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199 papers 25 to 100 followers Allergy, immune, and GI related conditions
Georg Oberhuber, Harald Vogelsang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Gastroenterology
Danielle Weiss, Meghan L Marsac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
H Hochwallner, U Schulmeister, I Swoboda, M Focke-Tejkl, R Reininger, V Civaj, R Campana, J Thalhamer, S Scheiblhofer, N Balic, F Horak, M Ollert, N G Papadopoulos, S Quirce, Z Szepfalusi, U Herz, E A F van Tol, S Spitzauer, R Valenta
BACKGROUND: Several hydrolyzed cow's milk (CM) formulas are available for avoidance of allergic reactions in CM-allergic children and for prevention of allergy development in high-risk infants. Our aim was to compare CM formulas regarding the presence of immunoreactive CM components, IgE reactivity, allergenic activity, ability to induce T-cell proliferation, and cytokine secretion. METHODS: A blinded analysis of eight CM formulas, one nonhydrolyzed, two partially hydrolyzed (PH), four extensively hydrolyzed (EH), and one amino acid formula, using biochemical techniques and specific antibody probes was conducted...
July 25, 2016: Allergy
Bruce J Lanser, Ronina Covar, J Andrew Bird
BACKGROUND: More than half of preschool-aged children are enrolled in child care in the United States. Roughly 8% of children between 3 and 5 years of age have a food allergy. Child care center workers (CCCWs) are important caregivers who frequently encounter food allergies, but little is known about their education and understanding of food allergy and anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVE: To perform a food allergy and anaphylaxis educational needs assessment, provide a training curriculum for CCCWs, and assess the effectiveness of the training curriculum...
June 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Nathalie Rommel, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Joris Arts, Philip Caenepeel, Jan Tack, Ans Pauwels
OBJECTIVES: Altered upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and esophageal body (EB) sensorimotor function and psychosocial factors may both be involved in symptom generation in globus, but their common impact is not yet assessed. The aim of the study is (1) to compare UES and EB sensitivity and compliance of globus patients with healthy controls (HC); (2) to study the association of globus symptom severity (GSS) with UES and EB sensitivity and compliance, UES motor function and psychosocial factors...
October 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Norihisa Ishimura, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Matthew Kurien, Peter D Mooney, Simon S Cross, David S Sanders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Dimpal Bhakta, Clark Hair, Linda Green, Ngoc Duong, Aaron P Thrift, Jennifer R Kramer, Hashem B El-Serag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Guo-Qiang Zhang, Bo Liu, Jun Li, Chun-Qi Luo, Qiao Zhang, Jin-Liang Chen, Anju Sinha, Zhong-Yue Li
It has been suggested that n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) have anti-inflammatory properties and may reduce the risk of allergic disease. Fish is a great source of n-3 LC-PUFAs. However, the effect of fish on allergic disease remains controversial. PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective cohort studies regarding the effect of fish intake during pregnancy or infancy on allergic outcomes in children...
September 3, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Flemming Madsen, Kirsten Sidenius, Henriette Enevoldsen, Lars Frølund, Sven-Jørn Guul, Ulrik Søes-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Vadim Bul, Brett Sleesman, Brian Boulay
BACKGROUND Celiac disease is a hypersensitivity enteropathy that can have various presentations in adults. Rarely, patients can present with severe lab abnormalities, dehydration and weight loss caused by celiac disease - a celiac crisis. CASE REPORT A 46-year-old male with a past medical history significant for diabetes mellitus, type 2 (DM2) and recently treated Bell's Palsy presented to the emergency room complaining of weakness, diarrhea and lightheadedness. On presentation, the patient had a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 60 mm Hg and a lactic acidosis with pH of 7...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Kenya Honda, Dan R Littman
In the mucosa, the immune system's T cells and B cells have position-specific phenotypes and functions that are influenced by the microbiota. These cells play pivotal parts in the maintenance of immune homeostasis by suppressing responses to harmless antigens and by enforcing the integrity of the barrier functions of the gut mucosa. Imbalances in the gut microbiota, known as dysbiosis, can trigger several immune disorders through the activity of T cells that are both near to and distant from the site of their induction...
