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196 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661387/pre-hospital-advanced-airway-management-by-anaesthetist-and-nurse-anaesthetist-critical-care-teams-a-prospective-observational-study-of-2028-pre-hospital-tracheal-intubations
#1
M Gellerfors, E Fevang, A Bäckman, A Krüger, S Mikkelsen, J Nurmi, L Rognås, E Sandström, G Skallsjö, C Svensén, D Gryth, H M Lossius
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital tracheal intubation success and complication rates vary considerably among provider categories. The purpose of this study was to estimate the success and complication rates of pre-hospital tracheal intubation performed by physician anaesthetist or nurse anaesthetist pre-hospital critical care teams. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from critical care teams staffed with a physician anaesthetist or a nurse anaesthetist according to the Utstein template for pre-hospital advanced airway management...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484640/helicopter-vs-ground-transportation-of-patients-bound-for-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#2
K S Funder, L S Rasmussen, V Siersma, N Lohse, R Hesselfeldt, F Pedersen, O M Hendriksen, J Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Implementation of the first Danish helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) was associated with reduced time from first medical contact to treatment at a specialized centre for patients with suspected ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to investigate effects of HEMS on mortality and labour market affiliation in patients admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we included patients with suspected STEMI within the region covered by the HEMS from January 1, 2010, to April 30, 2013, transported by either HEMS or ground emergency medical services (GEMS) to the regional PCI centre...
April 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478578/helicopter-emergency-medical-services-literature-2014-to-2016-lessons-and-perspectives-part-2-nontrauma-transports-and-general-issues
#3
REVIEW
Stephen H Thomas, Ira Blumen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465274/intubation-success-in-critical-care-transport-a-multicenter-study
#4
Ryan J Reichert, Megan Gothard, M David Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, Michael T Bigham
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation (TI) is a lifesaving critical care skill. Failed TI attempts, however, can harm patients. Critical care transport (CCT) teams function as the first point of critical care contact for patients being transported to tertiary medical centers for specialized surgical, medical, and trauma care. The Ground and Air Medical qUality in Transport (GAMUT) Quality Improvement Collaborative uses a quality metric database to track CCT quality metric performance, including TI...
February 21, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474326/transport-time-and-preoperating-room-hemostatic-interventions-are-important-improving-outcomes-after-severe-truncal-injury
#5
John B Holcomb
OBJECTIVES: Experience in the ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan confirm that faster transport combined with effective prehospital interventions improves the outcomes of patients suffering hemorrhagic shock. Outcomes of patients with hemorrhagic shock and extremity bleeding have improved with widespread use of tourniquets and early balanced transfusion therapy. Conversely, civilian patients suffering truncal bleeding and shock have the same mortality (46%) over the last 20 years. To understand how to decrease this substantial mortality, one must first critically evaluate all phases of care from point of injury to definitive hemorrhage control in the operating room...
March 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469616/prehospital-echocardiography-during-resuscitation-impacts-treatment-in-a-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-an-observational-study
#6
Rein Ketelaars, Christian Beekers, Geert-Jan Van Geffen, Gert Jan Scheffer, Nico Hoogerwerf
BACKGROUND: Patients in cardiac arrest must receive algorithm-based management such as basic life support and advanced (cardiac) life support. International guidelines dictate diagnosing and treating any factor that may have caused the arrest or may be complicating the resuscitation. Ultrasound may be of potential value in this process and can be used in a prehospital setting. The objective is to evaluate the use of prehospital ultrasound during traumatic and non-traumatic CPR and determine its impact on prehospital treatment decisions in a Dutch helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS)...
