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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26393476/prevalence-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-babesia-microti-in-ixodes-scapularis-from-a-newly-established-lyme-disease-endemic-area-the-thousand-islands-region-of-ontario-canada
#1
Lisa Werden, L Robbin Lindsay, Ian K Barker, Jeff Bowman, Emily K Gonzales, Claire M Jardine
Blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) are vectors for several important human diseases, including Lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA), and human babesiosis, caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti, respectively. The continued northward range expansion of blacklegged ticks and associated pathogens is an increasing public health concern in Canada. The Thousand Islands region of eastern Ontario has recently been identified as a new endemic area for Lyme disease in Canada, but the occurrence of other pathogens in ticks in this area has not been fully described...
October 2015: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26122455/a-call-for-us-all-to-resist-the-resistance
#2
Leah Fitzsimmons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25640810/oseltamivir-treatment-for-influenza-in-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Joanna Dobson, Richard J Whitley, Stuart Pocock, Arnold S Monto
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use, questions remain about the efficacy of oseltamivir in the treatment of influenza. We aimed to do an individual patient data meta-analysis for all clinical trials comparing oseltamivir with placebo for treatment of seasonal influenza in adults regarding symptom alleviation, complications, and safety. METHODS: We included all published and unpublished Roche-sponsored randomised placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of 75 mg twice a day oseltamivir in adults...
May 2, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26148222/cytomegalovirus-and-other-common-enteric-viruses-are-not-commonly-associated-with-nec
#4
Thomas Skeath, Christopher Stewart, Sheila Waugh, Nicholas Embleton, Stephen Cummings, Janet Berrington
AIM: Changes in gut microbiota may contribute to NEC, but most studies focus on bacteria. Case reports suggest a link between cytomegalovirus (CMV) or other enteric viruses and NEC, but there are few case series systematically looking at common potential viral causes. We aimed to assess the presence of candidate viruses in blood or stool of a case series of infants with NEC managed in one surgical centre. METHODS: We identified 22 infants diagnosed with NEC (from November 2011 to March 2014): 17 had suitable blood stored, of whom 14 also had suitable stool samples stored...
January 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26129755/lyme-disease-comparators
#5
LETTER
Joan Crawford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22219235/skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-classifying-and-treating-a-spectrum
#6
REVIEW
Sabitha Rajan
Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common presenting problem in both inpatients and outpatients. SSTIs have been broadly classified as complicated or uncomplicated, but specific disease processes and patient characteristics are important in guiding clinical management. Early recognition of the extent of infection, close follow-up, and familiarity with local antibiotic susceptibility data are critical to successful treatment.
January 2012: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121203/correlation-of-a-vancomycin-pharmacokinetic-model-and-trough-serum-concentrations-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Cady Ploessl, Christopher White, Kalen Manasco
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin trough concentrations specific to pediatric patients have yet to be validated that achieve an area under the curve (AUC) over 24 hours to minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ratio ≥400. The primary objective of this study was to validate a pharmacokinetic model in a pediatric hospital and determine the correlation between a calculated AUC/MIC ratio and measured trough vancomycin concentration. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of patients aged 3 months to 18 years prescribed vancomycin at a pediatric hospital between January 2012 and June 2013...
October 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26130829/the-increasing-risk-of-lyme-disease-in-canada
#8
Catherine Bouchard, Erin Leonard, Jules Konan Koffi, Yann Pelcat, Andrew Peregrine, Neil Chilton, Kateryn Rochon, Tim Lysyk, L Robbin Lindsay, Nicholas Hume Ogden
There is an increasing risk of Lyme disease in Canada due to range expansion of the tick vector, Ixodes scapularis. The objectives of this article are to i) raise public awareness with the help of veterinarians on the emerging and expanding risk of Lyme disease across Canada, ii) review the key clinical features of Lyme disease in dogs, and iii) provide recommendations for veterinarians on the management of Lyme disease in dogs.
July 2015: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26132824/meningomyeloradiculitis-as-an-unusual-presentation-of-neuroborreliosis-in-childhood
#9
Maria Vânia Sousa, Isabel Lopes de Carvalho, Maria Sofia Núncio, Carla Conceição, Rita Silva, Catarina Gouveia
We report a pediatric case of Lyme neuroborreliosis-associated meningomyeloradiculitis with atypical manifestations and negative initial cerebrospinal fluid borrelial antibodies. Transverse myelitis and painful radiculoneuritis have rarely been described in pediatric neuroborreliosis. Clinical manifestations are wide ranging and nonspecific, and the serologic diagnosis is often delayed in the acute phase.
October 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093376/antibiotic-treatment-of-verocytotoxin-producing-escherichia-coli-vtec-infection-a-systematic-review-and-a-proposal
#10
REVIEW
Morten Agger, Flemming Scheutz, Steen Villumsen, Kåre Mølbak, Andreas Munk Petersen
OBJECTIVES: A consensus has existed on not to treat verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC)-infected individuals with antibiotics because of possible subsequent increased risk of developing haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). The aim of this systematic review is to clarify the risk associated with antibiotic treatment during acute VTEC infection and in chronic VTEC carrier states. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed identified 1 meta-analysis, 10 clinical studies and 22 in vitro/in vivo studies...
September 2015: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23984731/severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#11
REVIEW
Derek C Angus, Tom van der Poll
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 369, Issue 9, Page 840-851, August 2013.
August 29, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25562268/traveler-s-diarrhea-a-clinical-review
#12
REVIEW
Robert Steffen, David R Hill, Herbert L DuPont
IMPORTANCE: Acute diarrhea is the most common illness that affects travelers to low-income regions of the world. Although improved hygiene has reduced the risk of traveler's diarrhea in many destinations, the risk remains high in others. OBJECTIVE: To review the current state of knowledge on the etiology, risk factors, prevention, and management of traveler's diarrhea. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A search of the PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library databases for the period 2012-April 2014 was performed for articles on traveler's diarrhea...
January 6, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25834226/coccidioidomycosis
#13
EDITORIAL
Natalie Nimer, Tammy Camp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Pediatrics in Review
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