July 6, 2016: Nature
Karen Knipping, Léon M J Knippels, Christophe Dupont, Johan Garssen
A large number of studies investigating various biomarkers for allergy have been published over the past decades. The aim of this review was to evaluate these biomarkers on their diagnostic and/or predictive value. To this date, no single or specific biomarker for allergy has been identified. Since allergy is not one disease, but a collection of a number of allergic conditions, it is more plausible a combination of clinical history, clinical read-outs and diagnostic markers will be needed. This article is protected by copyright...
September 3, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Steve B Min, Cade M Nylund, Thomas P Baker, Mazer Ally, Brian Reinhardt, Yen-Ju Chen, Luz Nazareno, Fouad J Moawad
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) often requires multiple endoscopies. Serum biomarkers can be elevated in EoE patients, but their clinical utility in diagnosis and assessing response to treatment is not well established. GOALS: To evaluate serum biomarkers in EoE subjects compared with controls and assess longitudinally in response to treatment. STUDY: We conducted a prospective cohort study of children and adults undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy for suspected EoE...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Michelle M Stein, Cara L Hrusch, Justyna Gozdz, Catherine Igartua, Vadim Pivniouk, Sean E Murray, Julie G Ledford, Mauricius Marques dos Santos, Rebecca L Anderson, Nervana Metwali, Julia W Neilson, Raina M Maier, Jack A Gilbert, Mark Holbreich, Peter S Thorne, Fernando D Martinez, Erika von Mutius, Donata Vercelli, Carole Ober, Anne I Sperling
BACKGROUND: The Amish and Hutterites are U.S. agricultural populations whose lifestyles are remarkably similar in many respects but whose farming practices, in particular, are distinct; the former follow traditional farming practices whereas the latter use industrialized farming practices. The populations also show striking disparities in the prevalence of asthma, and little is known about the immune responses underlying these disparities. METHODS: We studied environmental exposures, genetic ancestry, and immune profiles among 60 Amish and Hutterite children, measuring levels of allergens and endotoxins and assessing the microbiome composition of indoor dust samples...
August 4, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Julia Eckl-Dorna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Shatha A Alduraywish, Marie Standl, Caroline J Lodge, Michael J Abramson, Katrina J Allen, Bircan Erbas, Andrea von Berg, Joachim Heinrich, Adrian J Lowe, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: The march from early aeroallergen sensitization to subsequent respiratory allergy is well established, but it is unclear whether early life food sensitization precedes and further increases risk of allergic airway disease. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between food sensitization in the first 2 years of life and subsequent asthma and allergic rhinitis by age 10-12 years. METHODS: We used data from two independent cohorts: the high-risk Melbourne Atopic Cohort Study (MACS) (n = 620) and the population-based LISAplus (n = 3094)...
September 3, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Yvan Vandenplas
Regurgitation, infantile colic and, or, constipationare frequent during the first 12 months of life, and although they aremost of the time functional disorders, these conditions can also be related to cow's milk. Practical algorithms for their management are presented. Management consists of exclusion of warning signs for organic disease, parental reassurance and nutritional strategies. The proposed algorithms will assist healthcare providers to manage frequent gastrointestinal and cows' milkrelated symptoms in infants...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Linda Rogers
Gastroesophageal reflux and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are conditions that practitioners have been encouraged to evaluate and treat as part of a comprehensive approach to achieving asthma control. In this review, the author looks at the evidence linking these two conditions as factors that may impact difficult-to-control asthma and looks critically at the evidence suggesting that evaluation and treatment of these conditions when present impacts asthma control.
August 2016: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Annice Heratizadeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease. In the presence of a complex genetic background, there is increasing evidence for the role of specific allergenic trigger factors in perpetuating skin inflammation in sensitized atopic dermatitis patients. In this review, clinical and in-vitro data so far published on allergen-induced adaptive immune responses in atopic dermatitis are summarized. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging new data have been published particularly on adaptive immune responses to inhalant allergens in atopic dermatitis...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
2016-09-05 20:30:30
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