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Rhinology

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59 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Mohammad Mahdi Salem Otolaryngologist and head and neck surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389706/management-of-the-cleft-nasal-tip-an-overview-of-classic-techniques-and-strategies
#1
Peter J Nicksic, Miles J Pfaff, Julia R Ayeroff, Justine C Lee
The challenges of cleft reconstruction have been present for centuries. However, understanding of the cleft nasal tip and the evolution of techniques decidedly began in the 20th century and refinement continues into the present day. Although a multitude of technical descriptions and case series have been published, a compendium of seminal techniques, which have shaped modern thought, has not been compiled in the literature. In this review, we discuss the anatomical disturbances in the cleft nasal tip anomaly, the timing and strategy of tip correction, and the major classic techniques for management of the cleft nasal tip...
January 31, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418453/association-of-increasing-nasal-tip-projection-with-lip-position-in-primary-rhinoplasty
#2
Eric W Cerrati, Steven H Dayan
Importance: The effects of rhinoplasty maneuvers on adjacent facial features are an important component in preoperative planning and patient counseling. Tip projection modifications are commonly performed in both cosmetic and reconstructive rhinoplasty. Objective: To evaluate the subsequent change in lip projection that results from increasing nasal tip projection. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case series, 20 patients underwent primary rhinoplasty with the objective of increasing tip projection during the period from October 1, 2014, to September 25, 2015...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520827/surgical-outcomes-of-bony-batten-grafting-to-correct-caudal-septal-deviation-in-septoplasty
#3
Do-Youn Kim, Sung Hoon Nam, Sami E Alharethy, Yong Ju Jang
Improtance: Correction of caudal septal deviation with a batten graft has been popularized recently. However, few reports have documented the surgical outcomes of this technique, especially the use of bony batten grafts in septoplasty. Objective: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of bony batten grafting for the management of caudal septal deviation in endonasal septoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study evaluates the medical records of 141 patients with caudal septal deviation who underwent septoplasty using bony batten grafts from September 1, 2011, through February 29, 2016, at a tertiary referral hospital...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687819/association-of-lateral-crural-overlay-technique-with-strength-of-the-lower-lateral-cartilages
#4
Louis Insalaco, Emma R Rashes, Samuel J Rubin, Jeffrey H Spiegel
Importance: The lateral crural overlay technique is a powerful technique for altering nasal tip projection and rotation. By overlapping and thus shortening the lateral crura, the nasal tip is shortened and rotated upward, thus decreasing projection and increasing rotation. There is no data to show the association of this technique with the strength of the lower lateral cartilage. Strengthening of the lower lateral cartilages would presumably lead to resistance to external nasal valve collapse and improved airway...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750132/association-of-skin-thickness-with-alar-base-reduction-in-patients-undergoing-lateral-crural-repositioning-and-strut-grafting
#5
A Emre Ilhan, Tevfik Sozen, Basak Caypinar Eser, Betul Cengiz
Importance: Knowing the operation plan is important for rhinoplasty surgeons to prevent unpredictable results. Objectives: To investigate the frequency of alar base resection in patients with different skin thickness who underwent lateral crural repositioning and lateral crural strut graft and to evaluate the results in the context of the current literature. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective case series study included 621 patients who underwent primary open septorhinoplasty by the same surgeon between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508726/does-the-timing-of-middle-turbinate-resection-influence-quality-of-life-outcomes-for-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
George A Scangas, Aaron K Remenschneider, Benjamin S Bleier, Eric H Holbrook, Stacey T Gray, Ralph B Metson
Objective To evaluate the impact of bilateral middle turbinate resection (BMTR) on patient-reported quality of life following primary and revision endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods Patients with CRS who were recruited from 11 otolaryngologic practices completed the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22, Chronic Sinusitis Survey, and EuroQol 5-Dimension questionnaires at baseline, as well as 3 and 12 months after ESS...
November 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449210/middle-meatal-packing-in-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-to-pack-or-not-to-pack-a-decision-analysis-model
#7
REVIEW
Sagit Stern-Shavit, Yuval Nachalon, Moshe Leshno, Ethan Soudry
BACKGROUND: Packing of the middle meatus and ethmoid cavities is a common practice in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), but its necessity recently has been challenged. The aim of this study was to formulate a decision-analysis model to determine the need for packing in ESS and identify variables affecting the decision. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted for all randomized control trials comparing packing to no packing in ESS, and a decision-analysis model was generated...