February 22, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381489/abdominal-prehospital-ultrasound-impacts-treatment-decisions-in-a-dutch-helicopter-emergency-medical-service
#7
Rein Ketelaars, Jasper J M Holtslag, Nico Hoogerwerf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of abdominal prehospital ultrasound (PHUS) on patient care in a Dutch physician-staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) and to determine its diagnostic performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of abdominal ultrasound (US) examinations performed by the HEMS of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, from January 2007 until December 2016. Data including patient demographics, type of incident, abdominal US findings, impact on treatment decisions, and the physicians' narrative report were retrieved from the HEMS database and analyzed...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336764/mode-of-transport-and-clinical-outcome-in-rural-trauma-a-helicopter-versus-ambulance-comparison
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mahdi Malekpour, Jabran M Younus, Kathryn Jaap, Nina Neuhaus, Kenneth Widom, Megan Rapp, James Dove, Marie Hunsinger, Joseph Blansfield, Mohsen Shabahang, Denise Torres, Jeffrey Wild
Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) is presumably an effective way of patient transport in rural trauma, yet the literature addressing its effectiveness is scarce. In this study, we compared the clinical outcome of rural trauma patients between Ground Emergency Medical Services (GEMS) and HEMS transportation from the beginning of 2006 to the end of 2012. Focus was placed on identifying factors associated with survival to discharge in these patients. Over the seven-year study period, 4492 patients met the inclusion criteria with 2414 patients (54%) being transferred by GEMS and 2078 patients (46%) being transferred by HEMS...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332776/compliance-with-a-national-standard-by-norwegian-helicopter-emergency-physicians
#9
Lars Petter Bjørnsen, Andrea Marie Solheim, Oddvar Uleberg, Eirik Skogvoll
OBJECTIVE: The "National Standard Requirements for Helicopter Emergency Medicine Services Physicians" gives recommendations on medical requirements for flight physicians. This study describes the level of formal competence, experience, and guideline compliance of Norwegian helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) physicians. METHODS: In May 2013, all HEMS physicians with full-time engagement at Norwegian HEMS bases were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey using a structured, Web-based questionnaire...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332778/cricothyrotomy-in-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-transport
#10
Kevin High, Jeremy Brywczynski, Jin H Han
OBJECTIVE: Airway management is a requisite skill set for helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) providers. Cricothyrotomy is a potentially lifesaving skill that is used when other airway maneuvers fail. The authors reviewed all transports by a helicopter program in which cricothyrotomy was performed to assess the frequency, success, and technique. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of air medical patient records from an electronic medical record system over a 112-month period...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332779/helicopter-emergency-medical-services-literature-2014-to-2016-lessons-and-perspectives-part-1-helicopter-transport-for-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Stephen H Thomas, Ira Blumen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132582/airway-management-in-trauma
#12
REVIEW
George Kovacs, Nicholas Sowers
Airway management in the trauma patient presents numerous unique challenges beyond placement of an endotracheal tube and outcomes are dependent on the provider's ability to anticipate difficulty. Airway management strategies for the care of the polytrauma patient are reviewed, with specific considerations for those presenting with traumatic brain injury, suspected c-spine injury, the contaminated airway, the agitated trauma patient, maxillofacial trauma, and the traumatized airway. An approach to airway management that considers the potential anatomic and physiologic challenges in caring for these complicated trauma patients is presented...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629995/intraosseous-compared-to-intravenous-drug-resuscitation-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#13
Bryan A Feinstein, Benjamin A Stubbs, Tom Rea, Peter J Kudenchuk
AIMS: Although the intraosseous (IO) route is increasingly used for vascular access in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), little is known about its comparative effectiveness relative to intravenous (IV) access. We evaluated clinical outcomes following OHCA comparing drug administration via IO versus IV routes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated Emergency Medical Services (EMS)-treated adults with atraumatic OHCA in a large metropolitan EMS system between 9/1/2012-12/31/2014...
