Read by QxMD icon Read

Bipolar disorder

shared collection
19 papers 0 to 25 followers bipolar
A M Soehner, K A Kaplan, J M Saletin, L S Talbot, I S Hairston, J Gruber, P Eidelman, M P Walker, A G Harvey
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are prominent correlates of acute mood episodes and inadequate recovery in bipolar disorder (BD), yet the mechanistic relationship between sleep physiology and mood remains poorly understood. Using a series of pre-sleep mood inductions and overnight sleep recording, this study examined the relationship between overnight mood regulation and a marker of sleep intensity (non-rapid eye movement sleep slow wave activity; NREM SWA) during the interepisode phase of BD...
January 2018: Psychological Medicine
Ian Kelleher, Jordan E DeVylder
Hallucinations are classically associated with psychotic disorders. Recent research, however, has highlighted that hallucinations frequently occur outside of the context of psychosis. Despite this, to our knowledge, there has been no epidemiological research to compare the prevalence of hallucinations across common mental disorders with the prevalence in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Using data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey ( n = 7403), we investigated the prevalence of hallucinations in individuals with a range of mental disorders and BPD...
March 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Ajeet B Singh, Chad A Bousman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
Andrea Cipriani, Corrado Barbui, Georgia Salanti, Jennifer Rendell, Rachel Brown, Sarah Stockton, Marianna Purgato, Loukia M Spineli, Guy M Goodwin, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Conventional meta-analyses have shown inconsistent results for efficacy of pharmacological treatments for acute mania. We did a multiple-treatments meta-analysis, which accounted for both direct and indirect comparisons, to assess the effects of all antimanic drugs. METHODS: We systematically reviewed 68 randomised controlled trials (16,073 participants) from Jan 1, 1980, to Nov 25, 2010, which compared any of the following pharmacological drugs at therapeutic dose range for the treatment of acute mania in adults: aripiprazole, asenapine, carbamazepine, valproate, gabapentin, haloperidol, lamotrigine, lithium, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, topiramate, and ziprasidone...
October 8, 2011: Lancet
Richard Wesseloo, Astrid M Kamperman, Trine Munk-Olsen, Victor J M Pop, Steven A Kushner, Veerle Bergink
OBJECTIVE: Women with a history of bipolar disorder, postpartum psychosis, or both are at high risk for postpartum relapse. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the risk of postpartum relapse in these three patient groups. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in all public medical electronic databases, adhering to the PRISMA guidelines. Studies were included if they reported postpartum relapse in patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder and/or a history of postpartum psychosis or mania according to DSM or ICD criteria or the Research Diagnostic Criteria...
February 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Gordon Parker, Adam Bayes, Georgia McClure, Yolanda Romàn Ruiz Del Moral, Janine Stevenson
BACKGROUND: The status and differentiation of comorbid borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder is worthy of clarification. AIMS: To determine whether comorbid borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder are interdependent or independent conditions. METHOD: We interviewed patients diagnosed with either a borderline personality disorder and/or a bipolar condition. RESULTS: Analyses of participants grouped by DSM diagnoses established that those with comorbid conditions scored similarly to those with a borderline personality disorder alone on all key variables (i...
September 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
I C Passos, B Mwangi, E Vieta, M Berk, F Kapczinski
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review clinical features and biological underpinnings related to neuroprogression in bipolar disorder (BD). Also, we discussed areas of controversy and future research in the field. METHOD: We systematically reviewed the extant literature pertaining to neuroprogression and BD by searching PubMed and EMBASE for articles published up to March 2016. RESULTS: A total of 114 studies were included. Neuroimaging and clinical evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies show that a subset of patients with BD presents a neuroprogressive course with brain changes and unfavorable outcomes...
August 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
S N Ghaemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Ajay K Parsaik, Balwinder Singh, Darrow Khosh-Chashm, Soniya S Mascarenhas
OBJECTIVE: To consolidate the evidence from the literature to evaluate the role of ketamine in the treatment of bipolar depression. METHODS: Major databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Scopus, were searched through October 2014, for studies reporting the role of ketamine in the treatment of bipolar depression. Only randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. We calculated standardized mean differences (SMDs) with SE for each study included in the meta-analysis...
November 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
A J Bayes, G McClure, K Fletcher, Y E Román Ruiz Del Moral, D Hadzi-Pavlovic, J L Stevenson, V L Manicavasagar, G B Parker
OBJECTIVE: To identify features differentiating bipolar disorder (BP) from borderline personality disorder (BPD) and with each condition variably defined. METHOD: Participants were assigned a BP or BPD diagnosis on the basis of DSM criteria and, separately, by clinical judgment, and undertook a diagnostic interview and completed self-report measures. RESULTS: Predictors of BPD status varied according to diagnostic decisions, but with the most consistent items being childhood sexual abuse, childhood depersonalization, personality variables relating to relationship difficulties and sensitivity to criticism, and the absence of any BP family history...
March 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Brian Shine, Rebecca F McKnight, Laurence Leaver, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Lithium is a widely used and highly effective treatment for mood disorders, but causes poorly characterised adverse effects in kidney and endocrine systems. We aimed to analyse laboratory information system data to determine the incidence of renal, thyroid, and parathyroid dysfunction associated with lithium use. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of laboratory data from Oxford University Hospitals National Health Service Trust (Oxfordshire, UK), we investigated the incidence of renal, thyroid, and parathyroid dysfunction in patients (aged ≥18 years) who had at least two creatinine, thyrotropin, calcium, glycated haemoglobin, or lithium measurements between Oct 1, 1982, and March 31, 2014, compared with controls who had not had lithium measurements taken...
