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Surgical Outcomes

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14 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042354/a-comparison-between-patent-ductus-arteriosus-stent-and-modified-blalock-taussig-shunt-as-palliation-for-infants-with-ductal-dependent-pulmonary-blood-flow-insights-from-the-congenital-catheterization-research-collaborative
#1
Andrew C Glatz, Christopher J Petit, Bryan H Goldstein, Michael S Kelleman, Courtney E McCracken, Alicia McDonnell, Timothy Buckey, Christopher E Mascio, Subi Shashidharan, R Allen Ligon, Jingning Ao, Wendy Whiteside, W Jack Wallen, Christina M Metcalf, Varun Aggarwal, Hitesh Agrawal, Athar M Qureshi
Background -Infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow may undergo palliation with either a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stent or modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt. A balanced multi-center comparison of these two approaches is lacking. Methods -Infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow, palliated with either PDA stent or BT shunt from 1/08 to 11/15, were reviewed from the four member centers of the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative. Outcomes were compared using propensity score adjustment to account for baseline differences between groups...
October 17, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508142/when-is-it-better-to-wait-surgical-timing-and-recurrence-risk-for-children-undergoing-repair-of-subaortic-stenosis
#2
Brett R Anderson, Jennifer E Tingo, Julie S Glickstein, Paul J Chai, Emile A Bacha, Alejandro J Torres
Recurrence of subaortic stenosis (SAS) after surgery is common in children. The effects of patient characteristics and surgical timing on disease recurrence are largely unknown. We performed a retrospective study, assessing the relative effects of patient age and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient on the need for reoperation for recurrent SAS. We included all children <20 years of age who underwent initial surgical resection of SAS at our center, January 2003-December 2013. Stratified logistic regression was performed, considering the effects of patient demographics, clinical characteristics, echocardiographic parameters, and operative technique, and clustering standard errors by surgeon...
August 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315732/2017-aha-acc-focused-update-of-the-2014-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular%C3%A2-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#3
Rick A Nishimura, Catherine M Otto, Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello, John P Erwin, Lee A Fleisher, Hani Jneid, Michael J Mack, Christopher J McLeod, Patrick T O'Gara, Vera H Rigolin, Thoralf M Sundt, Annemarie Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081891/preschool-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Cheryl L Brosig, Laurel Bear, Sydney Allen, Raymond G Hoffmann, Amy Pan, Michele Frommelt, Kathleen A Mussatto
OBJECTIVE: To describe preschool neurodevelopmental outcomes of children with complex congenital heart disease (CHD), who were evaluated as part of a longitudinal cardiac neurodevelopmental follow-up program, as recommended by the American Heart Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics, and identify predictors of neurodevelopmental outcomes in these children. STUDY DESIGN: Children with CHD meeting the American Heart Association/American Academy of Pediatrics high-risk criteria for neurodevelopmental delay were evaluated at 4-5 years of age...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298458/2017-aha-acc-focused-update-of-the-2014-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
Rick A Nishimura, Catherine M Otto, Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello, John P Erwin, Lee A Fleisher, Hani Jneid, Michael J Mack, Christopher J McLeod, Patrick T O'Gara, Vera H Rigolin, Thoralf M Sundt, Annemarie Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190140/complete-repair-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-the-neonatal-versus-non-neonatal-period-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Rohit S Loomba, Matthew W Buelow, Ronald K Woods
It is unclear if neonatal tetralogy of Fallot repair offers better outcomes compared to repair later in infancy. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis comparing outcomes of neonatal and non-neonatal repair. Manuscripts were identified and reviewed for quality and bias with favorably scored manuscripts being included in the final meta-analysis. Several perioperative and postoperative variables were compared. A total of 8 studies with 3858 patients were included in the analysis. Of these patients, 19% underwent neonatal repair...
June 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816222/congenital-heart-disease-in-premature-infants-25-32-weeks-gestational-age
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Patricia Y Chu, Jennifer S Li, Andrzej S Kosinski, Christoph P Hornik, Kevin D Hill
OBJECTIVE: To determine the birth prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) across the spectrum of common defects in very/extremely premature infants and to compare mortality rates between premature infants with and without CHDs. STUDY DESIGN: The Kids' Inpatient Databases (2003-2012) were used to estimate the birth prevalence of CHDs (excluding patent ductus arteriosus) in very/extremely premature infants born between 25 and 32 weeks' gestational age. Birth prevalence was compared with term infants for a subset of "severe" defects expected to be near universally diagnosed in the neonatal period...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881562/total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-the-current-management-strategies-in-a-pediatric-cohort-of-768-patients
#8
Guocheng Shi, Zhongqun Zhu, Jimei Chen, Yanqiu Ou, Haifa Hong, Zhiqiang Nie, Haibo Zhang, Xiaoqing Liu, Jinghao Zheng, Qi Sun, Jinfen Liu, Huiwen Chen, Jian Zhuang
BACKGROUND: Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a rare form of congenital heart disease. This study describes current surgical treatment strategies and experiences in a cohort of patients from 2 congenital cardiac centers in Shanghai and Guangdong in China. METHODS: This retrospective study included 768 patients operated on between 2005 and 2014. Although most patients (n=690) underwent conventional repair, a sutureless technique was used in 10% (n=78) of cases...
