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By Eduardo Roque Cardiologista com foco em cardiologia hospitalar e cuidados intensivos. Professor de clínica médica.
José Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
Michael G Fradley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
Katarzyna Rygiel
Advances in oncologic therapies have allowed many patients with breast cancer to achieve better outcomes and longer survival. However, this progress has been tempered by cardiotoxicity, associated with anticancer therapies, ranging from subclinical abnormalities to irreversible life-threatening complications, such as congestive heart failure or cardiomyopathy. In particular, exposure to chemotherapy (CHT), including anthracyclines and trastuzumab, can lead to cardiac dysfunction with short- or long-term consequences, among patients with breast cancer...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Jason R Cuomo, Gyanendra K Sharma, Preston D Conger, Neal L Weintraub
Radiation-induced cardiovascular disease (RICVD) is the most common nonmalignant cause of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors who have undergone mediastinal radiation therapy (RT). Cardiovascular complications include effusive or constrictive pericarditis, cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, and coronary/vascular disease. These are pathophysiologically distinct disease entities whose prevalence varies depending on the timing and extent of radiation exposure to the heart and great vessels. Although refinements in RT dosimetry and shielding will inevitably limit future cases of RICVD, the increasing number of long-term cancer survivors, including those treated with older higher-dose RT regimens, will ensure a steady flow of afflicted patients for the foreseeable future...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Tarek Magdy, Brian T Burmeister, Paul W Burridge
The cardiotoxicity of certain chemotherapeutic agents is now well-established, and has led to the development the field cardio-oncology, increased cardiac screening of cancer patients, and limitation of patients' maximum cumulative chemotherapeutic dose. The effect of chemotherapeutic regimes on the heart largely involves cardiomyocyte death, leading to cardiomyopathy and heart failure, or the induction of arrhythmias. Of these cardiotoxic drugs, those resulting in clinical cardiotoxicity can range from 8 to 26% for doxorubicin, 7-28% for trastuzumab, or 5-30% for paclitaxel...
September 5, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Lynn A Beer, Andrew V Kossenkov, Qin Liu, Eline Luning Prak, Susan Domchek, David W Speicher, Bonnie Ky
RATIONALE: There is a critical need to develop robust, mechanistic strategies to identify patients at increased risk of cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to discover new biomarkers associated with doxorubicin and trastuzumab-induced CTRCD using high-throughput proteomic profiling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma, echocardiograms, and clinical outcomes were collected at standardized intervals in breast cancer patients undergoing doxorubicin and trastuzumab cancer therapy...
August 31, 2016: Circulation Research
Wendy J Bottinor, Christopher K Migliore, Carrie A Lenneman, Marcus F Stoddard
Patients with cancer can present with difficult management issues, as the medicine can sometimes cause sequelae destructive to healthy tissue. As this population lives longer, cardiotoxic effects are beginning to emerge, but the early recognition of this signal can prove difficult, with too late a recognition leading to lifelong cardiac impairment and dysfunction. Cardio-oncology can bridge this difficulty, and echocardiography and its newer imaging abilities are proving efficacious in this population. This article will address common sequelae of cardiotoxic treatment regimens and offer recommendations for echocardiographic surveillance...
October 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
James A Goldstein
CV complications in cancer patients predominantly result from collateral damage from chemotherapy and radiation Complex interplay of manifold pathophysiologic processes poses evaluation challenges and management conundrums. Pre-cath planning essential, employing advanced non-invasive imaging of myocardium, PC, and great vessels.
April 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Sean A Virani, Susan Dent, Christine Brezden-Masley, Brian Clarke, Margot K Davis, Davinder S Jassal, Christopher Johnson, Julie Lemieux, Ian Paterson, Igal A Sebag, Christine Simmons, Jeffrey Sulpher, Kishore Thain, Paaldinesh Thavendiranathan, Jason R Wentzell, Nola Wurtele, Marc André Côté, Nowell M Fine, Haissam Haddad, Bradley D Hayley, Sean Hopkins, Anil A Joy, Daniel Rayson, Ellamae Stadnick, Lynn Straatman
Modern treatment strategies have led to improvements in cancer survival, however, these gains might be offset by the potential negative effect of cancer therapy on cardiovascular health. Cardiotoxicity is now recognized as a leading cause of long-term morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. This guideline, authored by a pan-Canadian expert group of health care providers and commissioned by the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, is intended to guide the care of cancer patients with established cardiovascular disease or those at risk of experiencing toxicities related to cancer treatment...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Manuela Fiuza, Leonor Ribeiro, Andreia Magalhães, Ana Rita Sousa, Miguel Nobre Menezes, Marília Jorge, Luís Costa, Fausto José Pinto
Considerable advances in cancer therapies in recent decades have reshaped the prognosis of cancer patients. There are now estimated to be over 20 million cancer survivors in the USA and Europe, numbers unimaginable a few years ago. However, this increase in survival, along with the aging of the patient population, has been accompanied by a rise in adverse cardiovascular effects, particularly when there is a previous history of heart disease. The incidence of cardiotoxicity continues to grow, which can compromise the effectiveness of cancer therapy...
