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Heart Disease ; Stroke; Diabetes

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Kyla L Yett Vitiligo Study.
Miyong T Kim, Kim B Kim, Boyun Huh, Tam Nguyen, Hae-Ra Han, Lee R Bone, David Levine
INTRODUCTION: Korean Americans are one of the most underserved ethnic/linguistic minority groups owing to cultural and institutional barriers; there is an urgent need for culturally competent diabetes management programs in the Korean American community for those with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a community-based, culturally tailored, multimodal behavioral intervention program in an ethnic/linguistic minority group with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: An RCT with waitlist comparison based on the Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Education/environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation (PRECEDE)-Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development (PROCEED) and self-help models...
November 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Cathy Breen, Miriam Ryan, Michael J Gibney, Donal O'Shea
Nutrition knowledge and skills enable individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) to make food choices that optimise metabolic self-management and quality of life. The present study examined the relationship between nutrition knowledge and skills, and nutrient intake in T2DM. A cross-sectional analysis of diabetes-related nutrition knowledge and nutrient intake was conducted in 124 T2DM individuals managed in usual care (64% male, age 57.4 (sd 5.6) years, BMI 32.5 (sd 5.8) kg/m2), using the Audit of Diabetes Knowledge (ADKnowl) questionnaire and a 4 d food diary...
August 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
Yoshimi Fukuoka, Caryl L Gay, Kevin L Joiner, Eric Vittinghoff
INTRODUCTION: Mobile phone technology may be a cost-effective and convenient way to deliver proven weight-loss interventions and thereby prevent or delay onset of type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of a diabetes prevention intervention combined with a mobile app and pedometer in English-speaking overweight adults at risk for type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: RCT. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 61 overweight adults with a mean age (SD) of 55...
August 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Elvira Isganaitis, Robert H Lustig
Rates of obesity and insulin resistance have climbed sharply over the past 30 years. These epidemics are temporally related to a dramatic rise in consumption of fast food; until recently, it was not known whether the fast food was driving the obesity, or vice versa. We review the unique properties of fast food that make it the ideal obesigenic foodstuff, and elucidate the mechanisms by which fast food intake contributes to obesity, emphasizing its effects on energy metabolism and on the central regulation of appetite...
December 2005: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Steven P Sedlis, Douglass A Morrison, Jeffrey D Lorin, Rick Esposito, Gulshan Sethi, Jerome Sacks, William Henderson, Frederick Grover, K B Ramanathan, Darryl Weiman, Jorge Saucedo, Tamim Antakli, Venki Paramesh, Stuart Pett, Sarah Vernon, Vladimir Birjiniuk, Frederick Welt, Mitchell Krucoff, Walter Wolfe, John C Lucke, Sundeep Mediratta, David Booth, Edward Murphy, Herbert Ward, LaWayne Miller, Stefan Kiesz, Charles Barbiere, Dan Lewis
OBJECTIVES: This study compared survival after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with survival after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) among diabetics in the Veterans Affairs AWESOME (Angina With Extremely Serious Operative Mortality Evaluation) study randomized trial and registry of high-risk patients. BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that CABG may be superior to PCI for diabetics, but no comparisons have been made for diabetics at high risk for surgery...
November 6, 2002: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Alan R Gaby
Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most frequent causes of death in the United States. The evaluation and treatment of acute MI in conventional medicine has focused primarily on anatomical and physiological factors that lead to impaired blood flow. Less attention has been paid to metabolic factors that may influence the vulnerability of the myocardium to ischemia and to various stressors. There is evidence that in some cases inefficient cellular metabolism, rather than the availability of oxygen and other blood-borne nutrients, is an important factor determining whether cardiac pathology will develop...
July 2010: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
Jang Hoon Lee, Dong Heon Yang, Hun Sik Park, Yongkeun Cho, Myung Ho Jeong, Young Jo Kim, Kee-Sik Kim, Seung Ho Hur, In Whan Seong, Taek Jong Hong, Myeong Chan Cho, Chong Jin Kim, Jae-Eun Jun, Wee-Hyun Park, Shung Chull Chae
BACKGROUND: Only limited data are available for the recent trend of optimal evidence-based medical therapy at discharge after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Asia. We evaluated the predictors for the use of optimal evidence-based medical therapy at discharge and the association between discharge medications and 6-month mortality after AMI. METHODS: Between November 2005 and January 2008, we evaluated the discharge medications among 9,294 post-MI survivors who did not have any documented contraindications to antiplatelet drugs, beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is)/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), or statins in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry...
June 2010: American Heart Journal
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