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Face lift and facial plastic surgery

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126 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Mohammad Mahdi Salem Otolaryngologist and head and neck surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264684/three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-ear-morphology
#1
Ali Modabber, Helmut Galster, Florian Peters, Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Kristian Kniha, Matthias Knobe, Frank Hölzle, Alireza Ghassemi
BACKGROUND: For surgical treatment of the face, detailed surgical planning is necessary to avoid later unaesthetic results. Most of the studies in the literature concentrate on the ears' anatomy during childhood and adolescence. Nearly no study evaluates the anatomy of ears of people aged 50 or older. It was our aim to measure and evaluate the ear's anatomy in Caucasians between the ages of 21 and 65. METHODS: Three-dimensional scans of 240 volunteers were taken...
December 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273929/correcting-nasojugal-groove-with-autologous-cultured-fibroblast-injection-a-pilot-study
#2
Kyung-Chul Moon, Hyun-Su Lee, Seung-Kyu Han, Ho-Yun Chung
BACKGROUND: A new commercial drug that contains autologous cultured fibroblasts has been developed and approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for improving the appearance of nasolabial folds. However, the treatment requires three sessions every 3-6 weeks. It is known that the skin overlying the nasojugal groove is thinner, and the wrinkle is generally shallower than nasolabial folds. Therefore, we hypothesized that the nasojugal groove could be improved by just one treatment session...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273933/neck-contouring-without-rhytidectomy-in-the-presence-of-excess-skin
#3
Ji H Son, Christina Pindar, Kristopher Katira, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe neck skin laxity due to excess submental adipose tissue have required either standard rhytidectomy or direct excision of neck skin with Z-plasty and submental lipectomy. Our recent experiences with four patients who declined cervicofacial rhytidectomy demonstrate that submental lipectomy and platysmarrhaphy appear to obtain sufficient improvement. METHODS: The submental area, submandibular area, and lateral neck are injected with local anesthetic...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288423/proposal-of-a-classification-system-for-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-prominent-ear-deformity
#4
Youngdae Lee, Young Seok Kim, Won Jai Lee, Dong Kyun Rha, Jiye Kim
BACKGROUND: Prominent ear is the most common external ear deformity. To comprehensively treat prominent ear deformity, adequate comprehension of its pathophysiology is crucial. In this article, we analyze cases of prominent ear and suggest a simple classification system and treatment algorithm according to pathophysiology. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 205 Northeast Asian patients' clinical data who underwent an operation for prominent ear deformity...
December 29, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654619/evidence-based-medicine-mandible-fractures
#5
REVIEW
Brent B Pickrell, Larry H Hollier
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Explain the epidemiology of mandible fractures. 2. Discuss preoperative evaluation of the patient with a mandible fracture. 3. Compare the various modalities of fracture fixation. 4. Identify common complications after fracture repair. SUMMARY: In this Maintenance of Certification/Continuing Medical Education article, the reader is provided with a review of the epidemiology, preoperative evaluation, perioperative management, and surgical outcomes of mandible fractures...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264890/the-treatment-of-facial-asymmetry-review
#6
REVIEW
Kazimierz Kobus, Katarzyna Kobus-Zaleśna
Some degree of congenital or acquired asymmetry is normal and universal. Significant facial asymmetry, however, causes both aesthetic, as well as functional problems. The comprehensive management of facial symmetry is scarcely addressed.1-5 Differing etiologies, heterogeneous material, and different ages of patients tend to produce fragmentary reports, the more so as evidence-based evaluation of outcomes is almost impossible. Therefore, a presentation of the general rules of treatment, illustrated by our own material collected from the Hospital and Clinic of Plastic Surgery in Polanica-Zdrój and from private surgical and orthodontic practice, could be regarded as useful and justified...
