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BUMC-P Academic Half Day

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23 papers 25 to 100 followers BUMC Phoenix academic half day articles
Julia Fashner, Alfred C Gitu
The most common causes of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) are Helicobacter pylori infection and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The test-and-treat strategy for detecting H. pylori is appropriate in situations where the risk of gastric cancer is low based on age younger than 55 years and the absence of alarm symptoms. Most other patients should undergo upper endoscopy to rule out malignancy and other serious causes of dyspepsia. Urea breath tests and stool antigen tests are most accurate for identifying H...
February 15, 2015: American Family Physician
Sherly Abraham, Haidy G Rivero, Irina V Erlikh, Larry F Griffith, Vasantha K Kondamudi
Cholelithiasis, or gallstones, is one of the most common and costly of all the gastrointestinal diseases. The incidence of gallstones increases with age. At-risk populations include persons with diabetes mellitus, persons who are obese, women, rapid weight cyclers, and patients on hormone therapy or taking oral contraceptives. Most patients are asymptomatic; gallstones are discovered incidentally during ultrasonography or other imaging of the abdomen. Asymptomatic patients have a low annual rate of developing symptoms (about 2% per year)...
May 15, 2014: American Family Physician
D W da Costa, D Boerma, H C van Santvoort, K D Horvath, J Werner, C R Carter, T L Bollen, H G Gooszen, M G Besselink, O J Bakker
BACKGROUND: Some 15 per cent of all patients with acute pancreatitis develop necrotizing pancreatitis, with potentially significant consequences for both patients and healthcare services. METHODS: This review summarizes the latest insights into the surgical and medical management of necrotizing pancreatitis. General management strategies for the treatment of complications are discussed in relation to the stage of the disease. RESULTS: Frequent clinical evaluation of the patient's condition remains paramount in the first 24-72 h of the disease...
January 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Joseph D Feuerstein, Adam S Cheifetz
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by continuous mucosal inflammation that starts in the rectum and extends proximally. Typical presenting symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, urgency, and tenesmus. In some cases, extraintestinal manifestations may be present as well. In the right clinical setting, the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis is based primarily on endoscopy, which typically reveals evidence of continuous colonic inflammation, with confirmatory biopsy specimens having signs of chronic colitis...
November 2014: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Carrie Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2012: American Family Physician
Ann E Evensen
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease contribute to the high mortality rate associated with the disease. Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of multiple interventions. The first step in outpatient management should be to increase the dosage of inhaled short-acting bronchodilators. Combining ipratropium and albuterol is beneficial in relieving dyspnea. Oral corticosteroids are likely beneficial, especially for patients with purulent sputum. The use of antibiotics reduces the risk of treatment failure and mortality in moderately or severely ill patients...
March 1, 2010: American Family Physician
David G Kiely, Charlie A Elliot, Ian Sabroe, Robin Condliffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Pramod Sood, Gunchan Paul, Sandeep Puri
Disorders of acid-base balance can lead to severe complications in many disease states, and occasionally the abnormality may be so severe as to become a life-threatening risk factor. The process of analysis and monitoring of arterial blood gas (ABG) is an essential part of diagnosing and managing the oxygenation status and acid-base balance of the high-risk patients, as well as in the care of critically ill patients in the Intensive Care Unit. Since both areas manifest sudden and life-threatening changes in all the systems concerned, a thorough understanding of acid-base balance is mandatory for any physician, and the anesthesiologist is no exception...
April 2010: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Sanjeev Sharma, Poonam Sharma, Lisa N Tyler
Red blood cell transfusions are used to treat hemorrhage and to improve oxygen delivery to tissues. Transfusion of red blood cells should be based on the patient's clinical condition. Indications for transfusion include symptomatic anemia (causing shortness of breath, dizziness, congestive heart failure, and decreased exercise tolerance), acute sickle cell crisis, and acute blood loss of more than 30 percent of blood volume. Fresh frozen plasma infusion can be used for reversal of anticoagulant effects. Platelet transfusion is indicated to prevent hemorrhage in patients with thrombocytopenia or platelet function defects...
