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Dental Renal

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60 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
Tatjana Kanjevac, Borivoj Bijelic, Denis Brajkovic, Miroslav Vasovic, Radojica Stolic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide public health problem. It is estimated that nearly 90% of patients with chronic renal failure manifest some symptoms of oral disease. With advances in medical treatment, CKD patients are living longer and require oral care. Chronic kidney disease is often accompanied by disturbances in mineral metabolism which are classified as their own clinical entity known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CKD-MBD affects all aspects of bone physiology: bone volume, bone turnover and bone mineralization...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Rubens Caliento, Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento, Érika Mont'alverne Pereira Silva, Tânia Regina Tozetto-Mendoza, Priscila Lie Tobouti, Vanda Benini, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Marina Gallottini
OBJECTIVE: Previous research demonstrated that salivary shedding of HSV-1 and EBV occurs often in adult renal transplant recipients, but there is a lack of studies on the presence of them in the saliva of paediatric population. Therefore, the objective of this study is to describe oral characteristics and to compare the shedding profile of HSV-1 and EBV in the saliva of children with renal transplant to that of chronic kidney disease patients and controls. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 100 children, being 25 renal transplant recipients, 25 chronic kidney disease patients and 50 healthy children...
February 6, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Sonia Deschamps-Lenhardt, Rodrigo Martin-Cabezas, Thierry Hannedouche, Olivier Huck
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between periodontitis (PD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to explore the potential influence of periodontal treatment in CKD patients. Databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Science direct, Cochrane Database) were screened for relevant articles, focusing on the periodontal status of patients with CKD, published until December 2017. Five-hundred fifty-three articles were identified and 37 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were considered in this systematic review...
January 27, 2018: Oral Diseases
Kostas Kapellas, Ankur Singh, Maitê Bertotti, Gustavo Nascimento, Lisa M Jamieson
AIM: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and kidney failure is increasing globally and evidence from observational studies suggest periodontal disease may contribute to kidney functional decline. METHODS: Electronic searches of the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were conducted for the purposes of conducting a systematic review. Hand searching of reference lists was also performed. Meta-analysis of observational studies involving periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease in adults was performed...
January 23, 2018: Nephrology
Jianzhong Hu, Srinivas Iragavarapu, Girish N Nadkarni, Ruiqi Huang, Monica Erazo, Xiuliang Bao, Divya Verghese, Steven Coca, Mairaj K Ahmed, Inga Peter
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), a progressive loss of renal function, can lead to serious complications if underdiagnosed. Many studies suggest that the oral microbiota plays important role in the health of the host; however, little is known about the association between the oral microbiota and CKD pathogenesis. Methods: In this study, we surveyed the oral microbiota in saliva, the left and right molars, and the anterior mandibular lingual area from 77 participants (18 with and 59 without CKD), and tested their association with CKD to identify microbial features that may be predictive of CKD status...
January 2018: KI Reports
Praveen Sharma, Paul Cockwell, Thomas Dietrich, Charles Ferro, Natalie Ives, Iain L C Chapple
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit increased morbidity and mortality which is associated with an increased systemic inflammatory burden. Identifying and managing comorbid diseases that contribute to this load may inform novel care pathways that could have a beneficial impact on the morbidity/mortality associated with CKD. Periodontitis, a highly prevalent, chronic inflammatory disease affecting the supporting structures of teeth, is associated with an increased systemic inflammatory and oxidative stress burden and the successful treatment of periodontitis has been shown to reduce both...
November 13, 2017: Trials
O Baygin, M Cakır, N Ucuncu
BACKGROUND: It is important to be aware of oral and dental problems in the early period in children with chronic liver disease (CLD) to prevent late complications. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the oral and dental health status in children with CLD. METHODS: The three groups of children (3-18 years old); Group 1 (disease group, n = 31) patients with CLD, Group 2 (disease control group, n = 17) patients with chronic renal failure, and Group 3 healthy children (control group, n = 35)...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Lingam Amara Swapna, Pradeep Koppolu, Jyothi Prince
The objective of our study is to assess the subjective and objective oral manifestations and salivary pH in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients at a nephrology clinic. A total of 194 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who were divided into four groups, Group A, B, C, D, and who were attending a nephrology clinic were included in the study. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded using pH- measuring strips. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in the specially designed pro forma...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Jian Zhang, Hong Jiang, Min Sun, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease occurs relatively prevalently in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but it remains indeterminate whether periodontal disease is an independent risk factor for premature death in this population. Interventions to reduce mortality in CKD population consistently yield to unsatisfactory results and new targets are necessitated. So this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and mortality in the CKD population. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and abstracts from recent relevant meeting were searched by two authors independently...
August 16, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Maciej R Czerniuk, Zbigniew Bartoszewicz, Iwona Dudzik-Niewiadomska, Tomasz Pilecki, Renata Górska, Krzysztof J Filipiak
BACKGROUND: Conducted pilot study concerning mean platelet volume parameter among patients suffering from congestive heart failure and periodontal disease. METHODS: Examination of dynamic changes of platelet and periodontal markers in group of 50 patients before and an average of 6 months subsequent to professional periodontal treatment. RESULTS: Both platelet and periodontal parameters decreased after periodontal treatment, what is more, the decrease of mean platelet volume (MPV) value due to periodontal disease/mm improvement was shown to be statistically significant (p = 0...