November 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250664/morphological-changes-in-support-mechanism-of-superficial-face-layers-in-moebius-syndrome
#7
Marius Valeriu Hînganu, Cristinel Ionel Stan, Traian Ţăranu, Delia Hînganu
Moebius syndrome, also called congenital facial paralysis is a rare neurological disease, whose etiology is not fully elucidated. It affects especially facial and oculomotor cranial nerves and its clinical feature is peripheral facial paralysis. The objective of the study is to highlight the anatomical and functional changes in the Moebius syndrome and establish certain criteria that should be the basis for reparative surgery in this disease. For this purpose, we used a group of six patients diagnosed with this pathology, in whom we pursued functional anatomical and histological changes of the superficial layers of the face that we have grouped in terms of their clinical impact...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264683/assessing-normal-smiling-function-through-3d-3d-surfaces-registration-an-innovative-method-for-the-assessment-of-facial-mimicry
#8
Valentina Pucciarelli, Daniele Gibelli, Luisa Barni, Nicoletta Gagliano, Claudia Dolci, Chiarella Sforza
Smiling has a great importance, both from a functional and an aesthetic point of view. The introduction of modern 3D acquisition and elaboration methods may provide additional help in the evaluation of facial mimicry. This study aims at proposing an innovative method to assess facial and labial movements in different types of smiles. Twenty healthy subjects (10 males, 10 females, mean age 27.5 years, SD 4.5 years), were recorded through a stereophotogrammetric system in neutral position and in three types of smiles: Mona-Lisa smile, canine smile, full-denture smile...
December 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234856/modified-island-technique-for-prominent-ears
#9
Horacio F Mayer, Hugo D Loustau
There have been several methods described for the correction of prominent ears, including techniques that excise, bend, suture, score, or cut the auricular cartilage. The Island Technique, proposed by Pitanguy, is based on the creation of a cartilage island to define the antihelix and correct the conchoscaphal angle. Visibility of sharp edges has been the main criticism of this technique. To avoid them, we advise performing an internal bevel incision to round off the edges and achieve a more natural look. Also, sometimes prominent ears are asymmetric with different conchoscaphal angles, determining a residual but protruding upper pole, thus requiring different treatment on each side...
December 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218477/safety-and-efficacy-of-facial-fat-grafting-under-local-anesthesia
#10
Xiaorong Ma, Liming Wu, Tianxiang Ouyang, Wenjia Ge, Jingwen Ke
BACKGROUND: Facial fat grafting under local anesthesia has been widely performed in outpatient departments and private settings in China. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of facial fat grafting under local anesthesia. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted on 155 patients who underwent facial fat grafting. The clinical data were recorded. Preoperative and postoperative two-dimensional images were acquired to evaluate the effect of facial fat grafting on refining facial contouring, rejuvenation as well as deformity reconstruction...
December 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133982/combined-aesthetic-interventions-for-prevention-of-facial-ageing-and-restoration-and-beautification-of-face-and-body
#11
Sabrina Fabi, Tatjana Pavicic, André Braz, Jeremy B Green, Kyle Seo, Jani Aj van Loghem
The Merz Institute of Advanced Aesthetics Expert Summit was held in Prague, Czech Republic, from 19-20 November 2016. The meeting had a distinct advisory board character and invited aesthetic practitioners from all over the world to hear an international faculty present a range of keynote lectures and conduct live injection sessions with an emphasis on recent developments in combination aesthetic interventions for face and body rejuvenation and beautification. Aging is associated with changes in bones, muscles, ligaments, adipose tissue, and skin and, moreover, involves interactions among these tissue types...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176427/principles-of-cleft-lip-repair-conventions-commonalities-and-controversies
#12
COMMENT
Andrea Sisti, Giuseppe Nisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214336/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-early-postoperative-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-for-facial-scars
#13
Seo H Lee, Hyung J Min, Yang W Kim, Young W Cheon
BACKGROUND: Scars widen when the underlying musculature pulls apart suture lines, and scars oriented against relaxed skin tension lines are especially susceptible to these distraction forces. Because botulinum toxin A (BTA) induces complete muscle paralysis, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of BTA using both observer-dependent qualitative assessments and quantitative measurements to verify its beneficial effects on facial scarring. METHODS: Patients with vertical forehead lacerations, treated by primary closure, were randomly assigned to two groups: one (n = 15) received BTA injections within 5 days of primary closure and the other (n = 15) received no further treatment...