July 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278341/association-of-oral-antireflux-medication-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-and-nasal-resistance
#8
Elif Dagli, Alper Yüksel, Mesut Kaya, Kadriye Serife Ugur, Fatma Cansel Turkay
Importance: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is thought to be a potential exacerbating factor in upper airway diseases. Objective: To describe the effect of pharmacologic therapy of laryngopharyngeal reflux on nasal resistance. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective observational study performed between August 30, 2014, and October 1, 2015, at a tertiary care academic center including 50 patients with Reflux Symptom Index higher than 13 and Reflux Finding Score higher than 7 and 50 controls with no history of LPR and nasal disease...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034843/the-effect-of-nasal-tip-rotation-on-upper-lip-length
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kevin Perkins, Ajul Shah, Anup Patel, Derek Steinbacher
Background: Increasing the nasolabial angle (NLA) with tip rotation generates the appearance of a lengthened lower facial third. In particular, the upper lip show seems increased following elevation of the nasal tip. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to quantify the impact of tip rotation on upper lip length (ULL), and to establish a predictable correlation between the two. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of rhinoplasty patients with increased tip rotation, using either caudal septal extension graft (CSEG) or columellar strut graft (CS), was performed...
May 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062967/septal-cartilage-ethmoid-bone-composite-graft-a-new-and-improved-method-for-the-correction-underdeveloped-nasal-septum-in-patients-with-short-noses
#10
Soo Hyang Lee, Mun Geun Koo, Eun Taek Kang
BACKGROUND: Septal extension grafts are an effective means of extending nasal length in patients with a short nose. However, such grafts can be challenging in patients who only have small quantities of weak septal cartilage, such as some East Asian patients. We developed a rhinoplasty technique using ethmoid bone to create a cartilage-bone complex to overcome this issue, allowing adequate nasal lengthening. METHODS: Sixty-four women with short noses and inadequate septal cartilage determined by preoperative computed tomography underwent septal extension grafting with a cartilage-bone complex between January 2009 and December 2014...
April 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127664/soft-and-firm-alloplastic-implants-in-rhinoplasty-why-when-and-how-to-use-them-a-review-of-311-cases
#11
Nabil Fanous, Athanasios Tournas, Valérie Côté, Yaseen Ali, Patricia Berbari, Amanda Fanous, Maude Campagna-Vaillancourt
BACKGROUND: Modern rhinoplasty is not just a reduction procedure. An optimal nasal esthetic result occasionally requires augmenting the nasal tip, the dorsum or the lateral wall with autografts or alloplasts. A large number of nasal implant types have been reported in the medical literature. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to demystify the role and indications of nasal implants in rhinoplasty. As well, it offers both the novice and experienced nasal surgeon a basic, simplified and organized approach to the use of soft and firm nasal implants in rhinoplasty...
January 27, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145823/clinical-practice-guideline-improving-nasal-form-and-function-after-rhinoplasty
#12
Lisa E Ishii, Travis T Tollefson, Gregory J Basura, Richard M Rosenfeld, Peter J Abramson, Scott R Chaiet, Kara S Davis, Karl Doghramji, Edward H Farrior, Sandra A Finestone, Stacey L Ishman, Robert X Murphy, John G Park, Michael Setzen, Deborah J Strike, Sandra A Walsh, Jeremy P Warner, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168892/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-studies-evaluating-functional-rhinoplasty-outcomes-with-the-nose-score
#13
REVIEW
Elizabeth Mia Floyd, Sandra Ho, Prayag Patel, Richard M Rosenfeld, Eli Gordin
Objective To provide aggregate data regarding the ability of functional rhinoplasty to improve nasal obstruction as measured by the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) score. Data Sources PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane databases. Review Methods A search was performed with the terms "nasal obstruction" and "rhinoplasty." Studies were included if they evaluated the effect of functional rhinoplasty on nasal obstruction with the NOSE score. Case reports, narratives, and articles that did not use the NOSE score were excluded...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905114/is-sinus-surgery-indicated-for-recurrent-acute-rhinosinusitis
#14
REVIEW
Alexandra Michalowski, Ashutosh Kacker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216341/skin-diseases-of-the-nose
#15
REVIEW
Ayse Pelin Yigider, Fatma Tulin Kayhan, Ozgur Yigit, Ayse Kavak, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review the main lesion types of the nasal skin and appropriate treatment strategies rather than to present a comprehensive list of all diseases that affect the skin that can involve the nose. METHODS: We reviewed the main nasal skin lesion types and available treatment strategies. Nasal skin lesions were classified as benign, premalignant, or malignant. RESULTS: Benign lesions of the nose include nonmalignant tumoral lesions (i...