January 3, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777295/single-ventricle-outcomes-after-neonatal-palliation-of-severe-ebstein-anomaly-with-modified-starnes-procedure
#9
S Ram Kumar, Grace Kung, Nathan Noh, Novel Castillo, Brian Fagan, Winfield J Wells, Vaughn A Starnes
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that neonates in profound cardiogenic shock caused by a severe Ebstein anomaly can be successfully salvaged with fenestrated right ventricular exclusion and systemic to pulmonary shunt (modified Starnes procedure). The long-term outcome of single-ventricle management in these patients is not known. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent neonatal Starnes procedure between 1989 and 2015. Patient demographics, clinical variables, and outcome data were collected...
October 25, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084382/preoperative-intubation-and-lack-of-enteral-nutrition-are-associated-with-prolonged-stay-after-arterial-switch-operation
#10
Ilias Iliopoulos, Redmond Burke, Robert Hannan, Juan Bolivar, David S Cooper, Farhan Zafar, Anthony Rossi
Mortality for the arterial switch operation (ASO) has diminished significantly over the past few decades. Some patients do, however, continue to have protracted and complicated courses after surgery. We attempted to determine which preoperative factors were best associated with prolonged hospital stay after ASO. We retrospectively reviewed all patients that underwent an ASO over a 10-year period. Outcomes of patients with postoperative stays (POS) >14 days (long stay group-LS) were compared with those patients with POS < 7 days (short stay group-SS)...
August 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933848/stopping-vs-continuing-aspirin-before-coronary-artery-surgery
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paul S Myles, Julian A Smith, Andrew Forbes, Brendan Silbert, Mohandas Jayarajah, Thomas Painter, D James Cooper, Silvana Marasco, John McNeil, Jean S Bussières, Sophie Wallace
BACKGROUND: Most patients with coronary artery disease receive aspirin for primary or secondary prevention of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Aspirin poses a risk of bleeding in patients undergoing surgery, but it is unclear whether aspirin should be stopped before coronary artery surgery. METHODS: We used a 2-by-2 factorial trial design to randomly assign patients who were scheduled to undergo coronary artery surgery and were at risk for perioperative complications to receive aspirin or placebo and tranexamic acid or placebo...
February 25, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26694916/optimal-timing-of-pulmonary-banding-for-newborns-with-single-ventricle-physiology-and-unrestricted-pulmonary-blood-flow
#12
K Ramakrishnan, F A Alfares, K Hammond-Jack, K Endicott, M Nettleton, D Zurakowski, R A Jonas, D S Nath
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing of pulmonary artery band (PAB) placement in neonates with single ventricle physiology, unrestricted pulmonary blood flow, and no systemic outflow tract obstruction. Retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent isolated PAB for single ventricle physiology between January 2005 and December 2014 was carried out. The influence of age at the time of PAB on operative mortality, the need for reoperation to adjust the PAB, the preparedness of the pulmonary vascular bed prior to the second-stage bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS), and the outcomes following BCPS were studied...
March 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23991661/dabigatran-versus-warfarin-in-patients-with-mechanical-heart-valves
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John W Eikelboom, Stuart J Connolly, Martina Brueckmann, Christopher B Granger, Arie P Kappetein, Michael J Mack, Jon Blatchford, Kevin Devenny, Jeffrey Friedman, Kelly Guiver, Ruth Harper, Yasser Khder, Maximilian T Lobmeyer, Hugo Maas, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Maarten L Simoons, Frans Van de Werf
BACKGROUND: Dabigatran is an oral direct thrombin inhibitor that has been shown to be an effective alternative to warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. We evaluated the use of dabigatran in patients with mechanical heart valves. METHODS: In this phase 2 dose-validation study, we studied two populations of patients: those who had undergone aortic- or mitral-valve replacement within the past 7 days and those who had undergone such replacement at least 3 months earlier...
September 26, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26036352/outcomes-of-patients-after-arterial-switch-operation-18-years-of-experience-in-a-single-medium-volume-center
#14
Paulo H Manso, Fernando T V Amaral, Tarcísio J S Júnior, Mauro C Jurca, Jorge Haddad, Walter V A Vicente, Ricardo N Sgarbieri, Fabio Carmona
The objective of this paper was to describe the outcomes in patients submitted to arterial switch operation and to analyze the predictors of in-hospital mortality and further need of re-operation at a single-center institution. Between September 1995 and January 2014, 128 consecutive arterial switch operations were performed. Surgical mortality during this period was analyzed retrospectively, and a follow-up analysis of the survivors was conducted. Surgical era, cardiopulmonary bypass time (p = 0.001), and diagnosis category (p = 0...
December 2015: Pediatric Cardiology
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