March 15, 2011: American Family Physician
P J Lynch, S C Edminster
We describe a logical and systematic approach to unknown dermatologic disease entities that utilizes a simple algorithm which, when properly applied, expeditiously narrows the differential diagnosis and provides a key to standard reference books. We find this algorithm system to be superior to the common and often frustrating exercise of leafing through the dermatologic atlas in search of a picture that matches the presenting rash.
August 1984: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Sara R Torgerson, Rami Y Haddad, Ehab Atallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2012: Disease-a-month: DM
Rebecca Kruse-Jarres, Tammuella C Singleton, Cindy A Leissinger
Adults with bleeding disorders may present to their family physician with minor bleeding symptoms or hematologic laboratory abnormalities discovered during evaluation for surgery or another purpose. Identifying the small proportion of adults who have an underlying bleeding disorder as the cause for such signs or symptoms may be challenging. In cases of asymptomatic hematologic laboratory abnormalities, the particular abnormality should narrow down the potentially affected hemostatic component(s), ideally streamlining subsequent investigation...
July 2014: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Robert E Fleming, Bruce R Bacon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2005: New England Journal of Medicine
Scott Kaatz, Waqas Qureshi, Robert C Lavender
After anticoagulation has been started in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), three issues need to be addressed: the length of therapy, measures to help prevent postthrombotic syndrome, and a basic workup for malignancy in patients with idiopathic VTE.
September 2011: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Kalpana Gupta, Thomas M Hooton, Kurt G Naber, Björn Wullt, Richard Colgan, Loren G Miller, Gregory J Moran, Lindsay E Nicolle, Raul Raz, Anthony J Schaeffer, David E Soper
A Panel of International Experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) in collaboration with the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) to update the 1999 Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection Guidelines by the IDSA. Co-sponsoring organizations include the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Urological Association, Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases-Canada, and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine...
March 1, 2011: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Daniel M Musher, Anna R Thorner
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 371, Issue 17, Page 1619-1628, October 2014.
October 23, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Ayalew Tefferi
There are numerous ways of classifying the causes of anemia, and no one way is necessarily superior to another. It is equally important to appreciate the differences in the approaches to diagnosis between children and adults, men and women, and persons of different ethnic backgrounds. Regardless of the specific algorithm followed in evaluating anemia, it is essential that easily remediable causes such as nutritional deficiencies, hemolysis, and anemia of renal insufficiency are identified early and treated appropriately...
October 2003: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Mahboob Rahman, Fariha Shad, Michael C Smith
Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic evaluation can be used to classify acute kidney injury as prerenal, intrinsic renal, or postrenal. The initial workup includes a patient history to identify the use of nephrotoxic medications or systemic illnesses that might cause poor renal perfusion or directly impair renal function...
October 1, 2012: American Family Physician
Jennifer N Smith, Jenna M Negrelli, Megha B Manek, Emily M Hawes, Anthony J Viera
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) describes the range of myocardial ischemic states that includes unstable angina, non-ST elevated myocardial infarction (MI), or ST-elevated MI. ACS is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and places a large financial burden on the health care system. The diagnosis of ACS begins with a thorough clinical assessment of a patient's presenting symptoms, electrocardiogram, and cardiac troponin levels as well as a review of past medical history. Early risk stratification can assist clinicians in determining whether an early invasive management strategy or an initial conservative strategy should be pursued and can help determine appropriate pharmacologic therapies...
March 2015: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Christopher R Macaluso, Robert M McNamara
Evaluation of the emergency department patient with acute abdominal pain is sometimes difficult. Various factors can obscure the presentation, delaying or preventing the correct diagnosis, with subsequent adverse patient outcomes. Clinicians must consider multiple diagnoses, especially those life-threatening conditions that require timely intervention to limit morbidity and mortality. This article will review general information on abdominal pain and discuss the clinical approach by review of the history and the physical examination...
2012: International Journal of General Medicine
2015-07-14 18:25:38
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