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Shaffer R S Mok, Henry C Ho, Paurush Shah, Milan Patel, John P Gaughan, Adam B Elfant
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prospective data have shown the benefit of rectal indomethacin (IND) for preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). A recent pilot study demonstrated a lower incidence of PEP after an 8-hour lactated Ringer's solution (LR) infusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of IND with or without bolus LR in patients at high-risk for PEP. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial we assigned patients to standard normal saline solution (NS) + placebo, NS + IND, LR + placebo, or LR + IND...
November 2, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Raf Bisschops, Miguel Areia, Emmanuel Coron, Daniela Dobru, Bernd Kaskas, Roman Kuvaev, Oliver Pech, Krish Ragunath, Bas Weusten, Pietro Familiari, Dirk Domagk, Roland Valori, Michal F Kaminski, Cristiano Spada, Michael Bretthauer, Cathy Bennett, Carlo Senore, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Matthew D Rutter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endoscopy
Nicholas Horton, Ari Garber, Henrietta Hasson, Rocio Lopez, Carol A Burke
OBJECTIVES: There are little data on bowel movement (BM) kinetics induced by bowel preparation. Whether single-dose (SID) or split-dose (SPD) regimens differ in terms of patient convenience is unclear. We compared BM kinetics, sleep and travel disruptions, and polyp detection rates in patients undergoing colonoscopy assigned to SID vs. SPDs. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to 2-L SID or SPD (SPD1 and SPD2) bowel preparations. Surveys were completed querying the onset, duration, cessation, and intensity of BMs, along with sleep and travel disruption en route to the endoscopy center...
September 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Simon M Everett, Helen Griffiths, U Nandasoma, Katie Ayres, Graham Bell, Mike Cohen, Siwan Thomas-Gibson, Mike Thomson, Kevin M T Naylor
Much has changed since the last guideline of 2008, both in endoscopy and in the practice of obtaining informed consent, and it is vital that all endoscopists who are responsible for performing invasive and increasingly risky procedures are aware of the requirements for obtaining valid consent. This guideline is restricted to GI endoscopy but we cover elective and acute or emergency procedures. Few clinical trials have been carried out in relation to informed consent but most areas are informed by guidance from the General Medical Counsel (GMC) and/or are enshrined in legislation...
October 2016: Gut
Antonios Vezakis, Georgios Fragulidis, Andreas Polydorou
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become an important therapeutic modality for biliary and pancreatic disorders. Perforation is one of the most feared complications of ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy. A MEDLINE search was performed from 2000-2014 using the keywords "perforation", "ERCP" and "endoscopic sphincterotomy". All articles including more than nine cases were reviewed. The incidence of ERCP-related perforations was low (0.39%, 95%CI: 0.34-0.69) with an associated mortality of 7...
October 10, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
N Vergis, A K McGrath, C H Stoddart, Jonathan M Hoare
OBJECTIVES: Colonoscopy is technically challenging and can cause discomfort for patients. We aimed to test whether right-sided starting position for colonoscopy would result in shorter procedure time and greater patient comfort when compared with conventional left-sided starting position. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in which patients were randomized to begin in either the right- (RL) or conventional left-lateral (LL) position. One hundred and sixty-three adult patients undergoing scheduled colonoscopy were stratified by age, gender, body mass index, and experience of the endoscopist...
November 2015: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Michael Bretthauer, Mette Kalager, Hans-Olov Adami
Endoscopic screening for cancers of the esophagus, stomach, and colon has been introduced in many countries of the world. Endoscopic screening has the potential to reduce incidence and mortality of the target diseases, but may also be harmful and have unwanted side effects. Precise estimates of the magnitude of benefits and harms of endoscopic screening for cancer are a prerequisite for informed decision making for or against participation in screening for individuals in the target population. This paper outlines the most common pitfalls in the evaluation of screening and offers some recommendations for future studies...
January 2016: Endoscopy
Jessica Hopkins, Noah J Switzer, Shahzeer Karmali
Endoscopic treatments for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have become increasingly popular in recent years. While surgical intervention with the Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication remains the gold standard, two endoscopic interventions, specifically, are gaining traction in clinical use (EsophyX and Stretta). The EsophyX (EndoGastric Solutions, Inc., Redmond, WA, United States) was developed as a method of restoring the valve at the GE junction through an endoluminal fundoplication (ELF) technique. Long-term data suggests that transoral incisional fundoplication (TIF) with EsophyX may be effective for symptom control and proton pump inhibitor reduction or cessation for up to 2-6 years...
August 25, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Neil Sengupta, Elliot B Tapper, Vilas R Patwardhan, Gyanprakash A Ketwaroo, Adarsh M Thaker, Daniel A Leffler, Joseph D Feuerstein
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is associated with significant morbidity. The Glasgow Blatchford Score (GBS) can predict endoscopic intervention and in-hospital death, but the ability to predict post-discharge outcomes is unknown. The aims of the study were to determine whether the admission GBS is associated with post-discharge rebleeding and 30-day readmission following hospitalization for UGIB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational, cohort study, consecutive patients who were hospitalized with UGIB were enrolled...