August 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21856044/intraosseous-versus-intravenous-vascular-access-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rosalyn Reades, Jonathan R Studnek, Steven Vandeventer, John Garrett
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Intraosseous needle insertion during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is rapidly replacing peripheral intravenous routes in the out-of-hospital setting. However, there are few data directly comparing the effectiveness of intraosseous needle insertions with peripheral intravenous insertions during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The objective of this study is to determine whether there is a difference in the frequency of first-attempt success between humeral intraosseous, tibial intraosseous, and peripheral intravenous insertions during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
December 2011: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288774/intravenous-vs-intraosseous-access-and-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Brian Clemency, Kaori Tanaka, Paul May, Johanna Innes, Sara Zagroba, Jacqueline Blaszak, David Hostler, Derek Cooney, Kevin McGee, Heather Lindstrom
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines endorse intravenous (IV) and intraosseous (IO) medication administration for cardiac arrest treatment. Limited clinical evidence supports this recommendation. A multiagency, retrospective study was performed to determine the association between parenteral access type and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in out of hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This was a structured, retrospective chart review of emergency medical services (EMS) records from three agencies...
February 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310869/intraosseous-vascular-access-is-associated-with-lower-survival-and-neurologic-recovery-among-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#16
Takahisa Kawano, Brian Grunau, Frank X Scheuermeyer, Koichiro Gibo, Christopher B Fordyce, Steve Lin, Robert Stenstrom, Robert Schlamp, Sandra Jenneson, Jim Christenson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to determine the effect of intraosseous over intravenous vascular access on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Prehospital Resuscitation Using an Impedance Valve and Early Versus Delayed (PRIMED) study included adult patients with nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests treated during 2007 to 2009, excluding those with any unsuccessful attempt or more than one access site...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315456/pre-hospital-emergency-anaesthesia-in-awake-hypotensive-trauma-patients-beneficial-or-detrimental
#17
K Crewdson, M Rehn, K Brohi, D J Lockey
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia (PHEA) are controversial. Patients who are hypovolaemic prior to induction of anaesthesia are at risk of severe cardiovascular instability post-induction. This study compared mortality for hypovolaemic trauma patients (without major neurological injury) undergoing PHEA with a patient cohort with similar physiology transported to hospital without PHEA. METHODS: A retrospective database review was performed to identify patients who were hypotensive on scene [systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg], and GCS 13-15...
April 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315473/a-before-and-after-observational-study-of-a-protocol-for-use-of-the-c-mac-videolaryngoscope-with-a-frova-introducer-in-pre-hospital-rapid-sequence-intubation
#18
S Ångerman, H Kirves, J Nurmi
Results using videolaryngoscopy in pre-hospital rapid sequence intubation are mixed. A bougie is not commonly used with videolaryngoscopy. We hypothesised that using videolaryngoscopy and a bougie as core elements of a standardised protocol that includes a drugs and a laryngoscopy algorithm would result in a high first-pass tracheal intubation success rate. We employed videolaryngoscopy (C-MAC) combined with a bougie (Frova intubating introducer) in an anaesthetist-staffed helicopter emergency medical service...
March 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258783/air-versus-ground-transportation-in-isolated-severe-head-trauma-a-national-trauma-data-bank-study
#19
Alberto Aiolfi, Elizabeth Benjamin, Gustavo Recinos, Alejandro De Leon Castro, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: The effect of prehospital helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) on mortality has been analyzed previously in polytrauma patients with discordant results. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare outcomes in patients with isolated severe blunt traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) transported by HEMS or ground emergency medical services (GEMS). METHODS: We conducted a National Trauma Data Bank study (2007-2014). All adult patients (≥16 years old) who sustained an isolated severe blunt TBI and were transported by HEMS or GEMS were included in the study...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239953/the-impact-of-prehospital-tranexamic-acid-on-blood-coagulation-in-trauma-patients
#20
Philipp Stein, Jan-Dirk Studt, Roland Albrecht, Stefan Müller, Dieter von Ow, Simon Fischer, Burkhardt Seifert, Sergio Mariotti, Donat R Spahn, Oliver M Theusinger
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on prehospital administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) in civilian trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in coagulation after severe trauma from on-scene to the hospital after TXA application in comparison to a previous study without TXA. METHODS: The study protocol was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02354885). A prospective, multicenter, observational study investigating coagulation status in 70 trauma patients receiving TXA (1 g intravenously) on-scene versus a control group of 38 patients previously published without TXA...
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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