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17 papers 0 to 25 followers
Gary R Lichtenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Ruth Chadwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Bioethics
Pamela Bjorklund, Denise M Lund
BACKGROUND: Patients often are confronted with the choice to allow cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should cardiac arrest occur. Typically, informed consent for CPR does not also include detailed discussion about survival rates, possible consequences of survival, and/or potential impacts on functionality post-CPR. OBJECTIVE: A lack of communication about these issues between providers and patients/families complicates CPR decision-making and highlights the ethical imperative of practice changes that educate patients and families in those deeper and more detailed ways...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
Ruth Chadwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Bioethics
Jay M Bernhardt, Julia Alber, Robert S Gold
Social media sites have become powerful and important tools for health education, promotion, and communication activities as they have dramatically grown in popularity. Social media sites also offer many features that can be used for professional development and advancement. When used wisely and prudently, social media sites and platforms offer great potential for professional development by building and cultivating professional networks, as well as sharing information to increase one's recognition and improve one's reputation...
March 2014: Health Promotion Practice
Jessica du Toit, Franklin Miller
Given the long-standing controversy about whether the brain-dead should be considered alive in an irreversible coma or dead despite displaying apparent signs of life, the ethical and policy issues posed when family members insist on continued treatment are not as simple as commentators have claimed. In this article, we consider the kind of policy that should be adopted to manage a family's insistence that their brain-dead loved one continues to receive supportive care. We argue that while it would be ethically inappropriate to continue to devote scarce acute care resources to such patients in a hospital setting, it may not be ethically inappropriate for patients to receive these resources in certain other settings...
March 2016: Bioethics
John Hansen-Flaschen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
Ranjana Srivastava
He's the first patient of the day: admitted overnight, he's scheduled for surgery this morning. "Do you want to catch him before or after?" the resident asks. "Is there anything we need to do for him right away?" I say. When she says that the night resident mentioned some pain issues, I decide to..
January 24, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Xavier Symons
Nigel Biggar (2015) argues that religion deserves a place in secular medicine. Biggar suggests we abandon the standard rationalistic conception of the secular realm and see it rather as "a forum for the negotiation of rival reasonings". Religious reasoning is one among a number of ways of thinking that must vie for acceptance. Medical ethics, says Biggar, is characterised by "spiritual and moral mixture and ambiguity". We acknowledge this uncertainty by recognising rival viewpoints and agreeing to provisional compromises...
November 2015: Journal of Medical Ethics
Johanna Shapiro, Lois L Nixon, Stephen E Wear, David J Doukas
Medical school curricula, although traditionally and historically dominated by science, have generally accepted, appreciated, and welcomed the inclusion of literature over the past several decades. Recent concerns about medical professional formation have led to discussions about the specific role and contribution of literature and stories. In this article, we demonstrate how professionalism and the study of literature can be brought into relationship through critical and interrogative interactions based in the literary skill of close reading...
June 27, 2015: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Jerry Avorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
Ruth Chadwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Bioethics
Jeffrey Francer, Jose Zamarriego Izquierdo, Tamara Music, Kirti Narsai, Chrisoula Nikidis, Heather Simmonds, Paul Woods
The international pharmaceutical industry has made significant efforts towards ensuring compliant and ethical communication and interaction with physicians and patients. This article presents the current status of the worldwide governance of communication practices by pharmaceutical companies, concentrating on prescription-only medicines. It analyzes legislative, regulatory, and code-based compliance control mechanisms and highlights significant developments, including the 2006 and 2012 revisions of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) Code of Practice...
2014: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Peter P Reese, Neil Boudville, Amit X Garg
Since the first living-donor kidney transplantation in 1954, more than half a million living kidney donations have occurred and research has advanced knowledge about long-term donor outcomes. Donors in developed countries have a similar life expectancy and quality of life as healthy non-donors. Living kidney donation is associated with an increased risk of end-stage renal disease, although this outcome is uncommon (<0·5% increase in incidence at 15 years). Kidney donation seems to elevate the risks of gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia...
May 16, 2015: Lancet
Susan M Setta, Sam D Shemie
INTRODUCTION: This paper explores definitions of death from the perspectives of several world and indigenous religions, with practical application for health care providers in relation to end of life decisions and organ and tissue donation after death. It provides background material on several traditions and explains how different religions derive their conclusions for end of life decisions from the ethical guidelines they proffer. METHODS: Research took several forms beginning with a review of books and articles written by ethicists and observers of Bön, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Indigenous Traditions, Islam, Judaism, Shinto and Taoism...
March 11, 2015: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Julie Aultman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Victor Saenz
This issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy brings together fresh essays addressing three main genres of questions: (1) questions about the nature of bioethical inquiry and the relevance of the humanities to medical practice; (2) questions regarding the ethics of organ donation; (3) questions bearing on the application of fairness to the distribution of medical resources.
June 2015: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
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