May 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152126/sinonasal-quality-of-life-in-children-after-outfracture-of-inferior-turbinates-and-submucous-inferior-turbinoplasty-for-chronic-nasal-congestion
#16
Brian Manzi, Kevin J Sykes, Julie L Wei
Importance: Chronic nasal congestion often persists in children despite empirical treatment using intranasal corticosteroids, systemic antihistamines, and/or leukotriene receptor antagonists. Symptoms are often reported even with negative results of skin or blood allergy testing. Inferior turbinoplasty has been effective in adults and children, but outfracture of inferior turbinates in children is rarely reported, as is use of validated quality-of-life measures to quantify improvements after intervention...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050215/rhinoplasty-complications-and-reoperations-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Paulo Fernando Tormin Borges Crosara, Flávio Barbosa Nunes, Danilo Santana Rodrigues, Ana Rosa Pimentel Figueiredo, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Celso Goncalves Becker, Roberto Eustáquio Santos Guimarães
Introduction This article is related to complications of rhinoplasty and its main causes of reoperations. Objectives The objective of this study is to perform a systematic review of literature on complications in rhinoplasty. Data Synthesis The authors conducted a survey of articles related to key terms in the literature by using three important databases within 11 years, between January 2002 and January 2013. We found 1,271 abstracts and selected 49 articles to this review. Conclusion The main results showed that the number of primary open rhinoplasty was 7902 (89%) and 765 closed (11%) and the percentage of reoperations in primary open complete rhinoplasties was 2...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121862/does-the-effect-of-inferior-turbinate-outfracture-persist
#18
Dong Chang Lee, Sang-Gyun Jin, Boo Young Kim, Soonil Yoo, Sungwoo Han, Yong Joo Lee, Young Hoon Jung, Jeongmin Kim, Soo Whan Kim, Sung Won Kim
BACKGROUND: To resolve nasal obstruction in rhinoplasty, inferior turbinate outfracture is performed widely alone or combined with other procedures. There are conflicting reports on the effect of inferior turbinate outfracture. This study evaluated the persistence of morphologic changes after inferior turbinate outfracture. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 55 patients who underwent inferior turbinate outfracture without septal surgery to approach the sphenoid sinus for brain tumor removal...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127662/an-effective-algorithm-for-management-of-noses-with-thick-skin
#19
Bahman Guyuron, Michelle Lee
BACKGROUND: Thicker nasal skin blunts the definition of the underlying osseocartilaginous frame and the delicate topography of the nose posing additional challenges in producing desirable tip definition. Despite the recognized challenge in this patient population, there is a paucity of literature on how to overcome this problem. PURPOSE: The goal of this article is to provide a systematic algorithm to manage patients with thick nasal skin. METHOD: Approach to the thick nasal skin patient begins with an evaluation of the etiology of their skin thickness...
April 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527752/clinical-consensus-statement-septoplasty-with-or-without-inferior-turbinate-reduction
#20
REVIEW
Joseph K Han, Scott P Stringer, Richard M Rosenfeld, Sanford M Archer, Dole P Baker, Seth M Brown, David R Edelstein, Stacey T Gray, Timothy S Lian, Erin J Ross, Allen M Seiden, Michael Setzen, Travis T Tollefson, P Daniel Ward, Kevin C Welch, Sarah K Wise, Lorraine C Nnacheta
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical consensus statement on septoplasty with or without inferior turbinate reduction. METHODS: An expert panel of otolaryngologists with no relevant conflicts of interest was assembled to represent general otolaryngology and relevant subspecialty societies. A working definition of septoplasty with or without inferior turbinate reduction and the scope of pertinent otolaryngologic practice were first established. Patients 18 years and older were defined as the targeted population of interest...
November 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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