July 17, 2017: Cardiology Journal
Wei Xi, Hu Bo, Peng Haiyang, Liu Chang, Song Jinlin, Tang Ming
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically evaluate the oral health status of patients suffering from chronic renal failure and undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: Electronic databases, namely, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data base, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, were searched until May 2016 for cross-sectional and case-control studies that investigated the oral health status of patients suffering from chronic renal failure and undergoing HD...
April 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Quan Yuan, Qiu-Chan Xiong, Megha Gupta, Rosa María López-Pintor, Xiao-Lei Chen, Dutmanee Seriwatanachai, Michael Densmore, Yi Man, Ping Gong
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that is growing in prevalence and is associated with severe complications. During the progression of the disease, a majority of CKD patients suffer oral complications. Dental implants are currently the most reliable and successful treatment for missing teeth. However, due to complications of CKD such as infections, bone lesions, bleeding risks, and altered drug metabolism, dental implant treatment for renal failure patients on dialysis is more challenging...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Philippa Middleton, Marco Esposito, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been linked with a number of conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes, all likely through systemic inflammatory pathways. It is common in women of reproductive age and gum conditions tend to worsen during pregnancy. Some evidence from observational studies suggests that periodontal intervention may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is need for a comprehensive Cochrane review of randomised trials to assess the effect of periodontal treatment on perinatal and maternal health...
June 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jean-Louis Wémeau, Catherine Cardot-Bauters
States of chronic parathyroid hypersecretion, related to a primitive parathyroid abnormality (adenoma, hyperplasia), or to a cause of chronic calcipenia (renal failure, vitamin D deficiency…) have a major impact on bone remodeling, alveolodental structures. Thinning of the lamina dura, maxillary or mandibular brown tumors, giant cell epulis are the most emblematic signs of the primary hyperparathyroidism. Other expressions are related to genetic factors such as fibrous tumors of the jaw in conjunction with mutations in the gene coding for parafibromin...
September 2017: La Presse Médicale
J Cotič, M Ferran, J Karišik, A Jerin, P-J Pussinen, A Nemec, Z Pavlica, J Buturović-Ponikvar, M Petelin
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have systemic inflammatory effects and have been adversely associated with cardiovascular diseases, which are also the most frequent cause of death in the end-stage renal disease. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the oral health and serum biomarkers among the hemodialysis (HD) patients in Slovenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 111 HD patients were periodontally examined and their sera were assayed for C reactive protein (CRP), cardiac troponin T (TnT), nitrite/nitrate (NOx) and antibody levels to A...
July 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Marinella Ruospo, Suetonia C Palmer, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Massimo Petruzzi, Michele De Benedittis, Pauline Ford, David W Johnson, Marcello Tonelli, Patrizia Natale, Valeria Saglimbene, Fabio Pellegrini, Eduardo Celia, Ruben Gelfman, Miguel R Leal, Marietta Torok, Paul Stroumza, Anna Bednarek-Skublewska, Jan Dulawa, Luc Frantzen, Domingo Del Castillo, Staffan Schon, Amparo G Bernat, Jorgen Hegbrant, Charlotta Wollheim, Letizia Gargano, Casper P Bots, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is associated with cardiovascular mortality in the general population and adults with chronic diseases. However, it is unclear whether periodontitis predicts survival in the setting of kidney failure. METHODS: ORAL-D was a propensity matched analysis in 3338 dentate adults with end-stage kidney disease treated in a hemodialysis network in Europe and South America designed to examine the association between periodontitis and all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality in people on long-term hemodialysis...
May 22, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Caroline Perozini, Gilson Fernandes Ruivo, Lucilene Hernandes Ricardo, Larissa Avance Pavesi, Yeon Jung Kim, Debora Pallos
Aim. To assess the clinical periodontal and medical parameters in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) at different levels of renal disease. Background. CRF is a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function associated with a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. Periodontal disease is a destructive inflammatory disease affecting periodontal tissues that shows high prevalence in patients with CRF. Materials and Methods. 102 CRF patients were included and divided into an early stage group (EG), predialysis group (PDG), and hemodialysis group (HDG)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
L Lins, I Aguiar, F M Carvalho, L Souza, V Sarmento, L Codes, P Bittencourt, R Paraná, J Bastos
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in the scientific literature about the association between oral health and the health-related quality of life of patients on the liver transplantation waiting list. The aim of this work was to describe aspects of oral health and quality of life of patients on a liver transplantation waiting list. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among 116 patients with chronic hepatic disease: 29 on a liver transplantation waiting list (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score ≥15) and 87 under monitoring in a gastroenterology service in a Brazilian university hospital...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
Sneha Pendem, G Lakshmi Narayana, Poornima Ravi
OBJECTIVE: To describe a safe and effective protocol for the management of patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing minor oral surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on all patients with ESRD who were referred for dental consultation. A definite protocol was designed in consultation with the nephrologist to minimize the risk of bleeding and wound healing complications during and after the minor surgical procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
2017-04-25 05:55:48
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