered the gold standard for diagnosis of renal disease. It is increasingly performed in cases of diagnostic uncertainty, including in patients with coexistent diabetes and hypertension, for which a presumptive clinical diagnosis can be made. Little is known about the incidence and distribution of biopsy-proven kidney diseases. Changes in the distribution of biopsy diagnoses over time may have significant implications for resource allocation and future research...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
V Brkovic, M Milinkovic, M Kravljaca, M Lausevic, G Basta-Jovanovic, J Marković-Lipkovski, R Naumovic
Biopsy registries are one of the most important sources of accurate epidemiological data and the clinical presentation of renal diseases. A detailed analysis of clinicopathologic correlations over a period of 20 years (1987-2006) was performed earlier by our centre. The aim of this study was to check the current state and to register possible changes in clinicopathologic findings recorded under better socioeconomical circumstances and new management. Records of 665 renal biopsies performed at our institution were prospectively followed from 2007 to 2014...
October 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Sanjeev Sethi, Fernando C Fervenza
A kidney biopsy is done to determine the etiology of the glomerulonephritis (GN) and the severity of the lesion, to identify whether other lesions, related to or not related to the GN, are present on the kidney biopsy and finally to ascertain the extent of chronicity of the GN. The etiology of GN is based on the classification of GN into five groups: immune complex-mediated GN, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated GN, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) GN, monoclonal immunoglobulin-mediated GN and C3 glomerulopathy...
August 13, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Gunnar Schley, Jutta Jordan, Stephan Ellmann, Seymour Rosen, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Michael Uder, Carsten Willam, Tobias Bäuerle
OBJECTIVES: In human chronic kidney disease (CKD) the extent of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis correlates with progressive loss of renal function. However, fibrosis can so far only be assessed by histology of kidney biopsies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide information about tissue architecture, but its potential to assess fibrosis and inflammation in diseased kidneys remains poorly defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated excised kidneys in a murine adenine-induced nephropathy model for CKD by MRI and correlated quantitative MRI parameters (T1, T2, and T2* relaxation times, apparent diffusion coefficient and fractional anisotropy) with histological hallmarks of progressive CKD, including renal fibrosis, inflammation, and microvascular rarefaction...
2018: PloS One
Kimberly A Muczynski, Nicolae Leca, Arthur E Anderson, Niamh Kieran, Susan K Anderson
Introduction: Current processing of renal biopsy samples provides limited information about immune mechanisms causing kidney injury and disease activity. We used flow cytometry with transplanted kidney biopsy samples to provide more information on the immune status of the kidney. Methods: To enhance the information available from a biopsy, we developed a technique for reducing a fraction of a renal biopsy sample to single cells for multicolor flow cytometry and quantitation of secreted cytokines present within the biopsy sample...
July 2018: KI Reports
German Ferrer, Nicole K Andeen, Joseph Lockridge, Douglas Norman, Bryan R Foster, Donald C Houghton, Megan L Troxell
There are differences in renal biopsy yield related to on-site evaluation, tissue division, and operator, among others. To understand these variations, we collected adequacy-associated data (%cortex, glomeruli, arteries, length) from consecutive native and allograft kidney biopsies over a 22-month period. In total, 1332 biopsies (native: 873, allograft: 459) were included, 617 obtained by nephrologists, 663 by radiologists, and 559 with access to on-site division. Proceduralists with access to on-site evaluation had significantly lower inadequacy rates and better division of tissue for light microscopy (LM), immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy than those without access to on-site evaluation...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Seth Winfree, Pierre C Dagher, Kenneth W Dunn, Michael T Eadon, Michael Ferkowicz, Daria Barwinska, Katherine J Kelly, Timothy A Sutton, Tarek M El-Achkar
Kidney biopsy remains the gold standard for uncovering the pathogenesis of acute and chronic kidney diseases. However, the ability to perform high resolution, quantitative, molecular and cellular interrogation of this precious tissue is still at a developing stage compared to other fields such as oncology. Here, we discuss recent advances in performing large-scale, three-dimensional (3D), multi-fluorescence imaging of kidney biopsies and quantitative analysis referred to as 3D tissue cytometry. This approach allows the accurate measurement of specific cell types and their spatial distribution in a thick section spanning the entire length of the biopsy...
2018: Nephron
Anand Srivastava, Ragnar Palsson, Arnaud D Kaze, Margaret E Chen, Polly Palacios, Venkata Sabbisetti, Rebecca A Betensky, Theodore I Steinman, Ravi I Thadhani, Gearoid M McMahon, Isaac E Stillman, Helmut G Rennke, Sushrut S Waikar
Background Few studies have evaluated whether histopathologic lesions on kidney biopsy provide prognostic information beyond clinical and laboratory data. Methods We enrolled 676 individuals undergoing native kidney biopsy at three tertiary care hospitals into a prospective, observational cohort study. Biopsy specimens were adjudicated for semiquantitative scores in 13 categories of histopathology by two experienced renal pathologists. Proportional hazards models tested the association between histopathologic lesions and risk of kidney disease progression (≥40% eGFR decline or RRT)...
August 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Kumar Sharma, Ljiljana Paša-Tolić
The road to precision medicine for nephrology is approaching quickly. In the present volume, the glomerular proteome has now been characterized at a single glomerulus level in mouse and human kidneys. Using the Single-Pot Solid-Phase-enhanced Sample Preparation (SP3) approach the authors demonstrated that LAMP1 is a key lysosomal protein that is increased in glomerular diseases and may play a pathogenic role.
June 2018: Kidney International
Jeffrey B Kopp
With normal aging, there are increased numbers of globally sclerotic glomeruli. Global glomerulosclerosis is also a feature of chronic kidney disease. In this issue, Hommos and colleagues provide data on the fraction of globally sclerotic glomeruli in healthy kidney donor biopsies. This provides reference for evaluation of whether isolated global glomerulosclerosis is evidence of pathology.
May 2018: Kidney International
Luisa Santangelo, Giuseppe Stefano Netti, Paolo Giordano, Vincenza Carbone, Marida Martino, Diletta Domenica Torres, Michele Rossini, Anna Maria Di Palma, Loreto Gesualdo, Mario Giordano
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate retrospectively the indications for renal biopsy (RB) in native kidneys and to analyze pathological findings in a single tertiary pediatric hospital in Southern Italy for the last 36 years. METHODS: All patients who underwent RB at our hospital from 1979 to 2014 were included. All renal tissue specimens were studied under light and immunofluorescent microscopy, while electron microscopy was performed only for specific clinical indications...
April 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Andrew F Malone, Haojia Wu, Benjamin D Humphreys
The renal biopsy provides critical diagnostic and prognostic information to clinicians including cases of acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, and allograft dysfunction. Today, biopsy specimens are read using a combination of light microscopy, electron microscopy, and indirect immunofluorescence, with a limited number of antibodies. These techniques all were perfected decades ago with only incremental changes since then. By contrast, recent advances in single-cell genomics are transforming scientists' ability to characterize cells...
January 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
2018-01-07 08:48:03
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