August 1, 2015: Lancet
Michael Berk, Olivia Dean, Sue M Cotton, Clarissa S Gama, Flavio Kapczinski, Brisa S Fernandes, Kristy Kohlmann, Susan Jeavons, Karen Hewitt, Christine Allwang, Heidi Cobb, Ashley I Bush, Ian Schapkaitz, Seetal Dodd, Gin S Malhi
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating to support the presence of redox dysregulation in a number of psychiatric disorders, including bipolar disorder. This dysregulation may be amenable to therapeutic intervention. Glutathione is the predominant non-enzymatic intracellular free radical scavenger in the brain, and the most generic of all endogenous antioxidants in terms of action. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a glutathione precursor that effectively replenishes brain glutathione. Given the failure of almost all modern trials of antidepressants in bipolar disorder to demonstrate efficacy, and the limited efficacy of mood stabilisers in the depressive phase of the disorder, this is a major unmet need...
December 2011: Journal of Affective Disorders
Joseph F Goldberg, Roy H Perlis, S Nassir Ghaemi, Joseph R Calabrese, Charles L Bowden, Stephen Wisniewski, David J Miklowitz, Gary S Sachs, Michael E Thase
OBJECTIVE: Practice guidelines have advised against treating patients with antidepressants during bipolar mixed states or dysphoric manias. However, few studies have examined the outcomes of patients with co-occurring manic and depressive symptoms who are treated with antidepressants plus mood stabilizing drugs. METHOD: The authors compared outcomes in patients with bipolar disorder who received a mood stabilizing agent with versus without an antidepressant for a bipolar depressive episode accompanied by > or = 2 concurrent manic symptoms...
September 2007: American Journal of Psychiatry
Paul A Keedwell, Allan H Young
INTRODUCTION: The acute management of bipolar depression presents particular challenges. In most cases, it responds poorly to traditional antidepressants - chronicity and partial response are commonly observed. In a subset of patients, antidepressants provoke a switch into mania and/or cause rapid cycling over the long term. AREAS COVERED: The evidence supporting emerging and existing pharmacological treatments for bipolar depression, with particular reference to response and remission rates and risk of switching into mania, is reviewed...
March 2014: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Eduard Vieta, Marc Valentí
Although the most distinctive clinical feature of bipolar disorder is the pathologically elevated mood, it does not usually constitute the prevalent mood state of bipolar illness. The majority of patients with bipolar disorder spend much more time in depressive episodes, including subsyndromal depressive symptoms, and bipolar depression accounts for the largest part of the morbidity and mortality of the illness. The pharmacological treatment of bipolar depression mostly consists of combinations of at least two drugs, including mood stabilizers (lithium and anticonvulsants), atypical antipsychotics, and antidepressants...
July 2013: CNS Drugs
David E Kemp
BACKGROUND: The most commonly used pharmacologic therapies for bipolar depression are mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotics, and antidepressants. This paper reviews common side effects associated with these medications and provides recommendations for managing adverse medication effects in clinical practice. METHODS: Narrative review based on literature searches of Medline and evidence-based treatment guidelines for agents that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and/or are commonly used to treat bipolar depression...
December 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jerome Sarris, David Mischoulon, Isaac Schweitzer
OBJECTIVE: Studies using augmentation of pharmacotherapies with omega-3 in bipolar disorder have been conducted; however, to date a specific meta-analysis in this area has not been published. Thus, we present the significant findings from meta-analyses of omega-3 in the treatment of bipolar depression and bipolar mania. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for clinical trials up to September 1, 2010, using the search terms bipolar disorder OR bipolar depression OR bipolar mania OR mania OR hypomania OR cyclothymia with the search terms omega 3 OR essential fatty acids OR polyunsaturated fatty acids OR DHA OR EPA OR fish oil OR flax oil...
January 2012: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Alexander J Goss, Muzaffer Kaser, Sergi G Costafreda, Barbara J Sahakian, Cynthia H Y Fu
OBJECTIVE: Current pharmacologic treatments for a depressive episode in unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar depression are limited by low rates of remission. Residual symptoms include a persistent low mood and neurovegetative symptoms such as fatigue. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and tolerability of augmentation of first-line therapies with the novel stimulant-like agent modafinil in MDD and bipolar depression. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, 1980-April 2013 were searched using the following terms: (modafinil or armodafinil) and (depressi* or depressed or major depressive disorder or major depression or unipolar or bipolar or dysthymi*)...
November 2013: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Heinz Grunze, Eduard Vieta, Guy M Goodwin, Charles Bowden, Rasmus W Licht, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVES: These guidelines are based on a first edition that was published in 2002, and have been edited and updated with the available scientific evidence until September 2009. Their purpose is to supply a systematic overview of all scientific evidence pertaining to the treatment of acute bipolar depression in adults. METHODS: The data used for these guidelines have been extracted from a MEDLINE and EMBASE search, from the clinical trial database clinicaltrials...
March 2010: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"