January 2016: Endoscopy
Jennifer X Cai, Emily J Campbell, James M Richter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Gregorios A Paspatis, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marc Barthet, Søren Meisner, Alessandro Repici, Brian P Saunders, Antonios Vezakis, Jean Michel Gonzalez, Stine Ydegaard Turino, Zacharias P Tsiamoulos, Paul Fockens, Cesare Hassan
This Position Paper is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It addresses the diagnosis and management of iatrogenic perforation occurring during diagnostic or therapeutic digestive endoscopic procedures. Main recommendations 1 ESGE recommends that each center implements a written policy regarding the management of iatrogenic perforation, including the definition of procedures that carry a high risk of this complication. This policy should be shared with the radiologists and surgeons at each center...
August 2014: Endoscopy
Peter Klare, Raffaela Huth, Bernhard Haller, Martin Huth, Andreas Weber, Christoph Schlag, Wolfgang Reindl, Roland M Schmid, Stefan von Delius
AIM: To evaluate the benefits of the left lateral position in avoiding hypoxemic events in patients undergoing colonoscopy. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, prospective, controlled trial at two study sites in Germany. Patients undergoing colonoscopy under propofol sedation were randomized to either the supine or left lateral position. The primary outcome was oxygen desaturation (SaO2<90%). Secondary outcome measures were apneic events, hypotension, patient satisfaction, propofol dosage, cecal intubation time, and adenoma detection...
December 2015: Endoscopy
Michal F Kaminski, Jaroslaw Regula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Gastroenterology
Harry R Aslanian, Ali M Ahmed, Priya A Jamidar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
An Hong Tran, Eunis Wai Man Ngor, Bechien U Wu
IMPORTANCE: The risks and benefits of surveillance colonoscopy in elderly patients have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relative impact of surveillance colonoscopy in elderly patients compared with a reference cohort. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study from 2001 through 2010 of patients 50 years and older undergoing surveillance colonoscopy for a history of colorectal cancer (CRC) or adenomatous polyps at an integrated health care system in southern California...
October 2014: JAMA Internal Medicine
Fabian Finkelmeier, Andrea Tal, Mariam Ajouaou, Natalie Filmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Oliver Waidmann, Jörg Albert
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The continually increasing life expectancy in man comes along with an increasing number of endoscopic interventions performed in patients with advanced or even very advanced age. Data on the feasibility and safety of ERCP in elderly patients are relatively scarce. METHODS: By a systematic query of the University Hospital Frankfurt clinical database, patients undergoing their first ERCP procedure at our center were retrospectively identified...
December 2015: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Reiko Nishihara, Kana Wu, Paul Lochhead, Teppei Morikawa, Xiaoyun Liao, Zhi Rong Qian, Kentaro Inamura, Sun A Kim, Aya Kuchiba, Mai Yamauchi, Yu Imamura, Walter C Willett, Bernard A Rosner, Charles S Fuchs, Edward Giovannucci, Shuji Ogino, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy provide protection against colorectal cancer, but the magnitude and duration of protection, particularly against cancer of the proximal colon, remain uncertain. METHODS: We examined the association of the use of lower endoscopy (updated biennially from 1988 through 2008) with colorectal-cancer incidence (through June 2010) and colorectal-cancer mortality (through June 2012) among participants in the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
September 19, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Nicholas J Shaheen, David S Weinberg, Thomas D Denberg, Roger Chou, Amir Qaseem, Paul Shekelle
BACKGROUND: Upper endoscopy is commonly used in the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Evidence demonstrates that it is indicated only in certain situations, and inappropriate use generates unnecessary costs and exposes patients to harms without improving outcomes. METHODS: The Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians reviewed evidence regarding the indications for, and yield of, upper endoscopy in the setting of GERD, and to highlight how clinicians can increase the delivery of high-value health care...
December 4, 2012: Annals of Internal Medicine
Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Angelo Andriulli, B Joseph Elmunzer, Alberto Mariani, Tobias Meister, Jacques Deviere, Tomasz Marek, Todd H Baron, Cesare Hassan, Pier A Testoni, Christine Kapral
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It addresses the prophylaxis of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (post-ERCP) pancreatitis. Main recommendations 1 ESGE recommends routine rectal administration of 100 mg of diclofenac or indomethacin immediately before or after ERCP in all patients without contraindication. In addition to this, in the case of high risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), the placement of a 5-Fr prophylactic pancreatic stent should be strongly considered...
September 2014: Endoscopy
F Igea, J A Casellas, F González-Huix, C Gómez-Oliva, J S Baudet, G Cacho, M A Simón, E De la Morena, A Lucendo, F Vida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Endoscopy
2015-06-16 07:48:50
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