December 6, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023993/pediatric-keloids-a-6-year-retrospective-review
#14
Afieharo I Michael, Samuel A Ademola, Olayinka A Olawoye, Ayodele O Iyun, Wasiu Adebayo, Odunayo M Oluwatosin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Keloids are reportedly rare at the extremes of life. We sought to describe the epidemiology of pediatric keloids seen at the plastic surgery outpatient department of the University College Hospital, Ibadan. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all children younger than 19 years who presented with nonburn keloids between 2008 and 2014. Data were obtained on age; duration, size, and location of the keloid; family history; mode of treatment; and outcome...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068942/eyelid-reconstruction
#15
REVIEW
Edward I Chang, Bita Esmaeli, Charles E Butler
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe eyelid anatomy and demonstrate full understanding of the critical structures and basic principles of eyelid reconstruction. 2. Evaluate individual defects, analyze the missing components, and formulate a reconstructive algorithm. 3. Anticipate potential complications and design effective strategies to manage and treat common complications following eyelid reconstruction. SUMMARY: Defects of the eyelid can result from trauma, burns, or resection of cutaneous malignancies...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084117/a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-cleft-and-craniofacial-surgery
#16
Jonathan M Bekisz, Elise Fryml, Roberto L Flores
This study presents a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in cleft and craniofacial surgery. All studies reporting on RCTs in cleft and craniofacial surgery were identified on PubMed using the search terms "cleft," "velopharyngeal insufficiency," "velopharyngeal dysfunction," "nasoalveolar molding," "gingivoperiosteoplasty," "Pierre Robin sequence," "craniofacial," "craniosynostosis," "craniofacial microsomia," "hemifacial microsomia," "hypertelorism," "Le Fort," "monobloc," "distraction osteogenesis," "Treacher Collins," and "Goldenhar...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941987/burn-injury-challenges-and-advances-in-burn-wound-healing-infection-pain-and-scarring
#17
Yiwei Wang, Joanneke Beekman, Jonathan Hew, Stuart Jackson, Andrea C Issler-Fisher, Roxanne Parungao, Sepher S Lajevardi, Zhe Li, Peter K M Maitz
Severe burn injuries are the most traumatic and physically debilitating injuries affecting nearly every organ system and leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Early burn wound excision and skin grafting are common clinical practices that have significantly improved the outcomes for severe burn injured patients by reducing mortality rate and days of hospital stay. However, slow wound healing, infection, pain, and hypertrophic scarring continue to remain a major challenge in burn research and management...
September 20, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140906/nose-and-lips-graft-variants-a-subunit-anatomical-study
#18
Jérôme Duisit, Louis Maistriaux, Alexander Gerdom, Martial Vergauwen, Pierre Gianello, Catherine Behets, Benoît Lengelé
BACKGROUND: In the field of Vascularized Composite tissue Allotransplantation (VCA), the surgical design of facial subunit grafts is an evolving concept. The purpose of the present paper is to study the possibilities to divide the historical nose and lips face transplant into several morphological and functional subunit grafts, depending on their respective supply. METHODS: Our study was conducted in 20 adult cadavers. The facial artery and its branches were dissected bilaterally in 16 fresh and 4 embalmed heads...
November 11, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532945/regenerative-medicine-in-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Matthew Q Miller, Abhijit Dighe, Quanjun Cui, Stephen S Park, J Jared Christophel
The field of regenerative medicine aims at enhancing tissue healing and regeneration through the exogenous addition of therapeutic growth factors and cells, often in combination with tissue-compatible scaffolds. Perhaps the biggest advances in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery (FPRS) in the coming years will be the result of regenerative medicine techniques. While many articles on regenerative medicine have been published in the FPRS literature, to our knowledge there are no reviews that describe both soft-tissue and bony regeneration strategies, including scaffolds, stem cells, growth factors, and platelet-rich plasma...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418453/association-of-increasing-nasal-tip-projection-with-lip-position-in-primary-rhinoplasty
#20
Eric W Cerrati, Steven H Dayan
Importance: The effects of rhinoplasty maneuvers on adjacent facial features are an important component in preoperative planning and patient counseling. Tip projection modifications are commonly performed in both cosmetic and reconstructive rhinoplasty. Objective: To evaluate the subsequent change in lip projection that results from increasing nasal tip projection. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case series, 20 patients underwent primary rhinoplasty with the objective of increasing tip projection during the period from October 1, 2014, to September 25, 2015...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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