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Subclinical SCr Increment

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By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305134/subclinical-acute-kidney-injury-is-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-critically-ill-neonates-and-children
#1
Fang Fang, Xiaohan Hu, Xiaomei Dai, Sanfeng Wang, Zhenjiang Bai, Jiao Chen, Jian Pan, Xiaozhong Li, Jian Wang, Yanhong Li
BACKGROUND: Research on acute kidney injury (AKI) has focused on identifying early biomarkers. However, whether AKI could be diagnosed in the absence of the classic signs of clinical AKI and whether the condition of subclinical AKI, identified by damage or functional biomarkers in the absence of oliguria or increased serum creatinine (sCr) levels, is clinically significant remains to be elucidated in critically ill children. The aims of the study were to investigate the associations between urinary cystatin C (uCysC) levels and AKI and mortality and to determine whether uCysC-positive subclinical AKI is associated with adverse outcomes in critically ill neonates and children...
October 10, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698588/-normal-creatinine-levels-predict-persistent-kidney-injury-and-waitlist-mortality-in-outpatients-with-cirrhosis
#2
Giuseppe Cullaro, Meyeon Park, Jennifer C Lai
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a critical determinant of outcomes in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis, but little is known of the impact of AKI in the outpatient setting. We analyzed 385 adult outpatients with cirrhosis listed for liver transplant at a single center; excluded were those with severe hepatic encephalopathy, with hepatocellular carcinoma, or on hemodialysis. Baseline serum creatinine (bCr) was defined as the lowest value recorded, peak Cr as the highest value, ΔCr as peak Cr minus bCr, AKI as a rise in serum Cr (sCr) by ≥0...
November 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561544/latent-aki-is%C3%A2-still-aki-the-quantification-of-the-burden-of-renal-dysfunction
#3
COMMENT
Zaccaria Ricci, Stefano Romagnoli, Luca Di Chiara
The association between pediatric cardiac surgery, acute kidney injury (AKI), and clinical outcomes has been studied several times in the recent literature. In this issue of Critical Care an interesting and original study analyzed the path from causal AKI entities to clinical AKI consequences through the application of structural equation modeling. The authors described the complex connections linking duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, cross clamp-time, and descriptors of low cardiac output syndrome to AKI modeled as a complex variable composed of post-operative serum creatinine increase of 50 % over baseline, urine output <0...
August 26, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907046/pre-stage-acute-kidney-injury-can-predict-mortality-and-medical-costs-in-hospitalized-patients
#4
Jeonghwan Lee, Seon Ha Baek, Shin Young Ahn, Ho Jun Chin, Ki Young Na, Dong-Wan Chae, Sejoong Kim
The significance of minimal increases in serum creatinine below the levels indicative of the acute kidney injury (AKI) stage is not well established. We aimed to investigate the influence of pre-stage AKI (pre-AKI) on clinical outcomes. We enrolled a total of 21,261 patients who were admitted to the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013. Pre-AKI was defined as a 25-50% increase in peak serum creatinine levels from baseline levels during the hospital stay. In total, 5...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617038/relation-of-subclinical-serum-creatinine-elevation-to-adverse-in-hospital-outcomes-among-myocardial-infarction-patients
#5
Gilad Margolis, Amir Gal-Oz, Shafik Khoury, Gad Keren, Yacov Shacham
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury is associated with adverse outcomes after acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). It remains unclear, however, whether subclinical increase in serum creatinine that does not reach the consensus criteria for acute kidney injury is also related to adverse outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 1897 consecutive STEMI patients between January 2008 and May 2016 who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and in whom acute kidney injury was not diagnosed throughout hospitalization...
June 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366580/urinary-biomarkers-may-provide-prognostic-information-for-subclinical-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Christian Albert, Annemarie Albert, Johanna Kube, Rinaldo Bellomo, Nicholas Wettersten, Hermann Kuppe, Sabine Westphal, Michael Haase, Anja Haase-Fielitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the biomarker-specific outcome patterns and short-and long-term prognosis of cardiac surgery-asoociated acute kidney injury (AKI) identified by standard criteria and/or urinary kidney biomarkers. METHODS: Patients enrolled (N = 200), originated a German multicenter study (NCT00672334). Standard risk injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease classification (RIFLE) criteria (including serum creatinine and urine output) and urinary kidney biomarker test result (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, midkine, interleukin 6, and proteinuria) were used for diagnosis of postoperative AKI...
June 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874655/serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-urinary-kidney-injury-molecule-1-as-potential-biomarkers-of-subclinical-nephrotoxicity-after-gadolinium-based-and-iodinated-based-contrast-media-exposure-in-pediatric-patients-with-normal-kidney-function
#7
Brankica Spasojević-Dimitrijeva, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević, Milan Đukić, Dušan Paripović, Gordana Miloševski-Lomić, Vesna Spasojević-Kalimanovska, Polina Pavićević, Jadranka Mitrović, Mirjana Kostić
BACKGROUND New renal biomarkers such as neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) show promise in early diagnosis of contrast media induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). The purpose of our study was to compare the subclinical nephrotoxicity (a condition without changes in standard renal biomarkers) of gadolinium-based contrast media (Gd-DTPA, gadopentetate dimeglumine) and iodinated-based contrast media (iopromide) in pediatric patients with normal kidney function...
September 6, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849947/what-do-small-serum-creatinine-changes-tell-us-about-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#8
Johann Auer, Frederik H Verbrugge, Gudrun Lamm
Acute kidney injury (AKI), mostly defined as a rise in serum creatinine concentration of more than 0.5 mg/dl, is a common, serious, and potentially preventable complication of percutaneous coronary intervention and is associated with adverse outcomes including an increased risk of inhospital mortality. Recent data from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry/Cath-PCI registry including 985,737 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention suggest that approximately 7% experienced AKI with a reported incidence of 3-19%...
August 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712521/subclinical-kidney-injury-in-children-receiving-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Edward Nehus, Ahmad Kaddourah, Michael Bennett, Olivia Pyles, Prasad Devarajan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) administration with urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in children following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) who did not develop acute kidney injury (AKI). STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational study, urinary NGAL levels were investigated in 210 children who underwent cardiothoracic surgery requiring CPB. Children with clinical AKI (defined as an increase in serum creatinine ≥50% from baseline within 72 hours of CPB) were excluded from the analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25728726/prognostic-significance-of-serum-creatinine-and-its-change-patterns-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#10
Giancarlo Marenzi, Angelo Cabiati, Nicola Cosentino, Emilio Assanelli, Valentina Milazzo, Mara Rubino, Gianfranco Lauri, Marco Morpurgo, Marco Moltrasio, Ivana Marana, Monica De Metrio, Alice Bonomi, Fabrizio Veglia, Antonio Bartorelli
BACKGROUND: In acute coronary syndromes (ACS), serum creatinine (sCr) levels have short- and long-term prognostic value. However, it is possible that repeated evaluations of sCr during hospitalization, rather than measuring sCr value at admission only, might improve risk assessment. We investigated the relationship between sCr baseline value, its changes, and in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized with ACS. METHODS: In 2,756 ACS patients, sCr was measured at hospital admission and then daily, until discharge from coronary care unit...
March 2015: American Heart Journal
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