September 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Nicholas G Kounis, Ioanna Koniari, George Hahalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Barbora Pitekova, Sriram Ravi, Shimoli V Shah, Beata Mladosievicova, Stephen Heitner, Maros Ferencik
Cardiovascular diseases and cancer represent the two most common causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. With the increase in long-term survival of cancer patients, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality for many cancer survivors. In this article, we will review the most common cardiovascular toxicities of cancer therapies and will describe the role of cardiac CT in the detection and monitoring of cardiovascular disease. While there is limited evidence for the use of CT imaging in cancer patients, we will discuss the utility of cardiac CT in the detection and management of coronary artery disease, pericardial and valvular heart disease...
September 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Thomas H Marwick
An increasing awareness of chemotherapy and radiotherapy as preventable causes of cardiac failure among large numbers of patients surviving cancer has contributed to the development of cardio-oncology as a subspecialty. Perhaps the most important driver has been that the aging of the population undergoing cancer therapy has provided an increasing number of patients at risk for the development of heart failure. Cardio-oncology has many unresolved questions. In this article the 6 most important unresolved issues requiring additional research are discussed: (1) the frequency of overt heart failure as a manifestation of cardiotoxicity; (2) the optimal diagnostic approach to cardiotoxicity in the context of large numbers of patients requiring repeated testing; (3) the need for better risk prediction; (4) alternatives to the use of ejection fraction as the cornerstone of evaluation; (5) definition of the best strategy for protection; and (6) the need for evidence-based algorithms to guide late follow-up...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Sarah Parent, Edith Pituskin, D Ian Paterson
Improved cancer survivorship has resulted in a growing number of Canadians affected by cancer and cardiovascular disease. As a consequence, cardio-oncology programs are rapidly emerging to treat cancer patients with de novo and preexisting cardiovascular disease. The primary goal of a cardio-oncology program is to preserve cardiovascular health to allow the timely delivery of cancer therapy and achieve disease-free remission. Multidisciplinary programs in oncology and cardiology have been associated with enhanced patient well-being and improved clinical outcomes...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Christopher B Johnson, Margot K Davis, Angeline Law, Jeffrey Sulpher
The cardiovascular toxicity of cancer therapy has raised awareness of the importance of heart disease in cancer care among oncologists and cardiologists, leading to the new interdisciplinary field of cardio-oncology. Evidence is accumulating to suggest that risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease are also related to an increased incidence of cancer and excess cancer mortality. We review the epidemiologic evidence that smoking, obesity, poor diet, and inactivity can cause both heart disease and cancer...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Anne Blaes, Suma Konety, Peter Hurley
Survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are at significant risk for cardiac disease and cardiac complications. While there may be cardiac complications during the acute period of HSCT, long-term survivors remain at risk for cardiovascular disease at a rate at least fourfold higher than the general population. Aggressive screening for cardiac risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, and arrhythmias is warranted pretransplant. For those with risk factors, particularly a history of cardiovascular disease or atrial fibrillation, cardiology consultation is warranted in the pretransplantation period...
April 2016: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Tiziano M Scarabelli, Ami E Iskandrian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Carol Chen-Scarabelli, Chad McRee, Massoud A Leesar, Fadi G Hage, Tiziano M Scarabelli
Cancer and cardiovascular disease are the two leading causes of mortality worldwide. Evolving oncologic therapy, including the use of newer targeted agents, has led to an improvement in survival from childhood- and adult-onset cancers. Consequently, there has been a growing realization of cardiotoxic complications related to cancer therapy, with some complications manifesting over months to decades after completion of cancer treatment. This paper reviews cancer therapeutics-related cardiovascular toxicity and its manifestations, multimodality imaging techniques for surveillance and detection of this complication, and the current state of knowledge in this emerging field...
May 25, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Paolo Spallarossa, Nicola Maurea, Christian Cadeddu, Rosalinda Madonna, Donato Mele, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Pasquale Pagliaro, Alessia Pepe, Carlo G Tocchetti, Concetta Zito, Giuseppe Mercuro
Anthracyclines are the mainstay of treatment of a variety of haematological malignancies and solid tumours. Unfortunately, the clinical use of these drugs is limited by cumulative, dose-related cardiotoxicity which may ultimately lead to a severe and irreversible form of cardiomyopathy. Thus, there is an increasing need for close cooperation among cardiologists, oncologists and haemato-oncologists. As anthracyclines save lives, the logical goal of this cooperation, besides preventing or mitigating cardiotoxicity, is to promote an acceptable balance between the potential cardiac side effects and the vital benefit of anticancer treatment...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Nicola Maurea, Paolo Spallarossa, Christian Cadeddu, Rosalinda Madonna, Donato Mele, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Pasquale Pagliaro, Alessia Pepe, Carlo G Tocchetti, Concetta Zito, Giuseppe Mercuro
The US National Cancer Institute estimates that cardiotoxicity (CTX) from target therapy refers mostly to four groups of drugs: epidermal growth factor receptor 2 inhibitors, angiogenic inhibitors, directed Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog inhibitors, and proteasome inhibitors. The main cardiotoxic side-effects related to antiepidermal growth factor receptor 2 therapy are left ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure. Angiogenesis inhibitors are associated with hypertension, left ventricular dysfunction/heart failure, myocardial ischemia, QT prolongation, and thrombosis...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
2016-05-20 11:38:59
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